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T14n0468_002 文殊師利問經 第2卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 14 冊 » No.0468 » 第 2 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T14n0468_p0501a13║
T14n0468_p0501a14║
T14n0468_p0501a15║文殊師利問經卷下
T14n0468_p0501a16║
T14n0468_p0501a17║
T14n0468_p0501a18║  分部品第十五
T14n0468_p0501a19║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!佛入涅槃後,
T14n0468_p0501a20║未來弟子,云何諸部分別?云何根本部?」 佛告
T14n0468_p0501a21║文殊師利:「未來我弟子,有二十部能令諸法
T14n0468_p0501a22║住。二十部者并得四果,三藏平等無下中
T14n0468_p0501a23║上。譬如海水,味無有異;如人有二十子,真
T14n0468_p0501a24║實如來所說。文殊師利!根本二部從大乘出,
T14n0468_p0501a25║從般若波羅蜜出,聲聞、緣覺、諸佛悉從般若
T14n0468_p0501a26║波羅蜜出。文殊師利!如地、水、火、風、虛空,是
T14n0468_p0501a27║一切眾生所住處、如是般若波羅蜜及大
T14n0468_p0501a28║乘,是一切聲聞緣覺諸佛出處。」 文殊師利白
T14n0468_p0501a29║佛言:「世尊!云何名部?」 佛告文殊師利:「初
T14n0468_p0501b01║二部者,一摩訶僧祇(此言大眾,老少同會共集律部也),二體毘履
T14n0468_p0501b02║(此言老宿,淳老宿人同會共出律部也)。我入涅槃後一百歲,此二部
T14n0468_p0501b03║當起,從摩訶僧祇出七部,於此百歲內出一
T14n0468_p0501b04║部,名執一語言(所執與僧祇同,故云一也)。於百歲內從執一
T14n0468_p0501b05║語言部,復出一部,名出世間語言(稱讚辭也)。於百
T14n0468_p0501b06║歲內從出世間語言出一部,名高拘梨柯(是出
T14n0468_p0501b07║律主姓也)
。於百歲內從高拘梨柯出一部,名多
T14n0468_p0501b08║(出律主有多聞智也)。於百歲內從多聞出一部,名只底
T14n0468_p0501b09║(此山名,出律主居之也)。於百歲內從只底舸出一部,名
T14n0468_p0501b10║東山(亦律主居也)。於百歲內從東山出一部,名
T14n0468_p0501b11║北山(亦律主居也)。此謂從摩訶僧祇部出於七部,及
T14n0468_p0501b12║本僧祇,是為八部。於百歲內從體毘履部出
T14n0468_p0501b13║十一部,於百歲內出一部,名一切語言(律主執三
T14n0468_p0501b14║世有故,一切可厝語言也)
。於百歲內從一切語言出一部,
T14n0468_p0501b15║名雪山(亦律主居也)。於百歲內從雪山出一部,名
T14n0468_p0501b16║犢子(律主姓也)。於百歲內從犢子出一部,名法勝
T14n0468_p0501b17║(律主名也)。於百歲內從法勝出一部,名賢(律主名也)。於百歲
T14n0468_p0501b18║內從賢部出一部,名一切所貴(律主為通人所重也)。於百
T14n0468_p0501b19║歲內從一切所貴出一部,名芿山(律主居也)。於百
T14n0468_p0501b20║歲內從芿山出一部,名大不可棄(律主初生母棄之於井,父
T14n0468_p0501b21║追尋之,雖墜不死,故云不可棄也;又名能射)
。於百歲內從大不可棄出一
T14n0468_p0501b22║部,名法護(律主名也)。於百歲內從法護出一部,名
T14n0468_p0501b23║迦葉比(律主姓也)。於百歲內從迦葉比出一部,名
T14n0468_p0501b24║修妬路句(律主執修妬路義也)。此謂體毘履部出十一部,及
T14n0468_p0501b25║體毘履,成二十部。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0501b26║「摩訶僧祇部,  分別出有七,
T14n0468_p0501b27║ 體毘履十一,  是謂二十部。
T14n0468_p0501b28║ 十八及本二,  悉從大乘出,
T14n0468_p0501b29║ 無是亦無非,  我說未來起。」

T14n0468_p0501c01║  雜問品第十六
T14n0468_p0501c02║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!未來外道說如
T14n0468_p0501c03║是語:『世尊往昔說《火聚經》,六十比丘死、六
T14n0468_p0501c04║十比丘休道、六十比丘解脫。』外道當如是說:
T14n0468_p0501c05║『世尊非一切智。何以故?不見此事故。』當云何
T14n0468_p0501c06║答?」 佛告文殊師利:「如人然燈,不為殺蟲。文殊
T14n0468_p0501c07║師利!如來如是隨眾生所堪,則為彼說,如
T14n0468_p0501c08║來說法無非因緣。若有眾生有殺生業,必受
T14n0468_p0501c09║果報。彼眾生不堪受法,是故休道。彼眾生
T14n0468_p0501c10║堪受法,則得解脫。皆隨其因緣,非如來所
T14n0468_p0501c11║作。何以故?佛從世間生,佛不說佛造世
T14n0468_p0501c12║間。若人殺生自得短命,若人不殺自得長壽
T14n0468_p0501c13║及解脫果。此諸眾生雖復休道,如來未來必
T14n0468_p0501c14║當化度。是故,文殊師利!如來無過。文殊師
T14n0468_p0501c15║利!如日月光照拘牟頭、分陀利欝、波羅花等,
T14n0468_p0501c16║或有合者、或有開者、或墮落者,非是日月有
T14n0468_p0501c17║分別心。何以故?日月無心故。以無心故,自
T14n0468_p0501c18║開自落,非日月過。文殊師利!如來說法亦
T14n0468_p0501c19║復如是,有眾生長壽、短壽,無病、有病,多病、
T14n0468_p0501c20║少病,可憎、可愛,有下、中、上,貧富、貴賤;生閻浮
T14n0468_p0501c21║提、生欝單越、生拘耶尼、生弗于逮、生四天王
T14n0468_p0501c22║處,乃至非想非非想處。有生地獄、餓鬼、畜生、
T14n0468_p0501c23║阿修羅等,自業為財、自業為分,業為生處。
T14n0468_p0501c24║唯業所造非餘物造,有上中下,非我所造。何
T14n0468_p0501c25║以故?一切諸眾生自業為財故。」 爾時文殊師
T14n0468_p0501c26║利白佛言:「世尊!菩薩摩訶薩事施,有婦
T14n0468_p0501c27║兒施等。如須達拏以二子施醜婆羅門,此婆
T14n0468_p0501c28║羅門打此二兒。世尊!何故無平等慈心?若
T14n0468_p0501c29║菩薩無慈悲心,不名菩薩。世尊!諸菩薩有平
T14n0468_p0502a01║等心不?若有等心,云何以兒與人打拍?有
T14n0468_p0502a02║人此問,當云何答?」 佛告文殊師利:「如人有兩
T14n0468_p0502a03║兒,以其小兒施於大兒。文殊師利!此父母是
T14n0468_p0502a04║平等心不?大兒打拍,小兒遂死。文殊師利!誰
T14n0468_p0502a05║當得罪?」 文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!父母等心無
T14n0468_p0502a06║有罪過,大兒自得此罪。」 佛告文殊師利:「我於
T14n0468_p0502a07║眾生常平等心,如羅睺羅可愛可念,提婆達
T14n0468_p0502a08║多亦可愛可念。文殊師利!是故菩薩無有罪
T14n0468_p0502a09║過。復次,文殊師利!如有一人日日施食,有人
T14n0468_p0502a10║來乞,此人即施。因得食故,劫盜他財。文殊師
T14n0468_p0502a11║利!是誰得罪?」 文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!非施
T14n0468_p0502a12║主得罪。施主唯有施意,不令作盜。」 佛告文殊
T14n0468_p0502a13║師利:「如是!諸菩薩唯有施意,無有殺心,是故
T14n0468_p0502a14║菩薩成無害想,有人殺害自得殺罪。」 佛說
T14n0468_p0502a15║此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0502a16║「常行平等心,  施時無害想,
T14n0468_p0502a17║ 彼自有殺罪,  我平等無過。
T14n0468_p0502a18║ 有壽有壽想,  復有殺害心,
T14n0468_p0502a19║ 命斷於此時,  害者得殺罪。
T14n0468_p0502a20║ 若無有壽命,  而作壽命心,
T14n0468_p0502a21║ 於此起害想,  亦得言有罪。
T14n0468_p0502a22║ 提婆及羅睺,  愛念無有二,
T14n0468_p0502a23║ 如是慈悲心,  是菩薩平等。」

T14n0468_p0502a24║文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!如是,如是!誠如聖言。」
T14n0468_p0502a25║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!未來有人當難
T14n0468_p0502a26║如來:『世尊常言:「若人能說二十四處,便生二
T14n0468_p0502a27║十四處。二十四處者,一洲王、二洲王、三洲王、
T14n0468_p0502a28║四洲王、四天王,乃至他化自在天王。梵身,梵
T14n0468_p0502a29║富樓、大梵,得須陀洹乃至阿羅漢,有大智慧
T14n0468_p0502b01║有諸善行,不動不放逸,此謂二十四處。」如
T14n0468_p0502b02║來今既能說,亦應得此處。』彼邪見難當云何
T14n0468_p0502b03║答?」 佛告文殊師利:「如來說法不為此因緣。文
T14n0468_p0502b04║殊師利!如日月光利益諸花,雖有此力不求
T14n0468_p0502b05║恩報。何以故?日月無心故。文殊師利!如
T14n0468_p0502b06║來如是,不求報故為人說法。何以故?如來無
T14n0468_p0502b07║心故。文殊師利!如來於諸法中無有染著。是
T14n0468_p0502b08║故,文殊師利!我所說法無為我義。何以故?昔
T14n0468_p0502b09║於三阿僧祇劫,施頭目、髓腦、手足、支節、國城、
T14n0468_p0502b10║妻子、奴婢、象馬,種種布施。如來於彼無求報
T14n0468_p0502b11║心,如來不求世間果報。何以故?我說諸法
T14n0468_p0502b12║無為我義,不為自身、不為他身、不為自他身。
T14n0468_p0502b13║若為自身、他身及自他身,如來便有所著。」
T14n0468_p0502b14║佛告文殊師利:「猶如日月不作是思惟:『花當
T14n0468_p0502b15║報我恩?不報我恩?』日月無心故,如來亦無心。
T14n0468_p0502b16║何以故?如來無可取。既無可取,云何當得報?
T14n0468_p0502b17║於是夜雖言我得阿耨多羅三藐三菩提道,
T14n0468_p0502b18║我亦不說一字。何以故?無可取故。如來不可
T14n0468_p0502b19║取,如來無得果。何以故?離苦樂故。我先思
T14n0468_p0502b20║惟是時得菩提,一切所求悉得,亦無所得,無
T14n0468_p0502b21║形無相。」 佛說是祇夜:
T14n0468_p0502b22║「日月照諸花,  無有恩報想,
T14n0468_p0502b23║ 如來無可取,  不求報亦然。」

T14n0468_p0502b24║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊先說無有眾生
T14n0468_p0502b25║非時節死。何以故?雖必當死,非時不死,故
T14n0468_p0502b26║諸邪見人當作是說:『至其死時我乃得殺,是
T14n0468_p0502b27║故殺者無有罪過。何以故?是其死時故。是故
T14n0468_p0502b28║我殺,無有罪過。』當云何答?」 佛告文殊師利:「譬
T14n0468_p0502b29║如有人造作宮殿,既已成就,樂欲住止,問占
T14n0468_p0502c01║相者:『何日好住?何日不好?』彼人答言:『汝不宜
T14n0468_p0502c02║入。何以故?必當為火之所燒故。若人故燒亦
T14n0468_p0502c03║必被燒,若不故燒亦被燒故。』主人又言:『若
T14n0468_p0502c04║有此事,作何方計?』相師答言:『當勤守護。』主人
T14n0468_p0502c05║即便勤加守護。有人將火,來燒此宮。文
T14n0468_p0502c06║殊師利,此持火人有罪過不?」 文殊師利言:「世
T14n0468_p0502c07║尊!有罪,有罪!」 「如是,文殊師利!若死時、若非死
T14n0468_p0502c08║時,有殺害者,必得殺罪,當入地獄,如燒宮殿。」
T14n0468_p0502c09║佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0502c10║「至時不至時,  若人殺害彼,
T14n0468_p0502c11║ 必當入地獄,  譬如燒宮殿。」

T14n0468_p0502c12║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!未來邪見當說
T14n0468_p0502c13║此言:『有人殺人不得殺罪。何以故?殺身不殺
T14n0468_p0502c14║命。若身是命,如父母死,其子燒身應得殺
T14n0468_p0502c15║罪。何以故?身是命故。故知身非壽命,壽命非
T14n0468_p0502c16║身。何以故?身異命異故。若身即是命,若命即
T14n0468_p0502c17║是身,燒身即燒命;若壽命往後世,身亦應往;
T14n0468_p0502c18║若身被燒,命不被燒,是故知身非即是命。何
T14n0468_p0502c19║以故?命不可燒故,是故身非是命,命非是
T14n0468_p0502c20║身。是故殺身不得殺罪。何以故?以異故。
T14n0468_p0502c21║如人問路,彼直動身。如是世尊,別燒別得罪。
T14n0468_p0502c22║何以故?命往後世,身猶在故,以是故知身非
T14n0468_p0502c23║壽命。』世尊!有人能殺命不?若人能殺命者,不
T14n0468_p0502c24║應更生;若命已被殺,不須涅槃;若身是壽命,
T14n0468_p0502c25║身被殺時,命亦被殺;若身是壽命,殺身則得
T14n0468_p0502c26║涅槃。何以故?以無異故。是故無殺生果。
T14n0468_p0502c27║世尊!若身被殺,壽命更生,受別異姓。是故此
T14n0468_p0502c28║人不得殺罪。何以故?壽命更生故。更生者,地
T14n0468_p0502c29║獄、畜生、餓鬼、阿修羅等是謂更生,是故殺身
T14n0468_p0503a01║不名殺命。如坐禪師教諸弟子除心意識,若
T14n0468_p0503a02║除心意識不更生,若不更生則無復身:若無
T14n0468_p0503a03║復身則亦無命:若無有命則不更生,是為禪
T14n0468_p0503a04║師殺人壽命。世尊!云何當答彼邪見人?」 佛
T14n0468_p0503a05║告文殊師利:「戒有二種,所謂身口,非心意識
T14n0468_p0503a06║戒。若心意識是戒,則無持戒人。何以故?心攀
T14n0468_p0503a07║緣難制故,無住處故。譬如駃水、亦如猨猴,
T14n0468_p0503a08║動轉不停,不可守護。是故,文殊師利!無心意
T14n0468_p0503a09║識戒,雖身口有戒,心意識非殺罪處。何以
T14n0468_p0503a10║故?非戒處故。若以心樂,則能得定;若心不樂,
T14n0468_p0503a11║則不得定。是故學者以定殺心,非人能殺。是
T14n0468_p0503a12║故,文殊師利!定得殺罪,非心得罪。又若殺自
T14n0468_p0503a13║身,無有罪報。何以故?如菩薩殺身,唯得功德,
T14n0468_p0503a14║我身由我故。若身由我得罪果者,剪爪傷指
T14n0468_p0503a15║便當得罪。何以故?自傷身故。若身自死,眾生
T14n0468_p0503a16║得食。本無施心,既不得福,亦無有罪。何以故?
T14n0468_p0503a17║諸菩薩捨身非是無記,唯得福德。是故煩惱
T14n0468_p0503a18║滅故心則滅,心滅故意滅,意滅故識滅,識滅
T14n0468_p0503a19║故身滅,身滅故壽滅,壽滅故命滅,命滅故諸
T14n0468_p0503a20║根滅,諸根滅故諸入滅,諸入滅故諸界滅,諸
T14n0468_p0503a21║界滅故諸陰滅,諸陰滅故不相續,不相續故
T14n0468_p0503a22║心意識無處,心意識無處,故得清淨。如是,文
T14n0468_p0503a23║殊師利!譬如垢衣以灰汁澣濯,垢滅衣在。
T14n0468_p0503a24║何以故?垢已去故。以垢去故,衣得清淨。如是,
T14n0468_p0503a25║文殊師利!諸過為垢,以智慧水洗除心垢,以
T14n0468_p0503a26║除心垢,故成清淨。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0503a27║「譬如垢污衣,  澣治以灰汁,
T14n0468_p0503a28║ 以灰汁澣治,  是衣得清淨。
T14n0468_p0503a29║ 如是以過患,  染污於心識,
T14n0468_p0503b01║ 澣以智慧灰,  心即得清淨。」

T14n0468_p0503b02║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!外道隨其邪見,
T14n0468_p0503b03║復當說言:『若世尊是一切智,何故不先記外
T14n0468_p0503b04║道女人孫陀利及栴遮摩尼應謗如來?故
T14n0468_p0503b05║知如來非一切智,以不逆遮彼誹謗故,令無
T14n0468_p0503b06║數劫入惡道中,乃至入於無間地獄。』世尊!當
T14n0468_p0503b07║云何答?」
T14n0468_p0503b08║佛告文殊:「我今問汝,如有醫師,明識眾生
T14n0468_p0503b09║有風痰熱病,其病未起,為逆治不?」 「不也,世
T14n0468_p0503b10║尊!」 「文殊師利!是師知病不?」 「如是,世尊!」 「文殊師
T14n0468_p0503b11║利!我亦如是。知諸眾生多貪、多瞋,有多愚癡,
T14n0468_p0503b12║長壽、短壽,惡業、善業。佛雖先知,非時不說。文
T14n0468_p0503b13║殊師利!此女人孫陀利及栴遮摩尼,過去世
T14n0468_p0503b14║時,常殺眾生,起不善業,常誹謗聖人,入阿鼻
T14n0468_p0503b15║獄。文殊師利!眾生惡業不由我造。若眾生堪
T14n0468_p0503b16║聞法,我為彼說;若不堪聞,我則不說。文殊
T14n0468_p0503b17║師利!如人病重不可療治,醫師捨去,不與少
T14n0468_p0503b18║藥。如來亦爾,知此二人不可教化,是故默然
T14n0468_p0503b19║不逆記說。文殊師利!若可記者,我則為記。如
T14n0468_p0503b20║我記弟子,得聲聞、獨覺及得菩薩,或不記說
T14n0468_p0503b21║當得三乘。何以故?以不定故。文殊師利!於
T14n0468_p0503b22║汝意云何?若人誹謗虛空,虛空當云何答?」
T14n0468_p0503b23║文殊師利言:「虛空無語言。何以故?虛空無
T14n0468_p0503b24║故。」 「如是,文殊師利!如來與虛空等,虛空無語
T14n0468_p0503b25║言,如來亦無語言。文殊師利!有五濁惡世。云
T14n0468_p0503b26║何為五?劫濁、眾生濁、命濁、煩惱濁、見濁。云何
T14n0468_p0503b27║劫濁?三災起時,更相殺害,眾生飢饉,種種
T14n0468_p0503b28║疾病,此謂劫濁。云何眾生濁?惡眾生、善眾
T14n0468_p0503b29║生,下、中、上眾生,勝、劣眾生,第一眾生、不第一
T14n0468_p0503c01║眾生,此謂眾生濁。云何命濁?十歲眾生、二十、
T14n0468_p0503c02║三十、四十、五十、六十、七十、八十、九十歲、百歲、
T14n0468_p0503c03║二百歲、四百歲、八百歲,乃至千歲,有長短故,
T14n0468_p0503c04║此謂命濁。云何煩惱濁?多貪、多瞋、多癡,此
T14n0468_p0503c05║謂煩惱濁。云何見濁?邪見、戒取見,取常見、斷
T14n0468_p0503c06║見、有見、無見、我見、眾生見,此謂見濁。如是五
T14n0468_p0503c07║濁,如來悉無。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0503c08║「如來如虛空,  云何有言語?
T14n0468_p0503c09║ 如來無五濁,  是故不逆記。」

T14n0468_p0503c10║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!未來邪見人,當
T14n0468_p0503c11║誹謗佛說如是言:『若使如來是一切智,何故
T14n0468_p0503c12║待眾生作罪,然後制戒?』」 佛告文殊師利:「如
T14n0468_p0503c13║此即是一切智相。若我逆制戒,人當謗我。
T14n0468_p0503c14║何以故?我不作罪,云何強說?此非一切智。
T14n0468_p0503c15║何以故?我無罪過故。如來無慈悲心,不饒益、
T14n0468_p0503c16║不攝受眾生!如人無子,而說有子,某時當生。
T14n0468_p0503c17║空有此言,云何可信!何以故?不真實故。若真
T14n0468_p0503c18║見生子,則生信心。如是,文殊師利!所未作罪,
T14n0468_p0503c19║人天不見,云何逆制戒?要須見罪,然後乃制。
T14n0468_p0503c20║文殊師利!譬如醫師知風、痰、熱等發起所
T14n0468_p0503c21║由,亦知有藥對治此病。有人勇健身無疾
T14n0468_p0503c22║病,如此之人須師治不?」 文殊白佛:「彼不須治。
T14n0468_p0503c23║彼若病生,師即為治,世間讚說是第一師。」 「如
T14n0468_p0503c24║是,文殊師利!一切聲聞、一切眾生,有宜制戒、
T14n0468_p0503c25║有不宜者。我知一切眾生心之所行,未作罪
T14n0468_p0503c26║者,我則不制;若已作過,我則制戒。我若如此,
T14n0468_p0503c27║則世間不謗。文殊師利!眾生之中有下、中、上,
T14n0468_p0503c28║如來制戒亦復如是。文殊師利,如種大麥及
T14n0468_p0503c29║麻豆等,牙始生時,已堪用不?」 文殊師利言:
T14n0468_p0504a01║「不堪用也。何以故?以未熟故。」 佛告文殊師利:
T14n0468_p0504a02║「一切眾生善根未熟,亦如是不堪制戒。文殊
T14n0468_p0504a03║師利!如拘物頭花、優鉢羅花始生之時,日光
T14n0468_p0504a04║所照,能令開不?」 文殊師利言:「不能開也。何以
T14n0468_p0504a05║故?以新生故。」 佛告文殊師利:「善根未熟亦如
T14n0468_p0504a06║是,如來如是不得制戒。何以故?非時節故。若
T14n0468_p0504a07║非時制戒,眾生不受,言:『我無罪,何故制戒?』
T14n0468_p0504a08║文殊師利!如種穀未熟,為可取不?」 文殊師利
T14n0468_p0504a09║言:「不可取也。世尊!非時尚未有花,何況得米
T14n0468_p0504a10║及以糠糩?」 「文殊師利!我未制戒亦復如是,
T14n0468_p0504a11║諸弟子無所犯,無犯戒果。是故,文殊師利!我
T14n0468_p0504a12║不逆制戒。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0504a13║「無罪逆制戒,  眾生不信受,
T14n0468_p0504a14║ 是故見有罪,  爾時乃制戒。
T14n0468_p0504a15║ 譬如芽莖時,  未便有果實,
T14n0468_p0504a16║ 諸比丘無罪,  不制戒亦然。」

T14n0468_p0504a17║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!邪見人說如是
T14n0468_p0504a18║言:『摩醯首羅天造此世間。』如是邪說,當云何
T14n0468_p0504a19║破?」 佛告文殊師利:「此是虛妄,非真實語。又餘
T14n0468_p0504a20║外道言:『非首羅造。』若由首羅,不應自謗。何以
T14n0468_p0504a21║故?自由故。若自由者,則一切世間,以首羅為
T14n0468_p0504a22║師,更無餘師。若一切世間各自有師,則諸世
T14n0468_p0504a23║間非首羅造。若一切事由首羅者,若事首羅
T14n0468_p0504a24║則應無疑。又《摩醯首羅經》不作是說,若有此
T14n0468_p0504a25║說,眾生不應生疑。是故,文殊師利!知此世
T14n0468_p0504a26║間非首羅所造,當知不實,是虛妄言。」 佛說此
T14n0468_p0504a27║祇夜。
T14n0468_p0504a28║「若諸善惡業,  摩醯首羅造,
T14n0468_p0504a29║ 世間無事證,  無人決斷說。
T14n0468_p0504b01║ 如此不真語,  雖說不成就。」

T14n0468_p0504b02║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!如來、應供、正遍
T14n0468_p0504b03║知、法身,世尊!為於法中有身,為以法為身。一
T14n0468_p0504b04║切諸法,云何與虛空等?」 佛告文殊師利:「不於
T14n0468_p0504b05║法中有身。何以故?如虛空故。如不於虛空有
T14n0468_p0504b06║虛空。何以故?虛空者無處,無處故名虛空,虛
T14n0468_p0504b07║空無意樂當取虛空;復次虛空無體、無作,故
T14n0468_p0504b08║名虛空。文殊師利!虛空者,非有、非無。何以故?
T14n0468_p0504b09║無處有,無處無故。何以故?若初有故後成無,
T14n0468_p0504b10║若初無故後成有;若初有,後當有;若後無,則
T14n0468_p0504b11║初無。如是,文殊師利!八種語言,通一切諸法。」
T14n0468_p0504b12║佛告文殊師利:「我不說有色為身。何以故?一
T14n0468_p0504b13║切佛與虛空等,普遍故、無思故、無心意識故,
T14n0468_p0504b14║無處故、無內外故。是故,文殊師利!說名世尊。
T14n0468_p0504b15║文殊師利!謂為佛者,不以身口意覺,故謂為
T14n0468_p0504b16║佛。何以故?虛空不以身、口、意覺虛空故。」 佛告
T14n0468_p0504b17║文殊師利:「若無心意,是處為有為無?若有便
T14n0468_p0504b18║定有,若無便定無。」 文殊師利白佛言:「無有世
T14n0468_p0504b19║尊,亦無善逝。何以故?不可取故,與虛空等
T14n0468_p0504b20║故。若等虛空,云何有色相?若有色相,便是
T14n0468_p0504b21║無常。若是無常,云何與虛空等?」 佛告文殊師
T14n0468_p0504b22║利:「譬如兩手和合,能出音聲。為從左手生?為
T14n0468_p0504b23║從右手生?若從左手生,常應有聲;右手亦然。
T14n0468_p0504b24║何以故?二手常有故。一手無聲,合故有聲。如
T14n0468_p0504b25║是,佛從世間出,不著世間,如蓮華從水生,不
T14n0468_p0504b26║為水所著。如手合有聲,亦有、亦無、亦現、不現,
T14n0468_p0504b27║可取、不可取,如水中月;如來、正遍知亦復如
T14n0468_p0504b28║是。
T14n0468_p0504b29║  囑累品第十七
T14n0468_p0504c01║「文殊師利!若有人受持此法、若說此法,若誦、
T14n0468_p0504c02║若書、若教他,所得功德不可限量,能生一切
T14n0468_p0504c03║種智。如是善男子、善女人,入佛境界、住佛
T14n0468_p0504c04║境界,隨佛所學,成滿此願。我若以七寶滿此
T14n0468_p0504c05║世界,及種種衣服日日施彼,所得功德無量
T14n0468_p0504c06║無邊。若有善男子、善女人,受持、讀誦、書寫此
T14n0468_p0504c07║經,所得功德,取百分之一,分為百分,如是展
T14n0468_p0504c08║轉,百過分之,取後一分,猶勝萬倍。何以故?
T14n0468_p0504c09║生一切智故。經所住處應當供養,是地清淨
T14n0468_p0504c10║能除諸惡,是清淨處、是寂靜處、是諸天行處、
T14n0468_p0504c11║是諸佛所念處、是人天所貴、是如來地住。」
T14n0468_p0504c12║爾時阿難白佛言:「世尊,云何名此經?云何奉
T14n0468_p0504c13║持?」 佛告阿難:「此經名為『文殊師利所問』,汝當
T14n0468_p0504c14║受持;亦名『種種樂說』,汝當受持;亦名『斷一切
T14n0468_p0504c15║疑』,汝當受持,亦名『菩薩諸行修妬路』,汝當受
T14n0468_p0504c16║持。」
T14n0468_p0504c17║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!如來、應供、正遍
T14n0468_p0504c18║知所作已辦、可作已辦,捨於重擔,已斷一切
T14n0468_p0504c19║諸結,已除一切煩惱、已洗煩惱垢、已伏諸魔、
T14n0468_p0504c20║已得諸佛法、一切智者、一切見者,成就十力、
T14n0468_p0504c21║四無畏、十八不共法,五眼具足佛眼無障,見
T14n0468_p0504c22║一切世間,如是思惟:『我初得道,先為誰說法?
T14n0468_p0504c23║云何眾生清淨善行?何人易教,少貪、瞋、癡?何
T14n0468_p0504c24║人能現證智慧?彼若不聞此法,必當退轉,是
T14n0468_p0504c25║故我當先為說法,彼能堪受,無有疑謗。』世尊!
T14n0468_p0504c26║阿羅漢、正遍知等有何義?」 佛告文殊師利:「阿
T14n0468_p0504c27║羅漢多者得正遍知,名阿羅漢多;復次,阿者
T14n0468_p0504c28║何義?過凡夫地,名為阿義。羅者何義?從染得
T14n0468_p0504c29║無染,名為羅義。呵者何義?以殺煩惱、得光明
T14n0468_p0505a01║義。那者何義?到於醍醐道,不為生死所縛
T14n0468_p0505a02║義。多者何義?求覓真實義。三藐三佛陀者何
T14n0468_p0505a03║義?自覺覺彼、正遍見義。婆者何義?諸法平等
T14n0468_p0505a04║如虛空義。摩者何義?能滅憍慢義。耶者何
T14n0468_p0505a05║義?如法分別義。奄者何義?知後邊身義。迦
T14n0468_p0505a06║者何義?失業、非業義。娑者何義?知生死輪
T14n0468_p0505a07║轉邊義。婆者何義?解脫、解脫繫縛義。優
T14n0468_p0505a08║者何義?能隨問答義。陀者何義?得寂靜義。他
T14n0468_p0505a09║者何義?受持法性無體相義。所作已辦者,
T14n0468_p0505a10║捨身肉、手足,事已畢竟,謂所作已辦。 「迦釐者,
T14n0468_p0505a11║已捨不更捨。迦者,見諸法如觀其掌;釐者,軟
T14n0468_p0505a12║直心相續。迦者斷諸業行。釐者,除三業性。
T14n0468_p0505a13║多者,覺真義。耶者,滅沒聲如法成就義。所
T14n0468_p0505a14║作已辦者,諸善根已辦。捨於重擔者,無復生
T14n0468_p0505a15║死可擔。已斷一切諸結者,斷一切貪瞋癡結。
T14n0468_p0505a16║斷一切煩惱者,拔三界諸煩惱。已洗煩惱垢
T14n0468_p0505a17║者,無業煩惱氣故。已伏諸魔者,除諸死魔
T14n0468_p0505a18║故。已得諸佛法者,度一切般若波羅蜜,到
T14n0468_p0505a19║一切般若波羅蜜,此謂已得諸佛法。一切智
T14n0468_p0505a20║者,無所不知。一切見者,現證一切諸法義。成
T14n0468_p0505a21║就十力者,如法神力等,稱量佛力,勝一切眾
T14n0468_p0505a22║生力,百倍、千倍、百千萬億倍,不可思議不可
T14n0468_p0505a23║數佛,成就無邊力。從佛十力,出無量力,成
T14n0468_p0505a24║就一切諸力,名成就十力。十力者,謂是處
T14n0468_p0505a25║非處力、業力、定力、根力、欲力、性力、至處道力、宿
T14n0468_p0505a26║命力、天眼力、漏盡力。四無畏者,一切智無畏、
T14n0468_p0505a27║一切漏盡無畏、能說障道無畏、說盡苦道無
T14n0468_p0505a28║畏。十力、四無畏,大慈、大悲、大喜、大捨,謂十
T14n0468_p0505a29║八不共法。十八不共成滿,故五眼亦滿,所謂
T14n0468_p0505b01║天眼、佛眼、法眼、慧眼、肉眼。佛有無量眼,何以
T14n0468_p0505b02║故?境界無量故,是故佛成就五眼無障礙,
T14n0468_p0505b03║所見無餘,等虛空故,以此眼見一切世間。以
T14n0468_p0505b04║無障礙眼見世間,以障礙眼亦見一切世間。
T14n0468_p0505b05║見已,如是思惟:『為何等人我當先為說法?』文
T14n0468_p0505b06║殊師利!我說此言有何義?」 文殊師利白佛:
T14n0468_p0505b07║「我未解世尊意。」 佛告文殊師利:「於此佛境界,
T14n0468_p0505b08║有無窮眾生。惟阿羅羅、欝頭藍弗,可先為
T14n0468_p0505b09║說法,除此二人更無餘人。而此二人,死已
T14n0468_p0505b10║七日。我先以佛智,語十地菩薩。我以世間
T14n0468_p0505b11║智,為眾生說法。此二人不聞我法,故成退轉,
T14n0468_p0505b12║壽命唯餘七日。」 諸天聞此言,即白佛言:「如
T14n0468_p0505b13║是,世尊!阿羅羅、欝頭藍弗死已七日。」 「文殊師
T14n0468_p0505b14║利!云何眾生清淨善行?可化易教眾生者,
T14n0468_p0505b15║謂多功德人;清淨者,清淨心也;善行者,自行
T14n0468_p0505b16║諸善根;可化者,聞略說得度;易教者,能分別
T14n0468_p0505b17║諸法,善滅一切身、口、意垢,不為愛見之所繫
T14n0468_p0505b18║縛。若有如此眾生,我當先為說法,我當令其
T14n0468_p0505b19║得解,不誹謗我。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0505b20║「欝頭藍弗、  阿羅羅仙,  死已七日,
T14n0468_p0505b21║ 我先已記。  後有諸天,  而來報我:
T14n0468_p0505b22║『如是世尊!  如是善逝!  二人並死,
T14n0468_p0505b23║ 已經七日。』

T14n0468_p0505b24║「文殊師利!無有餘人速疾智慧,唯除如來、善
T14n0468_p0505b25║逝、世尊。」
T14n0468_p0505b26║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!一切諸功德不
T14n0468_p0505b27║與出家心等。何以故?住家無量過患故,出
T14n0468_p0505b28║家無量功德故。」 佛告文殊師利:「如是,如是!如
T14n0468_p0505b29║汝所說。一切諸功德,不與出家心等。何以故?
T14n0468_p0505c01║住家無量過患故,出家無量功德故。住家者
T14n0468_p0505c02║有障礙,出家者無障礙;住家者攝受諸垢,出
T14n0468_p0505c03║家者離諸垢;住家者行諸惡,出家者離諸
T14n0468_p0505c04║惡;住家者是塵垢處,出家者除塵垢處;住家
T14n0468_p0505c05║者溺欲淤泥,出家者離欲淤泥;住家者隨愚
T14n0468_p0505c06║人法,出家者遠愚人法;住家者不得正命,
T14n0468_p0505c07║出家者得正命;住家者多怨家,出家者無怨
T14n0468_p0505c08║家;住家者多苦,出家者少苦;住家者是憂
T14n0468_p0505c09║悲惱處,出家者歡喜處;住家者是惡趣梯,
T14n0468_p0505c10║出家者是解脫道;住家者是結縛處,出家
T14n0468_p0505c11║者是解脫處;住家者有怖畏,出家者無怖
T14n0468_p0505c12║畏;住家者有彈罰,出家者無彈罰;住家
T14n0468_p0505c13║者是傷害處,出家者非傷害處;住家者有熱
T14n0468_p0505c14║惱,出家者無熱惱;住家者有貪利苦,出家
T14n0468_p0505c15║者無貪利苦;住家者是憒閙處,出家者是
T14n0468_p0505c16║寂靜處;住家者是慳悋處,出家者非慳悋
T14n0468_p0505c17║處;住家者是下賤處,出家者是高勝處;住
T14n0468_p0505c18║家者為煩惱所燒,出家者滅煩惱火;住家者
T14n0468_p0505c19║常為他,出家者常為自;住家者小心行,出
T14n0468_p0505c20║家者大心行;住家者以苦為樂,出家者出離
T14n0468_p0505c21║為樂;住家者增長蕀刺,出家者能滅蕀;住
T14n0468_p0505c22║家者成就小法,出家者成就大法。住家者無
T14n0468_p0505c23║法用,出家者有法用;住家者多悔悋,出家
T14n0468_p0505c24║者無悔悋;住家者增長血淚乳,出家者無血
T14n0468_p0505c25║淚乳;住家者三乘毀訾,出家者三乘稱嘆;
T14n0468_p0505c26║住家者不知足,出家者常知足;住家者魔王
T14n0468_p0505c27║愛念,出家者令魔恐怖;住家者多放逸,
T14n0468_p0505c28║出家者無放逸;住家者是輕蔑處,出家者非
T14n0468_p0505c29║輕蔑處;住家者為人僕使,出家者為僕使
T14n0468_p0506a01║主;住家者是生死邊,出家者是涅槃邊;住
T14n0468_p0506a02║家者是墜墮處,出家者無墜墮處;住家者是
T14n0468_p0506a03║黑闇,出家者是光明;住家者縱諸根,出家者
T14n0468_p0506a04║攝諸根;住家者長憍慢,出家者滅憍慢;住
T14n0468_p0506a05║家者是低下處,出家者是清高處;住家者多
T14n0468_p0506a06║事務,出家者無所作;住家者少果報,出家
T14n0468_p0506a07║者多果報;住家者多諂曲,出家者心質直;
T14n0468_p0506a08║住家者常有憂,出家者常懷喜;住家者如刺
T14n0468_p0506a09║入身,出家者無有刺;住家者是疾病處,出
T14n0468_p0506a10║家者無疾病;住家者是衰老法,出家者是
T14n0468_p0506a11║少壯法;住家者為放逸死,出家者慧為命;
T14n0468_p0506a12║住家者是欺誑法,出家者是真實法;住家
T14n0468_p0506a13║者多所作,出家者少所作;住家者多飲毒,出
T14n0468_p0506a14║家者飲醍醐;住家者多散亂,出家者無散亂;
T14n0468_p0506a15║住家者是流轉處,出家者非流轉處;住家者
T14n0468_p0506a16║如毒藥,出家者如甘露;住家者愛別離,出
T14n0468_p0506a17║家者無別離;住家者多重癡,出家者深智
T14n0468_p0506a18║慧;住家者樂塵穢法,出家者樂清淨法;住
T14n0468_p0506a19║家者失內思惟,出家者得內思惟;住家者無
T14n0468_p0506a20║歸依,出家者有歸依;住家者無尊勝,出家
T14n0468_p0506a21║者有尊勝;住家者無定住處,出家者有定住
T14n0468_p0506a22║處;住家者不能作依,出家者能作依;住家者
T14n0468_p0506a23║多瞋恚,出家者多慈悲;住家者有重擔,出家
T14n0468_p0506a24║者捨重擔;住家者無究竟事,出家者有究竟
T14n0468_p0506a25║事;住家者有罪過,出家者無罪過;住家者有
T14n0468_p0506a26║過患,出家者無過患;住家者有苦難,出家者
T14n0468_p0506a27║無苦難;住家者流轉生死,出家者有齊限;住
T14n0468_p0506a28║家者有穢污,出家者無穢污;住家者有慢,出
T14n0468_p0506a29║家者無慢;住家者以財物為寶,出家者以功
T14n0468_p0506b01║德為寶;住家者多災疫,出家者離災疫;住
T14n0468_p0506b02║家者常有退,出家者常增長;住家者易可得,
T14n0468_p0506b03║出家者難可得;住家者可作,出家者不可作;
T14n0468_p0506b04║住家者隨流,出家者逆流;住家者是煩惱
T14n0468_p0506b05║海,出家者是舟航;住家者是此岸,出家者
T14n0468_p0506b06║是彼岸;住家者纏所縛,出家者離纏縛;住
T14n0468_p0506b07║家者作怨家,出家者滅怨家;住家者國王
T14n0468_p0506b08║所教誡,出家者佛法所教誡;住家者有
T14n0468_p0506b09║犯罪,出家者無犯罪;住家者是苦生,出家
T14n0468_p0506b10║者是樂生;住家者是淺,出家者是深;住家
T14n0468_p0506b11║者伴易得,出家者伴難得;住家者婦為伴,出
T14n0468_p0506b12║家者定為伴;住家者是網,出家者破網;
T14n0468_p0506b13║住家者傷害為勝,出家者攝受為勝;住家者
T14n0468_p0506b14║持魔王幢幡,出家者持佛幢幡;住家者是
T14n0468_p0506b15║此住,出家者彼住;住家者增長煩惱,出家
T14n0468_p0506b16║者出離煩惱;住家者如刺林,出家者出刺
T14n0468_p0506b17║林。文殊師利!若我毀訾住家,讚嘆出家,言
T14n0468_p0506b18║滿虛空,說猶無盡。文殊師利!此謂住家過患、
T14n0468_p0506b19║出家功德。」
T14n0468_p0506b20║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!諸菩薩摩訶薩
T14n0468_p0506b21║常有幾種心念?」 佛告文殊師利:「菩薩自念:『我
T14n0468_p0506b22║當何時出家,住僧坊中?我當何時自恣和合?
T14n0468_p0506b23║我當何時修行戒、定、慧,解脫、解脫知見?我當
T14n0468_p0506b24║何時著衣如大牟尼尊?我當何時得仙師相
T14n0468_p0506b25║好?我當何時住空閑處得處便住?我當何
T14n0468_p0506b26║時乞食,於好惡少多不生增減,或得或不得,
T14n0468_p0506b27║或寒或熱,次第行乞,為治饑瘡,如油膏車,
T14n0468_p0506b28║為持壽命以少自活?我當何時離世八法,不
T14n0468_p0506b29║為八法之所動轉?何時厭離國城愛樂林藪,
T14n0468_p0506c01║於十二入不著、不樂?我當何時能守護六根,
T14n0468_p0506c02║令得禪定?我當何時調伏六根,如制僕使?我
T14n0468_p0506c03║當何時坐禪精進、讀誦經書,常樂斷諸結使,
T14n0468_p0506c04║具修諸行?我當何時知足?我當何時不樂
T14n0468_p0506c05║先戲樂事?我當何時為自、他勤行精進?我當
T14n0468_p0506c06║何時行諸菩薩所行之道?我當何時為世間
T14n0468_p0506c07║第一貴?我當何時解脫愛奴?我當何時解
T14n0468_p0506c08║脫居家?』文殊師利!此謂菩薩心之所念。」 佛
T14n0468_p0506c09║說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0506c10║「若人思惟菩薩心,  我知彼有諸功德,
T14n0468_p0506c11║ 其數無量不可極,  堪得清淨佛法身,
T14n0468_p0506c12║ 不入惡趣受諸苦,  具足成就佛智慧。」

T14n0468_p0506c13║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!餘佛世界諸佛,
T14n0468_p0506c14║現在有人於此欲見彼佛,當云何得見?」 佛告
T14n0468_p0506c15║文殊師利:「若能專念如來十號,佛於彼人常
T14n0468_p0506c16║在不滅,亦得當聞諸佛說法,并見彼佛現
T14n0468_p0506c17║在四眾,增長壽命、無諸疾病。云何十號?謂
T14n0468_p0506c18║如來、應供、正遍知、明行足、善逝、世間解、無上士、
T14n0468_p0506c19║調御丈夫、天人師、佛、世尊。文殊師利!念十號
T14n0468_p0506c20║者,先念佛色身具足相好,又念法身壽命無
T14n0468_p0506c21║盡。當作是念,佛非色身,佛是法身。以執取、
T14n0468_p0506c22║以堅取,見佛如虛空。樂虛空,故知一切法義。
T14n0468_p0506c23║文殊師利!如須彌山、由乾陀山、伊沙陀山、須
T14n0468_p0506c24║陀梨山、珂羅底迦山、阿輸迦羅山、毘那多山、尼
T14n0468_p0506c25║民陀羅山、斫迦羅山,如是等山悉是障礙。若
T14n0468_p0506c26║人一心念佛十號,此等諸山不能為障。何
T14n0468_p0506c27║以故?以正念故、佛威神故。 「復次,文殊!念佛
T14n0468_p0506c28║十號猶如虛空,以知如虛空故,無有過失;以
T14n0468_p0506c29║不失故,得無生忍;如是依名字,增長正念;見
T14n0468_p0507a01║佛相好,正定具足。具足定已,見彼諸佛。如照
T14n0468_p0507a02║水鏡,自見其形。彼見諸佛亦復如是,此謂初
T14n0468_p0507a03║定。復次,如一佛像現鏡中分明,見十方諸佛
T14n0468_p0507a04║亦如是分明,從此以後常正念思惟,必有相
T14n0468_p0507a05║起,以相起故,常樂見佛,作此念時諸佛即現,
T14n0468_p0507a06║亦不得神通,亦不往彼世界,唯住此處,見彼
T14n0468_p0507a07║諸佛,聞佛說法,得如實義。」
T14n0468_p0507a08║文殊師利白佛言:「以何法故起此定寶?」 佛告
T14n0468_p0507a09║文殊師利:「當近善知識、供養善知識,常起精
T14n0468_p0507a10║進、不捨精進,不捨智慧、不動智慧,堅智慧、利
T14n0468_p0507a11║智慧;常入信心,令精進根堅固,不為天魔、
T14n0468_p0507a12║沙門、婆羅門所壞;由此四法,能生此定。」 文殊
T14n0468_p0507a13║師利白佛言:「復有何法能生此定?」 佛告文殊
T14n0468_p0507a14║師利:「慚愧、懺悔、恭敬、供養,事說法人如供養
T14n0468_p0507a15║佛,以此四法能生禪定。復於九十日,修無我
T14n0468_p0507a16║想,端坐專念,不雜思惟,除食及經行、大小便
T14n0468_p0507a17║時,悉不得起。 「復有四法能起此定。見諸佛、
T14n0468_p0507a18║勸人聽法,不嫉發菩提心人,行諸菩薩所行。
T14n0468_p0507a19║「復有四法,一者造像,二施有信人,三教化眾
T14n0468_p0507a20║生令離欺慢使得菩提,四為守護攝受諸佛
T14n0468_p0507a21║正法。 「復有四法,少語言,不與在家、出家人和
T14n0468_p0507a22║合,不著諸法相,樂寂靜處。 「復有諸法,謂無
T14n0468_p0507a23║生忍,厭一切諸行、一切生處;一切邪見、一切
T14n0468_p0507a24║五欲,亦不思惟;修無量定行,不起瞋恚;於四
T14n0468_p0507a25║攝法常憶不忘,成就慈悲喜捨,不譏他過;常
T14n0468_p0507a26║聞說法,質直修行清淨三業;樂歎財施,不起
T14n0468_p0507a27║慳心;樂讚法施,不起法慳;修忍辱行,同止安
T14n0468_p0507a28║樂;若人輕罵、誹謗、打縛等,是我本業得此果
T14n0468_p0507a29║報,於他不瞋。隨聞受持廣為人說,令他思惟、
T14n0468_p0507b01║修行正行,不生嫉妬,不自讚毀他,離睡眠懈
T14n0468_p0507b02║怠,信佛法僧,恭敬上中下座,見他少德常憶
T14n0468_p0507b03║不忘,語言真諦無餘虛說。 「復次,文殊師利!如
T14n0468_p0507b04║出家人能修此定,在家之人亦能修習;如在
T14n0468_p0507b05║家人能修此定,出家之人亦能修習。為他廣
T14n0468_p0507b06║說,令彼修行。云何在家人能修此定?以信業
T14n0468_p0507b07║果報捨一切財,歸依三寶受持五戒,不穿、不
T14n0468_p0507b08║破、不污、不缺,受十善道,令起諸善。修行梵行
T14n0468_p0507b09║毀訾五欲,不生嫉妬、不愛妻子,常樂出家受
T14n0468_p0507b10║持八戒,常往僧坊有慚愧心,於出家人常生
T14n0468_p0507b11║敬心,不祕悋法常樂化人,愛念恭敬和上、闍
T14n0468_p0507b12║梨及說法人,於父母善知識所,心如佛想,安
T14n0468_p0507b13║止父母及善知識,令得住於安隱之處,此是
T14n0468_p0507b14║在家之人修此定法。 「云何出家人當修此定?
T14n0468_p0507b15║不破戒、不污戒,無毀點戒、清淨戒、不穢戒,不
T14n0468_p0507b16║雜邪戒,無所依戒、無所得戒,不墮戒,聖所嘆,
T14n0468_p0507b17║戒、慧人所嘆戒,於波羅提木叉善能守護,成
T14n0468_p0507b18║就一切諸行處。常畏小罪,淨業、淨命,樂深無
T14n0468_p0507b19║生法忍,於空、無相、無作不生怖畏,常勤精進
T14n0468_p0507b20║正念現前。有信從心成就慚愧,不著世法、不
T14n0468_p0507b21║嫉妬,常行頭陀功德,厭世語言、不樂綺語,
T14n0468_p0507b22║知恩、知報恩,敬畏和上、阿闍梨,無憍慢心。
T14n0468_p0507b23║常樂勝師及樂近善友。若有善友我當問法,
T14n0468_p0507b24║既聞法已如說修行。若依經書、若依師說,於
T14n0468_p0507b25║說法人、父母、善友常懷佛想;樂阿蘭若處不
T14n0468_p0507b26║樂人間;於身命財心不繫著,思念死想不依
T14n0468_p0507b27║利養,無所觸犯、無渴愛心。攝受正法,愛敬尊
T14n0468_p0507b28║長;不長畜衣鉢,不受宿食;恒樂乞食,行次第
T14n0468_p0507b29║乞;常懷慚愧,自省己罪;不捉金銀珍寶,於真
T14n0468_p0507c01║實法不生驚疑,常修慈心能斷瞋怒;常修悲
T14n0468_p0507c02║心能斷殺害,饒益一切世間,慈悲一切眾生;
T14n0468_p0507c03║常樂經行,無睡眠、懈怠。若住如是功德,則能
T14n0468_p0507c04║修此禪定。 「復次,文殊師利!當具足諸善,常念
T14n0468_p0507c05║如來,專心思惟不起亂想,守護諸根於食知
T14n0468_p0507c06║足,初夜、後夜捐於睡眠,離諸煩惱令生禪定,
T14n0468_p0507c07║不著禪味分別色相,得不淨想不著陰界入,
T14n0468_p0507c08║不自稱譽無有憍慢,於一切法作阿蘭若想,
T14n0468_p0507c09║於一切眾生生親友想,不為名聞而持禁戒,
T14n0468_p0507c10║常行禪定不厭多聞,以多聞故不生憍慢;於
T14n0468_p0507c11║法無疑不謗佛、不毀法、不破僧;常近善人離
T14n0468_p0507c12║不善人,樂佛所說出世言語,受念六法、修五
T14n0468_p0507c13║解脫處,能滅九種瞋恚、斷八懈怠;修八精進、
T14n0468_p0507c14║行九想定;修八大人覺,成就諸禪解脫三昧、
T14n0468_p0507c15║三摩跋提,一切諸見所不能動。攝耳聽法、分
T14n0468_p0507c16║別諸陰、無有住相,怖畏生死如拔刀賊,於十
T14n0468_p0507c17║二入如空聚想,於十八界如毒蛇想,於泥洹
T14n0468_p0507c18║處生寂靜想,觀於五欲如蕀刺想,樂出生死
T14n0468_p0507c19║無有諍訟,教化眾生修諸功德。能如是者,得
T14n0468_p0507c20║深禪定。 「文殊師利!若人修行此定,所得功德
T14n0468_p0507c21║永不退轉。文殊師利!如三千大千世界盡末
T14n0468_p0507c22║為塵,世界多少如微塵數,盡布七寶持用布
T14n0468_p0507c23║施。於汝意云何?是人能如是施,功德多不?」
T14n0468_p0507c24║文殊師利言:「甚多。世尊!」 佛言:「我今告汝,若
T14n0468_p0507c25║善男子、善女人,直聞此定無怖畏心,所得功
T14n0468_p0507c26║德於彼為多,何況信心思惟、修行、受持、讀誦,
T14n0468_p0507c27║況復為人廣說,何況修習得此定者,彼功德
T14n0468_p0507c28║數我不能說。是故,文殊師利!善男子、善女人
T14n0468_p0507c29║應當修習此定、憶持此定,兼為他人廣說此
T14n0468_p0508a01║定。文殊師利!劫燒之時,若有菩薩持此定者
T14n0468_p0508a02║為火所逼,無有是處。若值王難及惡鬼神,種
T14n0468_p0508a03║種惡毒不能為難,除惡業深重決定受報。 「復
T14n0468_p0508a04║次,文殊師利!若菩薩摩訶薩持此定者,無有
T14n0468_p0508a05║疾病,六根清淨,無諸橫惱。 「復次,文殊師利!若
T14n0468_p0508a06║持此定者,諸天龍神悉皆守護;諸天所嘆,乃
T14n0468_p0508a07║至諸佛亦常讚嘆;諸天常樂見,乃至諸佛亦
T14n0468_p0508a08║常樂見。 「復次,文殊師利!若受此定者,所未聞
T14n0468_p0508a09║法即皆得聞,乃至眠時夢得此定。文殊師
T14n0468_p0508a10║利!我說此定功德,若一劫、若過一劫亦不能
T14n0468_p0508a11║盡,無有邊際,何況菩薩能得此定。 「文殊師利!
T14n0468_p0508a12║譬如有人身強多力,若向東行經百千歲,
T14n0468_p0508a13║南、西北方上、下亦爾。於汝意云何?有人能
T14n0468_p0508a14║稱數此人所行之處,若一由旬、二由旬,乃至
T14n0468_p0508a15║百千由旬不?」 文殊師利言:「除佛一切種智,
T14n0468_p0508a16║及大智舍利弗并不退菩薩,餘無能數。」 佛告
T14n0468_p0508a17║文殊師利:「若有善男子、善女人,彼所行處
T14n0468_p0508a18║滿中珍寶悉以布施,若復有人聞此定,聞已
T14n0468_p0508a19║隨喜發願,欲得三菩提、欲得多聞。以此隨喜
T14n0468_p0508a20║功德比布施功德,百分、千分乃至百千萬億
T14n0468_p0508a21║分不可為比。此人為過去諸佛所隨喜,現在、
T14n0468_p0508a22║未來諸佛亦隨喜,我亦隨喜。」 文殊師利白佛
T14n0468_p0508a23║言:「世尊!如是,如是!此定功德果報實不可思
T14n0468_p0508a24║量。」 佛告文殊師利:「若菩薩一日修行此定,過
T14n0468_p0508a25║去、未來、現在眾生所修功德,不及此定百千
T14n0468_p0508a26║萬分之一。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0508a27║「念如來十號,  及以無邊德,
T14n0468_p0508a28║ 如此諸功德,  不可得稱量。
T14n0468_p0508a29║ 珍寶廣布施,  如上之所說,
T14n0468_p0508b01║ 聞定隨喜心,  過此不可數。」

T14n0468_p0508b02║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!諸供養餘花,用
T14n0468_p0508b03║治眾病或消惡毒,其法云何?若供養佛餘花、
T14n0468_p0508b04║般若波羅蜜花、佛足下花、菩提樹花、轉法輪
T14n0468_p0508b05║處花、塔花、菩薩花、眾僧花、佛像花,其法云何?
T14n0468_p0508b06║世尊!用此花有幾種呪法?世尊!一切諸花云
T14n0468_p0508b07║何入佛花中?世尊!用此花法,為有一種、為有
T14n0468_p0508b08║多種?此呪為有一種、為有多種?」 佛告文殊師
T14n0468_p0508b09║利:「各各花,各各呪,一一花呪一百八遍。
T14n0468_p0508b10║「誦佛花呪曰: 『南無佛闥寫冶莎呵』
T14n0468_p0508b11║「般若波羅蜜花呪曰: 『那末柯盧履(民旨反)
T14n0468_p0508b12║若波羅蜜多莎訶』

T14n0468_p0508b13║「佛足花呪曰: 『那莫波陀制點耽鹽莎訶』
T14n0468_p0508b14║「菩提樹花呪曰: 『南無菩提逼力龕嵐莎訶』
T14n0468_p0508b15║「轉法輪處花呪曰: 『南無達摩斫柯羅夜莎訶』
T14n0468_p0508b16║「塔花呪曰: 『那莫踰跛耶莎訶』
T14n0468_p0508b17║「菩薩花呪曰: 『南無菩提薩埵冶莎訶』
T14n0468_p0508b18║「眾僧花呪曰: 『那莫僧伽冶莎訶』
T14n0468_p0508b19║「佛像花呪曰: 『那莫波羅底耶莎訶』
T14n0468_p0508b20║「文殊師利!呪經如是,汝當受持。」 復告文殊師
T14n0468_p0508b21║利:「用此花法,若比丘、比丘尼、優婆塞、優婆夷,
T14n0468_p0508b22║若能信修行,應當早起清淨澡漱,念佛功德
T14n0468_p0508b23║恭敬此花,不以足蹈及跨花上,如法執取安
T14n0468_p0508b24║置淨器。若人寒、熱,冷水摩花以用塗身;若頭
T14n0468_p0508b25║額痛亦皆以塗;若吐利出血或腹內煩痛,以
T14n0468_p0508b26║漿飲摩花,當服此花飲;若口患瘡,以暖水摩
T14n0468_p0508b27║花,唅此花汁。若人多瞋,或以冷水或以沙
T14n0468_p0508b28║糖以摩此花,飲服花汁。若多貪染,以灰汁
T14n0468_p0508b29║摩花塗其隱處,復以冷水摩花塗其頂上,貪
T14n0468_p0508c01║結漸消,常為一切人所愛敬。若天雨不止,於
T14n0468_p0508c02║空閑處以火燒花,令雨即止;若天亢旱,在
T14n0468_p0508c03║空閑處以花置水中,復呪冷水更灑花上,天
T14n0468_p0508c04║即降雨。若牛馬象等本性不調,以花飼之
T14n0468_p0508c05║即便調伏。若諸果樹花實不茂,以冷水牛糞
T14n0468_p0508c06║摩取花汁以灌其根,不得踐蹹,花實即多。若
T14n0468_p0508c07║田中多水苗稼損減,擣花為末以散田中,即
T14n0468_p0508c08║得滋長。若高原陸地無有水處,請四比丘於
T14n0468_p0508c09║其處布花,一日之中百八遍誦呪,次復一日
T14n0468_p0508c10║更以新花布先花上,又誦呪一百八遍,如
T14n0468_p0508c11║是乃至七日掘便得水。若國多疾病以冷水
T14n0468_p0508c12║摩花,塗螺鼓等吹擊出聲,聞者即愈。若敵
T14n0468_p0508c13║國怨家欲來侵境,以水摩花,在於彼處用灑
T14n0468_p0508c14║散之,即得退散。若於高山有磐石處,眾多
T14n0468_p0508c15║比丘於石上摩花,摩花既竟相與禮拜,久後
T14n0468_p0508c16║石上自生珍寶。若人愚癡取所供養花,數有
T14n0468_p0508c17║百種下至七種,擣以為末以[牛*秦]牛酥,先誦
T14n0468_p0508c18║呪百八遍,和以為丸如彈丸大,日服一丸,服
T14n0468_p0508c19║丸之時,亦誦呪百八遍,漸得聰明利根,一
T14n0468_p0508c20║日之中能誦百偈。若人有所作,取優鉢羅花、
T14n0468_p0508c21║拘物頭花、分陀利花、欝波羅花等,若水陸生
T14n0468_p0508c22║花,花有百種先以供養,後以水摩,隨其所須
T14n0468_p0508c23║或塗或散,悉皆有果。若得百種花,末以為
T14n0468_p0508c24║散,水和為丸;若惡重病,摩其瘡上其病即愈。
T14n0468_p0508c25║若癰、若癤、若有諸毒,或服此丸或以塗傅,
T14n0468_p0508c26║病即得除。若人常患氣瘶,身體消減,以
T14n0468_p0508c27║大小麥汁摩於此花,塗其身上即便充悅。復
T14n0468_p0508c28║以末利花汁,和花散為丸塗其額上,一切
T14n0468_p0508c29║怨家見生愛念。
T14n0468_p0509a01║「文殊師利!此花呪法:
T14n0468_p0509a02║「南無佛闥寫冶莎呵(一) 那末柯蘆履(民旨反)般若
T14n0468_p0509a03║波羅蜜多莎訶(二) 那莫波扡制點耽鹽莎
T14n0468_p0509a04║(三) 南無菩提逼力龕嵐莎訶(四) 南無達摩斫
T14n0468_p0509a05║柯羅夜莎訶(五) 那莫鍮跋耶莎訶(六) 南無菩提
T14n0468_p0509a06║薩埵野莎訶(七) 那莫僧伽野莎訶(八) 那莫波羅
T14n0468_p0509a07║底耶莎訶(九)

T14n0468_p0509a08║「一一呪誦百八遍,此呪章句,汝於處處當說。
T14n0468_p0509a09║如佛花法,餘花亦如是。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0509a10║「善人足下塵,  勝上最第一,
T14n0468_p0509a11║ 於諸世界中,  金山不能踰。
T14n0468_p0509a12║ 佛足下微塵,  除斷憂悲苦,
T14n0468_p0509a13║ 不如彼金山,  增長諸怖畏。
T14n0468_p0509a14║ 佛般若脚足,  菩提法輪處,
T14n0468_p0509a15║ 塔及諸菩薩,  眾僧與佛像,
T14n0468_p0509a16║ 此處有九種,  應當修供養。
T14n0468_p0509a17║ 是於世間中,  可禮可恭敬,
T14n0468_p0509a18║ 能斷一切惡,  滅除三界惱,
T14n0468_p0509a19║ 功德自增長,  壽命亦復然,
T14n0468_p0509a20║ 顏色常悅豫,  端正有身力,
T14n0468_p0509a21║ 所作恒吉祥,  諸佛咸讚護。」

T14n0468_p0509a22║爾時文殊師利等諸菩薩,阿若憍陳如等諸
T14n0468_p0509a23║聲聞,天龍、夜叉、揵闥婆、阿修羅、迦樓羅、
T14n0468_p0509a24║羅、摩睺羅伽、人非人等,一切大眾聞佛所說,
T14n0468_p0509a25║歡喜奉行。
T14n0468_p0509a26║文殊師利問經卷下
【經文資訊】大正藏第 14 冊 No. 0468 文殊師利問經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
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