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T14n0468_001 文殊師利問經 第1卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 14 冊 » No.0468 » 第 1 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T14n0468_p0492b18║
T14n0468_p0492b19║
T14n0468_p0492b20║  No. 468
T14n0468_p0492b21║文殊師利問經卷上
T14n0468_p0492b22║
T14n0468_p0492b23║
T14n0468_p0492b24║  序品第一
T14n0468_p0492b25║如是我聞: 一時佛住王舍城耆闍崛山中,與
T14n0468_p0492b26║大比丘眾一千三百五十人俱,皆是阿羅漢,
T14n0468_p0492b27║諸漏已盡無復煩惱,身心自在,心善解脫、慧
T14n0468_p0492b28║善解脫,調伏諸根,摩訶那伽所作已辦、可作
T14n0468_p0492b29║已辦,捨於重擔已,到自事義,有使已盡,正
T14n0468_p0492c01║智善解脫到,一切心自在。
T14n0468_p0492c02║其名曰:長老阿若憍陳如(此言已知,陳如姓也)、舍利弗、大
T14n0468_p0492c03║目揵連(此言羅茯根,其父好噉此物因以為名)、摩訶迦葉、離婆多(此言常作
T14n0468_p0492c04║聲)
、須婆吼(此言善脾)、阿難陀(此言大歡喜),如是等一千三
T14n0468_p0492c05║百五十阿羅漢。 復有一千三百凡夫比丘眾,
T14n0468_p0492c06║復有金剛菩薩、大勢至菩薩、觀世音菩薩、大
T14n0468_p0492c07║德勇猛菩薩、無盡意菩薩、大意菩薩、文殊師
T14n0468_p0492c08║利童子菩薩,如是等無數菩薩摩訶薩。
T14n0468_p0492c09║  菩薩戒品第二
T14n0468_p0492c10║文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!我今欲問世尊勝語
T14n0468_p0492c11║世間菩薩戒,願為我說,我當諦聽。」 佛告文殊
T14n0468_p0492c12║師利:「我今當說,汝善諦聽。不殺眾生、不盜他
T14n0468_p0492c13║財物、不非梵行、不起妄語、不飲酒,如是當
T14n0468_p0492c14║憶。不歌舞倡伎、不著花香持天冠等、不坐
T14n0468_p0492c15║臥高廣大床、不過中食。若行此事,不成就三
T14n0468_p0492c16║乘。何以故?以有犯故。髮長二指當剃,或二月
T14n0468_p0492c17║日若短而剃,是無學菩薩:若過二指,亦是無
T14n0468_p0492c18║學菩薩。爪不得長得如一麥。何以故?為
T14n0468_p0492c19║搔癢故。若如此者,是分別菩薩。 「為供養佛、法、
T14n0468_p0492c20║僧,并般若波羅蜜及父母兄弟,得畜財物。為
T14n0468_p0492c21║起寺舍、為造像、為布施,若有此因緣,得受金
T14n0468_p0492c22║銀財物,無有罪過。若食摶當如鷄卵大,正
T14n0468_p0492c23║食時,無因緣不得看他,是分別菩薩。 「不得賣、
T14n0468_p0492c24║買,受他施物不得貨賣,若施至億萬,亦皆應
T14n0468_p0492c25║受。何以故?有因緣故。 「不以自身作惡,亦不
T14n0468_p0492c26║教他。不得為利養故,讚歎他人。若為己殺,不
T14n0468_p0492c27║得噉。若肉如材木、已自腐爛,欲食得食。文殊
T14n0468_p0492c28║師利!若欲噉肉者,說此呪:
T14n0468_p0492c29║「『多姪咃(此言如是) 阿捺摩阿捺摩(此言無我無我) 阿視婆多
T14n0468_p0493a01║阿視婆多(此言無壽命無壽命) 那舍那舍(此言失失) 陀呵陀呵(此言燒燒)
T14n0468_p0493a02║ 婆弗婆弗(此言破破) 僧柯慄多弭(此言有為) 莎呵(此言除殺去)

T14n0468_p0493a03║「此呪三說乃得噉肉。飯亦不應食。何以故?若
T14n0468_p0493a04║無思惟,飯不應食。故何當噉肉?」
T14n0468_p0493a05║爾時文殊師利復白佛言:「世尊!若得食肉者,
T14n0468_p0493a06║《象龜經》、《大雲經》、《指鬘經》、《楞伽經》等諸經,何故
T14n0468_p0493a07║悉斷?」 佛告文殊師利:「如深廣江,不見彼岸,若
T14n0468_p0493a08║無因緣,則不得渡。若有因緣,汝當渡不?」 文殊
T14n0468_p0493a09║師利白佛言:「世尊!我當渡,我當渡,或以船、或
T14n0468_p0493a10║以筏、或以餘物。」 佛復告文殊師利:「以眾生無
T14n0468_p0493a11║慈悲力,懷殺害意,為此因緣故斷食肉。文殊
T14n0468_p0493a12║師利!有眾生樂糞掃衣,我說糞掃衣;如是乞
T14n0468_p0493a13║食,樹下坐、露地坐、阿蘭若塚間,一食過時不
T14n0468_p0493a14║食,遇得住處三衣等,為教化彼,我說頭陀。
T14n0468_p0493a15║如是,文殊師利!若眾生有殺害心,為彼心故,
T14n0468_p0493a16║當生無數罪過,是故我斷肉。若能不懷害心、
T14n0468_p0493a17║大慈悲心,為教化一切眾生故,無有過罪。 「不
T14n0468_p0493a18║得噉蒜。若有因緣得噉,若合藥治病則得用。
T14n0468_p0493a19║「不得飲酒。若合藥醫師所說多藥相和,少酒
T14n0468_p0493a20║多藥得用。 「不得服油及塗身等,若有因緣得
T14n0468_p0493a21║用,得用乳酪、生酥、熟酥、醍醐,我先噉乳糜,為
T14n0468_p0493a22║風痰冷故。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0493a23║「若身覆是善,  心口覆亦然,
T14n0468_p0493a24║ 一切處所覆,  菩薩所應行。」

T14n0468_p0493a25║佛告文殊師利:「有三十五大供養,是菩薩摩
T14n0468_p0493a26║訶薩應知。然燈、燒香、塗身,塗地香、末香、袈裟
T14n0468_p0493a27║及繖;若龍子幡并諸餘幡,螺鼓、大鼓、鈴盤,舞
T14n0468_p0493a28║歌以臥具,或三節鼓、腰鼓、節鼓并及截鼓;曼
T14n0468_p0493a29║陀羅花持地灑地,貫花懸繒:飯、水、漿飲可食、
T14n0468_p0493b01║可噉,及以可味香和檳榔、楊枝、浴香,并及澡
T14n0468_p0493b02║豆,此謂大供養。」
T14n0468_p0493b03║佛告文殊師利:「有二十六邪見,是菩薩摩訶
T14n0468_p0493b04║薩應離。殺馬祠火、殺人火;一時射四方,殺
T14n0468_p0493b05║馬四千頭,去除五藏,內以七寶施婆羅門;殺
T14n0468_p0493b06║人內寶亦如是。箭射四方,齊箭至處,布滿七
T14n0468_p0493b07║寶施婆羅門;走馬四方,窮其所至,布以七寶
T14n0468_p0493b08║施婆羅門;隨此箭馬所極之處,滿中眾生皆
T14n0468_p0493b09║悉殺害,聚積雜物一切燒盡,一切天神悉皆
T14n0468_p0493b10║當禮,一切林樹悉皆當禮,一切山神悉皆當
T14n0468_p0493b11║禮,古昔居處悉皆當禮,諸有大樹悉皆當禮,
T14n0468_p0493b12║諸雜神像悉皆當禮。摩醯首羅、毘紐拘摩勒、
T14n0468_p0493b13║梵天、閻羅王、毘沙門、因陀羅酒、天女割多、
T14n0468_p0493b14║耶尼獨伽、舌陀遮文持、優摩羅,與邪見相似,
T14n0468_p0493b15║是等可捨,不應禮拜。文殊師利!我不說此以
T14n0468_p0493b16║為功德。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0493b17║「如上二十六,  悉是邪歸依,
T14n0468_p0493b18║ 非勝非安隱,  不得脫眾苦。
T14n0468_p0493b19║ 若依佛法僧,  及以四聖諦,
T14n0468_p0493b20║ 勝安隱歸依,  一切苦解脫。

T14n0468_p0493b21║「彼先邪見相傳,說此功德:殺馬功德、殺人功
T14n0468_p0493b22║德、射方功德、走馬功德、殺一切眾生功德,實
T14n0468_p0493b23║非功德。若生一念悲心,功德廣大不可思
T14n0468_p0493b24║議。文殊師利!此是菩薩所行。」
T14n0468_p0493b25║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!我欲問如來、應
T14n0468_p0493b26║供、正遍知,未來諸菩薩諸行。如來若許我,今
T14n0468_p0493b27║當問。」 佛告文殊師利:「隨意所問。」 文殊師利白
T14n0468_p0493b28║佛言:「四眾於何時中不得作聲?或身、口、木、石
T14n0468_p0493b29║及諸餘聲。」 佛告文殊師利:「於六時不得,禮
T14n0468_p0493c01║佛時、聽法時、眾和合時、乞食時、正食時、大
T14n0468_p0493c02║小便時。」 文殊師利白佛:「何故於是時不得
T14n0468_p0493c03║作聲?」 佛告文殊師利:「於是時有諸天來,彼諸
T14n0468_p0493c04║天常清淨心、無染心、空心、隨波羅蜜心、觀佛
T14n0468_p0493c05║法心,以彼聲故,令心不定。以不定故,悉皆還
T14n0468_p0493c06║去。以諸天去故,諸惡鬼來,作不饒益、不安隱
T14n0468_p0493c07║事。彼人於此,生諸災患,人民飢餓,更相侵
T14n0468_p0493c08║犯。是故殊師利!應寂靜禮佛、應供、正遍知。」
T14n0468_p0493c09║佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0493c10║「不作身口聲,  木石餘音聲,
T14n0468_p0493c11║ 寂靜禮佛者,  如來所讚歎。」

T14n0468_p0493c12║  不可思議品第三
T14n0468_p0493c13║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!我當更問,願佛
T14n0468_p0493c14║解說。」 佛告文殊:「隨意所問。」 文殊師利白佛
T14n0468_p0493c15║言:「世尊!如來何故入於涅槃?」 佛告文殊師利:
T14n0468_p0493c16║「我不入涅槃。何以故?由眾生故。文殊師利!如
T14n0468_p0493c17║琉璃珠,清淨無垢,若值白物,青、黃、赤物,此琉
T14n0468_p0493c18║璃珠則隨物色,琉璃無心令見異色。文殊師
T14n0468_p0493c19║利!如來亦爾。或有眾生,見佛涅槃、轉法輪,見
T14n0468_p0493c20║降眾魔、見並現神通、大小便利,或食或眠,
T14n0468_p0493c21║或行或笑,如眾生意悉見,如來如是。文殊師
T14n0468_p0493c22║利!如虛空無色,而色於中現;虛空無取,亦取
T14n0468_p0493c23║諸色;虛空無意,而生憶想;虛空無處,為眾生
T14n0468_p0493c24║處;虛空無墮,而墮依虛空。如來法身非是穢
T14n0468_p0493c25║身、非血肉身,是金剛身,是不破身、不可破
T14n0468_p0493c26║身、無譬喻身,而能示現一切諸色;以智慧
T14n0468_p0493c27║金剛身,現為碎身。文殊師利!若佛不涅槃,世
T14n0468_p0493c28║間不知佛是法身!非金剛是碎,是金剛不碎。
T14n0468_p0493c29║何以故?如來慧身示現涅槃,非真涅槃,以方
T14n0468_p0494a01║便故說入涅槃。文殊師利!涅槃者多義:大者
T14n0468_p0494a02║非涅槃,名涅槃者無識。大乘涅槃,是說大
T14n0468_p0494a03║般涅槃;小涅槃者,如緣覺、聲聞涅槃。大者非
T14n0468_p0494a04║涅槃,涅槃如虛空故;小者是自業,非他業,是
T14n0468_p0494a05║故說小涅槃。涅槃者下義,我說死名涅槃。如
T14n0468_p0494a06║來不死。何以故?聲聞尚不生老死,不憂悲苦
T14n0468_p0494a07║惱,何況如來法身、不可思議身、不生身、不滅
T14n0468_p0494a08║身、不燒身!彼長壽諸天,見如來入涅槃,悲傷
T14n0468_p0494a09║戀慕,堪種般若波羅蜜,亦堪種聲聞、緣覺、菩
T14n0468_p0494a10║薩因緣。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0494a11║「如來金剛身,  今日已破壞,
T14n0468_p0494a12║ 此身尚破碎,  何況羸力者;
T14n0468_p0494a13║ 以此生悲戀,  疾當得法身,
T14n0468_p0494a14║ 以是故如來,  示現涅槃相;
T14n0468_p0494a15║ 如來妙法身,  非可見聞法,
T14n0468_p0494a16║ 不生亦不滅,  不可得思議。」

T14n0468_p0494a17║於此眾中大意菩薩,說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0494a18║「如來不涅槃,  涅槃非如來,
T14n0468_p0494a19║ 亦非心意識,  離有無相故;
T14n0468_p0494a20║ 若人見牟尼,  永離於生死,
T14n0468_p0494a21║ 得成無所執,  不著彼此故。」

T14n0468_p0494a22║文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!若如來無心意識,
T14n0468_p0494a23║云何當作眾生事?未來眾生當有此疑。」 佛
T14n0468_p0494a24║告文殊師利:「如虛空無心意識,亦為一切眾
T14n0468_p0494a25║生處;四大無心意識,為一切眾生所依。日月
T14n0468_p0494a26║無心意識,光照一切眾生;樹木無心意識,能
T14n0468_p0494a27║與眾生花果。如是,文殊師利!有摩尼珠,名隨
T14n0468_p0494a28║一切眾生意,生於海中,安置幢上,隨人所樂,
T14n0468_p0494a29║金銀、琉璃、真珠等物,從摩尼珠出,能長養壽
T14n0468_p0494b01║命。摩尼珠者,無心意識,隨眾生意,而無損減。
T14n0468_p0494b02║若此世間一切消盡,當往餘方。珠若未墮,大
T14n0468_p0494b03║海不乾。文殊師利!如來如是,作一切眾生事,
T14n0468_p0494b04║如來不滅。何以故?如來無心意識故。」 佛說此
T14n0468_p0494b05║祇夜:
T14n0468_p0494b06║「佛無心意識,  作一切眾事,
T14n0468_p0494b07║ 如來不思議,  能信者亦然。」

T14n0468_p0494b08║爾時文殊師利讚嘆如來,說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0494b09║「我禮一切佛,  調御無等雙,
T14n0468_p0494b10║ 丈六身法身,  亦禮於佛塔,
T14n0468_p0494b11║ 生處得道處,  法輪涅槃處,
T14n0468_p0494b12║ 行住坐臥處,  一切皆悉禮。
T14n0468_p0494b13║ 諸佛不思議,  妙法亦如是,
T14n0468_p0494b14║ 能信及果報,  亦不可思議。
T14n0468_p0494b15║ 能以此祇夜,  讚歎如來者,
T14n0468_p0494b16║ 於千萬億劫,  不墮諸惡趣。」

T14n0468_p0494b17║佛言:「文殊師利!善哉,善哉!如來不可量、不可
T14n0468_p0494b18║思議!」即說祇夜言:
T14n0468_p0494b19║「佛生甘蔗姓,  滅已不更生,
T14n0468_p0494b20║ 若人歸依佛,  不畏地獄苦。
T14n0468_p0494b21║ 佛生甘蔗姓,  滅已不更生,
T14n0468_p0494b22║ 若人歸依佛,  不畏餓鬼苦。
T14n0468_p0494b23║ 佛生甘蔗姓,  滅已不更生,
T14n0468_p0494b24║ 若人歸依佛,  不畏畜生苦。」

T14n0468_p0494b25║  無我品第四
T14n0468_p0494b26║文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!未來眾生當說有我
T14n0468_p0494b27║遍一切處。何以故?一切行故。出過三世,苦、樂、
T14n0468_p0494b28║瞋、愛悉是我相。世尊!外道計我,其意如是。」 佛
T14n0468_p0494b29║告文殊師利:「譬如磁石,吸一切鐵屑,為鐵
T14n0468_p0494c01║屑是我?磁石是我?若汝當說:『鐵屑非我、磁
T14n0468_p0494c02║石非我。』是則非遍。若磁石、鐵屑悉是我者,云
T14n0468_p0494c03║何以我而自吸我,又亦不遍。何以故?自吸其
T14n0468_p0494c04║身故。所有色一切是四大,一切無常,若無常
T14n0468_p0494c05║不真實。若不真實、不諦。若不諦無處,無處故
T14n0468_p0494c06║無我。文殊師利!猶如老人於夜中坐,自捉兩
T14n0468_p0494c07║膝說如是言:『那得有此兩小兒耶?』若此老人
T14n0468_p0494c08║身中有我,云何不識自膝,謂是小兒?以是事
T14n0468_p0494c09║故,實無有我;是邪見人,於無處橫執。譬如見
T14n0468_p0494c10║焰而生水想,實無有水,以眼亂故。如是非我,
T14n0468_p0494c11║橫生我想,是闇惑邪見,非正見也。
T14n0468_p0494c12║「若我遍一切處,則遍行五道。人、天是樂,地
T14n0468_p0494c13║獄、餓鬼、畜生是苦。若我遍一切處,我受地獄
T14n0468_p0494c14║苦,則人、天亦應苦。樂者由善業得,苦者由惡
T14n0468_p0494c15║業得。樂者生染,苦者生瞋。或有勇健,或有怖
T14n0468_p0494c16║畏,如是異相,故知不遍。我不說此是真實思
T14n0468_p0494c17║惟。若我過三世者,過去已沒,如燈已滅;未來
T14n0468_p0494c18║未到,如未來燈;現在不停,猶如流水。我非過
T14n0468_p0494c19║去、非未來、非現在,無時節。何以故?過時節故。
T14n0468_p0494c20║「若無時,則無數,以無數故,亦無有我。何以故?
T14n0468_p0494c21║以可分故。 「阿者,離我聲,多者不破,麼者滅
T14n0468_p0494c22║憍慢。又阿者,真實離我。真實離我,故兩過
T14n0468_p0494c23║說阿。是故,文殊師利!分別字故,定無有我。」 佛
T14n0468_p0494c24║說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0494c25║「磁石吸鐵屑,  二種誰是我?
T14n0468_p0494c26║ 不遍及自吸,  決定無我故,
T14n0468_p0494c27║ 如渴人見焰,  非水生水想,
T14n0468_p0494c28║ 邪見橫執我,  其事亦復然,
T14n0468_p0494c29║ 分別於阿字,  定知無有我。」

T14n0468_p0495a01║  涅槃品第五
T14n0468_p0495a02║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!涅槃者,聲聞、
T14n0468_p0495a03║緣覺、凡夫不能分別,唯如來、正遍知之所能
T14n0468_p0495a04║說。」 佛言:「文殊師利!涅槃不滅。何以故?無斷
T14n0468_p0495a05║煩惱故,無所到處。何以故?以無處故,到者得
T14n0468_p0495a06║義,無到故無得。何以故?無苦樂故,無斷不斷,
T14n0468_p0495a07║無常不常。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0495a08║「不斷不滅,  不生不起,  不墮不落,
T14n0468_p0495a09║ 不行不住。

T14n0468_p0495a10║「常住涅槃,不斷不常相。何以故?無生死故。文
T14n0468_p0495a11║殊師利!我尚不見生死,何況當見生死過患?
T14n0468_p0495a12║文殊師利!我尚不見涅槃,何況見涅槃功德?」
T14n0468_p0495a13║佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0495a14║「若見有一法,  餘法悉應見,
T14n0468_p0495a15║ 以一法空故,  一切法亦空。

T14n0468_p0495a16║「文殊師利!當知諸法空,若不滅則不生,若不
T14n0468_p0495a17║斷則不滅,若不常則不生。無煩惱可斷故,是
T14n0468_p0495a18║故不滅;無煩惱處故,是故不生。」
T14n0468_p0495a19║佛復告文殊師利:「無障礙故不滅,不滅故無
T14n0468_p0495a20║障礙。生善、不善、無記,故不障礙。文殊師利!是
T14n0468_p0495a21║說涅槃。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0495a22║「不滅不到,  不斷不常,  不障不礙,
T14n0468_p0495a23║ 是說涅槃。」

T14n0468_p0495a24║佛告文殊師利:「常住涅槃,無日月、星宿、地、水、
T14n0468_p0495a25║火、風,無晝夜、數量,無色、無形、無老病死,無年
T14n0468_p0495a26║歲、無所作,是常、是恒,離眾苦業,如是涅槃善
T14n0468_p0495a27║人所說。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0495a28║「彼無有日月,  星宿及四大,
T14n0468_p0495a29║ 晝夜與量數,  形色及虛空;
T14n0468_p0495b01║ 亦無老病死,  年歲諸所作,
T14n0468_p0495b02║ 已斷生死本,  是常亦是恒,
T14n0468_p0495b03║ 如是涅槃相,  善人之所說。」

T14n0468_p0495b04║文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!有諸外道,說世間空,
T14n0468_p0495b05║又說不空,此是外道邪意分別?」 佛告文殊師
T14n0468_p0495b06║利:「此外道意,不真實思惟。若世間空,則無生
T14n0468_p0495b07║死。何以故?以空故。生死若空,涅槃亦空;若
T14n0468_p0495b08║涅槃無,則無神通;若世間不空,生死亦無。何
T14n0468_p0495b09║以故?以不空故。以生死不空,涅槃亦無;若無
T14n0468_p0495b10║涅槃,亦無神通。文殊師利!若世間不生、不壞,
T14n0468_p0495b11║何用涅槃?若生死無失壞,不名生死。何以故?
T14n0468_p0495b12║以無失故。若生死無失,即生死為涅槃。是故
T14n0468_p0495b13║文殊師利,不應說世間空與不空,亦不應說
T14n0468_p0495b14║世間應斷及以不斷。何以故?以無有故。斷者
T14n0468_p0495b15║是斷煩惱,不斷者非斷煩惱;亦無煩惱,及非
T14n0468_p0495b16║煩惱,亦無解脫。若無解脫,則無涅槃。文殊師
T14n0468_p0495b17║利!滅亦無。何以故?生死空不空故。是故,無
T14n0468_p0495b18║滅。若生死如此,誰樂得涅槃?」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0495b19║「若諸世間空,  則無有生死,
T14n0468_p0495b20║ 以生死無故,  涅槃亦不有;
T14n0468_p0495b21║ 世間若不空,  亦無有生死,
T14n0468_p0495b22║ 生死若無者,  涅槃亦非有;
T14n0468_p0495b23║ 生死若如是,  誰當樂涅槃。」

T14n0468_p0495b24║  般若波羅蜜品第六
T14n0468_p0495b25║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!般若波羅蜜,一
T14n0468_p0495b26║切聲聞、緣覺,從般若波羅蜜出不?一切佛、一
T14n0468_p0495b27║切法,從般若波羅蜜出不?」 佛告文殊師利:「如
T14n0468_p0495b28║是!如是!一切聲聞、緣覺,一切佛、一切法,從般
T14n0468_p0495b29║若波羅蜜出。菩薩於色行,行於相;於色壞行,
T14n0468_p0495c01║行於相。若於色滅行,行於相,若行色空,行於
T14n0468_p0495c02║相,如是菩薩無方便修行般若波羅蜜。文殊
T14n0468_p0495c03║師利!般若波羅蜜,不以心意識修行。」 「世尊!
T14n0468_p0495c04║若般若波羅蜜不可取,云何修行般若波羅
T14n0468_p0495c05║蜜?」 佛告文殊師利:「是修行、非修行,不以心意
T14n0468_p0495c06║識故。文殊師利!心者聚義,意者憶義,識者現
T14n0468_p0495c07║知義,不以此心意識,修行般若波羅蜜;不以
T14n0468_p0495c08║此修行,是修行;以無處,是修行。修行者,不依
T14n0468_p0495c09║欲界、色界、無色界,非過去、非未來、非現在,非
T14n0468_p0495c10║內外、非中間,如此修行,是修行般若波羅蜜。
T14n0468_p0495c11║不修形色,是修行般若;非地水火風,是修行
T14n0468_p0495c12║般若。非有、非無,非聲聞、緣覺,非善、不善、無記,
T14n0468_p0495c13║非十二因緣,非男、非女、非非男、非非女,非常、
T14n0468_p0495c14║非智,非滅、非生,非可數,不可思議,不可言說。
T14n0468_p0495c15║無可依、無名字、無相、無異相,無增、無減,自性
T14n0468_p0495c16║清淨,真實不可覺,普遍等虛空;無色、無作,出
T14n0468_p0495c17║過三世,不苦、不樂,無日月星宿,如此修行,是
T14n0468_p0495c18║修行般若波羅蜜。真實非般若波羅蜜。般若
T14n0468_p0495c19║波羅蜜非真實。文殊師利!如此修行,名修行
T14n0468_p0495c20║般若波羅蜜。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0495c21║「此法不思議,  離於心意識,
T14n0468_p0495c22║ 一切言語斷,  是修行般若。」

T14n0468_p0495c23║  有餘氣品第七
T14n0468_p0495c24║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!一切聲聞、緣覺
T14n0468_p0495c25║有起煩惱不?起幾種煩惱?」 佛告文殊師利:「有
T14n0468_p0495c26║餘故名起者,譬如香氣。所言氣者,有二十四
T14n0468_p0495c27║種業氣:見處氣、染氣、色染氣、有染氣、無明染
T14n0468_p0495c28║氣,行氣、識處氣,名色氣、六入氣、觸氣、受氣、愛氣、
T14n0468_p0495c29║取氣、有氣、生氣、老氣、病氣、死氣、憂氣、悲氣、苦氣、
T14n0468_p0496a01║惱氣、疲極氣、依氣,此謂二十四氣。身、口、意餘,
T14n0468_p0496a02║此謂業氣。斷見、常見此謂見處氣;著衣鉢等
T14n0468_p0496a03║此謂染氣;十種色意此謂色染氣;無色界此
T14n0468_p0496a04║謂有染氣;不清淨智、有障礙智、不遍知智,此
T14n0468_p0496a05║謂無明氣;若身、口、意種種覺,此謂行氣;憶一
T14n0468_p0496a06║切色有苦、樂、不苦不樂想如是分別,此謂識
T14n0468_p0496a07║處氣;堅、濕、熱、輕、動一切悉有,此謂名色氣;眼
T14n0468_p0496a08║色、耳聲、鼻香、舌味、身觸、意法,此謂六入氣;冷
T14n0468_p0496a09║熱、堅濕、飢渴、暖滑,此謂觸氣;苦、樂、不苦不樂
T14n0468_p0496a10║受,此謂受氣;姓名、國土、欲界、色界、無色界,苦
T14n0468_p0496a11║惱、飢渴等,於彼不知足,此謂愛氣;欲取、見取、
T14n0468_p0496a12║戒取,此謂取氣;欲有、色有、無色有,此謂有氣;
T14n0468_p0496a13║於後苦地必當生,此謂生氣;諸根衰壞,此謂
T14n0468_p0496a14║老氣;種種疾患,此謂病氣;涅槃想、死想,此謂
T14n0468_p0496a15║死氣;身體枯燥,此謂憂氣;號叫、啼泣,此謂
T14n0468_p0496a16║悲氣;體煩熱故,此謂苦氣;過苦故,此謂惱氣;
T14n0468_p0496a17║身心困弊,此謂疲極氣;有怖畏、無所歸,此謂
T14n0468_p0496a18║依氣。文殊師利!此謂二十四氣。文殊師利!諸
T14n0468_p0496a19║佛世尊無歸依,氣是歸依處。何以故?唯有如
T14n0468_p0496a20║來為眾生所依,一切眾生非歸依處。世尊非
T14n0468_p0496a21║有相,無思量、無積因,聲聞聞法,佛不聞法。何
T14n0468_p0496a22║以故?無所不知故。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0496a23║「阿羅漢有氣,  以有過患故;
T14n0468_p0496a24║ 唯佛獨能度,  為眾生歸依。」

T14n0468_p0496a25║  來去品第八
T14n0468_p0496a26║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!來者何義?去者
T14n0468_p0496a27║何義?」 佛告文殊師利:「來者向義,去者背義;若
T14n0468_p0496a28║無向背,不來不去,是聖行處。來者癡義,去者
T14n0468_p0496a29║不癡義;非癡非不癡,是聖行處。來者有為,去
T14n0468_p0496b01║者無為;無有為、無無為,是聖行處。來者識義,
T14n0468_p0496b02║去者非識義;非識非非識,是聖行處。來者名
T14n0468_p0496b03║色義,去者非名色義;非名色非不名色,是聖
T14n0468_p0496b04║行處。來者六入義,去者非六入義;非入非
T14n0468_p0496b05║非入,是聖行處。乃至憂悲疲極亦如是。
T14n0468_p0496b06║「文殊師利!來者我義,去者無我義;非我、非無
T14n0468_p0496b07║我,無來無去,是聖行處。來者常義,去者非常
T14n0468_p0496b08║義;非常非不常,是聖行處。來者斷義,去者非
T14n0468_p0496b09║斷義;非斷非不斷,是聖行處。來者有義,去者
T14n0468_p0496b10║無義;非有非無,是聖行處。文殊師利!來去義
T14n0468_p0496b11║如是。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0496b12║「來去義無相,  諸法亦如是,
T14n0468_p0496b13║ 非知非可說,  是名來去義。」

T14n0468_p0496b14║  中道品第九
T14n0468_p0496b15║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!佛說無二法故,
T14n0468_p0496b16║一切聲聞、緣覺、菩薩,並無疑惑,悉知中道,乃
T14n0468_p0496b17║至凡夫,亦能生信。」 佛告文殊師利:「明、無明無
T14n0468_p0496b18║二,以無二故成無三智。文殊師利!此謂中道
T14n0468_p0496b19║具足。真實觀諸法,行無行無二,以無二故,成
T14n0468_p0496b20║無三智。文殊師利!此謂中道具足。真實觀諸
T14n0468_p0496b21║法,識、非識乃至老死、非老死,無二亦如是。文
T14n0468_p0496b22║殊師利!若無明有者,是一邊,若無明無者,是
T14n0468_p0496b23║一邊,此二邊中間,無有色、不可見、無有處、無
T14n0468_p0496b24║相、無相待、無標相。文殊師利!此謂中道。行、識,
T14n0468_p0496b25║乃至老死亦如是。文殊師利!此中道具足,
T14n0468_p0496b26║真實觀諸法,諸法無二,無二有何義?謂末陀
T14n0468_p0496b27║(末者莫義,陀摩者中義,莫著中此謂末陀摩)。何以故?不取常見、有見
T14n0468_p0496b28║故,是故名末陀摩。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0496b29║「諸法無有二,  亦復無有三,
T14n0468_p0496c01║ 此中道具足,  名為真實道。」

T14n0468_p0496c02║  世間戒品第十
T14n0468_p0496c03║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!菩薩有幾種色
T14n0468_p0496c04║衣?云何歸依?願為廣說,為饒益諸菩薩故。」 佛
T14n0468_p0496c05║告文殊師利:「不大赤色、不大黃、不大黑、不大
T14n0468_p0496c06║白,清淨如法色,三法服及以餘衣,皆如是色。
T14n0468_p0496c07║若自染、若令他染,如法擣成,隨時浣濯,常使
T14n0468_p0496c08║淨潔。如是臥具,得用青、黃、雜色。文殊師利菩
T14n0468_p0496c09║薩!衣色如是,菩薩內心寂靜,如法被著,與大
T14n0468_p0496c10║乘相應,著涅槃僧,離踝二指。若諸菩薩欲與
T14n0468_p0496c11║國王、大臣共語,隨彼一問,此亦一答,勿令差
T14n0468_p0496c12║異,當如實說。若彼多問,此亦多答。如是餘婆
T14n0468_p0496c13║羅門、剎利、毘舍首陀、沙門、闍梨和上,及父母、
T14n0468_p0496c14║妻子、僕使,及餘卑族貧窮、乞人,隨其尊卑
T14n0468_p0496c15║各隨問答,或餘天、龍、夜叉、羅剎、毘舍闍、阿
T14n0468_p0496c16║修羅、迦樓羅、緊那羅、摩睺羅伽、若人、若鬼,
T14n0468_p0496c17║佛及緣覺、聲聞、菩薩、凡夫,隨有所問當如法
T14n0468_p0496c18║答。不為利養、不為自身,不邪命、不戲笑,如
T14n0468_p0496c19║是應念。」 爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!云何歸
T14n0468_p0496c20║依?」 佛告文殊師利:「歸依者應如是言:『大德!
T14n0468_p0496c21║我某甲,乃至菩提歸依佛,乃至菩提歸依法,
T14n0468_p0496c22║乃至菩提歸依僧。』第二、第三亦如是說。復言:
T14n0468_p0496c23║『我某甲,已歸依佛、已歸依法、已歸依僧竟。』如
T14n0468_p0496c24║是三說。次言:『大德!我持菩薩戒,我某甲,乃至
T14n0468_p0496c25║菩提,不殺眾生,離殺生想;乃至菩提,不
T14n0468_p0496c26║盜,亦離盜想;乃至菩提,不非梵行,離非梵行
T14n0468_p0496c27║想;乃至菩提,不妄語,離妄語想;乃至菩提,
T14n0468_p0496c28║不飲諸酒,離飲酒想;乃至菩提,不著香花,
T14n0468_p0496c29║亦不生想;乃至菩提,不歌舞作樂,離歌舞
T14n0468_p0497a01║想;乃至菩提,不坐臥高廣大床,離大床想;乃
T14n0468_p0497a02║至菩提,不過中食,離過中食想;乃至菩提,不
T14n0468_p0497a03║捉金銀生像,離捉金銀想;乃至當具六波羅
T14n0468_p0497a04║蜜,大慈大悲。』」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0497a05║「發誓至菩提,  歸依於三寶,
T14n0468_p0497a06║ 受持十種戒,  亦誓至菩提;
T14n0468_p0497a07║ 六度及四等,  皆當令具足,
T14n0468_p0497a08║ 如是修行者,  與大乘相應。」

T14n0468_p0497a09║  出世間戒品第十一
T14n0468_p0497a10║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!菩薩出世間戒
T14n0468_p0497a11║有幾種?」 佛告文殊師利:「若以心分別男女、非
T14n0468_p0497a12║男非女等,是菩薩犯波羅夷;若以心分別
T14n0468_p0497a13║畜生、餓鬼、男女、非男非女,諸天神男女、非男
T14n0468_p0497a14║非女,是菩薩犯波羅夷;若以身口行,不堪
T14n0468_p0497a15║得三乘。 「若受出世間菩薩戒而不起慈悲心,
T14n0468_p0497a16║是菩薩犯波羅夷;若以身口行,不堪得三乘。
T14n0468_p0497a17║「若他物——若小若大、若長若短、若有色若有形、
T14n0468_p0497a18║若住若動——若覆藏、若移處,若有封印、若盛貯,
T14n0468_p0497a19║若以心起盜想,犯波羅夷;若以身口行,不堪
T14n0468_p0497a20║得三乘。 「若起妄語心,犯波羅夷;若以身口行,
T14n0468_p0497a21║不堪得三乘。 「若樹葉、若皮、若汁,若以心欲取,
T14n0468_p0497a22║犯菩薩僧伽婆尸沙;若以身口取,不堪得三
T14n0468_p0497a23║乘。 「若起歌舞、作樂、華香、瓔珞想,是犯菩薩僧
T14n0468_p0497a24║伽婆尸沙;若以身口行,不堪得三乘。 「若起
T14n0468_p0497a25║廣大床想,是犯菩薩僧伽婆尸沙;若以身
T14n0468_p0497a26║口行,不堪得三乘。 「若起過中食想,是犯菩
T14n0468_p0497a27║薩僧伽婆尸沙;若以身口行,不堪得三乘。 「若
T14n0468_p0497a28║起捉金銀珍寶想,是菩薩僧伽婆尸沙;若以
T14n0468_p0497a29║身口行,不堪得三乘。若剃身毛、若剪爪,如
T14n0468_p0497b01║初月形,若起此想,是菩薩偷蘭遮;若以身口
T14n0468_p0497b02║行,不堪得三乘。若起斬斫草木想,犯偷蘭遮;
T14n0468_p0497b03║若以身口行,不堪得三乘。 「若起毀他名譽,若
T14n0468_p0497b04║色、若姓、若財物、若技術、若車乘、若身力等想,
T14n0468_p0497b05║是犯偷蘭遮;若以身口行,不堪得三乘。
T14n0468_p0497b06║「佛法僧物——若花香、塗香,若衣服、若珍寶——若菩
T14n0468_p0497b07║薩以脚踐蹹,犯波夜提。若佛塔、若佛所行處,
T14n0468_p0497b08║及菩提樹轉法輪處,若以脚踐蹹,犯波夜提;
T14n0468_p0497b09║若不信者,不堪得三乘。
T14n0468_p0497b10║「若吐舌、動眼,毀諸威儀,起此想者犯突吉羅;
T14n0468_p0497b11║若以身口行,不堪得三乘。
T14n0468_p0497b12║「若見他物、他樂種種服翫,詐現求利及說人
T14n0468_p0497b13║罪過,若起此想犯波羅提舍;若以身口行,不
T14n0468_p0497b14║堪得三乘。
T14n0468_p0497b15║「若未犯前罪逆,守護令不生,是菩薩僧炎伽
T14n0468_p0497b16║陀尼(僧炎是逆守義,加陀尼是令不生義)。眼耳鼻舌身意,令無
T14n0468_p0497b17║異,是菩薩應當學,此謂具出世間菩薩戒。」
T14n0468_p0497b18║  上出世間戒品第十二
T14n0468_p0497b19║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!云何上出世間
T14n0468_p0497b20║戒,無漏不可思議,無處無所著?」 「文殊師利!
T14n0468_p0497b21║戒者於彼眾生,無我、非無我,無事、無因、無教
T14n0468_p0497b22║化人,無行、無不行、無行處,無名、無色,無色相、
T14n0468_p0497b23║無無色相,無寂、無不寂,無可取、無不可取,無
T14n0468_p0497b24║真實、無不真實,無身、無言、無說、無心,無世間、
T14n0468_p0497b25║無非世間,非世法、非不世法,不自歎戒、不毀
T14n0468_p0497b26║他戒,不求他過,不以持戒輕慢他人,不覺戒、
T14n0468_p0497b27║不思惟戒,無所思惟、無所覺故。文殊師利!此
T14n0468_p0497b28║謂上出世間聖戒,無漏、無生、無所著,出三界
T14n0468_p0497b29║離一切依。」 佛說此祇夜:
T14n0468_p0497c01║「有出世戒人,  無垢無所有。
T14n0468_p0497c02║ 憍慢及所依,  無明與繫縛,
T14n0468_p0497c03║ 如是諸過患,  一切皆無有。
T14n0468_p0497c04║ 無內寂外寂,  亦無內外寂;
T14n0468_p0497c05║ 內外覺亦無,  知者得解脫。

T14n0468_p0497c06║「文殊師利!是有戒人於佛法,不自觀身不著
T14n0468_p0497c07║壽命,不著一切生得正行,是正住。文殊師利!
T14n0468_p0497c08║是謂有戒於佛法,不著世間、不依世間得光
T14n0468_p0497c09║明,無明闇、無所有,無自想、無他想、不著想,清
T14n0468_p0497c10║淨戒不此岸、不彼岸、不中流,無所著、無所縛,
T14n0468_p0497c11║無罪過、無漏。文殊師利!此有戒人於佛法及
T14n0468_p0497c12║名色,心不執著,常平等饒益,常寂靜,心無我、
T14n0468_p0497c13║無我所。是人如所說戒,住無所學,無解脫、無
T14n0468_p0497c14║所作,是得上道,是清淨戒相。無勝戒、無定戒、
T14n0468_p0497c15║無智慧戒,是聖人性不可得,是佛所歎戒,是
T14n0468_p0497c16║空無與我等戒,能安聖定。若清淨定,成修行
T14n0468_p0497c17║慧;以慧得智,以智得解脫。」
T14n0468_p0497c18║  菩薩受戒品第十三
T14n0468_p0497c19║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!若善男子、善女
T14n0468_p0497c20║人受菩薩所受戒法,當云何?」 佛告文殊師利:
T14n0468_p0497c21║「應於佛前至誠禮拜,作如是言:『我某甲,願
T14n0468_p0497c22║諸佛憶念我,如諸佛、世尊、正知以佛智慧無
T14n0468_p0497c23║所著,我當發菩薩心,為利益一切眾生令
T14n0468_p0497c24║得安樂,發無上道心,如過去未來現在諸菩
T14n0468_p0497c25║薩,發無上菩提心,於一切眾生,如父母、兄弟、
T14n0468_p0497c26║姊妹、男女、親友等,為彼解脫得出生死,乃至
T14n0468_p0497c27║令發三菩提心,勤起精進,隨諸眾生所須財
T14n0468_p0497c28║法一切施與。以此財法,攝受一切眾生,漸漸
T14n0468_p0497c29║隨宜。為解脫眾生出生死故,乃至令安住無
T14n0468_p0498a01║上菩提,我當起精進,我當不放逸。』如是再三,
T14n0468_p0498a02║是名菩薩摩訶薩初發菩提心。文殊師利!此
T14n0468_p0498a03║諸菩薩所受所行,為化菩薩,不為聲聞、緣覺,
T14n0468_p0498a04║不為凡夫諸不善者。」
T14n0468_p0498a05║  字母品第十四
T14n0468_p0498a06║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!一切諸字母,云
T14n0468_p0498a07║何說一切諸法入於此及陀羅尼字?」 佛告
T14n0468_p0498a08║文殊師利:「一切諸法,入於字母及陀羅尼字。
T14n0468_p0498a09║文殊師利!如說阿字,是出無常聲;說長阿字,
T14n0468_p0498a10║是出離我聲;說伊字,出諸根聲;說長伊字,出
T14n0468_p0498a11║疾疫聲;說憂字,出荒亂聲;說長憂字,出下眾
T14n0468_p0498a12║生聲;說釐字,出直軟相續聲;說長釐字,出斷
T14n0468_p0498a13║染遊戲聲;說梨字,出相生法聲;說長梨字,出
T14n0468_p0498a14║三有染相聲;說[醫-酉+土]字,出所起過患聲;說翳
T14n0468_p0498a15║字,出聖道勝聲;說烏字,出取聲;說燠字,出化
T14n0468_p0498a16║生等聲;說菴字,出無我所聲;說阿字,出沒滅
T14n0468_p0498a17║盡聲;說迦字,出度業果報聲;說佉字,出虛
T14n0468_p0498a18║空等一切諸法聲;說伽字,出深法聲;說恒
T14n0468_p0498a19║字,出除堅重、無明、癡、闇、冥聲;說誐字,出預知
T14n0468_p0498a20║行聲;說遮字,出四聖諦聲;說車字,出斷欲
T14n0468_p0498a21║染聲;說闍字,出度老死聲;說禪字,出攝伏惡
T14n0468_p0498a22║語言聲;說若字,出說安住聲;說多字,出斷結
T14n0468_p0498a23║聲;說他字,出置答聲;說陀字,出攝伏魔賊
T14n0468_p0498a24║聲;說檀字,出滅諸境界聲;說那字,出除諸煩
T14n0468_p0498a25║惱聲;說輕多字,出如是無異不破聲;說輕他
T14n0468_p0498a26║字,出勇猛力、速無畏聲;說輕陀字,出施寂靜,
T14n0468_p0498a27║守護安隱聲;說輕檀字,出聖七財聲;說輕那
T14n0468_p0498a28║字,出分別名色聲;說波字,出第一義聲;說頗
T14n0468_p0498a29║字,出作證得果聲;說婆字,出解脫縛聲;說梵
T14n0468_p0498b01║字,出生三有聲;說磨字,出斷憍慢聲;說耶字,
T14n0468_p0498b02║出如法分別聲;說囉字,出樂、不樂第一義聲;
T14n0468_p0498b03║說邏字,出斷愛聲;說婆字,出勝乘聲;說捨字,
T14n0468_p0498b04║出信精進念、定意慧聲;說屣字,出攝伏六入、
T14n0468_p0498b05║不得不知六通聲;說娑字,出覺一切智聲;說
T14n0468_p0498b06║訶字,出正殺煩惱聲;說攞字,出最後字,過此
T14n0468_p0498b07║諸法不可說聲。文殊師利,此謂字母義,一
T14n0468_p0498b08║切諸字入於此中。」
T14n0468_p0498b09║佛告文殊師利:「我當說八字。云何八字?跛
T14n0468_p0498b10║字,第一義,一切諸法無我悉入此中。羅字,以
T14n0468_p0498b11║此相好、無相好,入如來法身義。婆字,愚人法、
T14n0468_p0498b12║慧人法如法度,無愚、無慧義。闍字,度生老病
T14n0468_p0498b13║死,令入不生、不老、不病、不死義。伽字,度業
T14n0468_p0498b14║果報,令人無業果報義。他字,總持諸法,眾
T14n0468_p0498b15║語言空無相、無作,令入法界義。捨字,奢摩
T14n0468_p0498b16║他、毘婆舍那,令如實觀諸法義。沙字,一切
T14n0468_p0498b17║諸法念念生滅,亦無滅不滅,本來寂靜,一切
T14n0468_p0498b18║諸法悉入涅槃。文殊師利!此謂八字。是可
T14n0468_p0498b19║受持,入一切諸法。」
T14n0468_p0498b20║爾時文殊師利白佛言:「世尊!云何說無常聲?」
T14n0468_p0498b21║佛告文殊師利:「無常聲者,一切有為法無常。
T14n0468_p0498b22║如眼入無常,耳鼻舌身意入亦無常;色入無
T14n0468_p0498b23║常,聲香味觸法入亦無常。如眼界、色界、眼識
T14n0468_p0498b24║界,乃至意界、法界、意識界亦無常;色陰無常,
T14n0468_p0498b25║乃至識陰亦如是,此謂無常聲。
T14n0468_p0498b26║「無我聲者,一切諸法無我。有說我、人、作者、使
T14n0468_p0498b27║作者等,或斷、或常,此謂我想、我覺,是外道
T14n0468_p0498b28║語言。若過去已滅,若未來未至,若現在不停,
T14n0468_p0498b29║十二入、十八界、五陰,悉無有我,是長阿義。
T14n0468_p0498c01║「諸根聲者,謂大聲。如眼根名大聲,耳根乃
T14n0468_p0498c02║至意根名大聲,此謂伊字,是名大聲。
T14n0468_p0498c03║「多疾疫聲者,眼多疾疫,乃至意亦如是。眾生
T14n0468_p0498c04║身心種種病苦,此謂多疾疫聲。
T14n0468_p0498c05║「荒亂聲者,國土不安、人民相逼,賊抄競起、米
T14n0468_p0498c06║穀不登,此謂荒亂聲。
T14n0468_p0498c07║「下眾生聲者,下劣眾生貧窮、困苦、無善根,諸
T14n0468_p0498c08║禽獸、蟲蚋等,此謂下眾生聲。
T14n0468_p0498c09║「直軟相續聲者,直者不諂,不諂者不曲,不曲
T14n0468_p0498c10║者真實,真實者如說行。如說行者,如佛語行,
T14n0468_p0498c11║此謂為直。軟者有六種,眼軟乃至意軟,此
T14n0468_p0498c12║謂為軟。相續者不離一切諸善法。是謂直軟
T14n0468_p0498c13║相續聲。 「斷染遊戲聲者,斷欲界染三十六
T14n0468_p0498c14║使,思惟所斷四使。斷者除滅義,遊戲者五
T14n0468_p0498c15║欲眾具。眾生於此遊戲如是應斷,此謂斷染
T14n0468_p0498c16║遊戲聲。
T14n0468_p0498c17║「出相生法聲者,一切諸法無我為相,念念生
T14n0468_p0498c18║滅、寂靜相。無我為相者,色陰無常乃至識亦
T14n0468_p0498c19║如是,此謂無我為相。念念生滅者,一切諸
T14n0468_p0498c20║行念念生,生者必滅,此謂一切諸法念念
T14n0468_p0498c21║生滅。寂靜者,空無處所,無色、無體與虛空
T14n0468_p0498c22║等,此謂寂靜相者。過去、未來、現在無常,此謂
T14n0468_p0498c23║相生法聲。
T14n0468_p0498c24║「出三有染相聲者,相者五欲眾具欲界相,色
T14n0468_p0498c25║染色界相,無色染無色界相,此謂相。三有者,
T14n0468_p0498c26║欲有、色有、無色有。云何欲有?地獄乃至他化
T14n0468_p0498c27║自在天。云何色有?梵身乃至色究竟。云何無
T14n0468_p0498c28║色有?空處乃至非想非非想處。染著三界
T14n0468_p0498c29║九十八使,此謂出三有染相聲。
T14n0468_p0499a01║「所起過患聲者,三求:欲求、有求、梵行求。欲求
T14n0468_p0499a02║者,求色聲香味觸。云何色求?色有二種,一謂
T14n0468_p0499a03║色,二謂形色。色有十二種,謂青、黃、赤、白、煙、雲、
T14n0468_p0499a04║塵、霧、光、影、明、闇。形色有八種,謂長、短、方、圓、高
T14n0468_p0499a05║下、平、不平,此謂欲色。云何欲聲?聲有七種,謂
T14n0468_p0499a06║螺聲、鼓聲、小鼓聲、大鼓聲、歌聲、男聲、女聲,此
T14n0468_p0499a07║謂欲聲。云何欲香?香有七種,根香、心香、皮香、
T14n0468_p0499a08║糖香、葉香、花香、果香,或男香、女香,此謂欲香。
T14n0468_p0499a09║云何欲味?味有七種,甜味、酢味、醎味、苦味、
T14n0468_p0499a10║澁味、淡味、辛味,或男味或女味,此謂欲味。
T14n0468_p0499a11║云何欲觸?觸有八種,冷、熱、輕、重、澁、滑、飢、渴,或
T14n0468_p0499a12║男觸或女觸,此謂欲觸,此謂欲求。云何有
T14n0468_p0499a13║求?欲有色有、無色有,此謂有求。云何梵行求?
T14n0468_p0499a14║出家苦行,欲求天堂、欲求涅槃,此謂梵行求。
T14n0468_p0499a15║求者何義?謂樂著義。
T14n0468_p0499a16║「云何所起過患聲?眾生諸有,悉名過患,除天
T14n0468_p0499a17║堂及涅槃,餘處求一切有過患,此謂所起過
T14n0468_p0499a18║患聲。
T14n0468_p0499a19║「聖道勝聲者,謂八正道。正見乃至正定,無
T14n0468_p0499a20║過患、無所著,故謂聖道。此謂聖道勝聲。
T14n0468_p0499a21║「取聲者,執捉諸法,此謂取聲。
T14n0468_p0499a22║「化生聲者,四陰受想行識,此謂化生。復說胎
T14n0468_p0499a23║生、卵生、濕生、化生。胎生四種,東弗于逮,南閻
T14n0468_p0499a24║浮提,西拘耶尼,北欝單越。卵生一切眾鳥。濕
T14n0468_p0499a25║生蚊、虻、虱等。化生諸天也,此謂化生聲。
T14n0468_p0499a26║「無我所聲者,一切諸法非是我所,無我起故。
T14n0468_p0499a27║無我所者,無我所慢,此謂無我所聲。
T14n0468_p0499a28║「沒滅盡聲者,無明滅故行滅,乃至生滅故憂
T14n0468_p0499a29║悲苦惱滅;沒盡者,泥洹寂靜不復更生,此謂
T14n0468_p0499b01║沒滅盡聲。
T14n0468_p0499b02║「度業果報聲者,業者三業,謂身三、口四及意
T14n0468_p0499b03║三。業果報者三業清淨,此謂度業果報聲。 「虛
T14n0468_p0499b04║空等諸法聲者,諸法與虛空等。云何與虛空
T14n0468_p0499b05║等?一切法唯有名、唯有想,無有相、無分別,無
T14n0468_p0499b06║、不動、不搖,不可思議、不起不滅,無所作隨
T14n0468_p0499b07║無相,無所造無相貌,無形色、無行處,等虛空
T14n0468_p0499b08║住平等。不老、不死,無憂悲苦惱。色者虛空等,
T14n0468_p0499b09║受想行識亦如是。過去已沒,未來未至,現在
T14n0468_p0499b10║不停,此謂虛空等諸法聲。
T14n0468_p0499b11║「深法聲者,無明緣行,乃至生緣老、死、憂、悲、苦、
T14n0468_p0499b12║惱。無明滅則行滅,乃至生滅憂悲苦惱滅。
T14n0468_p0499b13║彼理真實,是名為深。深者,是十二因緣一
T14n0468_p0499b14║切語言道斷,無邊、無處、無時節,斷丈夫、斷世
T14n0468_p0499b15║性,入平等、破自他執,此謂深法聲。
T14n0468_p0499b16║「除堅、重、無明、癡、闇、冥聲者。堅者,身見等五見;
T14n0468_p0499b17║重者五陰;無明者,不知前、後際,及有罪、無罪,
T14n0468_p0499b18║不識佛、法、僧,不知施戒天,不知陰界入,此
T14n0468_p0499b19║謂無明。癡者,忘失覺念,此謂癡。闇者,入胎
T14n0468_p0499b20║苦惱一切不淨,而生樂受迷惑去來,此謂
T14n0468_p0499b21║闇。冥者,於三世無知,無方便、不明了,此
T14n0468_p0499b22║謂冥。除者,真實諦開示光明,除自果、除
T14n0468_p0499b23║煩惱,除非煩惱、除餘習,入平等不可思議
T14n0468_p0499b24║為主,此謂除義。此謂除堅、重、無明、癡、闇、冥
T14n0468_p0499b25║聲。
T14n0468_p0499b26║「豫知行聲者,八種豫知行,謂正見乃至正定,
T14n0468_p0499b27║此謂菩薩豫知行。除斷五見謂正見;不思惟
T14n0468_p0499b28║貪瞋癡謂正思惟;身意業清淨此謂正業;口
T14n0468_p0499b29║業清淨此謂正語;欺誑、諂諛、詐現少欲、以利
T14n0468_p0499c01║求利,五種販賣:酤酒、賣肉、賣毒藥、賣刀劍、賣
T14n0468_p0499c02║女色,除此惡業此謂正命;善身行、善意行
T14n0468_p0499c03║謂正精進;念四念處此謂正念;以定心無染
T14n0468_p0499c04║著,寂靜相滅相空相,此謂正定;此謂預知
T14n0468_p0499c05║行聲。 「四聖諦聲者,謂苦、集、滅、道諦。云何苦諦?
T14n0468_p0499c06║能斷十使。云何集諦?能斷七使。云何滅諦?
T14n0468_p0499c07║能斷七使。云何道諦?能斷八使四思惟斷,乃
T14n0468_p0499c08║至斷色無色結。此謂四聖諦聲。
T14n0468_p0499c09║「斷欲染聲者,欲者染樂不厭,欲莊嚴、著姿態,
T14n0468_p0499c10║思惟欲,思惟觸,待習近。染者繫縛,樂者樂彼
T14n0468_p0499c11║六塵,不厭者專心著緣無有異想,欲者歡喜,
T14n0468_p0499c12║莊嚴者為染意,著者遊戲,姿態者作種種容
T14n0468_p0499c13║儀,思惟欲者著五欲,思惟觸者欲相習近。待
T14n0468_p0499c14║者以香花相引,習近者欲染心遂。斷者悉
T14n0468_p0499c15║除前不善法,此謂斷欲染聲。
T14n0468_p0499c16║「度老死聲者,老者,身體消減,柱杖羸步,諸
T14n0468_p0499c17║根衰耗,此謂老;死者,諸根敗壞。何故名死?更
T14n0468_p0499c18║覓受生處,彼行業熟,此謂為死。云何老死
T14n0468_p0499c19║差別?諸根熟名老,諸根壞名死,先老後死此
T14n0468_p0499c20║謂老死。度此老、死,此謂為度。度有何義?過
T14n0468_p0499c21║度義,到彼岸、自在、不更生義,此謂度老死聲。
T14n0468_p0499c22║「攝伏惡語言聲者,攝伏者,攝伏語言、攝伏身
T14n0468_p0499c23║體。云何攝伏語言?以同類語破異類語,以
T14n0468_p0499c24║異類語破同類語;以真實語伏不真實語,以
T14n0468_p0499c25║不真實語伏真實語;以非語言伏語言,以語
T14n0468_p0499c26║言伏非語言;以第一義伏非第一義,以非
T14n0468_p0499c27║第一義伏第一義:以決定語伏不決定語,以
T14n0468_p0499c28║不決定語伏決定語;以一伏多,以多伏一;以
T14n0468_p0499c29║無犯伏有犯,以有犯伏無犯;以現證伏不
T14n0468_p0500a01║現證,以不現證伏現證;以失伏不失,以不失
T14n0468_p0500a02║伏失;以種類不得伏種類,以非種類不得伏
T14n0468_p0500a03║非種類。惡者,說不實、不諦、不分別。伏者,斷
T14n0468_p0500a04║義、遮義、陰義,此謂攝伏惡語言聲。
T14n0468_p0500a05║「說安住聲者,說令分明開示分別說,不覆障
T14n0468_p0500a06║道隨法說,此謂說;安住者置在一處,說泥洹、
T14n0468_p0500a07║說出世間,述成所說,無相語言、無貌語言、無
T14n0468_p0500a08║異語言、無作語言、覺語言、空語言、寂靜語
T14n0468_p0500a09║言,此謂說安住聲。
T14n0468_p0500a10║「說斷結聲者,無明滅乃至老死滅,滅一切陰。
T14n0468_p0500a11║滅者,失、沒、斷、無有生,此謂滅。斷者,斷一切諸
T14n0468_p0500a12║使、斷煩惱根無有遺餘,此謂斷結聲。
T14n0468_p0500a13║「置答聲者,隨問答、分別答、反問答、置答。云何
T14n0468_p0500a14║隨問答?如問即答。云何分別答?隨彼所問,廣
T14n0468_p0500a15║為分別。云何反問答?若人有問,反問令答。云
T14n0468_p0500a16║何置答?如問我斷、我常,置而不答,以分別
T14n0468_p0500a17║問問,隨問答;以反質問問,分別答;以置答問
T14n0468_p0500a18║問,反質答;以隨問答問問,置答;此謂置答聲。
T14n0468_p0500a19║「攝伏魔賊聲者,魔者四魔,色、受、想、行、識,此謂
T14n0468_p0500a20║陰魔賊。從此有、度彼有、息一切事,此謂死魔
T14n0468_p0500a21║賊。無明、愛、取,此謂煩惱魔賊。五欲眾具為
T14n0468_p0500a22║天魔體,此謂天魔賊。此謂攝伏魔賊聲。 「滅
T14n0468_p0500a23║諸境界聲者,滅色乃至滅觸。境界者,色、聲、香、
T14n0468_p0500a24║味、觸,此謂滅諸境界聲。
T14n0468_p0500a25║「除諸煩惱聲者,斷滅煩惱。除煩惱者,染欲大
T14n0468_p0500a26║毒,不淨觀為藥;瞋恚大毒,慈悲為藥;無明
T14n0468_p0500a27║大毒,十二因緣觀為其藥,此謂除諸煩惱聲。
T14n0468_p0500a28║「無異不破聲者,無異者,無破、無異、第一義、
T14n0468_p0500a29║實、諦、空、無相、無形、平等,不動、不可思議,此
T14n0468_p0500b01║謂無異。不破者,無異形、平等、無相、不動、不破、
T14n0468_p0500b02║不斷,純一、無過患、無心、無前後,此謂無異
T14n0468_p0500b03║不破聲。 「勇猛力速無畏聲者,勇猛者精進,
T14n0468_p0500b04║力者十力,速者駃也,無畏者一切處不怖
T14n0468_p0500b05║畏,此謂勇猛力速無畏聲。
T14n0468_p0500b06║「施寂靜、守護安隱聲者。施者二種:內施、外施。
T14n0468_p0500b07║云何內施?說真四諦。云何外施?施肌肉、
T14n0468_p0500b08║皮血、國城、妻子、男女、財物、穀米等。寂靜三種,
T14n0468_p0500b09║謂身、口、意。云何身寂靜?不作三過;口寂靜
T14n0468_p0500b10║者,無口四過;意寂靜者,不貪、不瞋、不癡。守護
T14n0468_p0500b11║者,守護六根。安隱者,同止、和合、不覓彼過,知
T14n0468_p0500b12║足、少欲、不求長短。不覓他過者,不相覓過,不
T14n0468_p0500b13║以此語彼,此謂施寂靜守護安隱聲。
T14n0468_p0500b14║「七聖財聲者,一信、二慚、三愧、四施、五戒、六聞、
T14n0468_p0500b15║七慧,此謂七聖財聲。
T14n0468_p0500b16║「分別名色聲者,名者四陰,色者四大。分別者,
T14n0468_p0500b17║分別名、色,此謂分別名色聲。
T14n0468_p0500b18║「第一義聲者,分別五陰,此謂第一義聲。
T14n0468_p0500b19║「作證得果聲者,果者四果,須陀洹乃至羅漢
T14n0468_p0500b20║及緣覺果,得者入義也,證者現證也,作
T14n0468_p0500b21║者造作也,此謂作證得果聲。
T14n0468_p0500b22║「解脫縛聲者,縛者三縛:貪、瞋、癡縛。解脫者離
T14n0468_p0500b23║此三縛,此謂解脫縛聲。
T14n0468_p0500b24║「生三有聲者,所謂生有、現有、後有,此謂出生
T14n0468_p0500b25║三有聲。
T14n0468_p0500b26║「斷憍慢聲者,憍者,色憍、盛壯憍、富憍、自在憍、
T14n0468_p0500b27║姓憍、行善憍、壽命憍、聰明憍,此謂八憍。慢者,
T14n0468_p0500b28║慢慢、大慢、增上慢、我慢、不如慢、勝慢、邪慢,此
T14n0468_p0500b29║謂七慢。斷者,斷憍慢,此謂斷憍慢聲。
T14n0468_p0500c01║「通達諸法聲者,通達者,如境而知。諸法者,善
T14n0468_p0500c02║不善法。五欲眾具謂不善法,除斷五欲此謂
T14n0468_p0500c03║善法,此謂通達諸法聲。
T14n0468_p0500c04║「如法分別聲者,如者等義,法者,善法、不善法。
T14n0468_p0500c05║不善法者,不斷五欲眾具;善法者,斷五欲眾
T14n0468_p0500c06║具。斷者,破滅義,此謂如法分別聲。
T14n0468_p0500c07║「樂不樂第一義聲者,樂者,五欲境界;不樂者,
T14n0468_p0500c08║不著五欲;第一義者,空無相;此謂樂不樂
T14n0468_p0500c09║第一義聲。
T14n0468_p0500c10║「斷愛聲者,愛者,色愛乃至觸愛;斷者,滅除;此
T14n0468_p0500c11║謂斷愛聲。
T14n0468_p0500c12║「勝乘聲者,所謂三乘:佛乘、緣覺乘、聲聞乘;般
T14n0468_p0500c13║若波羅蜜十地,此謂佛乘。調伏自身、寂靜自
T14n0468_p0500c14║身,令自身入涅槃,此謂緣覺乘。軟根眾生、怖
T14n0468_p0500c15║畏眾生,欲出生死,此謂聲聞乘。此謂勝乘聲。
T14n0468_p0500c16║「信、精進、念、定意、慧聲者,隨逐不異思惟觀,此
T14n0468_p0500c17║謂信;勇猛勤策、行事持事,此謂精進;專攝一
T14n0468_p0500c18║心此謂念;諸事不動此謂定意;般若純一平
T14n0468_p0500c19║等此謂慧;此謂信精進念定意慧聲。 「攝伏
T14n0468_p0500c20║六入,不得不知六通聲者,六入者,眼入乃至
T14n0468_p0500c21║意入;攝伏者,攝伏色乃至攝伏法;六通者,天
T14n0468_p0500c22║眼、天耳,他心智、宿命智,身通、漏盡通。不知者
T14n0468_p0500c23║無明,不得不知者,除彼無明。此謂攝伏六入,
T14n0468_p0500c24║不得不知六通聲。
T14n0468_p0500c25║「覺一切智聲者,一切智者,一切世法皆悉知。
T14n0468_p0500c26║世者,念念生滅。復次世者,諸陰界入。復次
T14n0468_p0500c27║世者二種:一眾生世、二者行世。眾生世者,一
T14n0468_p0500c28║切諸眾生:行世者,眾生住處,一切世界可知、
T14n0468_p0500c29║悉知。智者二種:聲聞智、一切智,此謂智覺者。
T14n0468_p0501a01║覺自身、覺他身,此謂覺一切智聲。
T14n0468_p0501a02║「正殺煩惱聲者,殺者,除斷義;煩惱者,九十八
T14n0468_p0501a03║使。欲界苦所斷十使,習滅七使,道諦八使,
T14n0468_p0501a04║思惟四使;色界苦所斷九使,習滅六使,道
T14n0468_p0501a05║七使,思惟三使;無色亦如是。正者,分明除
T14n0468_p0501a06║斷無餘垢。此謂正殺煩惱聲。
T14n0468_p0501a07║「是最後字,過此法不可說聲者,若無有字,此
T14n0468_p0501a08║謂涅槃;若有字者,則是生死。最後者,更無
T14n0468_p0501a09║有字,唯除羅字。不可說者,不可得、不可分別,
T14n0468_p0501a10║無色故不可說。諸法者,謂陰界入三十七品。
T14n0468_p0501a11║此謂最後字過此不可說聲。」
T14n0468_p0501a12║文殊師利問經卷上
【經文資訊】大正藏第 14 冊 No. 0468 文殊師利問經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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如深廣江 不見彼岸 若無因緣 則不得渡

 
如深廣江 不見彼岸 若無因緣 則不得渡
(CBETA, T14, no.0468, p.0493a05 - 11)

 

 

 



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