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T30n1579_028 瑜伽師地論 第28卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 30 冊 » No.1579 » 第 28 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T30n1579_p0435c19║
T30n1579_p0435c20║
T30n1579_p0435c21║瑜伽師地論卷第二十八
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T30n1579_p0435c23║
T30n1579_p0435c24║
T30n1579_p0435c25║本地分中聲聞地第十三第二瑜伽處之三

T30n1579_p0435c26║云何為學。謂三勝學。一增上戒學。二增上心
T30n1579_p0435c27║學。三增上慧學。云何增上戒學。謂安住具戒
T30n1579_p0435c28║等。如前廣說。是名增上戒學。云何增上心
T30n1579_p0435c29║學。謂離欲惡不善法。有尋有伺離生喜樂。
T30n1579_p0436a01║入初靜慮具足安住乃至能入第四靜慮具
T30n1579_p0436a02║足安住。是名增上心學。又諸無色及餘所有
T30n1579_p0436a03║等持等至。亦皆名為增上心學。然依靜慮
T30n1579_p0436a04║能最初入聖諦現觀正性離生。非全遠離
T30n1579_p0436a05║一切靜慮能成此事。是故靜慮最為殊勝。
T30n1579_p0436a06║故偏說為增上心學。云何增上慧學。謂於
T30n1579_p0436a07║四聖諦等所有如實智見。是名增上慧學。問
T30n1579_p0436a08║何緣唯有三學非少非多。答建立定義故。
T30n1579_p0436a09║智所依義故。辨所作義故。建立定義者。
T30n1579_p0436a10║謂增上戒學。所以者何。由戒建立心一境性。
T30n1579_p0436a11║能令其心觸三摩地。智所依義者。謂增上心
T30n1579_p0436a12║學。所以者何。由正定心念一境性。於所知
T30n1579_p0436a13║事有如實智如實見轉。辨所作義者。謂
T30n1579_p0436a14║增上慧學。所以者何。由善清淨若智若見。
T30n1579_p0436a15║能證究竟諸煩惱斷。以煩惱斷。是自義利
T30n1579_p0436a16║是勝所作。過此更無勝所作故。由是因緣
T30n1579_p0436a17║唯有三學。問何緣三學如是次第。答先於
T30n1579_p0436a18║尸羅善清淨故便無憂悔。無憂悔故歡喜
T30n1579_p0436a19║安樂。由有樂故心得正定。心得定故能如
T30n1579_p0436a20║實知能如實見。如實知見故能起厭。厭故
T30n1579_p0436a21║離染。由離染故便得解脫。得解脫故證
T30n1579_p0436a22║無所作究竟涅槃。如是最初修習淨戒。漸
T30n1579_p0436a23║次進趣後證無作究竟涅槃。是故三學如
T30n1579_p0436a24║是次第。問何緣三學名為增上戒心慧耶。
T30n1579_p0436a25║答所趣義故最勝義故名為增上。云何所趣
T30n1579_p0436a26║義。謂為趣增上心而修淨戒。名增上戒學。
T30n1579_p0436a27║為趣增上慧而修定心。名增上心學。為
T30n1579_p0436a28║趣煩惱斷而修智見。名增上慧學。如是名
T30n1579_p0436a29║為所趣義故名為增上。云何最勝義。謂若
T30n1579_p0436b01║增上戒學。若增上心學。若增上慧學。唯於聖
T30n1579_p0436b02║教獨有此三不共外道。如是名為最勝
T30n1579_p0436b03║義故。名為增上。又或有增上心學能引發
T30n1579_p0436b04║增上慧學。或有增上慧學能引發增上心學。
T30n1579_p0436b05║謂聖弟子未得根本靜慮。先學見跡。後為
T30n1579_p0436b06║進斷修道所斷一切煩惱。正勤加行修念
T30n1579_p0436b07║覺支。乃至修捨覺支。是名增上慧學引發
T30n1579_p0436b08║增上心學。增上心學引發增上慧學者。如
T30n1579_p0436b09║前已說。又或有增上戒學無增上心無增
T30n1579_p0436b10║上慧。或有增上戒學亦有增上心唯無增
T30n1579_p0436b11║上慧。非有增上慧學而無增上戒及無增
T30n1579_p0436b12║上心。是故若有增上慧學。當知必定具足
T30n1579_p0436b13║三學。於此建立三種學中。諸瑜伽師當
T30n1579_p0436b14║勤修。學復有三種補特伽羅。依此三學
T30n1579_p0436b15║入諦現觀。何等為三。一未離欲。二倍離欲。
T30n1579_p0436b16║三已離欲。當知此中於一切欲全未離者。
T30n1579_p0436b17║勤修加行入諦現觀。既於諸諦得現觀已
T30n1579_p0436b18║證預流果。倍離欲者。當於爾時證一來
T30n1579_p0436b19║果。 已離欲者。當於爾時證不還果。復有
T30n1579_p0436b20║三根。一未知欲知根。二已知根。三具知根。云
T30n1579_p0436b21║何建立如是三根。謂於諸諦未現觀者。
T30n1579_p0436b22║加行勤修諸諦現觀。依此建立未知欲知
T30n1579_p0436b23║根。若於諸諦已得現觀而居有學。依此
T30n1579_p0436b24║建立已知根。若阿羅漢所作已辦住無學位。
T30n1579_p0436b25║依此建立具知根。 復有三解脫門。一空解
T30n1579_p0436b26║脫門。二無願解脫門。三無相解脫門。云何
T30n1579_p0436b27║建立三解脫門。謂所知境略有二種。有及非
T30n1579_p0436b28║有。有有二種。一者有為。二者無為。於有為
T30n1579_p0436b29║中且說三界所繫五蘊。於無為中且說涅
T30n1579_p0436c01║槃。如是二種有為無為合說名有。若說於
T30n1579_p0436c02║我或說有情命者生者等。是名非有。於有
T30n1579_p0436c03║為中見過失故。見過患故無所祈願。無
T30n1579_p0436c04║祈願故依此建立無願解脫門。於有為中
T30n1579_p0436c05║無祈願故。便於涅槃深生祈願。見極寂
T30n1579_p0436c06║靜見甚微妙見永出離。由於中見永出
T30n1579_p0436c07║離故。依此建立無相解脫門。於其非有無
T30n1579_p0436c08║所有中。非有祈願非無祈願。如其非有還則
T30n1579_p0436c09║如是。知為非有。見為非有。依此建立空
T30n1579_p0436c10║解脫門。是名建立三解脫門。
T30n1579_p0436c11║云何隨順學法。謂有十種違逆學法。對治
T30n1579_p0436c12║彼故應知十種隨順學法。云何十種違逆學
T30n1579_p0436c13║法。一者所有母邑少年盛壯可愛形色。是正
T30n1579_p0436c14║修學善男子等上品障礙。二者於薩迦耶所
T30n1579_p0436c15║攝諸行生起愛著。三者嬾墮懈怠。四者薩
T30n1579_p0436c16║迦耶見。五者依於段食貪著美味。六者於
T30n1579_p0436c17║諸世聞種種戲論非一眾多別別品類所思
T30n1579_p0436c18║念中發欲貪愛。七者思惟諸法瑜伽作意
T30n1579_p0436c19║所有過患。此復云何。謂十一種。一於諸諦
T30n1579_p0436c20║寶蘊業果中猶預疑惑。二樂修斷者身諸
T30n1579_p0436c21║麁重。三有慢緩者於修止觀。過患作意
T30n1579_p0436c22║惛沈睡眠。映蔽其心令心極略。四太猛精
T30n1579_p0436c23║進者身疲心惱。五太劣精進者不得勝進善
T30n1579_p0436c24║品衰退。六於少利養名譽稱讚。隨一樂中深
T30n1579_p0436c25║生欣喜。七掉舉不靜踊躍躁擾。八於薩迦
T30n1579_p0436c26║耶永滅涅槃而生驚恐。九於諸言說非量
T30n1579_p0436c27║加行言論太過。雖說法論而好折伏起諍
T30n1579_p0436c28║方便。十於先所見所聞所受非一眾多別
T30n1579_p0436c29║別品類諸境界中。心馳心散。十一不應思處
T30n1579_p0437a01║而強沈思。應知是名思惟諸法瑜伽作意
T30n1579_p0437a02║所有過患。八者於諸靜慮等至樂中深生愛
T30n1579_p0437a03║味。九者樂欲證入無相定者。於諸行中隨
T30n1579_p0437a04║順流散。十者觸身苦受乃至奪命苦受時。
T30n1579_p0437a05║貪愛壽命希望存活。隨此希望傷歎迷悶。
T30n1579_p0437a06║是名十種違逆學法。云何對治如是十種違
T30n1579_p0437a07║逆學法隨順學法。謂有十種。一不淨想。二
T30n1579_p0437a08║無常想。三無常苦想。四苦無我想。五厭逆食
T30n1579_p0437a09║想。六一切世間不可樂想。七光明想。八離欲
T30n1579_p0437a10║想。九滅想。十死想。如是十想善修善習善多
T30n1579_p0437a11║修習。能斷十種障礙學法違逆學法。當知此
T30n1579_p0437a12║中有四光明。一法光明。二義光明。三奢摩他
T30n1579_p0437a13║光明。四毘鉢舍那光明。依此四種光明增上
T30n1579_p0437a14║立光明想。今此義中意。取能斷思惟諸法
T30n1579_p0437a15║瑜伽作意障礙法者。 當知此中復有十種隨
T30n1579_p0437a16║順學法。何等為十。一者宿因。二者隨順教。
T30n1579_p0437a17║三者如理加行。四者無間殷重所作。五者猛
T30n1579_p0437a18║利樂欲。六者持瑜伽力。七者止息身心麁重。
T30n1579_p0437a19║八者數數觀察。九者無有怯弱。十者離增上
T30n1579_p0437a20║慢。云何宿因。謂先所習諸根成熟諸根積集。
T30n1579_p0437a21║云何隨順教。謂所說教無倒漸次。云何如
T30n1579_p0437a22║理加行。謂如其教無倒修行。如是修行能
T30n1579_p0437a23║生正見。云何無間殷重所作。謂由如是正
T30n1579_p0437a24║加行故。於諸善品不虛捨命。速能積習
T30n1579_p0437a25║所有善品。云何猛利樂欲。謂如有一於上
T30n1579_p0437a26║解脫發生希慕。謂我何時當於是處能具
T30n1579_p0437a27║足住。如諸聖者於是處所具足而住。云何
T30n1579_p0437a28║持瑜伽力。謂二因緣能令獲得持瑜伽力。一
T30n1579_p0437a29║者本性是利根故。二者長時串修習故。云何
T30n1579_p0437b01║止息身心麁重。謂如有一或由身勞身乏。
T30n1579_p0437b02║發身麁重發心麁重。此因易脫威儀而便
T30n1579_p0437b03║止息。或由太尋太伺。發身麁重發心麁
T30n1579_p0437b04║重。此因內心寂止方便而便止息。或由心
T30n1579_p0437b05║略心劣惛沈睡眠之所纏遶。發身麁重
T30n1579_p0437b06║發心麁重。此因增上慧法毘鉢舍那順淨作
T30n1579_p0437b07║意而便止息。或由本性煩惱未斷有煩惱
T30n1579_p0437b08║品。身心麁重未能捨離。此因相續勤修正
T30n1579_p0437b09║道而便止息。云何數數觀察。謂依尸羅數
T30n1579_p0437b10║數觀察惡作不作。數數觀察善作而作。於
T30n1579_p0437b11║其惡作不作不轉。於其善作不作不退。
T30n1579_p0437b12║於其惡作作而棄捨。於其善作作而不捨。
T30n1579_p0437b13║又於煩惱斷與未斷觀察作意。增上力故數
T30n1579_p0437b14║數觀察。若知已斷便生歡喜。若知未斷則
T30n1579_p0437b15║便數數勤修正道。云何無有怯弱。謂於後時
T30n1579_p0437b16║應知應見應證得中。未知未見未證得
T30n1579_p0437b17║故發生怯弱。其心勞倦其心匱損。彼既生已
T30n1579_p0437b18║而不堅執速能斷滅。云何離增上慢。謂於
T30n1579_p0437b19║所得所觸所證。無增上慢離顛倒執。於真
T30n1579_p0437b20║所得起於得想。於真所觸起於觸想。於真
T30n1579_p0437b21║所證起於證想。如是十法。於樂修學諸瑜
T30n1579_p0437b22║伽師所應修學。初中後時恒常隨順無有
T30n1579_p0437b23║違逆。是故名為隨順學法。 云何瑜伽壞。謂
T30n1579_p0437b24║壞瑜伽略有四種。何等為四。一者畢竟瑜
T30n1579_p0437b25║伽壞。二者暫時瑜伽壞。三者退失所得瑜伽
T30n1579_p0437b26║壞。四者邪行所作瑜伽壞。 畢竟瑜伽壞者。
T30n1579_p0437b27║謂無種姓補持伽羅。何以故。由彼身中
T30n1579_p0437b28║無能趣向涅槃法故。畢竟失壞出世瑜伽。
T30n1579_p0437b29║暫時瑜伽壞者。謂有種姓補特伽羅。何以故。
T30n1579_p0437c01║由彼身中有能趣向涅槃法故。雖闕外
T30n1579_p0437c02║緣時經久遠。定當緣會修習瑜伽令其現
T30n1579_p0437c03║起。善修習已當般涅槃。是故說彼所有瑜伽
T30n1579_p0437c04║暫時失壞。退失所得瑜伽壞者。謂如有一
T30n1579_p0437c05║退失所得所觸所證。若智若見若安樂住。邪
T30n1579_p0437c06║行所作瑜伽壞者。謂如有一不如正理精
T30n1579_p0437c07║勤修行。雖多用功無所成辦。不能成辦
T30n1579_p0437c08║一切瑜伽。亦非善法。又如有一多諸煩惱
T30n1579_p0437c09║性多塵穢。而識聰銳覺慧猛利成俱生覺。
T30n1579_p0437c10║善攝所聞於聞究竟。或少或多或住空閑。
T30n1579_p0437c11║有在家者及出家者。為性質直來至其所。因
T30n1579_p0437c12║為說法令心歡喜。又行矯詐。妄現種種身
T30n1579_p0437c13║語相應調善所作。由是因緣招集利養恭
T30n1579_p0437c14║敬稱頌大福德想。及得種種衣食臥具病緣
T30n1579_p0437c15║醫藥資身什物。為諸國王大臣居士乃至商
T30n1579_p0437c16║主恭敬尊重。咸共謂之是阿羅漢。或於隨
T30n1579_p0437c17║彼迴轉弟子。若諸出家若在家眾。戀著親愛
T30n1579_p0437c18║隨順而轉為多招引。復生是念。此諸出家在
T30n1579_p0437c19║家弟子信順於我。咸共謂我是阿羅漢。彼若
T30n1579_p0437c20║依於瑜伽作意止觀等處來請問我。我得
T30n1579_p0437c21║彼問或不能對。彼因是事當於我所捨
T30n1579_p0437c22║信向心。不復謂我是阿羅漢。由斯退失利
T30n1579_p0437c23║養恭敬。我於今者應自思惟籌量觀察安立
T30n1579_p0437c24║瑜伽。彼由是事增上力故。耽著利養恭敬
T30n1579_p0437c25║名譽。獨處空閑自諦思惟籌量觀察安立瑜
T30n1579_p0437c26║伽。然此瑜伽不順契經不現戒律違逆法
T30n1579_p0437c27║性。若諸比丘善持三藏。彼於其所覆自瑜
T30n1579_p0437c28║伽不欲開示。若諸在家出家弟子。於此瑜
T30n1579_p0437c29║伽私竊教示不令彰顯。所以者何。恐有
T30n1579_p0438a01║善持三藏教者。聞彼如是瑜伽處已。以經
T30n1579_p0438a02║撿驗不順契經。以律顯照不現戒律。以法
T30n1579_p0438a03║觀察違逆法性。由是因緣便不信受。以不
T30n1579_p0438a04║信言詰難於我諍競舉發。由是國王大臣
T30n1579_p0438a05║居士乃至饒財長者商主不復恭敬尊重於
T30n1579_p0438a06║我。更不獲得衣食臥具病緣醫藥資身什物。
T30n1579_p0438a07║彼由貪著利養恭敬增上力故。於非法中
T30n1579_p0438a08║起於法想。起覆藏想。起惡欲樂顯發開示
T30n1579_p0438a09║非法為法。諸有忍許彼所見者。亦於非法
T30n1579_p0438a10║起是法想。愚昧頑鈍於非法中起法想故。
T30n1579_p0438a11║雖如其教精進修行。當知一切皆是邪行。
T30n1579_p0438a12║如是名為邪行所作瑜伽失壞。像似正法
T30n1579_p0438a13║非真正法能障正法。諸有比丘勤修靜慮。
T30n1579_p0438a14║是瑜伽師於此四種瑜伽壞法。應正遍知當
T30n1579_p0438a15║遠捨離。
T30n1579_p0438a16║云何瑜伽。謂四瑜伽。何等為四。一信。二欲。
T30n1579_p0438a17║三精進。四方便。 當知其信有二行相及二依
T30n1579_p0438a18║處。二行相者。一信順行相。二清淨行相。二依
T30n1579_p0438a19║處者。一觀察諸法道理依處。二信解補特伽
T30n1579_p0438a20║羅神力依處。欲有四種。何等為四。一為證
T30n1579_p0438a21║得欲。二為請問欲。三為修集資糧欲。四為
T30n1579_p0438a22║隨順瑜伽欲。為證得欲者。謂如有一於上
T30n1579_p0438a23║解脫發生希慕。如前廣說。為請問欲者。謂
T30n1579_p0438a24║如有一生希慕已往僧伽藍。詣諸有識同
T30n1579_p0438a25║修梵行成就瑜伽妙智者所。為聽未聞為
T30n1579_p0438a26║聞究竟。為修集資糧欲者。謂如有一為戒
T30n1579_p0438a27║律儀清淨。為根律儀清淨故。於食知量減
T30n1579_p0438a28║省睡眠。正知住中展轉增勝發生希慕。為
T30n1579_p0438a29║隨順瑜伽欲者。謂於無間加行殷重加行。
T30n1579_p0438b01║修習道中發生希慕發生欣樂。欲有所作
T30n1579_p0438b02║精進有四。何等為四。一為聞精進。二為思
T30n1579_p0438b03║精進。三為修精進。四為障淨精進。為聞精進
T30n1579_p0438b04║者。謂為聽未聞聞已究竟。勤心勇猛審決
T30n1579_p0438b05║加行。為思精進者。謂如所聞法獨處空閑。
T30n1579_p0438b06║思惟其義籌量觀察。為修精進者。謂入寂
T30n1579_p0438b07║靜於時時間勤修止觀。為障淨精進者。謂
T30n1579_p0438b08║於晝夜策勵精勤經行宴坐。從諸障法淨
T30n1579_p0438b09║修其心。勤心勇猛審決。精進方便有四。謂
T30n1579_p0438b10║尸羅律儀增上力故善守其念。善守念故能
T30n1579_p0438b11║無放逸。防護其心修諸善法。無放逸故心
T30n1579_p0438b12║正於內修奢摩他增上慧法毘鉢舍那。此
T30n1579_p0438b13║四瑜伽有十六種。 當知此中初由信故於
T30n1579_p0438b14║應得義深生信解。信應得已於諸善法
T30n1579_p0438b15║生起樂欲。由樂欲故晝夜策勵安住精勤。
T30n1579_p0438b16║堅固勇猛發精進已。攝受方便能得未得。
T30n1579_p0438b17║能觸未觸。能證未證。故此四法說名瑜
T30n1579_p0438b18║伽。
T30n1579_p0438b19║云何作意。謂四作意。何等為四。一力勵運轉
T30n1579_p0438b20║作意。二有間運轉作意。三無間運轉作意。
T30n1579_p0438b21║四無功用運轉作意。云何力勵運轉作意。謂
T30n1579_p0438b22║初修業者令心於內安住等住。或於諸法
T30n1579_p0438b23║無倒簡擇。乃至未得所修作意。爾時作意
T30n1579_p0438b24║力勵運轉。由倍勵力折挫其心令住一
T30n1579_p0438b25║境。故名力勵運轉作意。云何有間運轉作
T30n1579_p0438b26║意。謂得所修作意已後。世出世道漸次勝
T30n1579_p0438b27║進。了相作意由三摩地思所間雜。未能
T30n1579_p0438b28║一向純修行轉。故名有間運轉作意。云何無
T30n1579_p0438b29║間運轉作意。謂從了相作意已後。乃至加行
T30n1579_p0438c01║究竟作意。是名無間運轉作意。云何無功用
T30n1579_p0438c02║運轉作意。謂加行究竟果作意。是名無功
T30n1579_p0438c03║用運轉作意。復有所餘四種作意。一隨順作
T30n1579_p0438c04║意。二對治作意。三順清淨作意。四順觀察作
T30n1579_p0438c05║意。云何隨順作意。謂於所緣深生厭壞起
T30n1579_p0438c06║正加行。而未斷惑。云何對治作意。謂能斷
T30n1579_p0438c07║惑。云何順清淨作意。謂心下蹙取淨妙相
T30n1579_p0438c08║策令歡悅。云何順觀察作意。謂觀察作意。
T30n1579_p0438c09║由此作意增上力故。順觀煩惱斷與未斷。
T30n1579_p0438c10║問於所緣境正作意時。思惟幾相。答四。何
T30n1579_p0438c11║等為四。一所緣相。二因緣相。三應遠離相。
T30n1579_p0438c12║四應修習相。所緣相者。謂所知事同分影像
T30n1579_p0438c13║明了顯現。因緣相者。謂三摩地資糧積集。隨
T30n1579_p0438c14║順教導與修俱行猛利樂欲。於可厭法深
T30n1579_p0438c15║生厭患。能審遍知亂與不亂。他不惱觸。或
T30n1579_p0438c16║人所作或非人作。或音聲作或功用作。若毘
T30n1579_p0438c17║鉢舍那而為上首。內略其心極猛盛觀後
T30n1579_p0438c18║因緣相。若奢摩他而為上首。發起勝觀極
T30n1579_p0438c19║猛盛止後因緣相。應遠離相復有四種。一
T30n1579_p0438c20║者沈相。二者掉相。三者著相。四者亂相。沈相
T30n1579_p0438c21║者。謂由所緣相因緣相故令心下劣。掉相
T30n1579_p0438c22║者。謂由所緣相因緣相故令心高舉。著相
T30n1579_p0438c23║者。謂由所緣相因緣相故。令心於境起染
T30n1579_p0438c24║起著作諸惱亂。亂相者。謂由所緣相因緣
T30n1579_p0438c25║相故令心於外馳散擾動。如是諸相如前
T30n1579_p0438c26║等引地中已說。 問如是作意於所緣境起
T30n1579_p0438c27║勝解時有幾勝解。答九。何等為九。一有光
T30n1579_p0438c28║淨勝解。二無光淨勝解。三遲鈍勝解。四捷
T30n1579_p0438c29║利勝解。五狹小勝解。六廣大勝解。七無量
T30n1579_p0439a01║勝解。八清淨勝解。九不清淨勝解。有光淨
T30n1579_p0439a02║勝解者。謂於光明相澄心善取與光明俱
T30n1579_p0439a03║所有勝解。無光淨勝解者。謂於光明相不
T30n1579_p0439a04║能善取與闇昧俱所有勝解。遲鈍勝解者。
T30n1579_p0439a05║謂鈍根身中所有勝解。捷利勝解者。謂利
T30n1579_p0439a06║根身中所有勝解。狹小勝解者。謂狹小信
T30n1579_p0439a07║欲俱行勝解。及狹小所緣意解勝解。如是
T30n1579_p0439a08║作意狹小故。及所緣狹小故。名狹小勝解。
T30n1579_p0439a09║廣大勝解者。謂廣大信欲俱行勝解。及廣
T30n1579_p0439a10║大所緣意解勝解。如是作意廣大故。及所
T30n1579_p0439a11║緣廣大故。名廣大勝解。無量勝解者。謂
T30n1579_p0439a12║無邊無際信欲俱行勝解。及無邊無際所緣
T30n1579_p0439a13║意解勝解。如是作意無量故及所緣無量故。
T30n1579_p0439a14║名無量勝解。清淨勝解者。謂已善修已成滿
T30n1579_p0439a15║已究竟俱行勝解。不清淨勝解者。謂未善修
T30n1579_p0439a16║未成滿未究竟俱行勝解。 問修瑜伽者。凡
T30n1579_p0439a17║有幾種瑜伽所作。答四。何等為四。一所
T30n1579_p0439a18║依滅。二所依轉。三遍知所緣。四愛樂所緣。
T30n1579_p0439a19║所依滅及所依轉者。謂勤修習瑜伽作意故。
T30n1579_p0439a20║所有麁重俱行所依漸次而滅。所有輕安俱
T30n1579_p0439a21║行所依漸次而轉。是名所依滅及所依轉瑜
T30n1579_p0439a22║伽所作。遍知所緣及愛樂所緣者。謂或有
T30n1579_p0439a23║遍知所緣愛樂所緣與所依滅轉而為上首。
T30n1579_p0439a24║由此遍知所緣愛樂所緣增上力故。令所依
T30n1579_p0439a25║滅及所依轉。或有遍知所緣愛樂所緣。用所
T30n1579_p0439a26║依清淨而為上首。由此所依清淨增上力
T30n1579_p0439a27║故。令遍知所緣得善清淨。及愛樂所緣得
T30n1579_p0439a28║善清淨。於其所作成辦時轉。是名四種修
T30n1579_p0439a29║瑜伽者瑜伽所作。
T30n1579_p0439b01║問修瑜伽師凡有幾種。答三。何等為三。一
T30n1579_p0439b02║初修業瑜伽師。二已習行瑜伽師。三已度
T30n1579_p0439b03║作意瑜伽師。云何初修業瑜伽師。謂有二
T30n1579_p0439b04║種初修業者。一於作意初修業者。二淨煩惱
T30n1579_p0439b05║初修業者。云何於作意初修業者。謂初修業
T30n1579_p0439b06║補特伽羅安住一緣勤修作意。乃至未得
T30n1579_p0439b07║所修作意。未能觸證心一境性。云何淨煩
T30n1579_p0439b08║惱初修業者。謂已證得所修作意。於諸煩
T30n1579_p0439b09║惱欲淨其心。發起攝受正勤修習了相作
T30n1579_p0439b10║意名淨煩惱初修業者。云何已習行瑜伽師。
T30n1579_p0439b11║謂除了相作意。於餘乃至加行究竟五作意
T30n1579_p0439b12║中已善修習。云何已度作意瑜伽師。謂住
T30n1579_p0439b13║加行究竟果作意位中。由此超過加行方便
T30n1579_p0439b14║所修作意安住修果。是故說名已度作意。
T30n1579_p0439b15║又始從修習善法欲已去。乃至未起順決
T30n1579_p0439b16║擇分善根。於爾所時名初修業。若已起順
T30n1579_p0439b17║決擇分善根。所謂煖頂隨順諦忍世第一法
T30n1579_p0439b18║名已習行。若已證入正性離生得諦現
T30n1579_p0439b19║觀。不由他緣於佛聖教。不為餘緣之所
T30n1579_p0439b20║引奪。當於爾時名度作意。由彼超過他緣
T30n1579_p0439b21║作意。住非他緣所有作意。是故名為已度
T30n1579_p0439b22║作意。 云何瑜伽修。謂有二種。一者想修。二
T30n1579_p0439b23║者菩提分修。
T30n1579_p0439b24║云何想修。謂或修世間道時。於諸下地修
T30n1579_p0439b25║過患想。或修涅槃道時。於斷界離欲界滅
T30n1579_p0439b26║界。觀見最勝寂靜功德。修習斷想離欲想滅
T30n1579_p0439b27║想。或修奢摩他時。修習止品上下想。或修
T30n1579_p0439b28║毘鉢舍那時。修習觀品前後想。上下想者。
T30n1579_p0439b29║謂觀察此身如其所住如其所願。上從頂
T30n1579_p0439c01║上下至足下。種種雜類不淨充滿。謂此身中
T30n1579_p0439c02║所有種種髮毛爪齒。如前廣說。前後想者。謂
T30n1579_p0439c03║如有一於所觀相殷勤懇到。善取善思善
T30n1579_p0439c04║了善達。謂住觀於坐坐觀於臥。或在後行
T30n1579_p0439c05║觀察前行。此則顯示以毘鉢舍那行。觀察
T30n1579_p0439c06║三世緣生諸行。謂若說言住觀於坐。此則顯
T30n1579_p0439c07║示以現在作意觀察未來所知諸行。所以者
T30n1579_p0439c08║何。現在作意位已現生故說名為住。未來所
T30n1579_p0439c09║知位未現生故。臨欲起故說名為坐。若復
T30n1579_p0439c10║說言坐觀於臥。此則顯示以現在作意觀
T30n1579_p0439c11║察過去所知諸行。所以者何。現在作意位臨
T30n1579_p0439c12║欲滅故說名為坐。過去所知位已謝滅故說
T30n1579_p0439c13║名為臥。若復說言或在後行觀察前行。此
T30n1579_p0439c14║則顯示以現在作意觀無間滅現行作意。所
T30n1579_p0439c15║以者何。若已生起無間謝滅所取作意說名
T30n1579_p0439c16║前行。若此無間新新生起能取作意。取前無
T30n1579_p0439c17║間已謝滅者。說名後行。當知此中為修止
T30n1579_p0439c18║觀。修彼二品勝光明想。是名想修。 云何菩
T30n1579_p0439c19║提分修。謂於三十七菩提分法親近積集。若
T30n1579_p0439c20║修若習若多修習。是名菩提分修。何等名為
T30n1579_p0439c21║三十七種菩提分法。謂四念住。四正斷。四神
T30n1579_p0439c22║足。五根五力。七覺支。八聖道。四念住者。一
T30n1579_p0439c23║身念住。二受念住。三心念住。四法念住。四
T30n1579_p0439c24║正斷者。一於已生惡不善法為令斷故。
T30n1579_p0439c25║生欲策勵發勤精進。策心持心正斷。二於
T30n1579_p0439c26║未生惡不善法為不生故。生欲策勵發勤
T30n1579_p0439c27║精進。策心持心正斷。三於未生善法為令
T30n1579_p0439c28║生故。生欲策勵發勤精進。策心持心正斷。
T30n1579_p0439c29║四於已生善法為欲令住令不忘失。令
T30n1579_p0440a01║修圓滿令倍修習。令其增長令其廣大。生
T30n1579_p0440a02║欲策勵發勤精進。策心持心正斷。四神足
T30n1579_p0440a03║者。一欲三摩地斷行成就神足。二勤三摩地
T30n1579_p0440a04║斷行成就神足。三心三摩地斷行成就神足。
T30n1579_p0440a05║四觀三摩地斷行成就神足。五根者。一信根。
T30n1579_p0440a06║二精進根。三念根。四定根。五慧根。五力者。
T30n1579_p0440a07║一信力。二精進力。三念力。四定力。五慧力。
T30n1579_p0440a08║七覺支者。一念等覺支。二擇法等覺支。三精
T30n1579_p0440a09║進等覺支。四喜等覺支。五安等覺支。六定等
T30n1579_p0440a10║覺支。七捨等覺支。八支聖道者。一正見。二正
T30n1579_p0440a11║思惟。三正語。四正業。五正命。六正精進。七
T30n1579_p0440a12║正念。八正定。
T30n1579_p0440a13║今於此中云何為身。云何於身住循身觀。
T30n1579_p0440a14║云何為念。云何念住。略說身相有三十五。
T30n1579_p0440a15║謂內身外身。根所攝身非根所攝身。有情數
T30n1579_p0440a16║身非有情數身。麁重俱行身輕安俱行身。能
T30n1579_p0440a17║造身所造身。名身色身。那落迦身傍生身。
T30n1579_p0440a18║祖父國身人身天身。有識身無識身。中身表
T30n1579_p0440a19║身。變異身不變異身。女身男身半擇迦身。
T30n1579_p0440a20║親友身非親友身。中庸身劣身。中身妙身。
T30n1579_p0440a21║幼身少身老身。如是名為身相差別。住循
T30n1579_p0440a22║身觀略有三種。謂依身增上聞思修慧。由
T30n1579_p0440a23║此慧故於一切身一切相。正觀察正推求。
T30n1579_p0440a24║隨觀隨覺念。謂依身增上受持正法。思惟
T30n1579_p0440a25║法義修習作證。於文於義修作證中心無
T30n1579_p0440a26║忘失。若審思惟。我於正法為正受持為不
T30n1579_p0440a27║爾耶。於彼彼義慧善了達為不爾耶。善能
T30n1579_p0440a28║觸證彼彼解脫為不爾耶。如是審諦安住
T30n1579_p0440a29║其念。名為念住。又為守護念。為於境無
T30n1579_p0440b01║染。為安住所緣。名為念住。為守護念者。
T30n1579_p0440b02║謂如說言先守護念。若常委念。為於境無
T30n1579_p0440b03║染者。謂如說言念守護心行平等位。不
T30n1579_p0440b04║取其相不取隨好。廣說乃至守護意根
T30n1579_p0440b05║修意根律儀。為安住所緣者。謂如說言於
T30n1579_p0440b06║四所緣安住其念。謂於遍滿所緣淨行所緣
T30n1579_p0440b07║善巧所緣淨惑所緣。由此三相善住其念
T30n1579_p0440b08║故名念住。云何為受。謂樂受苦受。不苦不
T30n1579_p0440b09║樂受。樂身受苦身受。不苦不樂身受。如說
T30n1579_p0440b10║身受心受亦爾。樂有愛味受。苦有愛味受。不
T30n1579_p0440b11║苦不樂有愛味受。無愛味受。依耽嗜受。當知
T30n1579_p0440b12║亦爾。樂依出離受。苦依出離受。不苦不樂依
T30n1579_p0440b13║出離受。如是總有二十一受。或九種受。云
T30n1579_p0440b14║何為心。謂有貪心離貪心。有瞋心離瞋心。有
T30n1579_p0440b15║癡心離癡心。略心散心。下心舉心。掉心不掉
T30n1579_p0440b16║心。寂靜心不寂靜心。定心不定心。善修心
T30n1579_p0440b17║不善修心。善解脫心不善解脫心。如是總
T30n1579_p0440b18║有二十種心。云何為法。謂若貪貪毘奈耶
T30n1579_p0440b19║法。若瞋瞋毘奈耶法。若癡癡毘奈耶法。若
T30n1579_p0440b20║略若散法。若下若舉法。若掉不掉法。若寂
T30n1579_p0440b21║靜不寂靜法。若定不定法。若善修不善修法。
T30n1579_p0440b22║若善解脫不善解脫法。如是當知建立黑品
T30n1579_p0440b23║白品染品淨品二十種法。又樂受者。謂順
T30n1579_p0440b24║樂受觸為緣所生平等受受所攝。是名樂
T30n1579_p0440b25║受。此若五識相應名身受。若意識相應名心
T30n1579_p0440b26║受。如順樂受觸。如是順苦受觸。順不苦不
T30n1579_p0440b27║樂受觸為緣所生。不平等受受所攝。非平
T30n1579_p0440b28║等非不平等受受所攝。是名苦受不苦不樂
T30n1579_p0440b29║受。此若五識相應名身受。若意識相應名心
T30n1579_p0440c01║受。如是諸受若隨順涅槃。隨順決擇畢竟
T30n1579_p0440c02║出離畢竟離垢畢竟。能令梵行圓滿名無愛
T30n1579_p0440c03║味受。若墮於界名有愛味受。若色無色界
T30n1579_p0440c04║繫若隨順離欲。名依出離受。若欲界繫若不
T30n1579_p0440c05║順離欲。名依耽嗜受。又有貪心者。謂於
T30n1579_p0440c06║可愛所緣境事貪纏所纏。離貪心者。謂即
T30n1579_p0440c07║遠離如是貪纏。有瞋心者。謂於可憎所緣
T30n1579_p0440c08║境事瞋纏所纏。離瞋心者。謂即遠離如是
T30n1579_p0440c09║瞋纏。有癡心者。謂於可愚所緣境事癡纏
T30n1579_p0440c10║所纏。離癡心者謂即遠離如是癡纏。如是
T30n1579_p0440c11║六心當知皆是行時所起三煩惱品。及此三
T30n1579_p0440c12║品對治差別。略心者。謂由正行於內所緣
T30n1579_p0440c13║繫縛其心。散心者。謂於外五妙欲隨順流
T30n1579_p0440c14║散。下心者。謂惛沈睡眠俱行。舉心者。謂於
T30n1579_p0440c15║淨妙所緣明了顯現。掉心者。謂大舉故掉
T30n1579_p0440c16║纏所掉。不掉心者。謂於舉時及於略時
T30n1579_p0440c17║得平等捨。寂靜心者。謂從諸蓋已得解脫。
T30n1579_p0440c18║不寂靜心者。謂從諸蓋未得解脫言。定心
T30n1579_p0440c19║者。謂從諸蓋得解脫已。復能證入根本靜
T30n1579_p0440c20║慮。不定心者。謂未能入。善修心者。謂於此
T30n1579_p0440c21║定長時串習。得隨所欲得無艱難得無
T30n1579_p0440c22║梗澁。速能證入。不善修心者。與此相違應
T30n1579_p0440c23║知其相。善解脫心者。謂從一切究竟解脫。
T30n1579_p0440c24║不善解脫心者。謂不從一切不究竟解脫。
T30n1579_p0440c25║如是十四種心當知皆是住時所起。依淨
T30n1579_p0440c26║蓋地住時所起有八種心。謂從略心散心
T30n1579_p0440c27║乃至寂靜不寂靜心。依淨煩惱地住時所起
T30n1579_p0440c28║有六種心。謂定心不定心乃至善解脫不善
T30n1579_p0440c29║解脫心。又於內有蓋能自了知我有諸蓋。
T30n1579_p0441a01║於內無蓋能自了知我無諸蓋。如彼諸蓋
T30n1579_p0441a02║未生而生亦能了知。如彼諸蓋生已散滅亦
T30n1579_p0441a03║能了知。於眼有結乃至於意有結。能自了
T30n1579_p0441a04║知我有眼結乃至我有意結。於眼無結乃
T30n1579_p0441a05║至於意無結。能自了知我眼無結乃至我
T30n1579_p0441a06║意無結。如彼眼結乃至意結未生而生亦
T30n1579_p0441a07║能了知。如彼諸結生已散滅亦能了知。於
T30n1579_p0441a08║內有念等覺支能自了知我有念等覺支。
T30n1579_p0441a09║於內無念等覺支能自了知我無念等覺
T30n1579_p0441a10║支。如念等覺支未生而生亦能了知。如生
T30n1579_p0441a11║已住不忘修滿倍復修習增長廣大。亦能了
T30n1579_p0441a12║知。如念等覺支。如是擇法精進喜安定捨等
T30n1579_p0441a13║覺支當知亦爾。若能如是如實遍知諸雜
T30n1579_p0441a14║染法自性因緣過患對治。是為法念住體。如
T30n1579_p0441a15║說於身住循身觀念及念住。如是於受於
T30n1579_p0441a16║心於法隨其所應當知亦爾。云何於內身
T30n1579_p0441a17║等住循身等觀。云何於外身等住循身等觀。
T30n1579_p0441a18║云何於內外身等住循身等觀。謂若緣內自
T30n1579_p0441a19║有情數身色為境住循身觀。是名於內身住
T30n1579_p0441a20║循身觀。若緣外非有情數色為境住循身
T30n1579_p0441a21║觀。是名於外身住循身觀。若緣外他有情
T30n1579_p0441a22║數身色為境住循身觀。是名於內外身住
T30n1579_p0441a23║循身觀。若緣依內自有情數身色所生受
T30n1579_p0441a24║心法為境住循三觀。是名於內受心法住
T30n1579_p0441a25║循受心法觀。若緣依外非有情數色所
T30n1579_p0441a26║生受心法為境住循三觀。是名於外受心
T30n1579_p0441a27║法住循受心法觀。若緣依外他有情數身
T30n1579_p0441a28║色所生受心法為境住循三觀。是名於內
T30n1579_p0441a29║外受心法住循受心法觀。復有差別。謂若
T30n1579_p0441b01║緣根所攝有執有受色為境。是名於內身
T30n1579_p0441b02║住循身觀。若緣非根所攝無執無受色為
T30n1579_p0441b03║境。是名於外身住循身觀。若緣非根所攝
T30n1579_p0441b04║有執有受色為境。是名於內外身住循身
T30n1579_p0441b05║觀。如是若緣依前三色所生受心法為
T30n1579_p0441b06║境。隨其所應當知即是住循三觀。復有差
T30n1579_p0441b07║別。謂若緣自內定地輕安俱行色為境。是
T30n1579_p0441b08║名於內身住循身觀。若緣自內不定地麁重
T30n1579_p0441b09║俱行色為境。是名於外身住循身觀。若緣
T30n1579_p0441b10║他輕安俱行麁重俱行色為境。是名於內外
T30n1579_p0441b11║身住循身觀。如是若緣依前三色所生受
T30n1579_p0441b12║心法。為境。隨其所應當知即是住循三觀。
T30n1579_p0441b13║復有差別。謂若緣內能造大種色為境。是
T30n1579_p0441b14║名於內身住循身觀。若緣外能造大種色為
T30n1579_p0441b15║境。是名於外身住循身觀。若緣依能造大
T30n1579_p0441b16║種色所生根境所攝造色為境。是名於內
T30n1579_p0441b17║外身住循身觀。如是若緣依前三色所生
T30n1579_p0441b18║受心法為境。隨其所應當知即是住循三
T30n1579_p0441b19║觀。復有差別。謂若緣有識身內色為境。是
T30n1579_p0441b20║名於內身住循身觀。若緣無識身有情數青
T30n1579_p0441b21║瘀等位色為境。是名於外身住循身觀。若
T30n1579_p0441b22║緣無識身色於過去時有識性。有識身色
T30n1579_p0441b23║於未來時無識性。相似法性平等法性為
T30n1579_p0441b24║境。是名於內外身住循身觀。如是若緣依
T30n1579_p0441b25║前三色所生受心法為境。隨其所應當知
T30n1579_p0441b26║即是住循三觀。復有差別。謂若緣自中身髮
T30n1579_p0441b27║毛爪齒等相為境。是名於內身住循身觀。
T30n1579_p0441b28║若緣他中身髮毛爪齒等相為境。是名於
T30n1579_p0441b29║外身住循身觀。若緣內表身變異不變異青
T30n1579_p0441c01║瘀等相。及緣外表身變異不變異青瘀等相
T30n1579_p0441c02║相似法性平等法性為境。是名於內外身住
T30n1579_p0441c03║循身觀。如是若緣依前三色所生受心法
T30n1579_p0441c04║為境。隨其所應當知即是住循三觀。如是
T30n1579_p0441c05║等類身受心法諸差別門當知多種。今於此
T30n1579_p0441c06║中且顯少分諸門差別。又為對治四顛倒
T30n1579_p0441c07║故。世尊建立四種念住。謂為對。治於不淨
T30n1579_p0441c08║中計淨顛倒立身念住。以佛世尊於循身
T30n1579_p0441c09║念住中宣說不淨相。應四憺怕路。若能於
T30n1579_p0441c10║此多分思惟。便於不淨斷淨顛倒。為欲
T30n1579_p0441c11║對治於諸苦中計樂顛倒。立受念住。以
T30n1579_p0441c12║於諸受住循受觀。如實了知諸所有受皆悉
T30n1579_p0441c13║是苦。便於諸苦斷樂顛倒。為欲對治於
T30n1579_p0441c14║無常中計常顛倒。立心念住。以能了知有
T30n1579_p0441c15║貪心等種種差別。經歷彼彼日夜剎那瞬
T30n1579_p0441c16║息須臾非一眾多種種品類心生滅性。便
T30n1579_p0441c17║於無常斷常顛倒。為欲對治於無我中
T30n1579_p0441c18║計我顛倒。立法念住。由彼先來有有我見
T30n1579_p0441c19║等諸煩惱故。無無我見等諸善法故。於諸
T30n1579_p0441c20║蘊中生起我見。以於諸法住循法觀。如
T30n1579_p0441c21║實了知所計諸蘊自相共相。便於無我斷
T30n1579_p0441c22║我顛倒。復有差別。謂諸世間多於諸蘊唯
T30n1579_p0441c23║有蘊性唯有法性。不如實知橫計有我
T30n1579_p0441c24║依止於身。由依身故受用苦樂。受苦樂者
T30n1579_p0441c25║由法非法有染有淨。為欲除遣我所依事
T30n1579_p0441c26║愚故。立身念住。為欲除遣我所領受事
T30n1579_p0441c27║愚故。立受念住。為欲除遣於心意識執
T30n1579_p0441c28║我愚者我事愚故。立心念住。為欲除遣所
T30n1579_p0441c29║執我心能染淨事愚故。立法念住。復有差
T30n1579_p0442a01║別。謂若依此造作諸業。若為此故造作諸
T30n1579_p0442a02║業。若造業者若由此故造作諸業。為總顯
T30n1579_p0442a03║示如是一切立四念住。當知此中依止於
T30n1579_p0442a04║身造作諸業。為求受故造作諸業。心能
T30n1579_p0442a05║造業由善不善法能造諸業。復有差別。謂
T30n1579_p0442a06║若依此有染有淨。若為此故起染起淨。
T30n1579_p0442a07║若染淨者若由此故成染成淨。總為顯示
T30n1579_p0442a08║如是一切立四念住。當知此中依止於身
T30n1579_p0442a09║有染有淨。為求受故起染起淨。心染淨
T30n1579_p0442a10║者由諸法故成染成淨。問念住何義。答若
T30n1579_p0442a11║於此住念。若由此住念皆名念住。於此住
T30n1579_p0442a12║念者。謂所緣念住。由此住念者。謂若慧若
T30n1579_p0442a13║念攝持於定。是自性念住。所餘相應諸心心
T30n1579_p0442a14║法。是相雜念住。又由身受心法增上所生
T30n1579_p0442a15║善有漏無漏道皆名念住。此復三種。一聞
T30n1579_p0442a16║所成。二思所成。三修所成。聞思所成唯是有
T30n1579_p0442a17║漏。修所成者通漏無漏。
T30n1579_p0442a18║瑜伽師地論卷第二十八
【經文資訊】大正藏第 30 冊 No. 1579 瑜伽師地論
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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