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T12n0374_014 大般涅槃經 第14卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 12 冊 » No.0374 » 第 14 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T12n0374_p0445b21║
T12n0374_p0445b22║
T12n0374_p0445b23║大般涅槃經卷第十四
T12n0374_p0445b24║
T12n0374_p0445b25║
T12n0374_p0445b26║聖行品第七之四

T12n0374_p0445b27║「◎善男子!我觀諸行悉皆無常。云何知耶?
T12n0374_p0445b28║以因緣故。若有諸法從緣生者,則知無常。是
T12n0374_p0445b29║諸外道無有一法不從緣生。善男子!佛性無
T12n0374_p0445c01║生、無滅、無去、無來,非過去、非未來、非現在,非
T12n0374_p0445c02║因、所作、非無因作,非作、非作者,非相、非無相,
T12n0374_p0445c03║非有名、非無名,非名、非色、非長、非短、非陰界
T12n0374_p0445c04║入之所攝持,是故名常。善男子!佛性即是
T12n0374_p0445c05║如來,如來即是法,法即是常。善男子!常者
T12n0374_p0445c06║即是如來,如來即是僧,僧即是常。以是義故,
T12n0374_p0445c07║從因生法,不名為常。是諸外道無有一法,不
T12n0374_p0445c08║從因生。善男子!是諸外道不見佛性、如來及
T12n0374_p0445c09║法,是故外道所可言說,悉是妄語,無有真諦。
T12n0374_p0445c10║諸凡夫人,先見瓶衣、車乘舍宅、城郭河水、山
T12n0374_p0445c11║林男女、象馬牛羊,後見相似,便言是常。當知
T12n0374_p0445c12║其實,非是常也。善男子!一切有為,皆是無常;
T12n0374_p0445c13║虛空無為是故為常,佛性無為是故為常。虛
T12n0374_p0445c14║空者即是佛性,佛性者即是如來,如來者即
T12n0374_p0445c15║是無為,無為者即是常。常者即是法,法者
T12n0374_p0445c16║即是僧,僧即無為,無為者即是常。善男子!
T12n0374_p0445c17║有為之法,凡有二種:色法、非色法。非色法者,
T12n0374_p0445c18║心心數法。色法者,地、水、火、風。善男子!心名
T12n0374_p0445c19║無常。何以故?性是攀緣相,應分別故。善男
T12n0374_p0445c20║子!眼識性異,乃至意識性異,是故無常。善男
T12n0374_p0445c21║子!色境界異,乃至法境界異,是故無常。善男
T12n0374_p0445c22║子!眼識相應異,乃至意識相應異,是故無常。
T12n0374_p0445c23║善男子!心若常者,眼識應獨緣一切法。善男
T12n0374_p0445c24║子!若眼識異乃至意識異,則知無常。以法相
T12n0374_p0445c25║似,念念生滅,凡夫見已,計之為常。善男子!諸
T12n0374_p0445c26║因緣相,可破壞故,亦名無常。所謂因眼、因色、
T12n0374_p0445c27║因明、因思惟、生於眼識,耳識生時,所因各異,
T12n0374_p0445c28║非眼識因緣,乃至意識異亦如是。◎
T12n0374_p0445c29║「◎復次善男子!壞諸行因緣異故,心名無常。
T12n0374_p0446a01║所謂修無常心異,修苦、空、無我心異。心若常
T12n0374_p0446a02║者,應常修無常,尚不得觀苦、空、無我,況復得
T12n0374_p0446a03║觀常、樂、我淨?以是義故,外道法中,不能攝取
T12n0374_p0446a04║常樂我淨。善男子!當知心法必定無常。復次
T12n0374_p0446a05║善男子!心性異故,名為無常。所謂聲聞心性
T12n0374_p0446a06║異,緣覺心性異,諸佛心性異。一切外道心有
T12n0374_p0446a07║三種:一者出家心,二者在家心,三者在家遠
T12n0374_p0446a08║離心。樂相應心異,苦相應心異,不苦不樂
T12n0374_p0446a09║相應心異,貪欲相應心異,瞋恚相應心異,愚
T12n0374_p0446a10║癡相應心異。一切外道心相亦異,所謂愚癡
T12n0374_p0446a11║相應心異,疑惑相應心異,邪見相應心異,
T12n0374_p0446a12║進止威儀其心亦異。善男子!心若常者,亦復
T12n0374_p0446a13║不能分別諸色,所謂青黃赤白紫色。善男子!
T12n0374_p0446a14║心若常者,諸憶念法不應忘失。善男子!心若
T12n0374_p0446a15║常者,凡所讀誦不應增長。復次善男子!心若
T12n0374_p0446a16║常者,不應說言已作、今作、當作,若有已作、今
T12n0374_p0446a17║作、當作,當知是心必定無常。善男子!心若常
T12n0374_p0446a18║者,則無怨、親、非怨、非親。心若常者,則不應言
T12n0374_p0446a19║我物、他物,若死、若生。心若常者,雖有所作,不
T12n0374_p0446a20║應增長。善男子!以是義故,當知心性各各
T12n0374_p0446a21║別異,有別異故當知無常。 「善男子!我今於
T12n0374_p0446a22║此非色法中,演說無常,其義已顯。復當為汝
T12n0374_p0446a23║說色無常。是色無常,本無有生,生已滅故。內
T12n0374_p0446a24║身處胎歌羅邏時,本無有生,生已變故;外
T12n0374_p0446a25║諸牙莖,本亦無生,生已變故;是故當知一
T12n0374_p0446a26║切色法,悉皆無常。善男子!所有內色,隨時而
T12n0374_p0446a27║變,歌羅邏時異、安浮陀時異、伽那時異、閉
T12n0374_p0446a28║手時異、諸疱時異、初生時異、嬰孩時異、童
T12n0374_p0446a29║子時異、乃至老時各各變異。所謂外色亦
T12n0374_p0446b01║復如是,牙異、莖異、枝異、葉異、花異、果異。復次
T12n0374_p0446b02║善男子!內味亦異,歌羅邏時乃至老時,各
T12n0374_p0446b03║各變異。外味亦爾,牙、莖、枝、葉、花、果味異。歌
T12n0374_p0446b04║羅邏時力異,乃至老時力異。歌羅邏時狀
T12n0374_p0446b05║貌異,乃至老時狀貌亦異。歌羅邏時果報異,
T12n0374_p0446b06║乃至老時果報亦異。歌羅邏時名字異,乃至
T12n0374_p0446b07║老時名字亦異。所謂內色,壞已還合,故知無
T12n0374_p0446b08║常。外諸樹木,亦壞已還合,故知無常。次第漸
T12n0374_p0446b09║生,故知無常。次第生歌羅邏時乃至老時,次
T12n0374_p0446b10║第生牙乃至果子,故知無常。諸色可滅,故知
T12n0374_p0446b11║無常。歌羅邏滅時異,乃至老滅時異。牙滅
T12n0374_p0446b12║時異乃至果滅時異,故知無常。凡夫無知,見
T12n0374_p0446b13║相似生,計以為常。以是義故,名曰無常。若
T12n0374_p0446b14║無常即是苦,若苦即是不淨。◎
T12n0374_p0446b15║「◎善男子!我因迦葉先問是事,於彼已答。
T12n0374_p0446b16║「復次善男子!諸行無我。善男子!總一切法,
T12n0374_p0446b17║謂色、非色。色非我也。何以故?可破、可壞、可裂、
T12n0374_p0446b18║可打、生增長故。我者不可破壞、裂打、生長,以
T12n0374_p0446b19║是義故,知色非我。非色之法亦復非我。何以
T12n0374_p0446b20║故?因緣生故。善男子!若諸外道以專念故,
T12n0374_p0446b21║知有我者,專念之性實非我也。若以專念為
T12n0374_p0446b22║我性者,過去之事則有忘失,有忘失故定知
T12n0374_p0446b23║無我。善男子!若諸外道以憶想故知有我者,
T12n0374_p0446b24║無憶想故定知無我。如說見人手有六指,即
T12n0374_p0446b25║便問言:『我先何處共相見耶?』若有我者,不
T12n0374_p0446b26║應復問;以相問故,定知無我。善男子!若諸
T12n0374_p0446b27║外道以有遮故,知有我者,善男子!以有遮故,
T12n0374_p0446b28║定知無我。如言調達,終不發言非調達也。我
T12n0374_p0446b29║亦如是,若定是我,終不遮我;以遮我故,定知
T12n0374_p0446c01║無我。若以遮故,知有我者,汝今不遮,定應無
T12n0374_p0446c02║我。善男子!若諸外道,以伴非伴知有我者,
T12n0374_p0446c03║以無伴故,應無有我。有法無伴,所謂如來、虛
T12n0374_p0446c04║空、佛性,我亦如是實無有伴,以是義故,定知
T12n0374_p0446c05║無我。復次善男子!若諸外道以名字故,知有
T12n0374_p0446c06║我者,無我法中,亦有我名,如貧賤人名字富
T12n0374_p0446c07║貴。如言我死,若我死者,我則殺我,而我實
T12n0374_p0446c08║不可殺,假名殺我;亦如矬人,名為長者。以是
T12n0374_p0446c09║義故,定知無我。 「復次善男子!若諸外道,以
T12n0374_p0446c10║生已求乳知有我者,善男子!若有我者,一切
T12n0374_p0446c11║嬰兒不應執持糞穢、火蛇、毒藥,以是義故,定
T12n0374_p0446c12║知無我。復次善男子!一切眾生於三法中,悉
T12n0374_p0446c13║有等智,所謂婬欲、飲食恐怖,是故無我。復
T12n0374_p0446c14║次善男子!若諸外道以相貌故,知有我者,善
T12n0374_p0446c15║男子!相故無我,無相故亦無我。若人睡時,不
T12n0374_p0446c16║能進止、俯仰視眴、不覺苦樂,不應有我。若以
T12n0374_p0446c17║進止、俯仰視眴,知有我者,機關木人亦應有
T12n0374_p0446c18║我。善男子!如來亦爾,不進、不止、不俯、不仰、
T12n0374_p0446c19║不視、不眴,不苦、不樂、不貪、不恚、不癡、不行,如
T12n0374_p0446c20║來如是真實有我。復次善男子!若諸外道以
T12n0374_p0446c21║見他食果口中生涎,知有我者,善男子!以憶
T12n0374_p0446c22║念故,見則生涎,涎非我也。我亦非涎、非喜非
T12n0374_p0446c23║悲、非欠非笑,非臥非起、非飢非飽,以是義
T12n0374_p0446c24║故,定知無我。 「善男子!是諸外道癡如小兒,
T12n0374_p0446c25║無慧方便,不能了達常與無常、苦樂、淨不淨、
T12n0374_p0446c26║我無我、壽命非壽命、眾生非眾生、實非實、
T12n0374_p0446c27║有非有,於佛法中取少許分,虛妄計有常、樂、
T12n0374_p0446c28║我、淨,而實不知常樂我淨。如生盲人不識乳
T12n0374_p0446c29║色,便問他言:『乳色何似?』他人答言:『色白如貝。』
T12n0374_p0447a01║盲人復問:『是乳色者如貝聲耶?』答言:『不也。』
T12n0374_p0447a02║復問:『貝色為何似耶?』答言:『猶稻米末。』盲
T12n0374_p0447a03║人復問:『乳色柔軟如稻米末耶?稻米末者
T12n0374_p0447a04║復何所似?』答言:『猶如雨雪。』盲人復言:『彼稻
T12n0374_p0447a05║米末冷如雪耶?雪復何似?』答言:『猶如白鶴。』
T12n0374_p0447a06║是生盲人雖聞如是四種譬喻,終不能得識
T12n0374_p0447a07║乳真色。是諸外道亦復如是,終不能識常樂
T12n0374_p0447a08║我淨。善男子!以是義故,我佛法中有真實
T12n0374_p0447a09║諦,非於外道。」
T12n0374_p0447a10║文殊師利白佛言:「希有世尊!如來於今臨般
T12n0374_p0447a11║涅槃,方更轉於無上法輪,乃作如是分別真
T12n0374_p0447a12║諦。」 佛告文殊師利:「汝今云何故於如來生涅
T12n0374_p0447a13║槃想?善男子!如來實是常住不變,不般涅槃。
T12n0374_p0447a14║善男子!若有計我是佛,我成阿耨多羅三藐
T12n0374_p0447a15║三菩提。我即是法,法是我所。我即是道,道是
T12n0374_p0447a16║我所。我即世尊,世尊即是我所。我即聲聞,
T12n0374_p0447a17║聲聞即是我所。我能說法,令他聽受,我轉法
T12n0374_p0447a18║輪,餘人不能。如來終不作如是計,是故如來
T12n0374_p0447a19║不轉法輪。善男子!若有人作如是妄計,我
T12n0374_p0447a20║即是眼,眼即是我所,耳鼻舌身意亦復如是。
T12n0374_p0447a21║我即是色,色是我所,乃至法亦如是。我即
T12n0374_p0447a22║是地,地即是我所,水火風等亦復如是。
T12n0374_p0447a23║善男子!若有人言,我即是信,信是我所。我是
T12n0374_p0447a24║多聞,多聞即是我所。我是檀波羅蜜,檀波羅
T12n0374_p0447a25║蜜即是我所。我是尸波羅蜜,尸波羅蜜即
T12n0374_p0447a26║是我所。我是羼提波羅蜜羼提波羅蜜,即是
T12n0374_p0447a27║我所。我是毘梨耶波羅蜜,毘梨耶波羅蜜即
T12n0374_p0447a28║是我所。我是禪波羅蜜,禪波羅蜜即是我所。
T12n0374_p0447a29║我是般若波羅蜜,般若波羅蜜即是我所。我
T12n0374_p0447b01║是四念處,四念處即是我所。四正勤、四如意
T12n0374_p0447b02║足、五根五力、七覺分八聖道分,亦復如是。善
T12n0374_p0447b03║男子!如來終不作如是計,是故如來不轉法
T12n0374_p0447b04║輪。善男子!若言常住無有變易,云何說言
T12n0374_p0447b05║佛轉法輪?是故汝今不應說言,如來方更轉
T12n0374_p0447b06║於法輪。 「善男子!譬如因眼,緣色、緣明、緣思
T12n0374_p0447b07║惟,因緣和合,得生眼識。善男子!眼不念言,
T12n0374_p0447b08║我能生識;色乃至思惟,終不念言我生眼識,
T12n0374_p0447b09║眼識亦復不作念言,我能自生。善男子!如是
T12n0374_p0447b10║等法,因緣和合,得名為見。善男子!如來亦爾,
T12n0374_p0447b11║因六波羅蜜、三十七助菩提之法,覺了諸法,
T12n0374_p0447b12║復因咽喉、舌齒脣口、言語音聲,為憍陳如初
T12n0374_p0447b13║始說法,名轉法輪。以是義故,如來不名轉法
T12n0374_p0447b14║輪也。 「善男子!若不轉者,即名為法,法即如
T12n0374_p0447b15║來。善男子!譬如因燧、因鑽、因手、因乾牛糞,而
T12n0374_p0447b16║得生火,燧亦不言我能生火,鑽手牛糞各不
T12n0374_p0447b17║念言我能生火,火亦不言我能自生。如來亦
T12n0374_p0447b18║爾,因六波羅蜜,乃至憍陳如,名轉法輪。如
T12n0374_p0447b19║來亦復不生念言,我轉法輪。 「善男子!若不生
T12n0374_p0447b20║者,是則名為轉正法輪,是轉法輪,即名如來。
T12n0374_p0447b21║善男子!譬如因酪、因水、因攢、因瓶、因繩、因
T12n0374_p0447b22║人手捉,而得出蘇,酪不念言我能出蘇,乃
T12n0374_p0447b23║至人手亦不念言我能出蘇,蘇亦不言我能
T12n0374_p0447b24║自出,眾緣和合,故得出蘇。如來亦爾,終不
T12n0374_p0447b25║念言我轉法輪。 「善男子!若不出者,是則名為
T12n0374_p0447b26║轉正法輪,是轉法輪即是如來。善男子!譬
T12n0374_p0447b27║如因子、因地、因水、因火、因風、因糞、因時、因人
T12n0374_p0447b28║作業,而牙得生。善男子!子亦不言我能生
T12n0374_p0447b29║牙,乃至作業亦不念言我能生牙,牙亦
T12n0374_p0447c01║不言我能自生。如來亦爾,終不念言,我轉法
T12n0374_p0447c02║輪。 「善男子!若不能者,是則名為轉正法輪,
T12n0374_p0447c03║是轉法輪即是如來。善男子!譬如因鼓、因空、
T12n0374_p0447c04║因皮、因人、因桴和合出聲,鼓不念言我能出
T12n0374_p0447c05║聲,乃至桴亦如是,聲亦不言我能自生。善
T12n0374_p0447c06║男子!如來亦爾,終不念言我轉法輪。善男
T12n0374_p0447c07║子!轉法輪者名為不作,不作者即轉法輪。
T12n0374_p0447c08║轉法輪者即是如來。善男子!轉法輪者乃是
T12n0374_p0447c09║諸佛世尊境界,非諸聲聞緣覺所知。善男子!
T12n0374_p0447c10║虛空非生、非出、非作、非造、非有為法。如來亦
T12n0374_p0447c11║爾,非生、非出、非作、非造、非有為法。如如來性,
T12n0374_p0447c12║佛性亦爾,非生、非出、非作、非造、非有為法。 「善
T12n0374_p0447c13║男子!諸佛世尊語有二種:一者世語,二者
T12n0374_p0447c14║出世語。善男子!如來為諸聲聞緣覺說於世
T12n0374_p0447c15║語,為諸菩薩說出世語。善男子!是諸大眾
T12n0374_p0447c16║復有二種:一者求小乘,二者求大乘。我於
T12n0374_p0447c17║昔日波羅[木*奈]城,為諸聲聞轉于法輪;今始
T12n0374_p0447c18║於此拘尸那城,為諸菩薩轉大法輪。復次善
T12n0374_p0447c19║男子!復有二人:中根、上根。為中根人,於波羅
T12n0374_p0447c20║[木*奈]轉於法輪;為上根人,人中象王,迦葉菩薩
T12n0374_p0447c21║等,今於此間拘尸那城,轉大法輪。善男子!
T12n0374_p0447c22║極下根者如來終不為轉法輪,極下根者即
T12n0374_p0447c23║一闡提。復次善男子!求佛道者復有二種:
T12n0374_p0447c24║一中精進,二上精進。於波羅[木*奈],為中精進
T12n0374_p0447c25║轉於法輪;今於此間拘尸那城,為上精進轉
T12n0374_p0447c26║大法輪。復次善男子!我昔於彼波羅[木*奈]城初
T12n0374_p0447c27║轉法輪,八萬天人得須陀洹果;今於此間拘
T12n0374_p0447c28║尸那城,八十萬億人不退轉於阿耨多羅三
T12n0374_p0447c29║藐三菩提。復次善男子!波羅[木*奈]城,大梵天王
T12n0374_p0448a01║稽首請我轉於法輪;今於此間拘尸那城,迦
T12n0374_p0448a02║葉菩薩稽首請我轉大法輪。復次善男子!我
T12n0374_p0448a03║昔於彼波羅[木*奈]城轉法輪時,說無常、苦、空、無
T12n0374_p0448a04║我;今於此間拘尸那城轉法輪時,說常、樂、我、
T12n0374_p0448a05║淨。
T12n0374_p0448a06║「復次善男子!我昔於彼波羅[木*奈]城轉法輪時,
T12n0374_p0448a07║所出音聲聞于梵天;如來今於拘尸那城轉
T12n0374_p0448a08║法輪時,所出音聲,遍於東方二十恒河沙等
T12n0374_p0448a09║諸佛世界,南西北方、四維上下,亦如是。復
T12n0374_p0448a10║次善男子!諸佛世尊凡有所說,皆悉名為轉
T12n0374_p0448a11║法輪也。善男子!譬如聖王所有輪寶,未降伏
T12n0374_p0448a12║者能令降伏,已降伏者能令安隱。善男子!
T12n0374_p0448a13║諸佛世尊凡所說法,亦復如是,無量煩惱未
T12n0374_p0448a14║調伏者,能令調伏,已調伏者令生善根。善男
T12n0374_p0448a15║子!譬如聖王所有輪寶,則能消滅一切怨賊。
T12n0374_p0448a16║如來演法亦復如是,能令一切諸煩惱賊,皆
T12n0374_p0448a17║悉寂靜。復次善男子!譬如聖王所有輪寶,下
T12n0374_p0448a18║上迴轉。如來說法亦復如是,能令下趣諸惡
T12n0374_p0448a19║眾生,上生人天乃至佛道。善男子!是故汝今
T12n0374_p0448a20║不應讚言,如來於此更轉法輪。」 爾時文殊師
T12n0374_p0448a21║利白佛言:「世尊!我於此義非為不知,所以
T12n0374_p0448a22║問者,為欲利益諸眾生故。世尊!我已久知轉
T12n0374_p0448a23║法輪者,實是諸佛如來境界,非是聲聞緣覺
T12n0374_p0448a24║所知。」 爾時世尊告迦葉菩薩:「善男子!是名
T12n0374_p0448a25║菩薩住於大乘大涅槃經所行聖行。」
T12n0374_p0448a26║迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!復以何義名為聖行?」
T12n0374_p0448a27║「善男子!聖名諸佛世尊,以是義故,名為聖
T12n0374_p0448a28║行。」 「世尊!若是諸佛之所行者,則非聲聞、緣
T12n0374_p0448a29║覺、菩薩所能修行。」 「善男子!是諸世尊安住於
T12n0374_p0448b01║此大般涅槃,而作如是開示分別,演說其義,
T12n0374_p0448b02║以是義故,名曰聖行。聲聞緣覺及諸菩薩如
T12n0374_p0448b03║是聞已,則能奉行,故名聖行。善男子!是菩薩
T12n0374_p0448b04║摩訶薩得是行已,則得住於無所畏地。善男
T12n0374_p0448b05║子!若有菩薩得住如是無所畏地,則不復畏
T12n0374_p0448b06║貪恚愚癡、生老病死,亦復不畏惡道、地獄、
T12n0374_p0448b07║畜生餓鬼。善男子!惡有二種:一者阿修羅,
T12n0374_p0448b08║二者人中。人中有三種惡:一者一闡提,二者
T12n0374_p0448b09║誹謗方等經典,三者犯四重禁。善男子:住是
T12n0374_p0448b10║地中諸菩薩等,終不畏墮如是惡中;亦復不
T12n0374_p0448b11║畏沙門、婆羅門、外道邪見、天魔波旬;亦復不
T12n0374_p0448b12║畏受二十五有;是故此地,名無所畏。善男子!
T12n0374_p0448b13║菩薩摩訶薩住無畏地,得二十五三昧,壞二
T12n0374_p0448b14║十五有。善男子!得無垢三昧能壞地獄有,得
T12n0374_p0448b15║無退三昧能壞畜生有,得心樂三昧能壞餓
T12n0374_p0448b16║鬼有,得歡喜三昧能壞阿修羅有,得日光三
T12n0374_p0448b17║昧能斷弗婆提有,得月光三昧能斷瞿耶尼
T12n0374_p0448b18║有,得熱炎三昧能斷欝單越有,得如幻三昧
T12n0374_p0448b19║能斷閻浮提有,得一切法不動三昧能斷四
T12n0374_p0448b20║天處有,得難伏三昧能斷三十三天處有,
T12n0374_p0448b21║得悅意三昧能斷炎摩天有,得青色三昧能
T12n0374_p0448b22║斷兜率天有,得黃色三昧能斷化樂天有,
T12n0374_p0448b23║得赤色三昧能斷他化自在天有,得白色三
T12n0374_p0448b24║昧能斷初禪有,得種種三昧能斷大梵天有,
T12n0374_p0448b25║得雙三昧能斷二禪有,得雷音三昧能斷三
T12n0374_p0448b26║禪有,得霔雨三昧能斷四禪有,得如虛空
T12n0374_p0448b27║三昧能斷無想有,得照鏡三昧能斷淨居阿
T12n0374_p0448b28║那含有,得無礙三昧能斷空處有,得常三昧
T12n0374_p0448b29║能斷識處有,得樂三昧能斷不用處有,得我
T12n0374_p0448c01║三昧能斷非想非非想處有。善男子!是名菩
T12n0374_p0448c02║薩得二十五三昧,斷二十五有。 「善男子!如是
T12n0374_p0448c03║二十五三昧,名諸三昧王。善男子!菩薩摩
T12n0374_p0448c04║訶薩入如是等諸三昧王,若欲吹壞須彌山
T12n0374_p0448c05║王隨意即能,欲知三千大千世界所有眾生
T12n0374_p0448c06║心之所念亦悉能知,欲以三千大千世界所
T12n0374_p0448c07║有眾生內於己身一毛孔中隨意即能,亦令
T12n0374_p0448c08║眾生無迫迮想,若欲化作無量眾生悉令充
T12n0374_p0448c09║滿三千大千世界中者亦能隨意,欲分一身
T12n0374_p0448c10║以為多身,復合多身以為一身,雖作如是,
T12n0374_p0448c11║心無所著,猶如蓮花。善男子!菩薩摩訶薩
T12n0374_p0448c12║得入如是三昧王已,即得住於自在之地。菩
T12n0374_p0448c13║薩得住是自在地,得自在力,隨欲生處,即得
T12n0374_p0448c14║往生。善男子!譬如聖王領四天下,隨意所行
T12n0374_p0448c15║無能障礙。菩薩摩訶薩亦復如是,一切生處
T12n0374_p0448c16║若欲生者,隨意往生。善男子!菩薩摩訶薩若
T12n0374_p0448c17║見地獄一切眾生,有可化令住善根者,菩薩
T12n0374_p0448c18║即往而生其中。菩薩雖生,非本業果;菩薩摩
T12n0374_p0448c19║訶薩住自在地力因緣故,而生其中。善男子!
T12n0374_p0448c20║菩薩摩訶薩雖在地獄,不受熾然、碎身等苦。
T12n0374_p0448c21║善男子!菩薩摩訶薩所可成就如是功德,無
T12n0374_p0448c22║量無邊百千萬億尚不可說,何況諸佛所有
T12n0374_p0448c23║功德而當可說?」
T12n0374_p0448c24║爾時眾中有一菩薩,名住無垢藏王,有大威
T12n0374_p0448c25║德,成就神通,得大總持三昧,具足得無所畏,
T12n0374_p0448c26║即從座起,偏袒右肩,右膝著地,長跪合掌白佛
T12n0374_p0448c27║言:「世尊!如佛所說,諸佛菩薩所可成就功德
T12n0374_p0448c28║智慧無量無邊百千萬億實不可說。我意猶
T12n0374_p0448c29║謂,故不如是大乘經典。何以故?因是大乘方
T12n0374_p0449a01║等經力故,能出生諸佛世尊阿耨多羅三藐三
T12n0374_p0449a02║菩提。」 時佛讚言:「善哉,善哉!善男子!如是,如
T12n0374_p0449a03║是,如汝所說。是諸大乘方等經典,雖復成
T12n0374_p0449a04║就無量功德,欲比是經不得為喻,百倍、千倍、
T12n0374_p0449a05║百千萬億倍,乃至算數譬喻所不能及。善
T12n0374_p0449a06║男子!譬如從牛出乳,從乳出酪,從酪出生
T12n0374_p0449a07║穌,從生穌出熟穌,從熟穌出醍醐,醍醐最
T12n0374_p0449a08║上,若有服者眾病皆除,所有諸藥,悉入其中。
T12n0374_p0449a09║善男子!佛亦如是,從佛出生十二部經,從
T12n0374_p0449a10║十二部經出修多羅,從修多羅出方等經,從
T12n0374_p0449a11║方等經出般若波羅蜜,從般若波羅蜜出大
T12n0374_p0449a12║涅槃,猶如醍醐。言醍醐者,喻於佛性,佛性
T12n0374_p0449a13║者即是如來。善男子!以是義故,說言如來
T12n0374_p0449a14║所有功德無量無邊不可稱計。」
T12n0374_p0449a15║迦葉菩薩白佛言:「世尊!如佛所讚,大涅槃經
T12n0374_p0449a16║猶如醍醐最上最妙,若有能服,眾病悉除,
T12n0374_p0449a17║一切諸藥悉入其中。我聞是已,竊復思念,若
T12n0374_p0449a18║有不能聽受是經,當知是人,為大愚癡無有
T12n0374_p0449a19║善心。世尊!我於今者,實能堪忍剝皮為紙、刺
T12n0374_p0449a20║血為墨、以髓為水、折骨為筆,書寫如是大涅
T12n0374_p0449a21║槃經,書已讀誦,令其通利,然後為人廣說其
T12n0374_p0449a22║義。世尊!若有眾生貪著財物,我當施財,然
T12n0374_p0449a23║後以是大涅槃經,勸之令讀。若尊貴者,先以
T12n0374_p0449a24║愛語而隨其意,然後漸當以是大乘大涅槃
T12n0374_p0449a25║經勸之令讀。若凡庶者,當以威勢,逼之令讀。
T12n0374_p0449a26║若憍慢者,我當為其而作僕使,隨順其意令
T12n0374_p0449a27║其歡喜,然後當以大般涅槃而教導之。若
T12n0374_p0449a28║有誹謗大乘經者,當以勢力摧之令伏,既
T12n0374_p0449a29║摧伏已,然後勸之令讀大涅槃經。若有愛
T12n0374_p0449b01║樂大乘經者,我躬當往,恭敬供養、尊重讚歎。」
T12n0374_p0449b02║爾時佛讚迦葉菩薩:「善哉,善哉!汝甚愛樂大
T12n0374_p0449b03║乘經典、貪大乘經、愛大乘經、味大乘經,信敬
T12n0374_p0449b04║尊重供養大乘。善男子!汝今以此善心因緣,
T12n0374_p0449b05║當得超越無量無邊恒河沙等諸大菩薩,在
T12n0374_p0449b06║前得成阿耨多羅三藐三菩提,汝亦不久復
T12n0374_p0449b07║當如我,廣為大眾演說如是大般涅槃、如來、佛
T12n0374_p0449b08║性,諸佛所說祕密之藏。善男子!過去之世,佛
T12n0374_p0449b09║日未出,我於爾時,作婆羅門,修菩薩行,悉能
T12n0374_p0449b10║通達一切外道所有經論。修寂滅行,具足威
T12n0374_p0449b11║儀,其心清淨,不為外來能生欲想之所破壞,
T12n0374_p0449b12║滅瞋恚火,受持常、樂、我、淨之法,周遍求索大
T12n0374_p0449b13║乘經典,乃至不聞方等名字。我於爾時住於
T12n0374_p0449b14║雪山,其山清淨,流泉浴池、樹林藥木,充滿其
T12n0374_p0449b15║地,處處石間有清流水,多諸香花周遍嚴飾,
T12n0374_p0449b16║眾鳥禽獸不可稱計,甘果滋繁種別難計。復
T12n0374_p0449b17║有無量藕根、甘根、青木香根。我於爾時獨處
T12n0374_p0449b18║其中,唯食諸果,食已繫心思惟坐禪,經無量
T12n0374_p0449b19║歲,亦不聞有如來出世大乘經名。善男子!我
T12n0374_p0449b20║修如是難行、苦行時,釋提桓因等諸天人
T12n0374_p0449b21║心大驚怪,即共集會,各各相謂,而說偈言:
T12n0374_p0449b22║「『各共相指示,  清淨雪山中,
T12n0374_p0449b23║  寂靜離欲主,  功德莊嚴王。
T12n0374_p0449b24║  以離貪瞋慢,  永斷諂愚癡,
T12n0374_p0449b25║  口初未曾說,  麁惡等語言。』

T12n0374_p0449b26║「爾時眾中有一天子,名曰歡喜,復說偈言:
T12n0374_p0449b27║「『如是離欲人,  清淨勤精進,
T12n0374_p0449b28║  將不求帝釋,  及以諸天耶?
T12n0374_p0449b29║  若是外道者,  修行諸苦行,
T12n0374_p0449c01║  是人多欲求,  帝釋所坐處。』

T12n0374_p0449c02║「爾時復有一仙天子,即為帝釋而說偈言:
T12n0374_p0449c03║「『天主憍尸迦!  不應生此慮,
T12n0374_p0449c04║  外道修苦行,  何必求帝處?』

T12n0374_p0449c05║「說是偈已復作是言:『憍尸迦!世有大士,為
T12n0374_p0449c06║眾生故不貪己身,為欲利益諸眾生故,而修
T12n0374_p0449c07║種種無量苦行。如是之人,見生死中諸過咎
T12n0374_p0449c08║故,設見珍寶滿此大地、諸山、大海,不生貪著,
T12n0374_p0449c09║如視涕唾。如是大士,棄捨財寶、所愛妻子、
T12n0374_p0449c10║頭目髓腦、手足支節、所居舍宅、象馬車乘、奴
T12n0374_p0449c11║婢僮僕,亦不願求生於天上,唯求欲令一切
T12n0374_p0449c12║眾生得受快樂。如我所解,如是大士清淨無
T12n0374_p0449c13║染,眾結永盡,唯欲求於阿耨多羅三藐三菩
T12n0374_p0449c14║提。』 「釋提桓因復作是言:『如汝言者,是人則
T12n0374_p0449c15║為攝取一切世間所有眾生。大仙!若此世
T12n0374_p0449c16║間有佛樹者,能除一切諸天世人及阿修羅
T12n0374_p0449c17║煩惱毒蛇。若諸眾生住是佛樹陰涼中者,
T12n0374_p0449c18║煩惱諸毒悉得消滅。大仙!是人若當未來世
T12n0374_p0449c19║中作善逝者,我等悉當得滅無量熾然煩惱。
T12n0374_p0449c20║如是之事實為難信。何以故?無量百千諸眾
T12n0374_p0449c21║生等發於阿耨多羅三藐三菩提心,見少微
T12n0374_p0449c22║緣於阿耨多羅三藐三菩提,即便動轉。如水
T12n0374_p0449c23║中月,水動則動。猶如畫像,難成易壞。菩提之
T12n0374_p0449c24║心亦復如是,難發易壞。大仙!如有多人,以諸
T12n0374_p0449c25║鎧仗牢自莊嚴,欲前討賊,臨陣恐怖則便退
T12n0374_p0449c26║散。無量眾生亦復如是,發菩提心,牢自莊嚴,
T12n0374_p0449c27║見生死過,心生恐怖,即便退散。大仙!我見如
T12n0374_p0449c28║是無量眾生發心之後,皆生動轉,是故我今
T12n0374_p0449c29║雖見是人修於苦行,無惱、無熱、住於險道,其
T12n0374_p0450a01║行清淨未能信也。我今要當自往試之,知其
T12n0374_p0450a02║實能堪任荷負,阿耨多羅三藐三菩提大重擔
T12n0374_p0450a03║不?大仙!猶如車有二輪,則能載用。鳥有
T12n0374_p0450a04║二翼,堪任飛行。是苦行者,亦復如是。我雖見
T12n0374_p0450a05║其堅持禁戒,未知其人有深智不?若有深智,
T12n0374_p0450a06║當知則能堪任荷負阿耨多羅三藐三菩提之
T12n0374_p0450a07║重擔也。大仙!譬如魚母,多有胎子,成就者少。
T12n0374_p0450a08║如菴羅樹,花多果少。眾生發心乃有無量,及
T12n0374_p0450a09║其成就,少不足言。大仙!我當與汝俱往試之。
T12n0374_p0450a10║大仙!譬如真金三種試已,乃知其真,謂燒、打、
T12n0374_p0450a11║磨。試彼苦行者,亦當如是。』
T12n0374_p0450a12║「爾時釋提桓因,自變其身作羅剎像,形甚可
T12n0374_p0450a13║畏,下至雪山,去其不遠而便立住。是時羅
T12n0374_p0450a14║剎,心無所畏,勇健難當,辯才次第,其聲清雅,
T12n0374_p0450a15║宣過去佛所說半偈:
T12n0374_p0450a16║「『諸行無常,  是生滅法。』
T12n0374_p0450a17║「說是半偈已,便住其前,所現形貌甚可怖畏。
T12n0374_p0450a18║顧眄遍視,觀於四方。是苦行者,聞是半偈,心
T12n0374_p0450a19║生歡喜。譬如估客,於險難處夜行失伴,恐怖
T12n0374_p0450a20║推求,還遇同侶,心生歡喜,踊躍無量。亦如
T12n0374_p0450a21║久病,未遇良醫,瞻病好藥後卒得之。如人沒
T12n0374_p0450a22║海,卒遇船舫。如渴乏人,遇清冷水。如為怨逐,
T12n0374_p0450a23║忽然得脫。如久繫人卒聞得出。亦如農夫炎
T12n0374_p0450a24║旱值雨。亦如行人還得歸家,家人見已,生大
T12n0374_p0450a25║歡喜。善男子!我於爾時聞是半偈,心中歡喜
T12n0374_p0450a26║亦復如是,即從座起,以手舉髮,四向顧視而
T12n0374_p0450a27║說是言:『向所聞偈,誰之所說?』爾時亦更不見
T12n0374_p0450a28║餘人,唯見羅剎。即說是言:『開如是解脫之
T12n0374_p0450a29║門,誰能雷震諸佛音聲?誰於生死睡眠之中,
T12n0374_p0450b01║而獨覺寤唱如是言?誰能於此,示道生死飢
T12n0374_p0450b02║饉眾生無上道味?無量眾生沈生死海,誰能
T12n0374_p0450b03║於中作大船師?是諸眾生常為煩惱重病所
T12n0374_p0450b04║纏,誰能於中為作良醫?說是半偈啟悟我心,
T12n0374_p0450b05║猶如半月漸開蓮花。』善男子!我於爾時更無
T12n0374_p0450b06║所見,唯見羅剎。復作是念:『將是羅剎說是偈
T12n0374_p0450b07║耶?』仍復生疑:『或非其說,何以故?是人形容
T12n0374_p0450b08║甚可怖畏。若有得聞是偈句者,一切恐怖、醜
T12n0374_p0450b09║陋即除。何有此人形貌如是,能說此偈?不應
T12n0374_p0450b10║火中出於蓮花,非日光中出生冷水。』善男子,
T12n0374_p0450b11║我於爾時復作是念:『我今無智,而此羅剎或
T12n0374_p0450b12║能得見過去諸佛,從諸佛所聞是半偈,我今
T12n0374_p0450b13║當問。』即便前至是羅剎所,作如是言:『善哉,大
T12n0374_p0450b14║士!汝於何處得是過去離怖畏者所說半偈?
T12n0374_p0450b15║大士!復於何處而得如是半如意珠?大士!是
T12n0374_p0450b16║半偈義,乃是過去、未來、現在諸佛世尊之正道
T12n0374_p0450b17║也。一切世間無量眾生,常為諸見羅網所覆,
T12n0374_p0450b18║終身於此外道法中,初不曾聞,如是出世十
T12n0374_p0450b19║力、世雄所說空義。』 「善男子!我問是已,即答
T12n0374_p0450b20║我言:『大婆羅門!汝今不應問我是義。何以
T12n0374_p0450b21║故?我不食來已經多日,處處求索,了不能得。
T12n0374_p0450b22║飢渴苦惱,心亂讇語,非我本心之所知也。
T12n0374_p0450b23║假使我今力能飛行虛空至欝單越,乃至
T12n0374_p0450b24║天上,處處求食亦不能得,以是之故,我說是
T12n0374_p0450b25║語。』善男子!我時即復語羅剎言:『大士!若能
T12n0374_p0450b26║為我說是偈竟,我當終身為汝弟子。大士!
T12n0374_p0450b27║汝所說者,名字不終,義亦不盡。以何因緣不
T12n0374_p0450b28║欲說耶?夫財施者則有竭盡,法施因緣不可
T12n0374_p0450b29║盡也。雖無有盡,多所利益。我今聞此半偈法
T12n0374_p0450c01║已,心生驚疑,汝今幸可為我除斷,說此偈竟,
T12n0374_p0450c02║我當終身為汝弟子。』羅剎答言:『汝智太過,但
T12n0374_p0450c03║自憂身,都不見念,今我定為飢苦所逼,實
T12n0374_p0450c04║不能說。』我即問言:『汝所食者,為是何物?』羅
T12n0374_p0450c05║剎答言:『汝不足問,我若說者,令多人怖。』我
T12n0374_p0450c06║復問言:『此中獨處,更無有人,我不畏汝,何故
T12n0374_p0450c07║不說?』羅剎答言:『我所食者,唯人暖肉。其所
T12n0374_p0450c08║飲者,唯人熱血。自我薄福,唯食此食,周遍
T12n0374_p0450c09║求索困不能得。世雖多人,皆有福德,兼為諸
T12n0374_p0450c10║天之所守護,而我無力不能得殺。』善男子!
T12n0374_p0450c11║我復語言:『汝但具足,說是半偈,我聞偈已,當
T12n0374_p0450c12║以此身奉施供養。大士!我設命終,如此之
T12n0374_p0450c13║身無所復用,當為虎狼、鵄梟、鵰鷲之所噉食,
T12n0374_p0450c14║然復不得一毫之福。我今為求阿耨多羅三
T12n0374_p0450c15║藐三菩提,捨不堅身,以易堅身。』羅剎答言:
T12n0374_p0450c16║『誰當信汝如是之言,為八字故,棄所愛身?』善
T12n0374_p0450c17║男子!我即答言:『汝真無智,譬如有人,施他
T12n0374_p0450c18║凡器,得七寶器。我亦如是,捨不堅身,得金
T12n0374_p0450c19║剛身。汝言誰當信者?我今有證,大梵天王、
T12n0374_p0450c20║釋提桓因及四天王,能證是事。復有天眼諸
T12n0374_p0450c21║菩薩等,為欲利益無量眾生,修行大乘具六
T12n0374_p0450c22║度者,亦能證知。復有十方諸佛世尊利眾生
T12n0374_p0450c23║者,亦能證我,為八字故,捨於身命。』羅剎復言:
T12n0374_p0450c24║『汝若如是能捨身者,諦聽諦聽,當為汝說,其
T12n0374_p0450c25║餘半偈。』 「善男子!我於爾時聞是事已,心中歡
T12n0374_p0450c26║喜,即解己身所著鹿皮,為此羅剎敷置法座,
T12n0374_p0450c27║白言:『和上!願坐此座。』我即於前,叉手長跪,
T12n0374_p0450c28║而作是言:『唯願和上!善為我說,其餘半偈,
T12n0374_p0450c29║令得具足。』羅剎即說:
T12n0374_p0451a01║「『生滅滅已,  寂滅為樂。』
T12n0374_p0451a02║「爾時羅剎說是偈已復作是言:『菩薩摩訶薩,
T12n0374_p0451a03║汝今已聞具足偈義,汝之所願為悉滿足,若
T12n0374_p0451a04║必欲利諸眾生者,時施我身。』善男子!我於爾
T12n0374_p0451a05║時深思此義,然後處處,若石、若壁、若樹、若道,
T12n0374_p0451a06║書寫此偈,即便更繫所著衣裳,恐其死後身
T12n0374_p0451a07║體露現,即上高樹。爾時樹神復問我言:『善
T12n0374_p0451a08║哉,仁者!欲作何事?』善男子!我時答言:『我欲
T12n0374_p0451a09║捨身,以報偈價。』樹神問言:『如是偈者,何所利
T12n0374_p0451a10║益?』我時答言:『如是偈句,乃是過去、未來、現
T12n0374_p0451a11║在諸佛所說開空法道,我為此法,棄捨身命。
T12n0374_p0451a12║不為利養、名聞、財寶、轉輪聖王、四大天王、釋提
T12n0374_p0451a13║桓因、大梵天王、人天中樂,為欲利益一切眾
T12n0374_p0451a14║生,故捨此身。』善男子!我捨身時,復作是言:
T12n0374_p0451a15║『願令一切慳惜之人,悉來見我,捨離此身。若
T12n0374_p0451a16║有少施起貢高者,亦令得見,我為一偈捨此
T12n0374_p0451a17║身命,如棄草木。』我於爾時說是語已,尋即
T12n0374_p0451a18║放身自投樹下,下未至地時,虛空之中出
T12n0374_p0451a19║種種聲,其聲乃至阿迦尼吒。爾時羅剎還
T12n0374_p0451a20║復釋身,即於空中接取我身,安置平地。 「爾
T12n0374_p0451a21║時釋提桓因及諸天人、大梵天王,稽首頂禮
T12n0374_p0451a22║於我足下,讚言:『善哉,善哉,真是菩薩,能
T12n0374_p0451a23║大利益無量眾生,欲於無明黑闇之中然大
T12n0374_p0451a24║法炬。由我愛惜如來大法,故相嬈惱,唯願聽
T12n0374_p0451a25║我懺悔罪咎。汝於未來必定成就阿耨多羅
T12n0374_p0451a26║三藐三菩提,願見濟度。』爾時釋提桓因及諸
T12n0374_p0451a27║天眾,頂禮我足,於是辭去,忽然不現。 「善男
T12n0374_p0451a28║子!如我往昔為半偈故,捨棄此身,以是因
T12n0374_p0451a29║緣,便得超越足十二劫,在彌勒前成阿耨多
T12n0374_p0451b01║羅三藐三菩提。善男子!我得如是無量功德,
T12n0374_p0451b02║皆由供養如來正法。善男子!汝今亦爾,發於
T12n0374_p0451b03║阿耨多羅三藐三菩提心,則已超過無量無
T12n0374_p0451b04║邊恒河沙等諸菩薩上。善男子!是名菩薩住
T12n0374_p0451b05║於大乘大般涅槃修於聖行。◎
T12n0374_p0451b06║大般涅槃經卷第十四
【經文資訊】大正藏第 12 冊 No. 0374 大般涅槃經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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