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T10n0279_051 大方廣佛華嚴經 第51卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 10 冊 » No.0279 » 第 51 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T10n0279_p0268a18║
T10n0279_p0268a19║
T10n0279_p0268a20║大方廣佛華嚴經卷第五十一
T10n0279_p0268a21║
T10n0279_p0268a22║
T10n0279_p0268a23║   如來出現品第三十七之二
T10n0279_p0268a24║「佛子!菩薩摩訶薩應云何知如來、應、正等覺
T10n0279_p0268a25║音聲? 「佛子!菩薩摩訶薩應知如來音聲遍至,
T10n0279_p0268a26║普遍無量諸音聲故;應知如來音聲隨其心
T10n0279_p0268a27║樂皆令歡喜,說法明了故;應知如來音聲隨
T10n0279_p0268a28║其信解皆令歡喜,心得清涼故;應知如來音
T10n0279_p0268a29║聲化不失時,所應聞者無不聞故;應知如來
T10n0279_p0268b01║音聲無生滅,如呼響故;應知如來音聲無主,
T10n0279_p0268b02║修習一切業所起故;應知如來音聲甚深,難
T10n0279_p0268b03║可度量故;應知如來音聲無邪曲,法界所生
T10n0279_p0268b04║故;應知如來音聲無斷絕,普入法界故;應知
T10n0279_p0268b05║如來音聲無變易,至於究竟故。佛子!菩薩摩
T10n0279_p0268b06║訶薩應知如來音聲,非量、非無量,非主、非無
T10n0279_p0268b07║主,非示、非無示。何以故?佛子!譬如世界將
T10n0279_p0268b08║欲壞時,無主無作,法爾而出四種音聲。其四
T10n0279_p0268b09║者何?一曰:『汝等當知初禪安樂,離諸欲惡,
T10n0279_p0268b10║超過欲界。』眾生聞已,自然而得成就初禪,捨
T10n0279_p0268b11║欲界身,生於梵天。二曰:『汝等當知二禪安樂,
T10n0279_p0268b12║無覺無觀,超於梵天。』眾生聞已,自然而得成
T10n0279_p0268b13║就二禪,捨梵天身,生光音天。三曰:『汝等當知
T10n0279_p0268b14║三禪安樂,無有過失,超光音天。』眾生聞已,自
T10n0279_p0268b15║然而得成就三禪,捨光音身,生遍淨天。四曰:
T10n0279_p0268b16║『汝等當知四禪寂靜,超遍淨天。』眾生聞已,自
T10n0279_p0268b17║然而得成就四禪,捨遍淨身,生廣果天。是為
T10n0279_p0268b18║四。佛子!此諸音聲無主無作,但從眾生諸善
T10n0279_p0268b19║業力之所出生。佛子!如來音聲亦復如是,無
T10n0279_p0268b20║主無作,無有分別,非入非出,但從如來功德
T10n0279_p0268b21║法力,出於四種廣大音聲。其四者何?一曰:『汝
T10n0279_p0268b22║等當知一切諸行皆悉是苦,所謂:地獄苦、畜
T10n0279_p0268b23║生苦、餓鬼苦、無福德苦、著我我所苦、作諸惡
T10n0279_p0268b24║行苦。欲生人、天當種善根;生人、天中,離諸難
T10n0279_p0268b25║處。』眾生聞已,捨離顛倒,修諸善行,離諸難
T10n0279_p0268b26║處,生人、天中。二曰:『汝等當知一切諸行眾
T10n0279_p0268b27║苦熾然,如熱鐵丸。諸行無常,是磨滅法;涅槃
T10n0279_p0268b28║寂靜,無為安樂,遠離熾然,消諸熱惱。』眾生
T10n0279_p0268b29║聞已,勤修善法,於聲聞乘得隨順音聲忍。三
T10n0279_p0268c01║曰:『汝等當知聲聞乘者,隨他語解,智慧狹劣;
T10n0279_p0268c02║更有上乘,名:獨覺乘,悟不由師,汝等應學。』樂
T10n0279_p0268c03║勝道者聞此音已,捨聲聞道,修獨覺乘。四
T10n0279_p0268c04║曰:『汝等當知過二乘位更有勝道,名為:大乘。
T10n0279_p0268c05║菩薩所行,順六波羅蜜,不斷菩薩行,不捨菩
T10n0279_p0268c06║提心,處無量生死而不疲厭,過於二乘,名為:
T10n0279_p0268c07║大乘、第一乘、勝乘、最勝乘、上乘、無上乘、利益一
T10n0279_p0268c08║切眾生乘。』若有眾生信解廣大,諸根猛利,宿
T10n0279_p0268c09║種善根,為諸如來神力所加,有勝樂欲,希求
T10n0279_p0268c10║佛果;聞此音已,發菩提心。佛子!如來音聲不
T10n0279_p0268c11║從身出、不從心出,而能利益無量眾生。佛子!
T10n0279_p0268c12║是為如來音聲第一相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如
T10n0279_p0268c13║是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如呼響,因於山谷及音聲
T10n0279_p0268c14║起,無有形狀,不可覩見,亦無分別,而能隨逐
T10n0279_p0268c15║一切語言。如來音聲亦復如是,無有形狀,不
T10n0279_p0268c16║可覩見,非有方所,非無方所;但隨眾生欲解
T10n0279_p0268c17║緣出,其性究竟,無言無示,不可宣說。佛子!是
T10n0279_p0268c18║為如來音聲第二相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是
T10n0279_p0268c19║知。 「復次,佛子!譬如諸天有大法鼓,名為:覺悟。
T10n0279_p0268c20║若諸天子行放逸時,於虛空中出聲告言:『汝
T10n0279_p0268c21║等當知一切欲樂皆悉無常,虛妄顛倒,須臾
T10n0279_p0268c22║變壞,但誑愚夫令其戀著。汝莫放逸,若放
T10n0279_p0268c23║逸者,墮諸惡趣,後悔無及。』放逸諸天聞此音
T10n0279_p0268c24║已,生大憂怖,捨自宮中所有欲樂,詣天王
T10n0279_p0268c25║所求法行道。佛子!彼天鼓音,無主無作,無起
T10n0279_p0268c26║無滅,而能利益無量眾生。當知如來亦復如
T10n0279_p0268c27║是,為欲覺悟放逸眾生,出於無量妙法音聲,
T10n0279_p0268c28║所謂:無著聲、不放逸聲、無常聲、苦聲、無我聲、
T10n0279_p0268c29║不淨聲、寂滅聲、涅槃聲、無有量自然智聲、不
T10n0279_p0269a01║可壞菩薩行聲、至一切處如來無功用智地
T10n0279_p0269a02║聲,以此音聲遍法界中而開悟之。無數眾
T10n0279_p0269a03║生聞是音已,皆生歡喜,勤修善法,各於自
T10n0279_p0269a04║乘而求出離,所謂:或修聲聞乘、或修獨覺乘、
T10n0279_p0269a05║或習菩薩無上大乘。而如來音,不住方所,無
T10n0279_p0269a06║有言說。佛子!是為如來音聲第三相,諸菩薩
T10n0279_p0269a07║摩訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如自在天王
T10n0279_p0269a08║有天采女,名曰:善口,於其口中出一音聲,
T10n0279_p0269a09║其聲則與百千種樂而共相應,一一樂中復
T10n0279_p0269a10║有百千差別音聲。佛子!彼善口女從口一聲,
T10n0279_p0269a11║出於如是無量音聲。當知如來亦復如是,於
T10n0279_p0269a12║一音中出無量聲,隨諸眾生心樂差別,皆悉
T10n0279_p0269a13║遍至,悉令得解。佛子!是為如來音聲第四相,
T10n0279_p0269a14║諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如大
T10n0279_p0269a15║梵天王住於梵宮出梵音聲,一切梵眾靡不
T10n0279_p0269a16║皆聞,而彼音聲不出眾外。諸梵天眾咸生是
T10n0279_p0269a17║念:『大梵天王獨與我語。』如來妙音亦復如
T10n0279_p0269a18║是,道場眾會靡不皆聞,而其音聲不出眾
T10n0279_p0269a19║外。何以故?根未熟者不應聞故。其聞音者
T10n0279_p0269a20║皆作是念:『如來世尊獨為我說。』佛子!如來
T10n0279_p0269a21║音聲無出無住,而能成就一切事業。是為如
T10n0279_p0269a22║來音聲第五相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。 「復
T10n0279_p0269a23║次,佛子!譬如眾水皆同一味,隨器異故水有
T10n0279_p0269a24║差別,水無念慮亦無分別。如來言音亦復如
T10n0279_p0269a25║是,唯是一味,謂解脫味,隨諸眾生心器異故
T10n0279_p0269a26║無量差別,而無念慮亦無分別。佛子!是為
T10n0279_p0269a27║如來音聲第六相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。
T10n0279_p0269a28║「復次,佛子!譬如阿那婆達多龍王興大密雲,
T10n0279_p0269a29║遍閻浮提普霔甘雨,百穀苗稼皆得生長,江
T10n0279_p0269b01║河泉池一切盈滿;此大雨水不從龍王身心
T10n0279_p0269b02║中出,而能種種饒益眾生。佛子!如來、應、正等
T10n0279_p0269b03║覺亦復如是,興大悲雲遍十方界,普雨無上
T10n0279_p0269b04║甘露法雨,令一切眾生皆生歡喜,增長善法,
T10n0279_p0269b05║滿足諸乘。佛子!如來音聲不從外來、不從內
T10n0279_p0269b06║出,而能饒益一切眾生。是為如來音聲第七
T10n0279_p0269b07║相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如
T10n0279_p0269b08║摩那斯龍王將欲降雨,未便即降,先起大雲
T10n0279_p0269b09║彌覆虛空凝停七日,待諸眾生作務究竟。何
T10n0279_p0269b10║以故?彼大龍王有慈悲心,不欲惱亂諸眾生
T10n0279_p0269b11║故。過七日已,降微細雨普潤大地。佛子!如
T10n0279_p0269b12║來、應、正等覺亦復如是,將降法雨,未便即降,
T10n0279_p0269b13║先興法雲成熟眾生,為欲令其心無驚怖;待
T10n0279_p0269b14║其熟已,然後普降甘露法雨,演說甚深微妙
T10n0279_p0269b15║善法,漸次令其滿足如來一切智智無上法
T10n0279_p0269b16║味。佛子!是為如來音聲第八相,諸菩薩摩訶
T10n0279_p0269b17║薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如海中有大龍王,
T10n0279_p0269b18║名:大莊嚴,於大海中降雨之時,或降十種莊
T10n0279_p0269b19║嚴雨,或百、或千、或百千種莊嚴雨。佛子!水無
T10n0279_p0269b20║分別,但以龍王不思議力令其莊嚴,乃至百
T10n0279_p0269b21║千無量差別。如來、應、正等覺亦復如是,為諸
T10n0279_p0269b22║眾生說法之時,或以十種差別音說,或百、或
T10n0279_p0269b23║千、或以百千,或以八萬四千音聲說八萬四
T10n0279_p0269b24║千行,乃至或以無量百千億那由他音聲各
T10n0279_p0269b25║別說法,令其聞者皆生歡喜;如來音聲無所
T10n0279_p0269b26║分別,但以諸佛於甚深法界圓滿清淨,能隨
T10n0279_p0269b27║眾生根之所宜,出種種言音皆令歡喜。佛子!
T10n0279_p0269b28║是為如來音聲第九相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如
T10n0279_p0269b29║是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如娑竭羅龍王,欲現龍王
T10n0279_p0269c01║大自在力,饒益眾生咸令歡喜,從四天下乃
T10n0279_p0269c02║至他化自在天處,興大雲網周匝彌覆。其雲
T10n0279_p0269c03║色相無量差別,或閻浮檀金光明色,或毘瑠
T10n0279_p0269c04║璃光明色,或白銀光明色,或玻瓈光明色,或
T10n0279_p0269c05║牟薩羅光明色,或碼碯光明色,或勝藏光明
T10n0279_p0269c06║色,或赤真珠光明色,或無量香光明色,或無
T10n0279_p0269c07║垢衣光明色,或清淨水光明色,或種種莊嚴
T10n0279_p0269c08║具光明色,如是雲網周匝彌布。既彌布已,出
T10n0279_p0269c09║種種色電光。所謂:閻浮檀金色雲出瑠璃色
T10n0279_p0269c10║電光,瑠璃色雲出金色電光,銀色雲出玻瓈
T10n0279_p0269c11║色電光,玻瓈色雲出銀色電光,牟薩羅色雲
T10n0279_p0269c12║出碼碯色電光,碼碯色雲出牟薩羅色電光,
T10n0279_p0269c13║勝藏寶色雲出赤真珠色電光,赤真珠色雲
T10n0279_p0269c14║出勝藏寶色電光,無量香色雲出無垢衣色
T10n0279_p0269c15║電光,無垢衣色雲出無量香色電光,清淨水
T10n0279_p0269c16║色雲出種種莊嚴具色電光,種種莊嚴具色
T10n0279_p0269c17║雲出清淨水色電光;乃至種種色雲出一色
T10n0279_p0269c18║電光,一色雲出種種色電光。復於彼雲中出
T10n0279_p0269c19║種種雷聲,隨眾生心皆令歡喜。所謂:或如天
T10n0279_p0269c20║女歌詠音,或如諸天妓樂音,或如龍女歌詠
T10n0279_p0269c21║音,或如乾闥婆女歌詠音,或如緊那羅女歌
T10n0279_p0269c22║詠音,或如大地震動聲,或如海水波潮聲,或
T10n0279_p0269c23║如獸王哮吼聲,或如好鳥鳴囀聲,及餘無量
T10n0279_p0269c24║種種音聲。既震雷已,復起涼風,令諸眾生心
T10n0279_p0269c25║生悅樂,然後乃降種種諸雨,利益安樂無量
T10n0279_p0269c26║眾生。從他化天至於地上,於一切處所雨
T10n0279_p0269c27║不同。所謂:於大海中雨清冷水,名:無斷絕;於
T10n0279_p0269c28║他化自在天雨簫笛等種種樂音,名為:美妙;
T10n0279_p0269c29║於化樂天雨大摩尼寶,名:放大光明;於兜率
T10n0279_p0270a01║天雨大莊嚴具,名為:垂髻;於夜摩天雨大妙
T10n0279_p0270a02║華,名:種種莊嚴具;於三十三天雨眾妙香,名
T10n0279_p0270a03║為:悅意;於四天王天雨天寶衣,名為:覆蓋;於
T10n0279_p0270a04║龍王宮雨赤真珠,名:涌出光明;於阿脩羅宮
T10n0279_p0270a05║雨諸兵仗,名:降伏怨敵;於此欝單越雨種種
T10n0279_p0270a06║華,名曰:開敷;餘三天下悉亦如是,然各隨
T10n0279_p0270a07║其處,所雨不同。雖彼龍王其心平等無有
T10n0279_p0270a08║彼此,但以眾生善根異故,雨有差別。佛子!如
T10n0279_p0270a09║來、應、正等覺無上法王亦復如是,欲以正法
T10n0279_p0270a10║教化眾生,先布身雲彌覆法界,隨其樂欲為
T10n0279_p0270a11║現不同。所謂:或為眾生現生身雲,或為眾生
T10n0279_p0270a12║現化身雲,或為眾生現力持身雲,或為眾生
T10n0279_p0270a13║現色身雲,或為眾生現相好身雲,或為眾生
T10n0279_p0270a14║現福德身雲,或為眾生現智慧身雲,或為眾
T10n0279_p0270a15║生現諸力不可壞身雲,或為眾生現無畏身
T10n0279_p0270a16║雲,或為眾生現法界身雲。佛子!如來以如是
T10n0279_p0270a17║等無量身雲,普覆十方一切世界,隨諸眾生
T10n0279_p0270a18║所樂,各別示現種種光明電光。所謂:或為眾
T10n0279_p0270a19║生現光明電光,名:無所不至;或為眾生現光
T10n0279_p0270a20║明電光,名:無邊光明;或為眾生現光明電光,
T10n0279_p0270a21║名:入佛祕密法;或為眾生現光明電光,名:影
T10n0279_p0270a22║現光明;或為眾生現光明電光,名:光明照
T10n0279_p0270a23║耀;或為眾生現光明電光,名:入無盡陀羅
T10n0279_p0270a24║尼門;或為眾生現光明電光,名:正念不亂;或
T10n0279_p0270a25║為眾生現光明電光,名:究竟不壞;或為眾生
T10n0279_p0270a26║現光明電光,名:順入諸趣;或為眾生現光明
T10n0279_p0270a27║電光,名:滿一切願皆令歡喜。佛子!如來、應、正
T10n0279_p0270a28║等覺現如是等無量光明電光已,復隨眾生
T10n0279_p0270a29║心之所樂,出生無量三昧雷聲。所謂:善覺智
T10n0279_p0270b01║三昧雷聲、明盛離垢海三昧雷聲、一切法自
T10n0279_p0270b02║在三昧雷聲、金剛輪三昧雷聲、須彌山幢三
T10n0279_p0270b03║昧雷聲、海印三昧雷聲、日燈三昧雷聲、無盡
T10n0279_p0270b04║藏三昧雷聲、不壞解脫力三昧雷聲。佛子!如
T10n0279_p0270b05║來身雲中出如是等無量差別三昧雷聲已,
T10n0279_p0270b06║將降法雨,先現瑞相開悟眾生。所謂:從無障
T10n0279_p0270b07║礙大慈悲心,現於如來大智風輪,名:能令一
T10n0279_p0270b08║切眾生生不思議歡喜適悅。此相現已,一切
T10n0279_p0270b09║菩薩及諸眾生,身之與心皆得清涼。然後從
T10n0279_p0270b10║如來大法身雲、大慈悲雲、大不思議雲,雨不
T10n0279_p0270b11║思議廣大法雨,令一切眾生身心清淨。所謂:
T10n0279_p0270b12║為坐菩提場菩薩雨大法雨,名:法界無差別;
T10n0279_p0270b13║為最後身菩薩雨大法雨,名:菩薩遊戲如來
T10n0279_p0270b14║祕密教;為一生所繫菩薩雨大法雨,名:清淨
T10n0279_p0270b15║普光明;為灌頂菩薩雨大法雨,名:如來莊嚴
T10n0279_p0270b16║具所莊嚴;為得忍菩薩雨大法雨,名:功德寶
T10n0279_p0270b17║智慧華開敷不斷菩薩大悲行;為住向行菩
T10n0279_p0270b18║薩雨大法雨,名:入現前變化甚深門而行菩
T10n0279_p0270b19║薩行無休息無疲厭;為初發心菩薩雨大法
T10n0279_p0270b20║雨,名:出生如來大慈悲行救護眾生;為求獨
T10n0279_p0270b21║覺乘眾生雨大法雨,名:深知緣起法遠離二
T10n0279_p0270b22║邊得不壞解脫果;為求聲聞乘眾生雨大法
T10n0279_p0270b23║雨,名:以大智慧劍斷一切煩惱怨;為積集善
T10n0279_p0270b24║根決定、不決定眾生雨大法雨,名:能令成就
T10n0279_p0270b25║種種法門生大歡喜。佛子!諸佛如來隨眾生
T10n0279_p0270b26║心,雨如是等廣大法雨,充滿一切無邊世界。
T10n0279_p0270b27║佛子!如來、應、正等覺其心平等,於法無吝,但
T10n0279_p0270b28║以眾生根欲不同,所雨法雨示有差別。是為
T10n0279_p0270b29║如來音聲第十相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。
T10n0279_p0270c01║「復次,佛子!應知如來音聲有十種無量。何等
T10n0279_p0270c02║為十?所謂:如虛空界無量,至一切處故;如法
T10n0279_p0270c03║界無量,無所不遍故;如眾生界無量,令一切
T10n0279_p0270c04║心喜故;如諸業無量,說其果報故;如煩惱無
T10n0279_p0270c05║量,悉令除滅故;如眾生言音無量,隨解令聞
T10n0279_p0270c06║故;如眾生欲解無量,普觀救度故;如三世無
T10n0279_p0270c07║量,無有邊際故;如智慧無量,分別一切故;如
T10n0279_p0270c08║佛境界無量,入佛法界故。佛子!如來、應、正等
T10n0279_p0270c09║覺音聲成就如是等阿僧祇無量,諸菩薩摩
T10n0279_p0270c10║訶薩應如是知。」 爾時,普賢菩薩摩訶薩欲重
T10n0279_p0270c11║明此義而說頌言:
T10n0279_p0270c12║「三千世界將壞時,  眾生福力聲告言,
T10n0279_p0270c13║ 四禪寂靜無諸苦,  令其聞已悉離欲。
T10n0279_p0270c14║ 十力世尊亦如是,  出妙音聲遍法界,
T10n0279_p0270c15║ 為說諸行苦無常,  令其永度生死海。
T10n0279_p0270c16║ 譬如深山大谷中,  隨有音聲皆響應,
T10n0279_p0270c17║ 雖能隨逐他言語,  而響畢竟無分別。
T10n0279_p0270c18║ 十力言音亦復然,  隨其根熟為示現,
T10n0279_p0270c19║ 令其調伏生歡喜,  不念我今能演說。
T10n0279_p0270c20║ 如天有鼓名能覺,  常於空中震法音,
T10n0279_p0270c21║ 誡彼放逸諸天子,  令其聞已得離著。
T10n0279_p0270c22║ 十力法鼓亦如是,  出於種種妙音聲,
T10n0279_p0270c23║ 覺悟一切諸群生,  令其悉證菩提果。
T10n0279_p0270c24║ 自在天王有寶女,  口中善奏諸音樂,
T10n0279_p0270c25║ 一聲能出百千音,  一一音中復百千。
T10n0279_p0270c26║ 善逝音聲亦如是,  一聲而出一切音,
T10n0279_p0270c27║ 隨其性欲有差別,  各令聞已斷煩惱。
T10n0279_p0270c28║ 譬如梵王吐一音,  能令梵眾皆歡喜,
T10n0279_p0270c29║ 音唯及梵不出外,  一一皆言己獨聞。
T10n0279_p0271a01║ 十力梵王亦復然,  演一言音充法界,
T10n0279_p0271a02║ 唯霑眾會不遠出,  以無信故未能受。
T10n0279_p0271a03║ 譬如眾水同一性,  八功德味無差別,
T10n0279_p0271a04║ 因地在器各不同,  是故令其種種異。
T10n0279_p0271a05║ 一切智音亦如是,  法性一味無分別,
T10n0279_p0271a06║ 隨諸眾生行不同,  故使聽聞種種異。
T10n0279_p0271a07║ 譬如無熱大龍王,  降雨普洽閻浮地,
T10n0279_p0271a08║ 能令草樹皆生長,  而不從身及心出。
T10n0279_p0271a09║ 諸佛妙音亦如是,  普雨法界悉充洽,
T10n0279_p0271a10║ 能令生善滅諸惡,  不從內外而得有。
T10n0279_p0271a11║ 譬如摩那斯龍王,  興雲七日未先雨,
T10n0279_p0271a12║ 待諸眾生作務竟,  然後始降成利益。
T10n0279_p0271a13║ 十力演義亦如是,  先化眾生使成熟,
T10n0279_p0271a14║ 然後為說甚深法,  令其聞者不驚怖。
T10n0279_p0271a15║ 大莊嚴龍於海中,  霔於十種莊嚴雨,
T10n0279_p0271a16║ 或百或千百千種,  水雖一味莊嚴別。
T10n0279_p0271a17║ 究竟辯才亦如是,  說十二十諸法門,
T10n0279_p0271a18║ 或百或千至無量,  不生心念有殊別。
T10n0279_p0271a19║ 最勝龍王娑竭羅,  興雲普覆四天下,
T10n0279_p0271a20║ 於一切處雨各別,  而彼龍心無二念。
T10n0279_p0271a21║ 諸佛法王亦如是,  大悲身雲遍十方,
T10n0279_p0271a22║ 為諸修行雨各異,  而於一切無分別。

T10n0279_p0271a23║「佛子!諸菩薩摩訶薩應云何知如來、應、正等
T10n0279_p0271a24║覺心?佛子!如來心、意、識俱不可得,但應以智
T10n0279_p0271a25║無量故,知如來心。 「譬如虛空為一切物所依,
T10n0279_p0271a26║而虛空無所依。如來智慧亦復如是,為一切
T10n0279_p0271a27║世間、出世間智所依,而如來智無所依。佛子!
T10n0279_p0271a28║是為如來心第一相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是
T10n0279_p0271a29║知。 「復次,佛子!譬如法界常出一切聲聞、獨覺、
T10n0279_p0271b01║菩薩解脫,而法界無增減。如來智慧亦復如
T10n0279_p0271b02║是,恒出一切世間、出世間種種智慧,而如來
T10n0279_p0271b03║智無增減。佛子!是為如來心第二相,諸菩薩
T10n0279_p0271b04║摩訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如大海,其水
T10n0279_p0271b05║潛流四天下地及八十億諸小洲中,有穿鑿
T10n0279_p0271b06║者無不得水,而彼大海不作分別:『我出於
T10n0279_p0271b07║水。』佛智海水亦復如是,流入一切眾生心中,
T10n0279_p0271b08║若諸眾生觀察境界、修習法門,則得智慧清
T10n0279_p0271b09║淨明了,而如來智平等無二、無有分別,但隨
T10n0279_p0271b10║眾生心行異故,所得智慧各各不同。佛子!是
T10n0279_p0271b11║為如來心第三相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。
T10n0279_p0271b12║「復次,佛子!譬如大海有四寶珠,具無量德,能
T10n0279_p0271b13║生海內一切珍寶;若大海中無此寶珠,乃至
T10n0279_p0271b14║一寶亦不可得。何等為四?一名:積集寶,二名:
T10n0279_p0271b15║無盡藏,三名:遠離熾然,四名:具足莊嚴。佛子!
T10n0279_p0271b16║此四寶珠,一切凡夫諸龍神等悉不得見。何
T10n0279_p0271b17║以故?娑竭龍王以此寶珠端嚴方正置於宮
T10n0279_p0271b18║中深密處故。佛子!如來、應、正等覺大智慧海
T10n0279_p0271b19║亦復如是,於中有四大智寶珠,具足無量福
T10n0279_p0271b20║智功德,由此能生一切眾生聲聞、獨覺、學、無
T10n0279_p0271b21║學位,及諸菩薩智慧之寶。何等為四?所謂:無
T10n0279_p0271b22║染著巧方便大智慧寶、善分別有為無為法
T10n0279_p0271b23║大智慧寶、分別說無量法而不壞法性大智
T10n0279_p0271b24║慧寶、知時非時未曾誤失大智慧寶。若諸如
T10n0279_p0271b25║來大智海中無此四寶,有一眾生得入大
T10n0279_p0271b26║乘,終無是處。此四智寶,薄福眾生所不能
T10n0279_p0271b27║見。何以故?置於如來深密藏故。此四智寶,平
T10n0279_p0271b28║均正直,端潔妙好,普能利益諸菩薩眾,令其
T10n0279_p0271b29║悉得智慧光明。佛子!是為如來心第四相,諸
T10n0279_p0271c01║菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如大海,
T10n0279_p0271c02║有四熾然光明大寶布在其底,性極猛熱,常
T10n0279_p0271c03║能飲縮百川所注無量大水,是故大海無有
T10n0279_p0271c04║增減。何等為四?一名:日藏,二名:離潤,三名:火
T10n0279_p0271c05║焰光,四名:盡無餘。佛子!若大海中無此四寶,
T10n0279_p0271c06║從四天下乃至有頂,其中所有悉被漂沒。佛
T10n0279_p0271c07║子!此日藏大寶光明照觸,海水悉變為乳;離
T10n0279_p0271c08║潤大寶光明照觸,其乳悉變為酪;火焰光大
T10n0279_p0271c09║寶光明照觸,其酪悉變為酥;盡無餘大寶光
T10n0279_p0271c10║明照觸,其酥變成醍醐;如火熾然,悉盡無餘。
T10n0279_p0271c11║佛子!如來、應、正等覺大智慧海亦復如是,有
T10n0279_p0271c12║四種大智慧寶,具足無量威德光明;此智寶
T10n0279_p0271c13║光觸諸菩薩,乃至令得如來大智。何等為四?
T10n0279_p0271c14║所謂:滅一切散善波浪大智慧寶、除一切法愛
T10n0279_p0271c15║大智慧寶、慧光普照大智慧寶、與如來平等
T10n0279_p0271c16║無邊無功用大智慧寶。佛子!諸菩薩修習
T10n0279_p0271c17║一切助道法時,起無量散善波浪,一切世間
T10n0279_p0271c18║天、人、阿脩羅所不能壞;如來以滅一切散善
T10n0279_p0271c19║波浪大智慧寶光明觸彼菩薩,令捨一切散
T10n0279_p0271c20║善波浪,持心一境,住於三昧;又以除一切法
T10n0279_p0271c21║愛大智慧寶光明觸彼菩薩,令捨離三昧味
T10n0279_p0271c22║著,起廣大神通;又以慧光普照大智慧寶光
T10n0279_p0271c23║明觸彼菩薩,令捨所起廣大神通,住大明功
T10n0279_p0271c24║用行;又以與如來平等無邊無功用大智慧
T10n0279_p0271c25║寶光明觸彼菩薩,令捨所起大明功用行,乃
T10n0279_p0271c26║至得如來平等地,息一切功用,令無有餘。佛
T10n0279_p0271c27║子!若無如來此四智寶大光照觸,乃至有一
T10n0279_p0271c28║菩薩得如來地,無有是處。佛子!是為如來心
T10n0279_p0271c29║第五相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!
T10n0279_p0272a01║如從水際,上至非想非非想天,其中所有大
T10n0279_p0272a02║千國土,欲、色、無色眾生之處,莫不皆依虛空
T10n0279_p0272a03║而起、虛空而住。何以故?虛空普遍故;雖彼虛
T10n0279_p0272a04║空,普容三界而無分別。佛子!如來智慧亦復
T10n0279_p0272a05║如是,若聲聞智,若獨覺智,若菩薩智,若有為
T10n0279_p0272a06║行智,若無為行智,一切皆依如來智起、如來
T10n0279_p0272a07║智住。何以故?如來智慧遍一切故;雖復普容
T10n0279_p0272a08║無量智慧而無分別。佛子!是為如來心第六
T10n0279_p0272a09║相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!如雪
T10n0279_p0272a10║山頂有藥王樹,名:無盡根。彼藥樹根從十六
T10n0279_p0272a11║萬八千由旬下盡金剛地水輪際生。彼藥王
T10n0279_p0272a12║樹若生根時,令閻浮提一切樹根生;若生莖
T10n0279_p0272a13║時,令閻浮提一切樹莖生;枝、葉、華、果悉皆如
T10n0279_p0272a14║是。此藥王樹,根能生莖,莖能生根,根無有盡,
T10n0279_p0272a15║名:無盡根。佛子!彼藥王樹於一切處皆令生
T10n0279_p0272a16║長,唯於二處不能為作生長利益,所謂:地獄
T10n0279_p0272a17║深坑及水輪中;然亦於彼初無厭捨。佛子!
T10n0279_p0272a18║如來智慧大藥王樹亦復如是,以過去所發
T10n0279_p0272a19║成就一切智慧善法、普覆一切諸眾生界、除
T10n0279_p0272a20║滅一切諸惡道苦廣大悲願而為其根,於一
T10n0279_p0272a21║切如來真實智慧種性中生堅固不動善巧
T10n0279_p0272a22║方便以為其莖,遍法界智、諸波羅蜜以為其
T10n0279_p0272a23║枝,禪定、解脫、諸大三昧以為其葉,總持、辯
T10n0279_p0272a24║才、菩提分法以為其華,究竟無變諸佛解
T10n0279_p0272a25║脫以為其果。佛子!如來智慧大藥王樹,何
T10n0279_p0272a26║故得名為:無盡根?以究竟無休息故,不斷菩
T10n0279_p0272a27║薩行故;菩薩行即如來性,如來性即菩薩行,
T10n0279_p0272a28║是故得名為:無盡根。佛子!如來智慧大藥王
T10n0279_p0272a29║樹,其根生時,令一切菩薩生不捨眾生大慈
T10n0279_p0272b01║悲根;其莖生時,令一切菩薩增長堅固精進
T10n0279_p0272b02║深心莖;其枝生時,令一切菩薩增長一切諸
T10n0279_p0272b03║波羅蜜枝;其葉生時,令一切菩薩生長淨
T10n0279_p0272b04║戒頭陀功德少欲知足葉;其華生時,令一切
T10n0279_p0272b05║菩薩具諸善根相好莊嚴華;其果生時,令一
T10n0279_p0272b06║切菩薩得無生忍乃至一切佛灌頂忍果。佛
T10n0279_p0272b07║子!如來智慧大藥王樹唯於二處不能為作
T10n0279_p0272b08║生長利益,所謂:二乘墮於無為廣大深阬
T10n0279_p0272b09║及壞善根非器眾生溺大邪見貪愛之水;然
T10n0279_p0272b10║亦於彼曾無厭捨。佛子!如來智慧無有增減,
T10n0279_p0272b11║以根善安住,生無休息故。佛子!是為如來心
T10n0279_p0272b12║第七相,諸菩薩摩訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!
T10n0279_p0272b13║譬如三千大千世界劫火起時,焚燒一切草
T10n0279_p0272b14║木叢林,乃至鐵圍、大鐵圍山皆悉熾然無有
T10n0279_p0272b15║遺餘。 「佛子!假使有人手執乾草投彼火中,
T10n0279_p0272b16║於意云何,得不燒不?」 答言:「不也。」 「佛子!彼所投
T10n0279_p0272b17║草容可不燒;如來智慧分別三世一切眾生、
T10n0279_p0272b18║一切國土、一切劫數、一切諸法,無不知者;若
T10n0279_p0272b19║言不知,無有是處。何以故?智慧平等悉明達
T10n0279_p0272b20║故。佛子!是為如來心第八相,諸菩薩摩訶薩
T10n0279_p0272b21║應如是知。 「復次,佛子!譬如風災壞世界時,有
T10n0279_p0272b22║大風起,名曰:散壞,能壞三千大千世界,鐵圍
T10n0279_p0272b23║山等皆成碎末。復有大風,名為:能障,周匝三
T10n0279_p0272b24║千大千世界障散壞風,不令得至餘方世界。
T10n0279_p0272b25║佛子!若令無此能障大風,十方世界無不壞
T10n0279_p0272b26║盡。如來、應、正等覺亦復如是,有大智風,名為:
T10n0279_p0272b27║能滅,能滅一切諸大菩薩煩惱習氣;有大智
T10n0279_p0272b28║風,名為:巧持,巧持其根未熟菩薩不令能滅
T10n0279_p0272b29║大智風輪斷其一切煩惱習氣。佛子!若無如
T10n0279_p0272c01║來巧持智風,無量菩薩皆墮聲聞、辟支佛地;
T10n0279_p0272c02║由此智故,令諸菩薩超二乘地,安住如來究
T10n0279_p0272c03║竟之位。佛子!是為如來心第九相,諸菩薩摩
T10n0279_p0272c04║訶薩應如是知。 「復次,佛子!如來智慧無處不
T10n0279_p0272c05║至。何以故?無一眾生而不具有如來智慧,但
T10n0279_p0272c06║以妄想顛倒執著而不證得;若離妄想,一切
T10n0279_p0272c07║智、自然智、無礙智則得現前。佛子!譬如有大
T10n0279_p0272c08║經卷,量等三千大千世界,書寫三千大千世
T10n0279_p0272c09║界中事,一切皆盡。所謂:書寫大鐵圍山中事,
T10n0279_p0272c10║量等大鐵圍山;書寫大地中事,量等大地;書
T10n0279_p0272c11║寫中千世界中事,量等中千世界;書寫小千
T10n0279_p0272c12║世界中事,量等小千世界;如是,若四天下,若
T10n0279_p0272c13║大海,若須彌山,若地天宮殿,若欲界空居天
T10n0279_p0272c14║宮殿,若色界宮殿,若無色界宮殿,一一書寫,
T10n0279_p0272c15║其量悉等。此大經卷雖復量等大千世界,而
T10n0279_p0272c16║全住在一微塵中;如一微塵,一切微塵皆亦
T10n0279_p0272c17║如是。時,有一人智慧明達,具足成就清淨天
T10n0279_p0272c18║眼,見此經卷在微塵內,於諸眾生無少利
T10n0279_p0272c19║益,即作是念:『我當以精進力,破彼微塵,出
T10n0279_p0272c20║此經卷,令得饒益一切眾生。』作是念已,即起
T10n0279_p0272c21║方便,破彼微塵,出此大經,令諸眾生普得
T10n0279_p0272c22║饒益。如於一塵,一切微塵應知悉然。佛子!
T10n0279_p0272c23║如來智慧亦復如是,無量無礙,普能利益一
T10n0279_p0272c24║切眾生,具足在於眾生身中;但諸凡愚妄想
T10n0279_p0272c25║執著,不知不覺,不得利益。爾時,如來以無障
T10n0279_p0272c26║礙清淨智眼,普觀法界一切眾生而作是言:
T10n0279_p0272c27║『奇哉!奇哉!此諸眾生云何具有如來智慧,愚
T10n0279_p0272c28║癡迷惑,不知不見?我當教以聖道,令其永離
T10n0279_p0272c29║妄想執著,自於身中得見如來廣大智慧與
T10n0279_p0273a01║佛無異。』即教彼眾生修習聖道,令離妄想;離
T10n0279_p0273a02║妄想已,證得如來無量智慧,利益安樂一切
T10n0279_p0273a03║眾生。佛子!是為如來心第十相,諸菩薩摩訶
T10n0279_p0273a04║薩應如是知。 「佛子!菩薩摩訶薩應以如是等
T10n0279_p0273a05║無量無礙不可思議廣大相,知如來、應、正等
T10n0279_p0273a06║覺心。」 爾時,普賢菩薩摩訶薩欲重明此義而
T10n0279_p0273a07║說頌言:
T10n0279_p0273a08║「欲知諸佛心,  當觀佛智慧,
T10n0279_p0273a09║ 佛智無依處,  如空無所依。
T10n0279_p0273a10║ 眾生種種樂,  及諸方便智,
T10n0279_p0273a11║ 皆依佛智慧,  佛智無依止。
T10n0279_p0273a12║ 聲聞與獨覺,  及諸佛解脫,
T10n0279_p0273a13║ 皆依於法界,  法界無增減。
T10n0279_p0273a14║ 佛智亦如是,  出生一切智,
T10n0279_p0273a15║ 無增亦無減,  無生亦無盡。
T10n0279_p0273a16║ 如水潛流地,  求之無不得,
T10n0279_p0273a17║ 無念亦無盡,  功力遍十方。
T10n0279_p0273a18║ 佛智亦如是,  普在眾生心,
T10n0279_p0273a19║ 若有勤修行,  疾得智光明。
T10n0279_p0273a20║ 如龍有四珠,  出生一切寶,
T10n0279_p0273a21║ 置之深密處,  凡人莫能見。
T10n0279_p0273a22║ 佛四智亦然,  出生一切智,
T10n0279_p0273a23║ 餘人莫能見,  唯除大菩薩。
T10n0279_p0273a24║ 如海有四寶,  能飲一切水,
T10n0279_p0273a25║ 令海不流溢,  亦復無增減。
T10n0279_p0273a26║ 如來智亦爾,  息浪除法愛,
T10n0279_p0273a27║ 廣大無有邊,  能生佛菩薩。
T10n0279_p0273a28║ 下方至有頂,  欲色無色界,
T10n0279_p0273a29║ 一切依虛空,  虛空不分別。
T10n0279_p0273b01║ 聲聞與獨覺,  菩薩眾智慧,
T10n0279_p0273b02║ 皆依於佛智,  佛智無分別。
T10n0279_p0273b03║ 雪山有藥王,  名為無盡根,
T10n0279_p0273b04║ 能生一切樹,  根莖葉華實。
T10n0279_p0273b05║ 佛智亦如是,  如來種中生,
T10n0279_p0273b06║ 既得菩提已,  復生菩薩行。
T10n0279_p0273b07║ 如人把乾草,  置之於劫燒,
T10n0279_p0273b08║ 金剛猶洞然,  此無不燒理。
T10n0279_p0273b09║ 三世劫與剎,  及其中眾生,
T10n0279_p0273b10║ 彼草容不燒,  此佛無不知。
T10n0279_p0273b11║ 有風名散壞,  能壞於大千;
T10n0279_p0273b12║ 若無別風止,  壞及無量界。
T10n0279_p0273b13║ 大智風亦爾,  滅諸菩薩惑;
T10n0279_p0273b14║ 別有善巧風,  令住如來地。
T10n0279_p0273b15║ 如有大經卷,  量等三千界,
T10n0279_p0273b16║ 在於一塵內,  一切塵悉然。
T10n0279_p0273b17║ 有一聰慧人,  淨眼悉明見,
T10n0279_p0273b18║ 破塵出經卷,  普饒益眾生。
T10n0279_p0273b19║ 佛智亦如是,  遍在眾生心,
T10n0279_p0273b20║ 妄想之所纏,  不覺亦不知。
T10n0279_p0273b21║ 諸佛大慈悲,  令其除妄想,
T10n0279_p0273b22║ 如是乃出現,  饒益諸菩薩。

T10n0279_p0273b23║大方廣佛華嚴經卷第五十一
【經文資訊】大正藏第 10 冊 No. 0279 大方廣佛華嚴經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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