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T30n1579_032 瑜伽師地論 第32卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 30 冊 » No.1579 » 第 32 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T30n1579_p0459b18║
T30n1579_p0459b19║
T30n1579_p0459b20║瑜伽師地論卷第三十二
T30n1579_p0459b21║
T30n1579_p0459b22║
T30n1579_p0459b23║
T30n1579_p0459b24║本地分中聲聞地第十三第三瑜伽處之三

T30n1579_p0459b25║云何初修業者始修業時。於修作意如應
T30n1579_p0459b26║安立。隨所安立正修行時最初觸證。於斷
T30n1579_p0459b27║憙樂心一境性。謂善通達修瑜伽師。最初
T30n1579_p0459b28║於彼依瑜伽行初修業者。如是教誨。善來
T30n1579_p0459b29║賢首。汝等今者應依三種取相因緣。或見或
T30n1579_p0459c01║聞或心比度。增上分別取五種相。一厭離相。
T30n1579_p0459c02║二欣樂相。三過患相。四光明相。五了別事
T30n1579_p0459c03║相。問若依瑜伽行初修業者是其貪行。由
T30n1579_p0459c04║不淨觀方可調伏。云何教彼取五種相。答
T30n1579_p0459c05║應如是教誨。善來賢首。汝等隨所依止彼
T30n1579_p0459c06║彼聚落村邑而住於中。若聞所餘彼彼村
T30n1579_p0459c07║邑聚落。或男或女先受安樂後遭苦厄。或
T30n1579_p0459c08║彼男女自遭重病命終殞沒。或彼女所有
T30n1579_p0459c09║知識親戚眷屬遭如是苦。或彼聚落村邑
T30n1579_p0459c10║邊際喪失財寶。或是他來強敵所作。或火
T30n1579_p0459c11║所燒或水所漂。或由惡作而有喪失。或由
T30n1579_p0459c12║不善修營事業而有喪失。或由不善處分
T30n1579_p0459c13║事業而有喪失。或為非愛共財得便而有
T30n1579_p0459c14║喪失。或由家火而有喪失。若汝現見非是
T30n1579_p0459c15║傳聞。或即於此村邑聚落。非是所餘村邑
T30n1579_p0459c16║聚落。或非是此村邑聚落。亦非他人。即汝
T30n1579_p0459c17║自身先所觸證猛利樂受。後還退失。廣說如
T30n1579_p0459c18║前。汝既如是聞已見已。應當生起深心厭
T30n1579_p0459c19║患。如是生死甚為重苦。所得自體極大艱
T30n1579_p0459c20║辛。而於其中有如是等自他衰損差別可
T30n1579_p0459c21║得。謂病衰損壽命衰損。眷屬衰損財寶衰損。
T30n1579_p0459c22║病病法性死死法性。復有一類淨戒衰損正
T30n1579_p0459c23║見衰損。由是因緣彼諸眾生於現法中住
T30n1579_p0459c24║諸苦惱。於當來世往諸惡趣。諸興盛者雖
T30n1579_p0459c25║現法中住諸安樂於當來世往諸善趣。而
T30n1579_p0459c26║是無常。於彼無常現可證得。若有領受興
T30n1579_p0459c27║盛事者。後時衰損定當現前。諸有領受衰
T30n1579_p0459c28║損事者。後時興盛難可現前。諸興盛事皆
T30n1579_p0459c29║是難得易失。壞法如是汝應深心厭患。極
T30n1579_p0460a01║善作意如理受持。如是處所難可保信。我
T30n1579_p0460a02║今於是生死流轉。未般涅槃未解脫心。
T30n1579_p0460a03║難可保信。如是衰損興盛二法勿現我前。
T30n1579_p0460a04║勿彼因緣令我墮在如是處所。生起猛利
T30n1579_p0460a05║剛強辛楚不適意苦。即由此事增上力故。我
T30n1579_p0460a06║當至誠喜樂於斷修不放逸。又我如是多安
T30n1579_p0460a07║住故。當於無義能作邊際。如是汝應善極
T30n1579_p0460a08║作意如理受持。汝取如是厭離相已。復應
T30n1579_p0460a09║精勤取欣樂相。當自觀察所受尸羅。為善
T30n1579_p0460a10║清淨為不清淨。我或失念或不恭敬或多
T30n1579_p0460a11║煩惱。或由無知於諸學處有所違犯。既
T30n1579_p0460a12║違犯已我當如法以其本性增上意樂。於諸
T30n1579_p0460a13║學處發起深心更不毀犯。我於所作當正
T30n1579_p0460a14║應作。於非所作不復當作。以要言之。於
T30n1579_p0460a15║諸學處當令增上意樂圓滿。亦令所有加
T30n1579_p0460a16║行圓滿。汝於如是正觀察時。若自了知戒
T30n1579_p0460a17║蘊清淨。雖不作思我當發起清淨無悔。然
T30n1579_p0460a18║其法爾。尸羅淨者定生如是清淨無悔。若
T30n1579_p0460a19║起如是清淨無悔。雖不作思我起歡悅。然
T30n1579_p0460a20║其法爾無有悔者定生歡悅。如是且於一
T30n1579_p0460a21║種歡悅所依處所。汝應生起清淨無悔為先
T30n1579_p0460a22║歡悅。復於除障喜悅處所當生喜悅。謂
T30n1579_p0460a23║我今者尸羅清淨。有力有能安住世尊所制
T30n1579_p0460a24║學處。於現法中能得未得能觸未觸。能證
T30n1579_p0460a25║未證。由是處所生喜悅意。若汝獲得前後
T30n1579_p0460a26║所證少分差別。即由如是增上力故。於他
T30n1579_p0460a27║圓滿。所證差別。謂諸如來或聖弟子及自後
T30n1579_p0460a28║時所證差別。當生信解發喜悅意。如是行
T30n1579_p0460a29║相諸適悅意。先名歡悅今名喜悅。總名悅
T30n1579_p0460b01║意。如是名為取欣樂相。取是相已復應教
T30n1579_p0460b02║授告言。賢首。汝由如是厭離相故調練其
T30n1579_p0460b03║心。復由如是欣樂相故滋潤其心。汝於斷
T30n1579_p0460b04║滅世間貪憂應多安住。隨於彼彼所緣境
T30n1579_p0460b05║界勤修加行。或奢摩他品或毘鉢舍那品。
T30n1579_p0460b06║即於彼彼所緣境界。當令心住內住等住。
T30n1579_p0460b07║汝當獲得身心輕安及一境性。汝若如是
T30n1579_p0460b08║背諸黑品向諸白品。由調練心滋潤心
T30n1579_p0460b09║故。復應數數取過患相。謂於所有諸相尋
T30n1579_p0460b10║思及隨煩惱取過患相。言諸相者。謂色等
T30n1579_p0460b11║十相。言尋思者。謂欲等八。隨煩惱者。謂貪
T30n1579_p0460b12║欲等五。汝應於彼取過患相。如是諸相
T30n1579_p0460b13║能令其心作用遽務。如是尋思能令其心思
T30n1579_p0460b14║慕躁擾。如是隨煩惱能令其心恒不寂靜。
T30n1579_p0460b15║若心作用諸相所作。思慕躁擾尋思所作。
T30n1579_p0460b16║恒不寂靜隨煩惱所作。由是令心苦惱而
T30n1579_p0460b17║住。是故如是諸相尋思及隨煩惱。是苦非
T30n1579_p0460b18║聖能引。無義令心散動。令心躁擾。令心染
T30n1579_p0460b19║污。汝應如是取過患相。又汝應依心一
T30n1579_p0460b20║境性心安住性心無亂性。以六種行正取
T30n1579_p0460b21║其相。何等為六。一無相想。二於無相中無
T30n1579_p0460b22║作用想。三無分別想。四於無分別中無所思
T30n1579_p0460b23║慕無躁擾想。五寂靜想。六於寂靜中離諸
T30n1579_p0460b24║燒惱寂滅樂想。汝取如是過患相已。復
T30n1579_p0460b25║應數數取光明相。謂或燈明或大火明。或日
T30n1579_p0460b26║輪明或月輪明。既取如是光明相已。復詣
T30n1579_p0460b27║塚間取青瘀相。廣說乃至取骨鎖相。汝若
T30n1579_p0460b28║不能往詣塚間。當取彩畫木石所作如
T30n1579_p0460b29║是諸相。取是相已還所住處。或阿練若或
T30n1579_p0460c01║林樹下或空閑室。或在大床或小繩床或草
T30n1579_p0460c02║葉座。先洗足已結跏趺坐。端身正願安住
T30n1579_p0460c03║背念。先於一境令心不散繫念在前。復於
T30n1579_p0460c04║其中依六種想作意思惟。謂無相想無分
T30n1579_p0460c05║別想。寂靜想。無作用想。無所思慕無躁擾想。
T30n1579_p0460c06║離諸燒惱寂滅樂想。又於其中汝當審諦
T30n1579_p0460c07║周遍了知亂不亂相。分明現前如如審諦。周
T30n1579_p0460c08║遍了知亂不亂相。如是如是汝能了知諸
T30n1579_p0460c09║相尋思隨煩惱中所有亂相。及能了知心
T30n1579_p0460c10║一境性隨六想修諸不亂相。又汝於此亂不
T30n1579_p0460c11║亂相。如是如是審諦了知。便能安住一所
T30n1579_p0460c12║緣境亦能安住內心寂止。諸心相續諸心流
T30n1579_p0460c13║注。前後一味無相無分別寂靜而轉。又若
T30n1579_p0460c14║汝心雖得寂止。由失念故。及由串習諸相
T30n1579_p0460c15║尋思隨煩惱等諸過失故。如鏡中面所緣影
T30n1579_p0460c16║像數現在前。隨所生起。即於其中當更修
T30n1579_p0460c17║習不念作意。謂先所見諸過患相增上力故。
T30n1579_p0460c18║即於如是所緣境相。由所修習不念作意。
T30n1579_p0460c19║除遣散滅當令畢竟不現在前。賢首當知。
T30n1579_p0460c20║如是所緣甚為微細難可通達。汝應發起
T30n1579_p0460c21║猛利樂欲。為求通達發勤精進。世尊依此
T30n1579_p0460c22║所緣境相密意說言。汝等苾芻當知眾善。
T30n1579_p0460c23║言眾善者。謂於大眾共集會中盛壯美色。
T30n1579_p0460c24║即此眾善最殊勝者。謂於多眾大集會中歌
T30n1579_p0460c25║舞倡伎。假使有一智慧丈夫。從外而來告
T30n1579_p0460c26║一人曰。咄哉男子。汝於今者可持如是平
T30n1579_p0460c27║滿鉢油勿令灩溢。經歷如是大眾中過
T30n1579_p0460c28║當避其間所有眾善及諸最勝歌舞倡伎大
T30n1579_p0460c29║等生等。今有魁膾露拔利劍隨逐汝行。
T30n1579_p0461a01║若汝鉢油一滴墮地。此之魁膾即以利劍。
T30n1579_p0461a02║當斬汝首斷汝命根。苾芻汝等於意云
T30n1579_p0461a03║何。是持鉢人頗不作意專心油鉢拔劍。魁
T30n1579_p0461a04║膾不平地等。而能作意觀視眾善及諸最勝
T30n1579_p0461a05║歌舞倡伎大等生耶。不也。世尊。何以故。是
T30n1579_p0461a06║持鉢人既見魁膾露拔利劍隨逐而行。極
T30n1579_p0461a07║大怖畏專作是念。我所持鉢油既彌滿。經
T30n1579_p0461a08║是眾中極難將度。脫有一滴當墮地者。定
T30n1579_p0461a09║為如是拔劍魁膾。當斬我首斷我命根。
T30n1579_p0461a10║是人爾時於彼眾善及諸最勝歌舞倡伎大
T30n1579_p0461a11║等生等。都不作意思念觀視。唯於油鉢專
T30n1579_p0461a12║心作意而正護持。如是苾芻。我諸弟子恭敬
T30n1579_p0461a13║殷重專心憶念。修四念住當知亦爾。言眾
T30n1579_p0461a14║善者。喻能隨順貪欲纏等隨煩惱法。於中
T30n1579_p0461a15║最勝歌舞倡伎。喻能隨順尋思戲論躁擾
T30n1579_p0461a16║處法。大等生等喻色相等十種相法。智慧
T30n1579_p0461a17║丈夫。喻瑜伽師。平滿油鉢。喻奢摩他所安
T30n1579_p0461a18║住心能令身心輕安潤澤。是奢摩他義。露
T30n1579_p0461a19║拔利劍隨行魁膾。喻先所取諸相尋思隨煩
T30n1579_p0461a20║惱中諸過患相。專心將護不令鉢油一滴
T30n1579_p0461a21║墮地。喻能審諦周遍了知亂不亂相之所
T30n1579_p0461a22║攝受奢摩他道。由是能令諸心相續諸心流
T30n1579_p0461a23║注。由精進力無間策發。前後一味無相無
T30n1579_p0461a24║分別寂靜而轉。不起一心。復緣諸相。或
T30n1579_p0461a25║緣尋思及隨煩惱。是瑜伽師復應如是慇
T30n1579_p0461a26║懃教誨於奢摩他初修業者告言。賢首。汝若
T30n1579_p0461a27║如是精勤修習奢摩他道。如是方便攝受。
T30n1579_p0461a28║正念正知俱行。有喜樂心乃名善修奢摩
T30n1579_p0461a29║他道。若復串習諸過失故。不能於中深心
T30n1579_p0461b01║喜樂。極大艱辛勵力策發方現前者。還應
T30n1579_p0461b02║速疾出無分別所緣境相。於有分別所緣境
T30n1579_p0461b03║相繫念在前。如先所取諸不淨相。汝今復
T30n1579_p0461b04║應作意思惟。先應用彼唯隨相行毘鉢舍
T30n1579_p0461b05║那。或觀青瘀或觀膿爛。廣說乃至觀骨觀
T30n1579_p0461b06║鎖或觀骨鎖。汝於如是初修觀時。於一
T30n1579_p0461b07║青瘀廣說乃至於一骨鎖當起勝解。若
T30n1579_p0461b08║於其中已串修習觀道明淨。於所緣相明
T30n1579_p0461b09║了勝解相續轉時。復應於二於三於四於
T30n1579_p0461b10║五於十二十三十四十五十。或百青瘀或千
T30n1579_p0461b11║青瘀。乃至一切諸方諸維所有青瘀。起無量
T30n1579_p0461b12║行遍一切處無間勝解。於中乃至無有容
T30n1579_p0461b13║受一杖端處。如於青瘀如是。乃至骨鎖
T30n1579_p0461b14║亦爾。汝依如是勝解作意。應當趣入真實
T30n1579_p0461b15║作意。於趣入時應作是念。如我今者勝
T30n1579_p0461b16║解所作。無量青瘀廣說乃至無量骨鎖。真
T30n1579_p0461b17║實青瘀乃至骨鎖。其量過此不可數知。所
T30n1579_p0461b18║以者何。從前際來於彼彼有彼彼趣中輪
T30n1579_p0461b19║迴生死。我所曾經命終夭沒。所棄尸骸所
T30n1579_p0461b20║起青瘀。廣說乃至所起骨鎖無量無邊。如
T30n1579_p0461b21║是所起推其前際不可知故。假使有能
T30n1579_p0461b22║攝聚如是所棄尸骸令不壞爛。一切大地
T30n1579_p0461b23║亦不容受。於一劫中所棄尸骸乃至骨
T30n1579_p0461b24║鎖。假使有能斂在一處。其聚量等廣大脅
T30n1579_p0461b25║山。如從前際後際亦爾。乃至未能作苦
T30n1579_p0461b26║邊際。如是汝依勝解作意。應當趣入真
T30n1579_p0461b27║實作意。又非修習如是青瘀乃至骨鎖毘
T30n1579_p0461b28║鉢舍那。應頓觀察。纔應於一尸骸青瘀
T30n1579_p0461b29║起勝解已。尋復令心於內寂靜。乃至於此
T30n1579_p0461c01║所緣境相喜樂明淨。無諸擾惱不強勵
T30n1579_p0461c02║力。齊爾所時應於如是尸骸青瘀發起
T30n1579_p0461c03║勝解。若纔於此乃至勵力方現在前。爾時於
T30n1579_p0461c04║內應修寂靜。如於青瘀。乃至骨鎖當知
T30n1579_p0461c05║亦爾。由此道理乃至無量當知亦爾。如是
T30n1579_p0461c06║令心內寂靜已。復應發起寂靜勝解。謂從
T30n1579_p0461c07║最後無量青瘀。乃至最後無量骨鎖。內略
T30n1579_p0461c08║其心方便除遣安置眾相不顯現。中不全
T30n1579_p0461c09║棄捨有分別相。亦不分別。唯即於此所緣
T30n1579_p0461c10║境界安住其心。無相無分別寂靜而轉。
T30n1579_p0461c11║彼瑜伽師復應教授告言。賢首。汝先所取諸
T30n1579_p0461c12║光明相。於奢摩他品加行中。及於毘鉢舍那
T30n1579_p0461c13║品加行中。皆應作意如理思惟。若汝能以光
T30n1579_p0461c14║明俱心。照了俱心。明淨俱心。無闇俱心。修
T30n1579_p0461c15║奢摩他毘鉢舍那。如是乃為於奢摩他毘
T30n1579_p0461c16║鉢舍那道修光明想。若有最初於所緣境
T30n1579_p0461c17║多不分明。數習勝解。其相闇昧。由是因緣
T30n1579_p0461c18║後所修習所有勝解。亦不分明。雖多串習
T30n1579_p0461c19║而相闇昧。若有最初於所緣境多分分明。
T30n1579_p0461c20║數習勝解其相明了。由是因緣後所修習
T30n1579_p0461c21║轉復分明。雖少串習而相明了。如是汝由
T30n1579_p0461c22║善取如是厭離相故。善取如是欣樂相故。
T30n1579_p0461c23║善取如是奢摩他相故。善取如是毘鉢舍
T30n1579_p0461c24║那相故。善取如是光明相故。於時時中內
T30n1579_p0461c25║以寂靜。於時時中由隨相行毘鉢舍那。思
T30n1579_p0461c26║擇諸法。即於不淨正修加行增上力故。於
T30n1579_p0461c27║諸念住漸次趣入。將趣入時汝應先於
T30n1579_p0461c28║內身所有三十六物。始從髮毛乃至小便。
T30n1579_p0461c29║善取其相。汝應於是自內身中諸不淨物。
T30n1579_p0462a01║先當發起不淨勝解。數數發起此勝解已。
T30n1579_p0462a02║復令其心於內寂靜。如是名為於內身中
T30n1579_p0462a03║修循身觀。依自身內而發起故。次應於外
T30n1579_p0462a04║諸不淨物善取其相。汝當發起青瘀勝解。
T30n1579_p0462a05║廣說乃至骨鎖勝解。或狹小勝解。或廣大
T30n1579_p0462a06║勝解。或無量勝解。數數發起此勝解已。復
T30n1579_p0462a07║令其心於內寂靜。如是名為於外身中修
T30n1579_p0462a08║循身觀。依他外身而發起故。後復應於自
T30n1579_p0462a09║身內外諸不淨物。善取其相令心明了。又
T30n1579_p0462a10║於他身內外不淨。善取其相。令心明了。於
T30n1579_p0462a11║自所愛汝當發起如是勝解。復於死已出
T30n1579_p0462a12║送塚間。至塚間已棄之在地。棄在地已至
T30n1579_p0462a13║青瘀位。至膿爛位。廣說乃至至骨鎖位。
T30n1579_p0462a14║發起勝解。數數發起此勝解已。復令其心
T30n1579_p0462a15║於內寂靜。如是名為於內外身修循身觀。
T30n1579_p0462a16║依自他身若內若外而發起故。汝復應於
T30n1579_p0462a17║四無色蘊由聞思增上力分別取相。於其
T30n1579_p0462a18║三分發起勝解。一於奢摩他品。二於無散
T30n1579_p0462a19║亂品。三於毘鉢舍那品。於奢摩他品者。
T30n1579_p0462a20║謂若汝心於內略時。起無相無分別寂靜想
T30n1579_p0462a21║行。及無作用無思慕無躁動。離諸燒惱
T30n1579_p0462a22║寂滅樂想行。於所緣境無亂受等四無色
T30n1579_p0462a23║蘊。剎那剎那展轉別異。唯是新新而非故
T30n1579_p0462a24║故相續流轉。汝應於此如理思惟發起勝
T30n1579_p0462a25║解。如是名為於內受心法修循受心法觀。
T30n1579_p0462a26║於無散亂品者。謂汝於先取諸境界緣諸
T30n1579_p0462a27║境界墮不定地。過去盡滅及今失念。心亂
T30n1579_p0462a28║所生諸相尋思隨煩惱境。增上受等四無
T30n1579_p0462a29║色蘊。汝應於此如理作意。如是諸法其性
T30n1579_p0462b01║皆是誑幻所作。暫時而有率爾現前。多諸過
T30n1579_p0462b02║患。其性無常不可保信。汝應如是發起勝
T30n1579_p0462b03║解。如是名為於外受心法修循受心法觀。
T30n1579_p0462b04║於毘鉢舍那品者。謂汝善取毘鉢舍那相
T30n1579_p0462b05║已。住有相有分別作意。於有分別有相所
T30n1579_p0462b06║緣。增上內所生受等四無色蘊。如理作意
T30n1579_p0462b07║思惟此法剎那剎那展轉別異。唯是新新而
T30n1579_p0462b08║非故故相續流轉。如前所說發起勝解。如
T30n1579_p0462b09║是名為於內外受心法修循受心法觀。如
T30n1579_p0462b10║是汝田依不淨觀正修加行增上力故。
T30n1579_p0462b11║於四念住當得趣。又汝應於念住加
T30n1579_p0462b12║行時時修習勝奢摩他毘鉢舍那。汝於如是
T30n1579_p0462b13║四念住中安住正念。隨依彼彼村邑聚落
T30n1579_p0462b14║邊際而住。於心隨順趣向臨入所緣境界。
T30n1579_p0462b15║汝應捨此所緣境相入彼村邑聚落乞食。
T30n1579_p0462b16║應當善避惡象惡馬。惡牛惡狗。惡蛇惡獸。
T30n1579_p0462b17║濠塹。株杌毒刺。泥水糞穢。及應遠
T30n1579_p0462b18║離諸惡威儀穢坐臥具。汝應如是善護己
T30n1579_p0462b19║身。若於如是諸境界相。不應策發諸根。
T30n1579_p0462b20║汝應於彼不作功用善守諸根。若於如是
T30n1579_p0462b21║諸境界相。應當策發諸根。汝應於彼正作
T30n1579_p0462b22║功用善住正念。令諸煩惱不起現行。汝應
T30n1579_p0462b23║如是善護己身善守諸根。善住正念於彼
T30n1579_p0462b24║作意。善知其量受用飲食。又汝應與在家
T30n1579_p0462b25║出家。說應量語。說應理語說應時語說正
T30n1579_p0462b26║直語。說寂靜語。一切世間非法言論皆當
T30n1579_p0462b27║遠離。雖復宣說如法言論不應諍競。何以
T30n1579_p0462b28║故。若諸士夫補特伽羅。住諍競語互相難
T30n1579_p0462b29║詰。其心便住多戲論中。多戲論故其心掉
T30n1579_p0462c01║舉。心掉舉故心不寂靜。不寂靜故便令其
T30n1579_p0462c02║心遠三摩地。如是行已。汝應速疾不捨所
T30n1579_p0462c03║緣結跏趺坐。於奢摩他毘鉢舍那如所取
T30n1579_p0462c04║相。由恒常作及畢竟作修瑜伽行。猶如世
T30n1579_p0462c05║間鑽火方便。起無間加行及殷重加行。汝
T30n1579_p0462c06║應如是恒常修作畢竟修作。又汝應起如
T30n1579_p0462c07║是願心。假使一切贍部洲人。盡贍部洲曾
T30n1579_p0462c08║經壽量。今皆總集在我一身。我亦盡此無
T30n1579_p0462c09║量壽命。決定於斷瑜伽作意勝奢摩他毘
T30n1579_p0462c10║鉢舍那。精勤修習時無暫捨。由正了知如
T30n1579_p0462c11║是所修瑜伽加行有大勝果大勝利故。何
T30n1579_p0462c12║況如是分壽量少時存活。雖極遠去不
T30n1579_p0462c13║過百年。委悉算計但須臾頃。如是汝應隨
T30n1579_p0462c14║所教誨恒常修作畢竟修作。若為此義受
T30n1579_p0462c15║習於斷。汝於此義必當獲得。汝當最初證
T30n1579_p0462c16║得下劣身心輕安心一境性。後當證得世
T30n1579_p0462c17║出世間廣大圓滿。初修業者始修業時。善
T30n1579_p0462c18║達瑜伽諸瑜伽師。依不淨觀如是教誨名
T30n1579_p0462c19║正教誨。如是修行名正修行。如說貪行是
T30n1579_p0462c20║不淨觀之所調伏。如是瞋行是慈愍觀之所
T30n1579_p0462c21║調伏。乃至最後尋思行是阿那波那念之所
T30n1579_p0462c22║調伏。如其所應皆當了知其中差別。餘趣
T30n1579_p0462c23║入門我當顯示。依慈愍觀初修業者。於外
T30n1579_p0462c24║親品怨品及中庸品。善取相已處如法坐。由
T30n1579_p0462c25║利益安樂增上意樂俱行定地作意。先於一
T30n1579_p0462c26║親一怨一中庸所。發起勝解。於此三品。由
T30n1579_p0462c27║平等利益安樂增上意樂俱行作意。欲與其
T30n1579_p0462c28║樂。如是念言。願彼求樂諸有情類皆當得
T30n1579_p0462c29║樂。謂或無罪欲樂。或無罪有喜樂。或無罪無
T30n1579_p0463a01║喜樂。次後或於二親或於三親。或於四親
T30n1579_p0463a02║或於五親十親二十三十。如前乃至遍諸
T30n1579_p0463a03║方維。其中親品充滿無間發起勝解。於中乃
T30n1579_p0463a04║至無有容受一杖端處。如於親品。如是
T30n1579_p0463a05║於怨及中庸品當知亦爾。又彼不捨慈愍
T30n1579_p0463a06║加行。即由修習如是慈愍。於諸念住能正
T30n1579_p0463a07║趣入。云何趣入。謂趣入時應當發起如是
T30n1579_p0463a08║勝解。如彼於我謂親謂怨謂中庸品。我既
T30n1579_p0463a09║欲樂厭背其苦。如是名為於其內身修循
T30n1579_p0463a10║身觀。餘亦於彼謂親謂怨謂中庸品。如
T30n1579_p0463a11║我彼亦欲樂背苦。如是名為於其外身
T30n1579_p0463a12║修循身觀。如我既爾。彼諸有情亦復如是。
T30n1579_p0463a13║如我自欲求得勝樂。彼諸有情亦復如是。
T30n1579_p0463a14║彼諸有情與己平等與己相似。我當與彼
T30n1579_p0463a15║利益安樂。如是名為於內外身修循身觀。
T30n1579_p0463a16║此四念住總緣諸蘊為境界故。當知說名
T30n1579_p0463a17║壞緣念住。若修行者但取色相。謂取顯相形
T30n1579_p0463a18║相表相。於親品怨品及中庸品而起勝解。
T30n1579_p0463a19║由此建立唯身念住。彼復依止勝解作意。
T30n1579_p0463a20║能正趣入真實作意。謂趣入時起是勝解。
T30n1579_p0463a21║我於乃至無量有情發起勝解。利益安樂
T30n1579_p0463a22║增上意樂。如是我從先際已來。所有親品
T30n1579_p0463a23║怨品及中庸品。落謝過去諸有情類。其數無
T30n1579_p0463a24║量甚過今者。勝解所作。如是過去諸有情
T30n1579_p0463a25║類。為我親已復為我怨。為我怨已復為我
T30n1579_p0463a26║親。為怨親已復為中庸。為中庸已復為怨
T30n1579_p0463a27║親。由是義門一切有情平等。平等無有少
T30n1579_p0463a28║分親性怨性及中庸性。而非真實。由是因
T30n1579_p0463a29║緣遍於三品起平等心。平等應與利益安
T30n1579_p0463b01║樂。如從先際。如是後際。於生死中當復
T30n1579_p0463b02║流轉。應知亦爾。又我於彼先際已來。諸有
T30n1579_p0463b03║情類未曾發起慈愍之心。彼皆過去。今起
T30n1579_p0463b04║慈愍復有何益。但為除遣自心垢穢。令得
T30n1579_p0463b05║清淨故起念言。當令過去諸有情類皆得
T30n1579_p0463b06║安樂。諸未來世非曾有者。亦皆令彼當
T30n1579_p0463b07║得安樂。如是趣入真實作意。慈愍住中諸
T30n1579_p0463b08║福滋潤諸善滋潤。望前所修勝解作意。慈
T30n1579_p0463b09║愍住中所獲福聚。彼於百分不及此一。
T30n1579_p0463b10║彼於千分不及此一。彼於數分算分計分
T30n1579_p0463b11║鄔波尼殺曇分不及此一。餘如前說。又於
T30n1579_p0463b12║緣性緣起觀中初修業者。由聞思慧增上
T30n1579_p0463b13║力故。分別取相。謂諸有情由有種種無智
T30n1579_p0463b14║愚癡。現見無常妄計為常。現見不淨妄計
T30n1579_p0463b15║為淨。現見其苦妄計為樂。現見無我妄計
T30n1579_p0463b16║為我。彼諸有情有如是等種種顛倒。顛倒
T30n1579_p0463b17║為因於現法受及後所生諸自體中發起
T30n1579_p0463b18║貪愛。由貪愛故造作種種生根本業。此煩
T30n1579_p0463b19║惱業為因緣故。感得當來純大苦蘊。彼既
T30n1579_p0463b20║善取如是相已。復於其內發起勝解。謂我
T30n1579_p0463b21║今此純大苦蘊亦如是生。又我自體無邊無
T30n1579_p0463b22║際從先際來初不可知亦如是生。彼諸有
T30n1579_p0463b23║情去來現在一切自體苦蘊所攝。亦皆如是
T30n1579_p0463b24║已生當生。如是緣性緣起正觀。一切皆是真
T30n1579_p0463b25║實作意。更無所餘勝解作意。若於自身現
T30n1579_p0463b26║在諸蘊緣性緣生作意思惟。是名於內身受
T30n1579_p0463b27║心法住彼循觀。若於他身現在諸蘊緣性緣
T30n1579_p0463b28║生。作意思惟。是名於外身受心法住彼循
T30n1579_p0463b29║觀。若於自他過去未來所有諸蘊緣性緣生。
T30n1579_p0463c01║作意思惟。名於內外身受心法住彼循觀。
T30n1579_p0463c02║餘如前說。又於界差別觀初修業者。先取
T30n1579_p0463c03║其外所有堅相。所謂大地。山林草木塼石
T30n1579_p0463c04║瓦礫。末尼真珠。琉璃螺貝。珊瑚玉等。取彼
T30n1579_p0463c05║相已復於內堅而起勝解。次取其外諸大
T30n1579_p0463c06║水相。所謂江河眾流。陂湖池沼井等。取彼
T30n1579_p0463c07║相已復於內濕而起勝解。次取其外諸大
T30n1579_p0463c08║火相。所謂熱時烈日。炎熾焚燒。山澤災火
T30n1579_p0463c09║蔓莚窯室等中所有諸火。取彼相已復於內
T30n1579_p0463c10║煗而起勝解。次取其外諸大風相。所謂東
T30n1579_p0463c11║西南北等風乃至風輪。取彼相已復於內
T30n1579_p0463c12║風而起勝解。次取其外諸大空相。所謂諸
T30n1579_p0463c13║方無障無礙諸聚色中孔隙窟穴有所容
T30n1579_p0463c14║受。善取如是空界相已。於內空界而起勝
T30n1579_p0463c15║解。後由聞思增上力故。起細分別取識界
T30n1579_p0463c16║相。所謂內眼處不壞。外色處現前。若無能
T30n1579_p0463c17║生作意正起。所生眼識亦不得生。與是相
T30n1579_p0463c18║違眼識得生。如是乃至意法意識當知亦
T30n1579_p0463c19║爾。取是相已次起勝解。了知如是四大身
T30n1579_p0463c20║中有一切識諸種子界種性自性。又於如
T30n1579_p0463c21║是四大種中。先起支節麁大勝解。後起分
T30n1579_p0463c22║析種種細分微細勝解。如是漸次分析乃至
T30n1579_p0463c23║向遊塵量。如是漸漸乃至極微而起勝解。
T30n1579_p0463c24║一一支分尚起無量最極微塵積集勝解。何
T30n1579_p0463c25║況身中一切支分。如是名為界差別觀中分
T30n1579_p0463c26║析諸色界差別邊際微細勝解。次於空界先
T30n1579_p0463c27║當發起所有麁大空界勝解。所謂眼耳鼻喉
T30n1579_p0463c28║筒等種種竅穴。由是吞咽於是吞咽。既吞
T30n1579_p0463c29║咽已由是下分不淨流出。次後漸漸發起種
T30n1579_p0464a01║種微細勝解。乃至身中一切微細諸毛孔穴皆
T30n1579_p0464a02║悉了知。後於識界漸漸發起所依所緣。及
T30n1579_p0464a03║以作意三世時分品類差別無量勝解。即於
T30n1579_p0464a04║識界起勝解時。由諸所依所緣勝解分析
T30n1579_p0464a05║識界。亦於十種所造諸色而起勝解。如諸
T30n1579_p0464a06║大種微細分析。此亦如是。若於自身各別諸
T30n1579_p0464a07║界而起勝解。是名於內諸念住中住彼循
T30n1579_p0464a08║觀。若於其餘非有情數。所有諸界而起勝
T30n1579_p0464a09║解。是名於外住彼循觀。若於其餘諸有情
T30n1579_p0464a10║數所有諸界而起勝解。名於內外住彼循
T30n1579_p0464a11║觀。復有異門。謂於己身而起勝解。臨捨命
T30n1579_p0464a12║時如前廣說。至青瘀位或復膿爛。即於膿
T30n1579_p0464a13║爛發起種種流出勝解。漸漸膿流展轉增廣。
T30n1579_p0464a14║乃至大海大地邊際膿悉充滿。發起如是膿
T30n1579_p0464a15║勝解已。次復發起火燒勝解。謂此身分無
T30n1579_p0464a16║量無邊品類差別。為大火聚無量無邊品類
T30n1579_p0464a17║燒燼。火既滅已復起餘骨餘灰勝解。復起無
T30n1579_p0464a18║量無邊勝解。碎此骨灰以為細末。復起無
T30n1579_p0464a19║量大風勝解。飄散此末遍諸方維。既飄散
T30n1579_p0464a20║已不復觀見所飄灰骨及能飄風。唯觀有
T30n1579_p0464a21║餘眇茫空界。如是由其勝解作意。依於
T30n1579_p0464a22║內外不淨加行入界差別。於其身相住循
T30n1579_p0464a23║身觀。從是趣入真實作意。謂由如是勝解
T30n1579_p0464a24║作意。於內外身住循身觀。由勝解力我此
T30n1579_p0464a25║所作無量無邊水界火界地界風界虛空界
T30n1579_p0464a26║相。我從無始生死流轉。所經諸界無量無
T30n1579_p0464a27║邊甚過於此。謂由父母兄弟姊妹眷屬喪亡。
T30n1579_p0464a28║及由親友財寶祿位離散失壞。悲泣雨淚。
T30n1579_p0464a29║又飲母乳。又由作賊擁逼劫掠穿牆解結。
T30n1579_p0464b01║由是因緣。遭無量度截手刖足。斬頭劓
T30n1579_p0464b02║鼻。種種解割身諸支節。由是因緣血流無
T30n1579_p0464b03║量。如是所有淚乳血攝水界水聚。四大海水
T30n1579_p0464b04║皆悉盈滿。於百分中不及其一。廣說如前。
T30n1579_p0464b05║又於諸有諸趣死生。經無量火焚燒尸骸。
T30n1579_p0464b06║如是火聚亦無比況。又經無量棄捨骸骨
T30n1579_p0464b07║狼籍在地亦無比況。又經無量風界生滅
T30n1579_p0464b08║分析尸骸亦無比況。又經無量諸尸骸中眼
T30n1579_p0464b09║等竅穴。又經無量諸識流轉。後後尸骸新
T30n1579_p0464b10║新發起。乃至今者最後尸骸諸識流轉。如
T30n1579_p0464b11║是安立後際諸趣期限無定。如是乃至無量
T30n1579_p0464b12║識界。又於阿那波那念正加行中。初修業
T30n1579_p0464b13║者。先於舍宅前後窓門或打鐵師。或鍛金
T30n1579_p0464b14║銀師。吹筒[橐-木+棐]袋。或風外聚入出往來。善
T30n1579_p0464b15║取相已。由緣於內入出息念。於入出息而
T30n1579_p0464b16║起勝解。彼復先於微細息風經心胸處。麁
T30n1579_p0464b17║穴往來而起勝解。然後漸漸於眾多風而
T30n1579_p0464b18║起勝解。所謂乃至一切毛孔風皆隨入而起
T30n1579_p0464b19║勝解。如是所有一切身分。風聚所隨風聚
T30n1579_p0464b20║所攝風聚藏隱無量風聚於中積集。如妬
T30n1579_p0464b21║羅綿或疊絮等。諸輕飄物於是諸相而起
T30n1579_p0464b22║勝解。彼若於內入息出息流轉不絕作意思
T30n1579_p0464b23║惟。爾時名為於其內身住循身觀。若復
T30n1579_p0464b24║於他死尸骸中青瘀等位入息出息流轉斷
T30n1579_p0464b25║絕作意思惟。爾時名為於其外身住循身
T30n1579_p0464b26║觀。若復於自臨欲死時而起勝解。或於已
T30n1579_p0464b27║死入息出息無有流轉而起勝解。或於未
T30n1579_p0464b28║死入息出息無有流轉而起勝解。由法爾
T30n1579_p0464b29║故。爾時名為於內外身住循身觀。遍於一
T30n1579_p0464c01║切正加行中。應修如是止品助伴止品
T30n1579_p0464c02║所攝無倒加行。所餘一切如前應知。如是
T30n1579_p0464c03║所有初修業者。蒙正教誨修正行時。安住
T30n1579_p0464c04║熾然正知具念。調伏一切世間貪憂。若於如
T30n1579_p0464c05║是正加行中。恒常修作畢竟修作無倒作意。
T30n1579_p0464c06║非諠鬧等所能動亂。是名熾然。若於如是
T30n1579_p0464c07║正加行中。修奢摩他毘鉢舍那。審諦了知
T30n1579_p0464c08║亂不亂相。如是名為正知具念。若能善取
T30n1579_p0464c09║諸厭離相諸欣樂相。如是乃名調伏一切世
T30n1579_p0464c10║間貪憂。由是因緣宣說彼能安住熾然。乃
T30n1579_p0464c11║至調伏世間貪憂。先發如是正加行時。心
T30n1579_p0464c12║一境性身心輕安微劣而轉難可覺了。復由
T30n1579_p0464c13║修習勝奢摩他毘鉢舍那。身心澄淨身心調
T30n1579_p0464c14║柔身心輕安。即前微劣心一境性身心輕安。
T30n1579_p0464c15║漸更增長能引強盛易可覺了。心一境性
T30n1579_p0464c16║身心輕安。謂由因力展轉引發方便道理。
T30n1579_p0464c17║彼於爾時不久當起強盛。易了身心輕安
T30n1579_p0464c18║心一境性。如是乃至有彼前相。於其頂上
T30n1579_p0464c19║似重而起非損惱相。即由此相於內起故。
T30n1579_p0464c20║能障樂斷。諸煩惱品心麁重性皆得除滅。
T30n1579_p0464c21║能對治彼。心調柔性心輕安性皆得生起。
T30n1579_p0464c22║由此生故有能隨順起身輕安。風大偏增
T30n1579_p0464c23║眾多大種來入身中。因此大種入身中故。
T30n1579_p0464c24║能障樂斷。諸煩惱品身麁重性。皆得除遣。
T30n1579_p0464c25║能對治彼。身調柔性身輕安性。遍滿身中
T30n1579_p0464c26║狀如充溢。彼初起時令心踊躍令心悅豫。
T30n1579_p0464c27║歡喜俱行令心喜樂。所緣境性於心中現。
T30n1579_p0464c28║從此已後彼初所起輕安勢力漸漸舒緩有
T30n1579_p0464c29║妙輕安隨身而行在身中轉。由是因緣
T30n1579_p0465a01║心踊躍性漸次退減。由奢摩他所攝持故。
T30n1579_p0465a02║心於所緣寂靜行轉。從是已後於瑜伽行。
T30n1579_p0465a03║初修業者名有作意。始得墮在有作意數。
T30n1579_p0465a04║何以故。由此最初獲得色界定地所攝少分
T30n1579_p0465a05║微妙正作意故。由是因緣名有作意。得此
T30n1579_p0465a06║作意初修業者有是相狀。謂已獲得色界所
T30n1579_p0465a07║攝少分定心。獲得少分身心輕安心一境性。
T30n1579_p0465a08║有力有能善修淨惑所緣加行。令心相
T30n1579_p0465a09║續滋潤而轉。為奢摩他之所攝護能淨諸
T30n1579_p0465a10║行。雖行種種可愛境中。猛利貪纏亦不生
T30n1579_p0465a11║起。雖少生起依止少分微劣對治。暫作意
T30n1579_p0465a12║時即能除遣。如可愛境。可憎可愚可生憍慢
T30n1579_p0465a13║可尋思境。當知亦爾。宴坐靜室暫持其心。
T30n1579_p0465a14║身心輕安疾疾生起。不極為諸身麁重性
T30n1579_p0465a15║之所逼惱。不極數起諸蓋現行。不極現
T30n1579_p0465a16║行思慕。不樂憂慮俱行諸想作意。雖從定
T30n1579_p0465a17║起出外經行。而有少分輕安餘勢隨身心
T30n1579_p0465a18║轉。如是等類當知是名有作意者清淨相
T30n1579_p0465a19║狀。
T30n1579_p0465a20║瑜伽師地論卷第三十二
【經文資訊】大正藏第 30 冊 No. 1579 瑜伽師地論
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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