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T30n1579_025 瑜伽師地論 第25卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 30 冊 » No.1579 » 第 25 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T30n1579_p0417a19║
T30n1579_p0417a20║
T30n1579_p0417a21║瑜伽師地論卷第二十五
T30n1579_p0417a22║
T30n1579_p0417a23║
T30n1579_p0417a24║
T30n1579_p0417a25║本地分中聲聞地第十三初瑜伽處出
T30n1579_p0417a26║離地第三之四

T30n1579_p0417a27║云何名善友性。謂八因緣故。應知一切種圓
T30n1579_p0417a28║滿善友性。何等為八。謂如有一安住禁戒。
T30n1579_p0417a29║具足多聞。能有所證。性多哀愍心無厭倦。
T30n1579_p0417b01║善能堪忍無有怖畏語具圓滿。云何名為
T30n1579_p0417b02║安住禁戒。謂安住具戒善能守護別解律
T30n1579_p0417b03║儀。如前廣說。樂沙門性樂婆羅門性。為自
T30n1579_p0417b04║調伏為自寂靜。為自涅槃修行正行。如是
T30n1579_p0417b05║名為安住禁戒。云何名為具足多聞。謂若
T30n1579_p0417b06║有法宣說開示。初中後善文義巧妙。獨一
T30n1579_p0417b07║圓滿清白梵行。於如是類眾多妙法能善受
T30n1579_p0417b08║持。言善通利。意善尋思。見善通達。如是名
T30n1579_p0417b09║為具足多聞。云何名為能有所證。謂能證
T30n1579_p0417b10║得勝無常想無常苦想。苦無我想厭逆食想。
T30n1579_p0417b11║一切世間不可樂想有過患想。斷想離想。滅
T30n1579_p0417b12║想死想。不淨想青瘀想。膿爛想破壞想。膖脹
T30n1579_p0417b13║想噉食想。血塗想離散想。骨鎖想觀察空想。
T30n1579_p0417b14║復能證得最初靜慮。第二靜慮。第三靜慮。第
T30n1579_p0417b15║四靜慮空無邊處。識無邊處。無所有處。最後
T30n1579_p0417b16║非想非非想處。又能證得慈悲喜捨。或預流
T30n1579_p0417b17║果。或一來果。或不還果。或神境通。或宿住
T30n1579_p0417b18║通。或天耳通。或死生通。或心差別通。或阿羅
T30n1579_p0417b19║漢。具八解脫靜慮等定。有大堪能具大勢
T30n1579_p0417b20║力。能善為他現三神變教授教誡。三神變
T30n1579_p0417b21║者。一神力神變。二記說神變。三教導神變。如
T30n1579_p0417b22║是名為能有所證。云何名為為性哀愍。謂
T30n1579_p0417b23║於他所常起悲憐。樂與其義。樂與其利。樂
T30n1579_p0417b24║與其樂。樂與猗觸。樂與安隱。如是名為為
T30n1579_p0417b25║性哀愍。云何名為心無厭倦。謂善能示現
T30n1579_p0417b26║善能教導。善能讚勵善能慶慰。處於四眾
T30n1579_p0417b27║宣說正法不辭勞倦。翹勤無墮起發圓
T30n1579_p0417b28║滿。為性好樂發勤精進。如是名為心無厭
T30n1579_p0417b29║倦。云何名為善能堪忍。謂罵不報罵瞋不
T30n1579_p0417c01║報瞋。打不報打弄不報弄。堪耐椎杵。於
T30n1579_p0417c02║諸逼迫縛錄禁閉捶打毀辱迫愶斫截眾苦事
T30n1579_p0417c03║中。自推己過以業異熟為所依趣。終不於
T30n1579_p0417c04║他發生憤恚。亦不懷恨隨眠不捨。如是雖
T30n1579_p0417c05║遭輕陵毀辱。而其本性都無變改。唯常於
T30n1579_p0417c06║彼思為義利。又能堪忍寒熱飢渴蚊虻。風
T30n1579_p0417c07║日蛇蠍惡觸。他所干犯磣毒語言。身內所
T30n1579_p0417c08║生猛利堅勁。辛楚切心奪命苦受。為性堪
T30n1579_p0417c09║忍能有容納。如是名為善能堪忍。云何名
T30n1579_p0417c10║為無有怖畏。謂處大眾說正法時。心無怯
T30n1579_p0417c11║劣聲無戰掉辯無誤失。終不由彼怯懼因
T30n1579_p0417c12║緣為諸怖畏之所逼切。腋不流汗身毛
T30n1579_p0417c13║不竪。如是名為無有怖畏。云何名為語具
T30n1579_p0417c14║圓滿。謂彼成就最上首語極美妙語。甚顯了
T30n1579_p0417c15║語易悟解語。樂欲聞語無違逆語。無所依語
T30n1579_p0417c16║無邊際語。如是名為語具圓滿。言詞巧妙。
T30n1579_p0417c17║成就如是八種因緣。善能諫舉善作憶念。
T30n1579_p0417c18║善能教授善能教誡。善說正法。云何名為善
T30n1579_p0417c19║能諫舉。謂若有餘於增上戒毀犯尸羅。於
T30n1579_p0417c20║增上軌毀犯軌則。由見聞疑能正諫。舉真
T30n1579_p0417c21║實不以虛妄。應時不以非時。饒益不以
T30n1579_p0417c22║衰損。柔軟不以麁獷。善友不以憎嫉。如是
T30n1579_p0417c23║名為善能諫舉。云何名為善作憶念。謂
T30n1579_p0417c24║令憶念先所犯罪或法或義。云何名為令
T30n1579_p0417c25║其憶念先所犯罪。謂若有餘先起毀犯而
T30n1579_p0417c26║不能憶。善作方便令彼憶念。告言長老。
T30n1579_p0417c27║曾於某處某事某時。毀犯如是如是色類。
T30n1579_p0417c28║如是名為令其憶念先所犯罪。云何名為令
T30n1579_p0417c29║憶念法。謂若有餘於先所聞所受正法獨處
T30n1579_p0418a01║思念。所謂契經應頌記別廣說如前。彼若不
T30n1579_p0418a02║憶令其憶念。或復稱述授與令憶。興請
T30n1579_p0418a03║問詰難令憶。如是名為令憶念法。云何名
T30n1579_p0418a04║為令憶念義。謂若有餘於先所聞所受正
T30n1579_p0418a05║義。有所忘失為作憶念。宣說開示令新令
T30n1579_p0418a06║顯。又若有善能引義利能引梵行久時所作
T30n1579_p0418a07║久時所說。彼若忘失亦令憶念。如是名為
T30n1579_p0418a08║善作憶念。云何名為善能教授。謂於遠離寂
T30n1579_p0418a09║靜瑜伽作意止觀。時時隨順教授而轉。時時
T30n1579_p0418a10║宣說與彼相應無倒言論。所謂能趣心離障
T30n1579_p0418a11║蓋甚可愛樂。尸羅言論等持言論。聖慧言論
T30n1579_p0418a12║解脫言論。解脫智見言論少欲言論。喜足言
T30n1579_p0418a13║論永斷言論。離欲言論寂滅言論。損減言論
T30n1579_p0418a14║無雜言論。隨順緣性緣起言論。如是名為善
T30n1579_p0418a15║能教授。云何名為善能教誡。謂於大師所說
T30n1579_p0418a16║聖教。能以正法以毘奈耶平等教誨。或軌
T30n1579_p0418a17║範師或親教師或同法者。或餘尊重等尊重
T30n1579_p0418a18║者。如實知彼隨於一處違越毀犯。便於時
T30n1579_p0418a19║時如法呵責。治罰驅擯令其調伏。既調伏已
T30n1579_p0418a20║如法平等受諸利養。和同曉悟收斂攝受。
T30n1579_p0418a21║於所應作及不應作。為令現行不現行故。
T30n1579_p0418a22║於其積習及不積習。教導教誨。如是名為
T30n1579_p0418a23║善能教誡。云何名為善說正法。謂於時時
T30n1579_p0418a24║能善宣說初時所作無倒言論。所謂施論戒
T30n1579_p0418a25║論生天之論。於諸欲中能廣開示過患出離
T30n1579_p0418a26║清淨品法。又於時時宣說超勝四種聖諦相
T30n1579_p0418a27║應言論。所謂苦論集論滅論道論。為諸有情
T30n1579_p0418a28║得成熟故。為諸有情得清淨故。為令正
T30n1579_p0418a29║法得久住故。宣說相應助伴。隨順清亮。有
T30n1579_p0418b01║用相稱。應順名句文身所有言論。又此言
T30n1579_p0418b02║論應時而發殷重。漸次相續俱有令其欣
T30n1579_p0418b03║慶。令其愛樂。令其歡喜。令其勇悍。無所
T30n1579_p0418b04║訶擯。相應助伴。無亂如法稱順眾會。有慈
T30n1579_p0418b05║憐心。有利益心。有哀愍心。不依利養恭敬
T30n1579_p0418b06║讚頌。不自高舉。不陵蔑他。如是名為善說
T30n1579_p0418b07║正法。由彼成就如是八支。於時時間善能
T30n1579_p0418b08║諫舉善作憶念。善能教授。善能教誡。善說
T30n1579_p0418b09║正法。是故說彼名為善友。如是廣辯善友
T30n1579_p0418b10║性已。 復云何知此中略義。謂若善友心善稠
T30n1579_p0418b11║密為性哀愍。最初於彼樂為利益。樂為安
T30n1579_p0418b12║樂。又即於此利益安樂。如實了知。無有顛
T30n1579_p0418b13║倒離顛倒見。又即於此利益安樂。有大勢
T30n1579_p0418b14║力方便善巧。能令積集能令引發。又即於
T30n1579_p0418b15║此利益安樂。翹勤無墮起發圓滿。為性好
T30n1579_p0418b16║樂發勤精進。當知由此四因緣故攝一切
T30n1579_p0418b17║種。總略圓滿善知識性。如是名為此善友
T30n1579_p0418b18║性所有略義。 若前所說廣分別義。若此所說
T30n1579_p0418b19║所有略義。一切總說為善友性。 云何名為聞
T30n1579_p0418b20║思正法。謂正法者。若佛世尊若佛弟子。正士
T30n1579_p0418b21║正至正善丈夫。宣說開顯分別照了。此復云
T30n1579_p0418b22║何。所謂契經應頌記別廣說如前。十二分教
T30n1579_p0418b23║是名正法。云何契經。謂薄伽梵於彼彼方所。
T30n1579_p0418b24║為彼彼所化有情。依彼彼所化諸行差別。
T30n1579_p0418b25║宣說無量蘊相應語處相應語。緣起相應語
T30n1579_p0418b26║食相應語。諦相應語界相應語。聲聞乘相應
T30n1579_p0418b27║語獨覺乘相應語。如來乘相應語念住正斷
T30n1579_p0418b28║神足根力覺支道支等相應語。不淨息念諸
T30n1579_p0418c01║學證淨等相應語。結集如來正法藏者。攝
T30n1579_p0418c02║聚如是種種聖語。為令聖教久住世故。以
T30n1579_p0418c03║諸美妙名句文身。如其所應次第安布次第
T30n1579_p0418c04║結集。謂能貫穿縫綴種種能引義利。能
T30n1579_p0418c05║引梵行。真善妙義。是名契經。云何應頌。謂
T30n1579_p0418c06║於中間或於最後宣說伽他。或復宣說
T30n1579_p0418c07║未了義經。是名應頌。云何記別。謂於是
T30n1579_p0418c08║中記別弟子命過已後當生等事。或復宣說
T30n1579_p0418c09║已了義經。是名記別。云何諷頌。謂非直
T30n1579_p0418c10║說是結句說。或作二句或作三句或作
T30n1579_p0418c11║四句或作五句或作六句等。是名諷頌。
T30n1579_p0418c12║云何自說。謂於是中不顯能請補特伽羅
T30n1579_p0418c13║名字種姓。為令當來正法久住聖教久住。
T30n1579_p0418c14║不請而說。是名自說。云何因緣。謂於是
T30n1579_p0418c15║中顯示能請補特伽羅名字種姓。因請而
T30n1579_p0418c16║說。及諸所有毘奈耶相應有因有緣別解脫
T30n1579_p0418c17║經。是名因緣。云何譬喻。謂於是中有譬
T30n1579_p0418c18║喻說。由譬喻故本義明淨。是名譬喻。云
T30n1579_p0418c19║何本事。謂諸所有宿世相應事義言教。是
T30n1579_p0418c20║名本事。云何本生。謂於是中宣說世尊在
T30n1579_p0418c21║過去世彼彼方分。若死若生行菩薩行行難
T30n1579_p0418c22║行行。是名本生。云何方廣。謂於是中廣
T30n1579_p0418c23║說一切諸菩薩道。為令修證阿耨多羅三
T30n1579_p0418c24║藐三菩提十力無畏無障智等一切功德。是
T30n1579_p0418c25║名方廣。云何希法。謂於是中宣說諸佛諸
T30n1579_p0418c26║佛弟子比丘比丘尼。式叉摩那。勞策男勞策
T30n1579_p0418c27║女。近事男近事女等。若共不共勝於其餘
T30n1579_p0418c28║勝諸世間。同意所許甚奇希有最勝功德。是
T30n1579_p0419a01║名希法。云何論議。所謂一切摩呾履迦阿
T30n1579_p0419a02║毘達磨。研究甚深素呾纜義。宣暢一切契
T30n1579_p0419a03║經宗要。是名論議。如是所說十二分教。三
T30n1579_p0419a04║藏所攝。謂或有素怛纜藏攝。或有毘奈耶
T30n1579_p0419a05║藏攝。或有阿毘達磨藏攝。當知此中若說
T30n1579_p0419a06║契經應頌。記別諷頌。自說譬喻。本事本生。
T30n1579_p0419a07║方廣希法。是名素怛纜藏。若說因緣是名
T30n1579_p0419a08║毘奈耶藏。若說論議是名阿毘達磨藏。是
T30n1579_p0419a09║故如是十二分教。三藏所攝。如是一切正
T30n1579_p0419a10║士正至正善丈夫共所宣說。故名正法。 聽
T30n1579_p0419a11║聞此故名聞正法。此復云何。謂如有一或
T30n1579_p0419a12║受持素呾纜。或受持毘奈耶。或受持阿毘
T30n1579_p0419a13║達磨。或受持素怛纜及毘奈耶。或受持素
T30n1579_p0419a14║怛纜及阿毘達磨。或受持毘奈耶及阿毘達
T30n1579_p0419a15║磨。或具受持素怛纜毘奈耶阿毘達磨。 如
T30n1579_p0419a16║是一切名聞正法。此聞正法復有二種。一
T30n1579_p0419a17║聞其文。二聞其義。 云何思正法。謂如有一
T30n1579_p0419a18║即如所聞所信正法。獨處空閑遠離六種
T30n1579_p0419a19║不應思處。謂思議我思議有情思議世間。
T30n1579_p0419a20║思議有情業。果異熟。思議靜慮者靜慮境
T30n1579_p0419a21║界。思議諸佛諸佛境界。 但正思惟所有諸法
T30n1579_p0419a22║自相共相。如是思惟復有二種。一者以算
T30n1579_p0419a23║數行相。善巧方便算計諸法。二者以稱量行
T30n1579_p0419a24║相。依正道理觀察諸法功德過失。謂若思
T30n1579_p0419a25║惟諸蘊相應所有言教。若復思惟如前所說
T30n1579_p0419a26║所餘隨一所有言教。皆由如是二種行相方
T30n1579_p0419a27║便思惟。此復云何。謂言色者。即十色處及墮
T30n1579_p0419a28║法處所攝眾色。是名色蘊。所言受者。即三種
T30n1579_p0419a29║受。是名受蘊。所言想者。即六想身。是名想
T30n1579_p0419b01║蘊。所言行者。即六思身等。是名行蘊。所言
T30n1579_p0419b02║識者。即六識身等。是名識蘊。如是名為以
T30n1579_p0419b03║算數行相思惟諸蘊相應言教。或復由此
T30n1579_p0419b04║算數行相。別別思惟展轉差別當知即有無
T30n1579_p0419b05║量差別。云何以稱量行相。依正道理思惟
T30n1579_p0419b06║諸蘊相應言教。謂依四道理無倒觀察。何
T30n1579_p0419b07║等為四。一觀待道理。二作用道理。三證成道
T30n1579_p0419b08║理。四法爾道理。云何名為觀待道理。謂略說
T30n1579_p0419b09║有二種觀待。一生起觀待。二施設觀待。生起
T30n1579_p0419b10║觀待者。謂由諸因諸緣勢力生起諸蘊。此
T30n1579_p0419b11║蘊生起要當觀待諸因諸緣。施設觀待者。
T30n1579_p0419b12║謂由名身句身文身。施設諸蘊。此蘊施設要
T30n1579_p0419b13║當觀待名句文身。是名於蘊生起觀待施設
T30n1579_p0419b14║觀待。即此生起觀待施設觀待。生起諸蘊
T30n1579_p0419b15║施設諸蘊。說名道理瑜伽方便。是故說為
T30n1579_p0419b16║觀待道理。云何名為作用道理。謂諸蘊生已
T30n1579_p0419b17║由自緣故。有自作用各各差別。謂眼能見
T30n1579_p0419b18║色耳能聞聲。鼻能嗅香舌能甞味。身能覺
T30n1579_p0419b19║觸意能了法。色為眼境為眼所行。乃至法
T30n1579_p0419b20║為意境為意所行。或復所餘如是等類。於
T30n1579_p0419b21║彼彼法別別作用當知亦爾。即此諸法各別
T30n1579_p0419b22║作用。所有道理瑜伽方便。皆說名為作用道
T30n1579_p0419b23║理。云何名為證成道理。謂一切蘊皆是無常。
T30n1579_p0419b24║眾緣所生苦空無我。由三量故如實觀察。
T30n1579_p0419b25║謂由至教量故由現量故。由比量故。由
T30n1579_p0419b26║此三量證驗道理。諸有智者心正執受安置
T30n1579_p0419b27║成立。謂一切蘊皆無常性眾緣生性。苦性空
T30n1579_p0419b28║性。及無我性。如是等名證成道理。云何名
T30n1579_p0419b29║為法爾道理。謂何因緣故即彼諸蘊。如是種
T30n1579_p0419c01║類。諸器世間。如是安布。何因緣故地堅為
T30n1579_p0419c02║相水濕為相。火煖為相風用輕動以為其
T30n1579_p0419c03║相。何因緣故諸蘊無常諸法無我涅槃寂靜。
T30n1579_p0419c04║何因緣故色變壞相受領納相。想等了相行
T30n1579_p0419c05║造作相。識了別相。由彼諸法本性應爾。自
T30n1579_p0419c06║性應爾。法性應爾。即此法爾說名道理瑜
T30n1579_p0419c07║伽方便。或即如是或異如是或非如是。一
T30n1579_p0419c08║切皆以法爾為依。一切皆歸法爾道理。令
T30n1579_p0419c09║心安住令心曉了。如是名為法爾道理。如
T30n1579_p0419c10║是名為依四道理。 觀察諸蘊相應言教。如
T30n1579_p0419c11║由算數行相及稱量行相。觀察諸蘊相應言
T30n1579_p0419c12║教。如是即由二種行相。觀察其餘所有言
T30n1579_p0419c13║教。如是總名審正觀察。思惟一切所說正
T30n1579_p0419c14║法。如是名為聞思正法。
T30n1579_p0419c15║云何無障。謂此無障略有二種。一者依內。
T30n1579_p0419c16║二者依外。我當先說依內外障。與彼相違
T30n1579_p0419c17║當知即是二種無障。云何名依內障。謂如
T30n1579_p0419c18║有一於其先世不曾修福。不修福故。不
T30n1579_p0419c19║能時時獲得隨順資生眾具。所謂衣食諸坐
T30n1579_p0419c20║臥具病緣醫藥及餘什具。有猛利貪及長時
T30n1579_p0419c21║貪。有猛利瞋及長時瞋。有猛利癡及長時
T30n1579_p0419c22║癡。或於先世積集造作多疾病業。由彼為
T30n1579_p0419c23║因多諸疾病。或由現在行不平等。由是因
T30n1579_p0419c24║緣風熱痰癊數數發動。或有宿食住在身
T30n1579_p0419c25║中。或食麁重多事多業。多有所作多與眾
T30n1579_p0419c26║會。樂著事業樂著語言。樂著睡眠樂著諠
T30n1579_p0419c27║眾。樂相雜住樂著戲論。樂自舉恃掉亂放
T30n1579_p0419c28║逸居止非處。如是等類應知一切名依內
T30n1579_p0419c29║障。云何名依外障。謂如有一依不善士。由
T30n1579_p0420a01║彼因緣不能時時獲得隨順教授教誡。或
T30n1579_p0420a02║居惡處於此住處。若晝日分多有種種諠
T30n1579_p0420a03║雜眾集諸變異事。若於夜分多有種種高聲
T30n1579_p0420a04║大聲大眾諠雜。復有種種猛利辛楚風日惡
T30n1579_p0420a05║觸。或有種種人及非人怖畏驚恐。如是等類
T30n1579_p0420a06║應知一切名依外障。如是廣辯內外障已。
T30n1579_p0420a07║復云何知此中略義。謂於此中略有三障。
T30n1579_p0420a08║一加行障。二遠離障。三寂靜障。云何加行障。
T30n1579_p0420a09║謂若此障會遇現前。於諸善品所有加行。
T30n1579_p0420a10║皆無堪能亦無勢力。此復云何。謂常疹疾
T30n1579_p0420a11║困苦重病。風熱痰癊數數發動。或有宿食
T30n1579_p0420a12║住在身中。或被蛇蠍百足蚰之所蛆螫。或
T30n1579_p0420a13║人非人之所逼惱。又不能得衣食臥具病
T30n1579_p0420a14║緣醫藥及餘什具。如是等類應知一切名加
T30n1579_p0420a15║行障。云何遠離障。謂食麁重多事多業多有
T30n1579_p0420a16║所作或樂事業。由此因緣愛樂種種所作
T30n1579_p0420a17║事業。彼事中其心流散或樂語言。由此因
T30n1579_p0420a18║緣雖於遠離斷寂靜修有所堪能有大勢
T30n1579_p0420a19║力。然唯讀誦便生喜足或樂睡眠。由此因
T30n1579_p0420a20║緣惛沈睡眠常所纏繞。為性懈怠執睡為
T30n1579_p0420a21║樂。執倚為樂執臥為樂。或樂諠眾。由此
T30n1579_p0420a22║因緣樂與在家及出家眾。談說種種王論賊
T30n1579_p0420a23║論。食論飲論。妙衣服論婬女巷論。諸國土論
T30n1579_p0420a24║大人傳論。世間傳論大海傳論。如是等類能
T30n1579_p0420a25║引無義。虛綺論中樂共談說抂度時日。又
T30n1579_p0420a26║多愛樂數與眾會。彼彼事中令心散動。令
T30n1579_p0420a27║心擾亂或樂雜住。由此因緣諸在家眾及出
T30n1579_p0420a28║家眾。若未會遇思慕欲見。若已會遇不欲
T30n1579_p0420a29║別離或樂戲論。由此因緣樂著世間種種
T30n1579_p0420b01║戲論。於應趣向好樂前行。於遠離中喜
T30n1579_p0420b02║捨善軛。如是等類眾多障法。應知一切名
T30n1579_p0420b03║遠離障。若有此障會遇現前。難可捨離阿
T30n1579_p0420b04║練若處山林曠野邊際臥具所有貪著。亦不
T30n1579_p0420b05║能居阿練若處塚間樹下空閑靜室。云何寂
T30n1579_p0420b06║靜障。謂寂靜者。即奢摩他毘鉢舍那。有奢摩
T30n1579_p0420b07║他障。有毘鉢舍那障。云何奢摩他障。謂諸放
T30n1579_p0420b08║逸及住非處。由放逸故或惛沈睡眠纏繞
T30n1579_p0420b09║其心。或唯得奢摩他便生愛味。或於下劣
T30n1579_p0420b10║性心樂趣入。或於闇昧性其心樂著。由住
T30n1579_p0420b11║如是非處所故。人或非人諠雜擾亂。他所
T30n1579_p0420b12║逼惱心外馳散。如是名為奢摩他障。當知
T30n1579_p0420b13║此障能障寂靜。云何毘鉢舍那障。謂樂自恃
T30n1579_p0420b14║舉及以掉亂。樂自恃舉者。謂如有一作是
T30n1579_p0420b15║思惟。我生高族淨信出家非為下劣。諸餘
T30n1579_p0420b16║比丘則不如是。由此因緣自高自舉陵蔑
T30n1579_p0420b17║於他。如是我生富族淨信出家非為貧匱。
T30n1579_p0420b18║我具妙色喜見端嚴多聞聞持。其聞積集善
T30n1579_p0420b19║巧言詞語具圓滿。諸餘比丘則不如是。由
T30n1579_p0420b20║此因緣自高自舉陵蔑於他。彼由如是自
T30n1579_p0420b21║高舉故。諸有比丘耆年多智積修梵行。不
T30n1579_p0420b22║能時時恭敬請問。彼諸比丘亦不時時為
T30n1579_p0420b23║其開發未開發處。為其顯了未顯了處。亦
T30n1579_p0420b24║不為其殷到精懇以慧通達甚深句義。方
T30n1579_p0420b25║便開示乃至令其智見清淨。如是名為樂自
T30n1579_p0420b26║恃舉毘鉢舍那障。又如有一唯得少分下劣
T30n1579_p0420b27║智見安隱而住。彼由如是少分下劣智見安
T30n1579_p0420b28║住。便自高舉。自高舉故。便生喜足更不上
T30n1579_p0420b29║求。是名樂自恃舉所住毘鉢舍那障。言掉
T30n1579_p0420c01║亂者。謂如有一根不寂靜。諸根掉亂諸根
T30n1579_p0420c02║囂舉。於一切時惡思所思惡說所說惡作所
T30n1579_p0420c03║作。不能安住思惟諸法。不能堅固思惟諸
T30n1579_p0420c04║法。由此因緣毘鉢舍那不能圓滿。不得清
T30n1579_p0420c05║淨。是名掉亂毘鉢舍那障。如是二法障奢
T30n1579_p0420c06║摩他。謂多放逸及住非處二法。能障毘鉢舍
T30n1579_p0420c07║那。謂樂自恃舉及以掉亂。如是若奢摩他障
T30n1579_p0420c08║若毘鉢舍那障。總名寂靜障。如是名為障之
T30n1579_p0420c09║略義。 即此略義及前廣辨。總略為一說名
T30n1579_p0420c10║為障。此障相違當知無障。謂即此障無性遠
T30n1579_p0420c11║離。不合不會說名無障。 云何惠捨。謂若布
T30n1579_p0420c12║施其性無罪為莊嚴心為助伴心。為資
T30n1579_p0420c13║瑜伽為得上義而修布施。是名惠捨。 問誰
T30n1579_p0420c14║能施。誰所施。用何施何相施。云何施何故
T30n1579_p0420c15║施。由此因緣施性無罪。答誰能施者。謂施
T30n1579_p0420c16║者施主是名能施。云何施者云何施主。謂若
T30n1579_p0420c17║自手施名為施者。若自物施若欣樂施非
T30n1579_p0420c18║不樂施。名為施主。誰所施者。謂四種所施。
T30n1579_p0420c19║一有苦者。二有恩者。三親愛者。四尊勝者。云
T30n1579_p0420c20║何有苦者。謂貧窮者或乞匃者。或行路者或
T30n1579_p0420c21║悕求者。或盲瞽者或聾騃者。或無依者或無
T30n1579_p0420c22║趣者。匱乏種種資生具者。復有所餘如是
T30n1579_p0420c23║等類名有苦者。云何有恩者。謂或父母或乳
T30n1579_p0420c24║飲者。或養育者或成長者。或於曠野沙磧等
T30n1579_p0420c25║中能濟度者。或飢儉時能賑恤者。或怖怨
T30n1579_p0420c26║敵而救援者。或被執縛而能解者。或遭疾
T30n1579_p0420c27║病而救療者。教利益者教安樂者。引利益者
T30n1579_p0420c28║引安樂者。隨所生起諸事務中。為助伴者。
T30n1579_p0420c29║同歡喜者同憂愁者。遭厄難時不相棄者。
T30n1579_p0421a01║復有所餘如是等類名有恩者。云何親愛
T30n1579_p0421a02║者。謂諸親友或於其處有愛有敬。或信順
T30n1579_p0421a03║語。或數語言談論交往。或有親昵。復有所
T30n1579_p0421a04║餘如是等類說名親愛。云何尊勝。謂若沙
T30n1579_p0421a05║門若婆羅門。世間同許為賢善者。離損害
T30n1579_p0421a06║者極離害者。離貪欲者。為調伏貪而修
T30n1579_p0421a07║行者。離瞋恚者。為調伏瞋而修行者。離
T30n1579_p0421a08║愚癡者。為調伏癡而修行者。復有所餘如
T30n1579_p0421a09║是等類名尊勝者。用何施者。謂若略說。或
T30n1579_p0421a10║用有情數物而行惠施。或用無情數物而
T30n1579_p0421a11║行惠施。云何有情數物持用惠施。謂或妻子
T30n1579_p0421a12║奴婢作使。或象馬猪牛羊雞鴨駝騾等類。
T30n1579_p0421a13║或有諸餘大男大女小男小女。或復所餘如
T30n1579_p0421a14║是等類所用施物。或復內身頭目手足血肉
T30n1579_p0421a15║骨髓。隨願施與。此亦名為有情數物持用布
T30n1579_p0421a16║施。是諸菩薩所現行事。非此義中意所許
T30n1579_p0421a17║施。若有於彼諸有情類或得自在。或有勢
T30n1579_p0421a18║力或能制伏。若應持彼惠施於他。若惠施
T30n1579_p0421a19║時自無有罪。若不由彼惠施因緣他心嫌
T30n1579_p0421a20║恨。若施於他。知彼有情不為損惱。是名無
T30n1579_p0421a21║罪有情數物持用惠施。云何無情數物持用
T30n1579_p0421a22║惠施。謂略說有三種物。一者財物。二者穀
T30n1579_p0421a23║物。三者處物。言財物者。謂末尼真珠琉璃
T30n1579_p0421a24║螺貝璧玉珊瑚馬瑙彩石生色可染赤珠
T30n1579_p0421a25║右旋。復有所餘如是等類。或諸珍寶或金
T30n1579_p0421a26║或銀。或諸衣服或諸什物。或香或鬘是名財
T30n1579_p0421a27║物。云何穀物。謂諸所有可食可飲。大麥小
T30n1579_p0421a28║麥。稻穀粟穀。糜黍胡麻。大小豆等。甘蔗蒲
T30n1579_p0421a29║桃乳酪果汁。種種漿飲。復有所餘如是等
T30n1579_p0421b01║類是名穀物。云何處物。謂諸田宅邸店鄽
T30n1579_p0421b02║肆。建立福舍及寺館等。復有所餘如是等
T30n1579_p0421b03║類是名處物。是名無罪無情數物持用惠施。
T30n1579_p0421b04║當知此中有情數物無情數物。一切總說名
T30n1579_p0421b05║所用施。何相施者。謂無貪俱行思造作心意
T30n1579_p0421b06║業。及此所起身業語業捨所施物。或自相續
T30n1579_p0421b07║或他相續是名施相。云何施者。謂由淨信
T30n1579_p0421b08║而行惠施。由正教見而行惠施。由有果見
T30n1579_p0421b09║而行惠施。由極殷重而行惠施。由恭敬心
T30n1579_p0421b10║自手行施。而不輕慢應時而施。濟他要用
T30n1579_p0421b11║不損惱他而行惠施。如法平等。不以兇
T30n1579_p0421b12║暴積集財物而行惠施。以鮮潔物而行惠
T30n1579_p0421b13║施。以精妙物而行惠施。以清淨物而行惠
T30n1579_p0421b14║施。由此自他俱無有罪。數數惠施制伏慳
T30n1579_p0421b15║垢積集勢力而行惠施。先心歡喜而行惠
T30n1579_p0421b16║施。於正施時其心清淨施已無悔。如是而
T30n1579_p0421b17║施。何故施者。或慈悲故而行惠施。謂於有
T30n1579_p0421b18║苦。或知恩故而行惠施。謂於有恩。或愛或
T30n1579_p0421b19║敬或信順故而行惠施。謂於親愛。或為悕
T30n1579_p0421b20║求世出世間殊勝功德。而行惠施。謂於尊
T30n1579_p0421b21║勝。 由是因緣故修惠施。由是行相。或在家
T30n1579_p0421b22║者或出家者修行布施。為莊嚴心為助伴
T30n1579_p0421b23║心。為資瑜伽。為得上義。而行布施。由此
T30n1579_p0421b24║因緣施性無罪。是名惠捨。
T30n1579_p0421b25║云何名為沙門莊嚴。嗢拕南曰。
T30n1579_p0421b26║ 正信而無諂  少病精進慧
T30n1579_p0421b27║ 具少欲喜足  易養及易滿
T30n1579_p0421b28║ 杜多德端嚴  知量善士法
T30n1579_p0421b29║ 具聰慧者相  忍柔和賢善

T30n1579_p0421c01║謂如有一具足正信無有諂曲。少諸疾
T30n1579_p0421c02║病性勤精進成就妙慧。少欲喜足易養易
T30n1579_p0421c03║滿。具足成就杜多。功德端嚴。知量具足成
T30n1579_p0421c04║就賢善士法。具足成就聰慧者相。堪忍柔和
T30n1579_p0421c05║為性賢善。 云何名為具足正信。謂多淨信多
T30n1579_p0421c06║正敬順。多生勝解多善欲樂。於諸善法及大
T30n1579_p0421c07║師所。深生淨信無惑無疑。於大師所恭敬
T30n1579_p0421c08║尊重承奉供養。既修如是恭敬尊重承奉供
T30n1579_p0421c09║養。專心親附依止而住。如於大師。如是於
T30n1579_p0421c10║法同梵行者。於諸所學教授教誡。於修供
T30n1579_p0421c11║養於無放逸。於三摩地當知亦爾。如是名
T30n1579_p0421c12║為具足正信。云何名為無有諂曲。謂有純
T30n1579_p0421c13║質為性正直。於其大師及諸有智同梵行所。
T30n1579_p0421c14║如實自顯。如是名為無有諂曲。云何名為
T30n1579_p0421c15║少諸疾病。謂性無病順時變熟。平等執受不
T30n1579_p0421c16║極溫熱不極寒冷。無所損害隨時安樂。
T30n1579_p0421c17║由是因緣。所食所飲。所噉所甞。易正變
T30n1579_p0421c18║熟。如是名為少諸疾病。云何名為性勤精
T30n1579_p0421c19║進。謂能安住有勢。有勤有勇堅猛。於善法
T30n1579_p0421c20║中能不捨軛。翹勤無惰起發圓滿。能有所
T30n1579_p0421c21║作。於諸有智同梵行者躬自承奉。如是名
T30n1579_p0421c22║為性勤精進。云何名為成就妙慧。謂聰念覺
T30n1579_p0421c23║皆悉圓滿。根不闇鈍。根不頑愚。亦不瘖瘂。
T30n1579_p0421c24║非手代言。有力能了善說惡說所有法義。
T30n1579_p0421c25║具足成就俱生覺慧。具足成就加行覺慧。如
T30n1579_p0421c26║是名為成就妙慧。云何少欲。謂雖成就善
T30n1579_p0421c27║少欲等所有功德。而不於此欲求他知。謂
T30n1579_p0421c28║他知我具足少欲成就功德。是名少欲。云
T30n1579_p0421c29║何喜足。謂於隨一衣服飲食臥具等事。便生
T30n1579_p0422a01║歡喜生正知足。於所未得所有衣服或麁
T30n1579_p0422a02║或妙。更無悕望更無思慮。於所已得不
T30n1579_p0422a03║染不愛。如前廣說而受用之。如於衣服
T30n1579_p0422a04║於其飲食臥具等事當知亦爾。是名喜足。
T30n1579_p0422a05║云何易養。謂能獨一自得怡養不待於他。
T30n1579_p0422a06║或諸僮僕或餘人眾。又不追求餘長財寶。令
T30n1579_p0422a07║他施者施主等類。謂為難養。是名易養。云
T30n1579_p0422a08║何易滿。謂得微少便自支持。若得麁弊亦
T30n1579_p0422a09║自支持。是名易滿。云何成就杜多功德。謂
T30n1579_p0422a10║常期乞食次第乞食。但一坐食先止後食。但
T30n1579_p0422a11║持三衣但持毳衣持糞掃衣。住阿練若常
T30n1579_p0422a12║居樹下。常居逈露常住塚間。常期端坐
T30n1579_p0422a13║處如常坐。如是依止。若食若衣若諸敷具杜
T30n1579_p0422a14║多功德。或十二種或十三種。於乞食中分
T30n1579_p0422a15║為二種。一者隨得乞食。二者次第乞食。隨得
T30n1579_p0422a16║乞食者。謂隨往還家隨獲隨得而便受食。
T30n1579_p0422a17║次第乞食者。謂入里巷巡家而乞。隨得隨
T30n1579_p0422a18║現而便受食。不高舉手越趣餘家。願我
T30n1579_p0422a19║當獲精妙飲食。乃至期願多有所得。當知
T30n1579_p0422a20║此中若依乞食無差別性。唯有十二。若依
T30n1579_p0422a21║乞食有差別性。便有十三。云何名為但一坐
T30n1579_p0422a22║食。謂坐一座乃至應食悉皆受食。從此座
T30n1579_p0422a23║起必不重食。如是名為但一坐食。云何名
T30n1579_p0422a24║為先止後食。謂為食故坐如應座。乃至未
T30n1579_p0422a25║食先應具受諸所應食。應正了知。我今唯
T30n1579_p0422a26║受爾所飲食當自支持。又正了知我過於
T30n1579_p0422a27║此定不當食。如是受已然後方食。如是名
T30n1579_p0422a28║為先止後食。云何名為但持三衣。謂但三衣
T30n1579_p0422a29║而自支持。何者三衣。一僧伽胝。二嗢怛囉
T30n1579_p0422b01║僧伽。三安怛婆參。除此三衣終不貯畜。過
T30n1579_p0422b02║此長衣。如是名為但持三衣。云何名為但
T30n1579_p0422b03║持毳衣。謂所持衣或三衣數或是長衣。一切
T30n1579_p0422b04║皆用毛毳而作。終不貯畜餘所作衣。如是
T30n1579_p0422b05║名為但持毳衣。云何名為持糞掃衣。謂所
T30n1579_p0422b06║有衣他捨。棄擲或街或巷。或市或鄽。或道非
T30n1579_p0422b07║道。或雜便穢。或為便穢膿血洟唾之所塗
T30n1579_p0422b08║染。取如是等不淨衣物。除去麁穢堅執洗
T30n1579_p0422b09║浣縫染受持。如是名為持糞掃衣。云何名
T30n1579_p0422b10║為住阿練若。謂住空閑山林坰野。受用邊
T30n1579_p0422b11║際所有臥具。遠離一切村邑聚落。如是名
T30n1579_p0422b12║為住阿練若。云何名為常居樹下。謂常期願
T30n1579_p0422b13║住於樹下依止樹根。如是名為常居樹下。
T30n1579_p0422b14║云何名為常居逈露。謂常期願住於逈露無
T30n1579_p0422b15║覆障處。如是名為常居逈露。云何名為常
T30n1579_p0422b16║住塚間。謂常期願住塚墓間。諸有命過送尸
T30n1579_p0422b17║骸處。如是名為常住塚間。云何名為常期
T30n1579_p0422b18║端坐。謂於大床或小繩床或草葉座。端身而
T30n1579_p0422b19║坐推度時日。終不以背或以其脇依倚大
T30n1579_p0422b20║床或小繩床或壁或樹草葉座等。如是名為
T30n1579_p0422b21║常期端坐。云何名為處如常座。謂所坐臥
T30n1579_p0422b22║或諸草座或諸葉座。如舊敷設草座葉座。而
T30n1579_p0422b23║常坐臥。一敷設後終不數數翻舉修理。如是
T30n1579_p0422b24║名為處如常座。問何故名為杜多功德。答譬
T30n1579_p0422b25║如世間或毛或[疊*毛]。未鞭未彈未紛未擘。爾
T30n1579_p0422b26║時相著不軟不輕。不任造作縷綫氈褥。若
T30n1579_p0422b27║鞭若彈若紛若擘。爾時分散柔軟輕妙。堪任
T30n1579_p0422b28║造作縷綫氈褥。如是行者。由飲食貪於諸
T30n1579_p0422b29║飲食令心染著。由衣服貪於諸衣服令心
T30n1579_p0422c01║染著。由敷具貪於諸敷具令心染著。彼由
T30n1579_p0422c02║如是杜多功德。能淨修治令其純直。柔軟輕
T30n1579_p0422c03║妙有所堪任。隨順依止能修梵行。是故名
T30n1579_p0422c04║為杜多功德。於飲食中有美食貪及多食
T30n1579_p0422c05║貪。能障修善。為欲斷除美食貪故。常期乞
T30n1579_p0422c06║食次第乞食。為欲斷除多食貪故。但一坐
T30n1579_p0422c07║食先止後食。於衣服中。有三種貪能障修
T30n1579_p0422c08║善。一多衣貪。二軟觸貪。三上妙貪。為欲斷
T30n1579_p0422c09║除多衣貪故。但持三衣。為欲斷除於諸衣
T30n1579_p0422c10║服軟觸貪故。但持毳衣。為欲斷除於諸衣
T30n1579_p0422c11║服上妙貪故。持糞掃衣。於諸敷具。有四
T30n1579_p0422c12║種貪能障修善。一諠雜貪。二屋宇貪。三倚
T30n1579_p0422c13║樂臥樂貪。四敷具貪。為欲斷除諠雜貪故。
T30n1579_p0422c14║住阿練若。為欲斷除屋宇貪故。常居樹下
T30n1579_p0422c15║逈露塚間。又為斷除婬佚貪故。常住塚
T30n1579_p0422c16║間。為欲斷除倚樂臥樂貪故。常期端坐。為
T30n1579_p0422c17║欲斷除敷具貪故。處如常座。是名成就杜
T30n1579_p0422c18║多功德。云何端嚴。謂能成就若往若還若覩
T30n1579_p0422c19║若瞻。若屈若伸持僧伽胝持衣持鉢。端嚴
T30n1579_p0422c20║形相。是名端嚴。云何知量。謂於淨信諸婆
T30n1579_p0422c21║羅門長者居士。極恣衣服飲食敷具。病緣醫
T30n1579_p0422c22║藥諸什物中。知量而聚。是名知量。云何成
T30n1579_p0422c23║就賢善士法。謂生高族淨信出家。或生富
T30n1579_p0422c24║族淨信出家。顏容殊妙喜見端嚴。具足多
T30n1579_p0422c25║聞語具圓滿。或隨獲得少智少見少安樂
T30n1579_p0422c26║住。由是因緣不自高舉不陵蔑他。能知
T30n1579_p0422c27║唯有法隨法行。是其諦實。既了知已精進
T30n1579_p0422c28║修行法隨法行。是名成就賢善士法。云
T30n1579_p0422c29║何成就慧者相。謂由作業相表知愚
T30n1579_p0423a01║夫。由作業相表知聰慧。其事云何。謂諸愚
T30n1579_p0423a02║夫。惡思所思惡說所說惡作所作。諸聰慧者。
T30n1579_p0423a03║善思所思善說所說善作所作。是名成就聰
T30n1579_p0423a04║慧者相。云何堪忍。謂如有一罵不報罵
T30n1579_p0423a05║瞋不報瞋打不報打弄不報弄。又彼尊
T30n1579_p0423a06║者堪能忍受寒熱飢渴。蚊虻風日。蛇蠍
T30n1579_p0423a07║毒觸。又能忍受他所干犯麁惡語言。又
T30n1579_p0423a08║能忍受身中所有猛利堅勁辛楚切心奪命
T30n1579_p0423a09║苦受。為性堪忍有所容受。是名堪忍。云
T30n1579_p0423a10║何柔和。謂如有一於大師等。具足成就慈
T30n1579_p0423a11║愍身業。具足成就慈愍語業。具足成就慈
T30n1579_p0423a12║愍意業。與諸有智同梵行者。和同受用應
T30n1579_p0423a13║所受用。凡所飲食無有私密。如法所獲
T30n1579_p0423a14║如法所得。墮在鉢中為鉢所攝而為受用。
T30n1579_p0423a15║同戒同見成就如是六種。可樂可愛可重。
T30n1579_p0423a16║無違諍法易可共住性不惱他。與諸有智
T30n1579_p0423a17║同梵行者。共住一處常令歡喜。是名柔
T30n1579_p0423a18║和。云何賢善。謂如有一遠離顰蹙舒顏平
T30n1579_p0423a19║視。含笑先言常為愛語。性多攝受善法同
T30n1579_p0423a20║侶。身心澄淨。是名賢善。 若有成就如是諸
T30n1579_p0423a21║法。愛樂正法愛樂功德。不樂利養恭敬稱
T30n1579_p0423a22║譽。亦不成就增益損減二種邪見。於非有
T30n1579_p0423a23║法未甞增益。於實有法未甞損減。於諸世
T30n1579_p0423a24║間事文綺者。所造順世種種字相綺飾文句
T30n1579_p0423a25║相應詩論。能正了知。無義無利遠避棄捨。
T30n1579_p0423a26║不習不愛亦不流傳。不樂貯畜餘長衣鉢。
T30n1579_p0423a27║遠離在家共諠雜住。增煩惱故。樂與聖
T30n1579_p0423a28║眾和合居止。淨修智故。不樂攝受親里
T30n1579_p0423a29║朋友。勿我由此親友因緣。當招無量擾亂
T30n1579_p0423b01║事務。彼或變壞當生種種愁慼傷歎悲苦憂
T30n1579_p0423b02║惱。隨所生起本隨二惑。不堅執著尋即棄
T30n1579_p0423b03║捨除遣變吐。勿我由此二惑因緣。當生現
T30n1579_p0423b04║法後法眾苦。終不虛損所有信施。終不毀
T30n1579_p0423b05║犯清淨禁戒。受用信施終不毀呰他人信
T30n1579_p0423b06║施。終不棄捨所受學處。常樂省察己之過
T30n1579_p0423b07║失。不喜伺求他所愆犯。隱覆自善發露
T30n1579_p0423b08║己惡。命難因緣亦不故思毀犯眾罪。設由
T30n1579_p0423b09║忘念少有所犯。即便速疾如法悔除。於應
T30n1579_p0423b10║作事翹勤無墮。凡百所為自能成辦。終
T30n1579_p0423b11║不求他為己給使。於佛世尊及佛弟子不
T30n1579_p0423b12║可思議威德神力甚深法教。深生信解終不
T30n1579_p0423b13║毀謗。能正了知唯是如來所知所見非我境
T30n1579_p0423b14║界。終不樂住自妄見。取非理僻執惡見。
T30n1579_p0423b15║所生言論呪術。若與如是功德相應。如是
T30n1579_p0423b16║安住如是修學。以正沙門諸莊嚴具。而自
T30n1579_p0423b17║莊嚴甚為微妙。譬如有人盛壯端正好自莊
T30n1579_p0423b18║嚴。樂受諸欲沐浴身首。塗以妙香服鮮白
T30n1579_p0423b19║衣。飾以種種妙莊嚴具。所謂瓔珞耳環。指
T30n1579_p0423b20║環腕釧。臂釧諸妙寶印。并金銀等種種華
T30n1579_p0423b21║鬘。如是莊嚴極為奇妙。如是行者以正沙
T30n1579_p0423b22║門種種功德妙莊嚴具。而自莊嚴。其德熾然
T30n1579_p0423b23║威光遍照。是故說為沙門莊嚴。是名沙門莊
T30n1579_p0423b24║嚴具義。
T30n1579_p0423b25║瑜伽師地論卷第二十五
【經文資訊】大正藏第 30 冊 No. 1579 瑜伽師地論
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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