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T07n0220_536 大般若波羅蜜多經(第401卷-第600卷) 第536卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 7 冊 » No.0220 » 第 536 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T07n0220_p0751a01║
T07n0220_p0751a02║大般若波羅蜜多經卷第五百三
T07n0220_p0751a03║十六
T07n0220_p0751a04║
T07n0220_p0751a05║
T07n0220_p0751a06║第三分佛國品第三十之二

T07n0220_p0751a07║「復次,善現!此諸菩薩摩訶薩眾應修如是嚴
T07n0220_p0751a08║淨佛土,謂彼土中恒不聞有三種惡趣,亦不
T07n0220_p0751a09║聞有諸惡見趣,亦不聞有貪、瞋、癡毒,亦不聞
T07n0220_p0751a10║有男女形相,亦不聞有聲聞、獨覺,亦不聞有
T07n0220_p0751a11║無常、苦等不如意事,亦不聞有攝受資具,亦
T07n0220_p0751a12║不聞有我、我所執,亦不聞有隨眠、纏、結,亦不
T07n0220_p0751a13║聞有顛倒執著,亦不聞有施設有情果位差
T07n0220_p0751a14║別。唯聞說空、無相、無願、無生、無滅、無性等聲。
T07n0220_p0751a15║謂隨有情意樂差別,於樹林等內外物中,常
T07n0220_p0751a16║有微風更相衝擊,發起種種微妙音聲。諸音
T07n0220_p0751a17║聲中說:『一切法皆無自性,無性故空,空故無
T07n0220_p0751a18║相,無相故無願,無願故無生,無生故無滅。由
T07n0220_p0751a19║此諸法本來寂靜、自性涅槃,如來出世、若不
T07n0220_p0751a20║出世,諸法法性法爾常住。』謂一切法無性、空
T07n0220_p0751a21║等,彼佛土中諸有情類若晝、若夜、若立、若行、
T07n0220_p0751a22║若臥、若坐,常聞如是妙法音聲。 「善現當知!此
T07n0220_p0751a23║諸菩薩摩訶薩眾各住所居嚴淨佛土,證得
T07n0220_p0751a24║無上正等覺時,十方如來、應、正等覺,皆共稱
T07n0220_p0751a25║讚彼彼佛名,若諸有情得聞如是諸佛名者,
T07n0220_p0751a26║必於無上正等菩提得不退轉。是諸菩薩摩
T07n0220_p0751a27║訶薩眾各住所居嚴淨佛土,證得無上正等
T07n0220_p0751a28║覺時,為諸有情宣說正法。有情聞已定不生
T07n0220_p0751a29║疑,謂為是法、為非法等。所以者何?彼有情類
T07n0220_p0751b01║達一切法皆即真如、法界、法性,一切是法無
T07n0220_p0751b02║非法等。如是,善現!此諸菩薩摩訶薩眾皆能
T07n0220_p0751b03║嚴淨如是佛土。 「復次,善現!是諸菩薩摩訶薩
T07n0220_p0751b04║眾有所化生具不善根,未於諸佛、菩薩、獨覺
T07n0220_p0751b05║及聲聞等種諸善根,為惡知識所攝受故,離
T07n0220_p0751b06║善友故,不聞正法,常為種種我、有情見及諸
T07n0220_p0751b07║見趣之所攝藏,墮在斷、常二邊偏執。彼有情
T07n0220_p0751b08║類,自起邪執,亦常教他令起邪執,於非三寶
T07n0220_p0751b09║起三寶想,於三寶中謂非三寶,毀謗正法讚
T07n0220_p0751b10║歎邪法。由是因緣,身壞命終墮諸惡趣受種
T07n0220_p0751b11║種苦。是諸菩薩摩訶薩眾各住自土證得無
T07n0220_p0751b12║上正等菩提,見彼有情輪迴生死受無量苦,
T07n0220_p0751b13║以神通力方便化導,令捨惡見住正見中,從
T07n0220_p0751b14║惡趣出生於人趣。復以種種神通方便,化導
T07n0220_p0751b15║令住正定聚中,畢竟不復墮諸惡趣。復令修
T07n0220_p0751b16║習殊勝善根,命終得生嚴淨佛土,受用淨土
T07n0220_p0751b17║大乘法樂。 「如是,善現!此諸菩薩摩訶薩眾皆
T07n0220_p0751b18║能如是嚴淨佛土。由所居土極清淨故,生彼
T07n0220_p0751b19║有情於一切法不起虛妄分別猶豫,謂此是
T07n0220_p0751b20║善法、此是非善法,此是有記法、此是無記法,
T07n0220_p0751b21║此是世間法、此是出世間法,此是有漏法、此
T07n0220_p0751b22║是無漏法,此是有為法、此是無為法。諸如是
T07n0220_p0751b23║等分別猶豫畢竟不生。由是因緣,彼有情類,
T07n0220_p0751b24║定得無上正等菩提,轉妙法輪度有情眾。 「善
T07n0220_p0751b25║現當知!是為菩薩摩訶薩嚴淨佛土功德之
T07n0220_p0751b26║相,利益安樂一切有情。」
T07n0220_p0751b27║   第三分宣化品第三十一之一
T07n0220_p0751b28║爾時,善現便白佛言:「是菩薩摩訶薩為住定
T07n0220_p0751b29║聚、不定聚耶?」 佛告善現:「是菩薩摩訶薩皆住
T07n0220_p0751c01║定聚。」 具壽善現復白佛言:「是菩薩摩訶薩住
T07n0220_p0751c02║何定聚?聲聞乘耶?獨覺乘耶?無上乘耶?」 佛
T07n0220_p0751c03║告善現:「是菩薩摩訶薩住無上乘。」 具壽善現
T07n0220_p0751c04║復白佛言:「是菩薩摩訶薩為於何時名住定
T07n0220_p0751c05║聚?初發心耶?不退位耶?最後有耶?」 佛告善
T07n0220_p0751c06║現:「是菩薩摩訶薩若初發心、若不退位、若
T07n0220_p0751c07║最後有,皆住定聚。」 具壽善現復白佛言:「此
T07n0220_p0751c08║住定聚諸菩薩摩訶薩墮惡趣不?」 佛告善現:
T07n0220_p0751c09║「諸菩薩摩訶薩若住定聚,決定不墮諸惡趣
T07n0220_p0751c10║中。」 復告善現:「於意云何?第八、預流、一來、不
T07n0220_p0751c11║還、阿羅漢、獨覺惡趣不?」 善現對曰:「不也!世
T07n0220_p0751c12║尊!」 佛告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩亦復如是,從
T07n0220_p0751c13║初發心修行布施乃至般若波羅蜜多及餘無
T07n0220_p0751c14║量無邊佛法,伏斷一切惡不善法。由此因緣,
T07n0220_p0751c15║墮諸惡趣必無是處。生長壽天亦無是處,謂
T07n0220_p0751c16║於彼處諸勝善法不得現行。是菩薩摩訶薩
T07n0220_p0751c17║若生邊鄙,或生達絮、蔑戾車中,亦無是處,謂
T07n0220_p0751c18║於彼處,不能修行殊勝善法,多起惡見不信
T07n0220_p0751c19║因果,常樂習行諸穢惡業,不聞三寶亦無四
T07n0220_p0751c20║眾。是菩薩摩訶薩生邪見家,亦無是處,謂生
T07n0220_p0751c21║彼家執著種種諸惡見趣,撥無妙行、惡行及
T07n0220_p0751c22║果,不修諸善樂作眾惡故,諸菩薩不生彼家。
T07n0220_p0751c23║復次,善現!諸菩薩摩訶薩初發無上正等覺
T07n0220_p0751c24║心,以勝意樂受行十種不善業道,亦無是處。」
T07n0220_p0751c25║具壽善現便白佛言:「若菩薩摩訶薩從初發
T07n0220_p0751c26║心成就如是善根功德不生惡處。何故世尊
T07n0220_p0751c27║每為眾說自本生事多百千種,於中亦有生
T07n0220_p0751c28║諸惡處,爾時善根為何所在?」 佛告善現:「諸
T07n0220_p0751c29║菩薩摩訶薩不由穢業受惡處身,但為利樂
T07n0220_p0752a01║諸有情類,由故思願而受彼身,是故不應引
T07n0220_p0752a02║之為難。」 復告善現:「於意云何?有諸獨覺或
T07n0220_p0752a03║阿羅漢,方便善巧如諸菩薩摩訶薩眾,成就
T07n0220_p0752a04║殊勝方便善巧,受傍生身,有獵者來欲為損
T07n0220_p0752a05║害,便起無上安忍慈悲,欲令彼人得利樂故,
T07n0220_p0752a06║自捨身命不害彼不?」 善現對曰:「諸獨覺等無
T07n0220_p0752a07║如是事。」 佛告善現:「由此因緣,當知菩薩為欲
T07n0220_p0752a08║利樂諸有情故,為大慈悲速圓滿故,為疾證
T07n0220_p0752a09║得大菩提故,雖受種種傍生之身,而非傍生
T07n0220_p0752a10║過失所染。」 具壽善現復白佛言:「諸菩薩摩訶
T07n0220_p0752a11║薩住何善根,為欲利樂諸有情故受惡處身?」
T07n0220_p0752a12║佛告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩有何善根不應圓
T07n0220_p0752a13║滿?然諸菩薩摩訶薩眾為得無上正等菩提,
T07n0220_p0752a14║一切善根皆應圓滿,謂諸菩薩摩訶薩眾從
T07n0220_p0752a15║初發心乃至安坐妙菩提座,無有善根不應
T07n0220_p0752a16║圓滿。要具圓滿一切善法,乃得無上正等菩
T07n0220_p0752a17║提,若一善法未能圓滿,而得無上正等菩提,
T07n0220_p0752a18║定無是處。是故,善現!諸菩薩摩訶薩從初發
T07n0220_p0752a19║心乃至安坐妙菩提座,於其中間常學圓滿
T07n0220_p0752a20║一切善法,學已當得一切相智,永斷一切習
T07n0220_p0752a21║氣相續,乃能證得一切智智。」
T07n0220_p0752a22║爾時,善現便白佛言:「諸菩薩摩訶薩云何成
T07n0220_p0752a23║就種種白淨聖無漏法,而生惡趣受傍生身?」
T07n0220_p0752a24║佛告善現:「於意云何?如來成就一切白淨聖
T07n0220_p0752a25║無漏不?」 善現對曰:「如來成就一切白淨聖無
T07n0220_p0752a26║漏法。」 佛告善現:「於意云何?如來化作傍生
T07n0220_p0752a27║趣身,利樂有情作佛事不?」 善現對曰:「如來
T07n0220_p0752a28║化作傍生趣身,利樂有情作諸佛事。」 佛告善
T07n0220_p0752a29║現:「於意云何?如來化作傍生身時,是實傍
T07n0220_p0752b01║生受彼苦不?」 善現對曰:「如來化作傍生身時,
T07n0220_p0752b02║非實傍生不受彼苦。」 佛告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶
T07n0220_p0752b03║薩亦復如是,雖具成就種種白淨聖無漏法,
T07n0220_p0752b04║而為成熟諸有情類,以故思願受傍生身,如
T07n0220_p0752b05║應成熟諸有情類。 「復次,善現!於意云何?有阿
T07n0220_p0752b06║羅漢諸漏永盡,能化作身起諸事業,由彼事
T07n0220_p0752b07║業生他喜不?」 善現對曰:「有阿羅漢諸漏永盡,
T07n0220_p0752b08║能化作身起諸事業,由彼事業令他生喜。」 佛
T07n0220_p0752b09║告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩亦復如是,雖具成就
T07n0220_p0752b10║種種白淨聖無漏法,而為利樂諸有情類,以
T07n0220_p0752b11║故思願受傍生身作諸佛事。雖受彼身而不
T07n0220_p0752b12║同彼受諸苦惱,亦不為彼過失所污。 「復次,
T07n0220_p0752b13║善現!於意云何?有巧幻師或彼弟子,幻作種
T07n0220_p0752b14║種象、馬等事,令眾人見歡喜踊躍,於彼有實
T07n0220_p0752b15║象、馬等不?」 善現對曰:「於彼無實象、馬等事。」 佛
T07n0220_p0752b16║告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩亦復如是,雖具成就
T07n0220_p0752b17║種種白淨聖無漏法,而為利樂諸有情類,以
T07n0220_p0752b18║故思願受傍生身。雖受彼身而實非彼,亦不
T07n0220_p0752b19║為彼過失所污。」 具壽善現復白佛言:「諸菩薩
T07n0220_p0752b20║摩訶薩如是廣大方便善巧,雖具成就種種
T07n0220_p0752b21║白淨聖無漏法而為有情,以故思願方便善
T07n0220_p0752b22║巧受種種身,隨其所宜現作饒益。世尊!諸
T07n0220_p0752b23║菩薩摩訶薩住何等法,能作如是方便善巧,
T07n0220_p0752b24║雖受種種傍生等身,而不為彼過失所污?」 佛
T07n0220_p0752b25║告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩住深般若波羅蜜多,
T07n0220_p0752b26║能作如是方便善巧。由此方便善巧力故,雖
T07n0220_p0752b27║往十方殑伽沙等諸佛世界,現種種身利益
T07n0220_p0752b28║安樂諸有情類,而於其中不起染著。所以者
T07n0220_p0752b29║何?是菩薩摩訶薩於一切法都無所得,謂都
T07n0220_p0752c01║不得能染、所染及染因緣。何以故?以一切法
T07n0220_p0752c02║自性空故。 「善現當知!空性不能染著空性,空
T07n0220_p0752c03║亦不能染著餘法,亦無餘法能染著空。所以
T07n0220_p0752c04║者何?空中空性尚不可得,況有餘法而可得
T07n0220_p0752c05║者!如是名為不可得空,諸菩薩摩訶薩安住
T07n0220_p0752c06║此中,能證無上正等菩提,轉妙法輪度有情
T07n0220_p0752c07║眾。」 具壽善現復白佛言:「諸菩薩摩訶薩為但
T07n0220_p0752c08║安住甚深般若波羅蜜多,能作如是方便善
T07n0220_p0752c09║巧,為亦安住諸餘法耶?」 佛告善現:「豈有餘
T07n0220_p0752c10║法,非深般若波羅蜜多之所攝受,而汝今者
T07n0220_p0752c11║復為此問?」 具壽善現便白佛言:「甚深般若波
T07n0220_p0752c12║羅蜜多自性既空,云何可說甚深般若波羅
T07n0220_p0752c13║蜜多攝一切法?非空法中可說有法攝、與不
T07n0220_p0752c14║攝。」 佛告善現:「豈不諸法自性皆空。」 善現對
T07n0220_p0752c15║曰:「如是!如是!」 佛告善現:「若一切法自性皆
T07n0220_p0752c16║空,豈不空中攝一切法?」 善現對曰:「如是!如
T07n0220_p0752c17║是!」 佛告善現:「由此因緣,甚深般若波羅蜜多
T07n0220_p0752c18║攝一切法,當知菩薩摩訶薩眾住深般若波
T07n0220_p0752c19║羅蜜多,能作如是方便善巧利益有情。」
T07n0220_p0752c20║爾時,善現復白佛言:「云何菩薩摩訶薩行深
T07n0220_p0752c21║般若波羅蜜多時,住一切法自性空中,引發
T07n0220_p0752c22║神通波羅蜜多,住此神通波羅蜜多,能至十
T07n0220_p0752c23║方殑伽沙等諸佛世界,供養恭敬諸佛世尊,
T07n0220_p0752c24║於諸佛所聽受正法種諸善根?」 佛告善現:「若
T07n0220_p0752c25║菩薩摩訶薩行深般若波羅蜜多,遍觀十方
T07n0220_p0752c26║殑伽沙等諸佛世界及諸佛眾并所說法自
T07n0220_p0752c27║性皆空,但有世俗施設名字說為世界、佛眾
T07n0220_p0752c28║及法,如是世俗施設名字自性亦空。 「善現當
T07n0220_p0752c29║知!若十方界及諸佛眾并所說法施設名字
T07n0220_p0753a01║自性不空,則所說空應成少分,以所說空非
T07n0220_p0753a02║成少分故,一切法自性皆空,其理周圓無二、
T07n0220_p0753a03║無別。 「善現當知!是菩薩摩訶薩行深般若波
T07n0220_p0753a04║羅蜜多,由遍觀空方便善巧,便能引發殊勝
T07n0220_p0753a05║神通波羅蜜多。住此神通波羅蜜多,復能引
T07n0220_p0753a06║發天眼、天耳、神境、他心、宿住隨念及知漏盡微
T07n0220_p0753a07║妙通慧。 「善現當知!諸菩薩摩訶薩非離神通
T07n0220_p0753a08║波羅蜜多,有能自在成熟有情、嚴淨佛土,證得
T07n0220_p0753a09║無上正等菩提。是故神通波羅蜜多是菩提
T07n0220_p0753a10║道,諸菩薩摩訶薩皆依此道求趣無上正等
T07n0220_p0753a11║菩提,於求趣時,能自圓滿一切善法,亦能勸
T07n0220_p0753a12║他修諸善法,雖作是事而於其中無所執著。
T07n0220_p0753a13║所以者何?是菩薩摩訶薩知諸善法自性皆
T07n0220_p0753a14║空,非自性空有所執著,若有執著則有愛味,
T07n0220_p0753a15║由無執著亦無愛味。自性空中無愛味故,能
T07n0220_p0753a16║味、所味及味因緣,於空法中皆不可得。 「善現
T07n0220_p0753a17║當知!是菩薩摩訶薩行深般若波羅蜜多,安
T07n0220_p0753a18║住神通波羅多,引發天眼清淨過人,用此
T07n0220_p0753a19║天眼觀一切法自性皆空。見一切法自性空
T07n0220_p0753a20║故,不依法相造作諸業,雖為有情說如是法,
T07n0220_p0753a21║而亦不得諸有情相及彼施設。是菩薩摩訶
T07n0220_p0753a22║薩以無所得而為方便,引發菩薩殊勝神通,
T07n0220_p0753a23║用此神通作所應作一切事業。 「善現當知!是
T07n0220_p0753a24║菩薩摩訶薩以極清淨過人天眼,遍觀十方
T07n0220_p0753a25║殑伽沙等諸佛世界,見已引發神境智通往
T07n0220_p0753a26║彼饒益諸有情類,或以布施乃至般若波羅
T07n0220_p0753a27║蜜多而作饒益,或以三十七種菩提分法而
T07n0220_p0753a28║作饒益,或以靜慮、無量、無色而作饒益,或
T07n0220_p0753a29║以解脫、等持、等至而作饒益,或以空、無相、無
T07n0220_p0753b01║願解脫門而作饒益,或以諸餘殊勝善法而
T07n0220_p0753b02║作饒益,或以聲聞、獨覺、菩薩及諸佛法而作
T07n0220_p0753b03║饒益。 「是菩薩摩訶薩遊十方界,若見有情慳
T07n0220_p0753b04║貪多者,深生憐愍說如是法:『汝等有情當行
T07n0220_p0753b05║布施。諸慳貪者受貧窮苦,由貧窮故無有威
T07n0220_p0753b06║德,不能自益,況能益他!是故汝等當勤布施,
T07n0220_p0753b07║既自安樂亦安樂他,莫以貧窮更相食噉,俱
T07n0220_p0753b08║不解脫諸惡趣苦。』 「若見有情毀淨戒者,深生
T07n0220_p0753b09║憐愍說如是法:『汝等有情當持淨戒,諸破戒
T07n0220_p0753b10║者受惡趣苦,破戒之人無有威德,不能自益,
T07n0220_p0753b11║況能益他!破戒因緣墮諸惡趣,受苦異熟楚
T07n0220_p0753b12║毒難忍,不能自濟,況能濟他!是故汝等當持
T07n0220_p0753b13║淨戒,不應容納犯戒之心經一念頃,況經多
T07n0220_p0753b14║時!莫縱自心後生憂悔。』 「若見有情更相瞋忿,
T07n0220_p0753b15║展轉結恨互相惱,深生憐愍說如是法:『汝
T07n0220_p0753b16║等有情當修安忍,莫相瞋忿結恨相害。諸忿
T07n0220_p0753b17║恨心不順善法,增長惡法招現衰損。汝等由
T07n0220_p0753b18║此忿恨心故,身壞命終當墮惡趣,受諸劇苦
T07n0220_p0753b19║難有出期,是故汝等不應納忿恨之心經
T07n0220_p0753b20║一念頃,何況令其多時相續!汝等今者展轉
T07n0220_p0753b21║相緣,應起慈悲作饒益事。』 「若見有情懈怠懶
T07n0220_p0753b22║惰,深生憐愍說如是法:『汝等有情當勤精
T07n0220_p0753b23║進,莫於善法懈怠懶惰,諸懶惰者於諸善
T07n0220_p0753b24║法及諸勝事皆不能成。汝等由斯墮諸惡趣
T07n0220_p0753b25║受無邊苦,是故汝等不應容納懶惰之心經
T07n0220_p0753b26║一念頃,何況令其多時相續!』 「若見有情失念
T07n0220_p0753b27║散亂心不寂靜,深生憐愍說如是法:『汝等有
T07n0220_p0753b28║情當修靜慮,莫起失念散亂之心,如是之心
T07n0220_p0753b29║不順善法,增長惡法招現衰損。汝等由此身
T07n0220_p0753c01║壞命終,當墮惡趣受無邊苦,是故汝等不應
T07n0220_p0753c02║容納失念散亂相應之心經一念頃,何況令
T07n0220_p0753c03║其多時相續!』 「若見有情愚癡惡慧,深生憐愍
T07n0220_p0753c04║說如是法:『汝等有情當修勝慧莫起惡慧,起
T07n0220_p0753c05║惡慧者於諸善趣尚不能往,況得解脫!汝等
T07n0220_p0753c06║由此惡慧因緣,當墮惡趣受無邊苦,是故汝
T07n0220_p0753c07║等不應容納愚癡惡慧相應之心經一念頃,何
T07n0220_p0753c08║況令其多時相續!』 「若見有情貪欲多者,深生
T07n0220_p0753c09║憐愍,方便令其修不淨觀。若見有情瞋恚多
T07n0220_p0753c10║者,深生憐愍,方便令其修慈悲觀。若見有情
T07n0220_p0753c11║愚癡多者,深生憐愍,方便令其修緣起觀。若
T07n0220_p0753c12║見有情憍慢多者,深生憐愍,方便令其修諸
T07n0220_p0753c13║界觀。若見有情尋伺多者,深生憐愍,方便令
T07n0220_p0753c14║其修持息念。若見有情失正道者,深生憐愍,
T07n0220_p0753c15║方便令其趣入正道,謂聲聞道、或獨覺道、或
T07n0220_p0753c16║菩薩道、或如來道,方便為彼說如是法:『汝等
T07n0220_p0753c17║所執自性皆空,非空法中可有所執,以無所
T07n0220_p0753c18║執為空相故。』 「如是,善現!諸菩薩摩訶薩行深
T07n0220_p0753c19║般若波羅蜜多,要住神通波羅蜜多,方能
T07n0220_p0753c20║自在宣說正法,利益安樂諸有情類。善現當
T07n0220_p0753c21║知!若菩薩摩訶薩遠離神通波羅蜜多,不能
T07n0220_p0753c22║自在宣說正法,與諸有情作利樂事。善現當
T07n0220_p0753c23║知!如鳥無翼,不能自在飛翔虛空遠有所至,
T07n0220_p0753c24║諸菩薩摩訶薩亦復如是,若無神通波羅蜜
T07n0220_p0753c25║多,不能自在宣說正法,與諸有情作利樂事。
T07n0220_p0753c26║是故,善現!諸菩薩摩訶薩行深般若波羅蜜
T07n0220_p0753c27║多,應引發神通波羅蜜多,若引發神通波羅
T07n0220_p0753c28║蜜多,即能自在宣說正法,隨意利樂諸有情
T07n0220_p0753c29║類。 「善現當知!諸菩薩摩訶薩以最清淨過人
T07n0220_p0754a01║天眼,遍觀十方殑伽沙等諸佛世界,及觀生
T07n0220_p0754a02║彼諸有情類,見已引發神境智通,經須臾間
T07n0220_p0754a03║往至彼界,以他心智如實了知彼諸有情心、
T07n0220_p0754a04║心所法,隨其所應為說法要,謂說布施乃至
T07n0220_p0754a05║般若波羅蜜多,或說四念住乃至八聖道支,
T07n0220_p0754a06║或說四靜慮、四無量、四無色定,或說空、無相、
T07n0220_p0754a07║無願解脫門,或說八解脫乃至十遍處,或說
T07n0220_p0754a08║陀羅尼門、三摩地門,或說內空乃至無性自
T07n0220_p0754a09║性空,或說真如乃至不思議界,或說苦、集、滅、
T07n0220_p0754a10║道聖諦,或說因緣乃至增上緣,或說從緣所
T07n0220_p0754a11║生諸法,或說無明乃至老死,或說種種蘊、處、
T07n0220_p0754a12║界門,或說聲聞道,或說獨覺道,或說菩薩
T07n0220_p0754a13║道,或說菩提,或說涅槃,令彼有情聞此法
T07n0220_p0754a14║已皆獲殊勝利益安樂。 「善現當知!是菩薩摩
T07n0220_p0754a15║訶薩以最清淨過人天耳,能聞一切人非人
T07n0220_p0754a16║聲。由此天耳,遍聞十方殑伽沙等諸佛世界
T07n0220_p0754a17║一切如來、應、正等覺所說正法,聞已受持思
T07n0220_p0754a18║惟義趣,隨所聞法能為有情如實宣說,或說
T07n0220_p0754a19║布施乃至般若波羅蜜多,廣說乃至或說菩
T07n0220_p0754a20║提,或說涅槃,令彼有情聞此法已皆獲殊勝
T07n0220_p0754a21║利益安樂。 「善現當知!是菩薩摩訶薩以最
T07n0220_p0754a22║清淨他心智通,如實了知諸有情類心、心所
T07n0220_p0754a23║法,隨其所應為說法要,謂說布施乃至般若
T07n0220_p0754a24║波羅蜜多,廣說乃至或說菩提,或說涅槃,令
T07n0220_p0754a25║彼有情聞此法已,皆獲殊勝利益安樂。 「善現
T07n0220_p0754a26║當知!是菩薩摩訶薩以淨宿住隨念智通,如
T07n0220_p0754a27║實念知過去諸佛及弟子眾名等差別,若諸
T07n0220_p0754a28║有情樂聞過去諸宿住事而獲益者,便為宣
T07n0220_p0754a29║說諸宿住事,因斯方便為說正法,謂說布施
T07n0220_p0754b01║乃至般若波羅蜜多,廣說乃至或說菩提,或
T07n0220_p0754b02║說涅槃,令彼有情聞此法已皆獲殊勝利益
T07n0220_p0754b03║安樂。 「善現當知!是菩薩摩訶薩以極迅疾神
T07n0220_p0754b04║境智通,往至十方殑伽沙等諸佛世界,親近
T07n0220_p0754b05║供養諸佛世尊,於諸佛所種諸善根,還歸本
T07n0220_p0754b06║土為有情說諸佛土事,因斯方便為說正法,
T07n0220_p0754b07║謂說布施乃至般若波羅蜜多,廣說乃至或
T07n0220_p0754b08║說菩提,或說涅槃,令彼有情聞此法已,皆獲
T07n0220_p0754b09║殊勝利益安樂。 「善現當知!是菩薩摩訶薩以
T07n0220_p0754b10║隨所得漏盡智通,如實了知諸有情類漏盡
T07n0220_p0754b11║未盡,亦如實知漏盡方便,為未盡者宣說法
T07n0220_p0754b12║要,謂說布施乃至般若波羅蜜多,廣說乃至
T07n0220_p0754b13║或說菩提,或說涅槃,令彼有情聞此法已皆
T07n0220_p0754b14║獲殊勝利益安樂。 「如是,善現!諸菩薩摩訶
T07n0220_p0754b15║薩行深般若波羅蜜多,應引發神通波羅蜜
T07n0220_p0754b16║多。是菩薩摩訶薩修習神通波羅蜜多得圓
T07n0220_p0754b17║滿故,隨意所樂受種種身,不為苦樂過失所
T07n0220_p0754b18║染,如佛化身雖能施作種種事業,而不為彼
T07n0220_p0754b19║苦樂過失之所雜染。 「如是,善現!諸菩薩摩訶
T07n0220_p0754b20║薩行深般若波羅蜜多,應遊戲神通波羅蜜
T07n0220_p0754b21║多,若遊戲神通波羅蜜多,則能成熟有情、嚴
T07n0220_p0754b22║淨佛土,疾能證得一切智智。善現當知!若菩
T07n0220_p0754b23║薩摩訶薩不成熟有情、嚴淨佛土,終不能得
T07n0220_p0754b24║一切智智。所以者何?諸菩薩摩訶薩菩提資
T07n0220_p0754b25║糧若未圓滿,必不能得一切智智。」
T07n0220_p0754b26║爾時,善現便白佛言:「何等名為諸菩薩摩訶
T07n0220_p0754b27║薩菩提資糧;諸菩薩摩訶薩圓滿如是菩提
T07n0220_p0754b28║資糧,方能證得一切智智?」 佛告善現:「一切善
T07n0220_p0754b29║法皆是菩薩菩提資糧,諸菩薩摩訶薩圓滿
T07n0220_p0754c01║如是菩提資糧,方能證得一切智智。」 具壽善
T07n0220_p0754c02║現復白佛言:「何等名為一切善法?」 佛告善現:
T07n0220_p0754c03║「諸菩薩摩訶薩從初發心修行布施乃至般
T07n0220_p0754c04║若波羅蜜多,於中都無分別執著,謂作是念:
T07n0220_p0754c05║『此是布施乃至般若波羅蜜多,由此、為此而
T07n0220_p0754c06║修布施乃至般若波羅蜜多。』是三分別執著
T07n0220_p0754c07║都無,知一切法自性空故。由此所修布施
T07n0220_p0754c08║等六波羅蜜多,能自饒益,亦能饒益一切有
T07n0220_p0754c09║情令出生死得涅槃故,說為善法,亦名菩薩
T07n0220_p0754c10║菩提資糧,亦名菩薩摩訶薩道。過去未來現
T07n0220_p0754c11║在菩薩摩訶薩眾行此道故,已得今得當得
T07n0220_p0754c12║無上正等菩提,亦令有情已、當、今度生死大
T07n0220_p0754c13║海證涅槃樂。 「復次,善現!諸菩薩摩訶薩從初
T07n0220_p0754c14║發心修四靜慮及四無量、四無色定,修四念
T07n0220_p0754c15║住乃至八聖道支,安住內空乃至無性自性
T07n0220_p0754c16║空,安住真如乃至不思議界,安住苦、集、滅、道
T07n0220_p0754c17║聖諦,修空、無相、無願解脫門,修八解脫乃至
T07n0220_p0754c18║十遍處,修諸菩薩摩訶薩地,修陀羅尼門、三
T07n0220_p0754c19║摩地門,修佛十力乃至十八佛不共法,修大
T07n0220_p0754c20║慈、大悲、大喜、大捨,修無忘失法、恒住捨性,修
T07n0220_p0754c21║一切智、道相智、一切相智,於中都無分別執
T07n0220_p0754c22║著,謂作是念:『此是四靜慮廣說乃至一切相
T07n0220_p0754c23║智,由此、為此而修四靜慮廣說乃至一切相
T07n0220_p0754c24║智。』是三分別執著都無,知一切法自性空故。
T07n0220_p0754c25║由此所修四靜慮等,能自饒益,亦能饒益一
T07n0220_p0754c26║切有情令出生死得涅槃故,說為善法,亦名
T07n0220_p0754c27║菩薩菩提資糧,亦名菩薩摩訶薩道。過去未
T07n0220_p0754c28║來現在菩薩摩訶薩眾行此道故,已得當得
T07n0220_p0754c29║今得無上正等菩提,亦令有情已、今、當度生
T07n0220_p0755a01║死大海證涅槃樂。 「善現當知!復有無量諸菩
T07n0220_p0755a02║薩眾所修功德,皆名善法,亦名菩薩菩提資
T07n0220_p0755a03║糧,亦名菩薩摩訶薩道。諸菩薩摩訶薩要修
T07n0220_p0755a04║如是諸勝善法令極圓滿,方能證得一切智
T07n0220_p0755a05║智,要已證得一切智智,乃能無倒轉正法輪,
T07n0220_p0755a06║令諸有情脫生死苦證得究竟常樂涅槃。」
T07n0220_p0755a07║爾時,善現便白佛言:「若此諸法是菩薩法,復
T07n0220_p0755a08║有何等名佛法耶?」 佛告善現:「即菩薩法亦名
T07n0220_p0755a09║佛法。謂諸菩薩於一切法覺一切相,由此當
T07n0220_p0755a10║得一切相智,永斷一切習氣相續。若諸如來、
T07n0220_p0755a11║應、正等覺,於一切法以一剎那相應般若現
T07n0220_p0755a12║等覺已,證得無上正等菩提。是名菩薩與佛
T07n0220_p0755a13║有異。如二聖者雖俱是聖,而有行向、住果差
T07n0220_p0755a14║別,所成就法非不有異。如是,善現!若無間
T07n0220_p0755a15║道中行於一切法,未離闇障,未到彼岸,未得
T07n0220_p0755a16║自在,未得果時,名為菩薩。若解脫道中行
T07n0220_p0755a17║於一切法,已離闇障、已到彼岸,已得自在,
T07n0220_p0755a18║已得果時,乃名為佛。是為菩薩與佛有異,由
T07n0220_p0755a19║位有異法非無別,而不可說法性有異。」 具
T07n0220_p0755a20║壽善現便白佛言:「若一切法自相皆空,自
T07n0220_p0755a21║相空中云何得有種種差別,謂此是地獄乃
T07n0220_p0755a22║至此是天,此是種性廣說乃至此是如來?如
T07n0220_p0755a23║是所說補特伽羅既不可得,彼所造業亦不
T07n0220_p0755a24║可得,如所造業既不可得,彼異熟果亦不可
T07n0220_p0755a25║得。云何得有種種差別?」 佛告善現:「如是!如
T07n0220_p0755a26║是!如汝所說。一切法自相空,自相空中補
T07n0220_p0755a27║特伽羅既無所有,業果異熟亦無所有,無所
T07n0220_p0755a28║有中無差別相。然諸有情於一切法自相空
T07n0220_p0755a29║理不能盡知,造作諸業或善、或惡、或復無漏,
T07n0220_p0755b01║由於善業造作增長,生天、人中,由於惡業造
T07n0220_p0755b02║作增長,墮三惡趣。於善業中,由於定業造作
T07n0220_p0755b03║增長,得生色界或無色界,由無漏業加行根
T07n0220_p0755b04║本,有種性等賢聖差別。由此因緣,諸菩薩摩
T07n0220_p0755b05║訶薩修行布施乃至般若波羅蜜多,乃至修
T07n0220_p0755b06║行一切相智及餘無量無邊佛法。 「是菩薩摩
T07n0220_p0755b07║訶薩於此所說菩提分法,無間無缺修令圓
T07n0220_p0755b08║滿。既圓滿已,便能引發近助菩提金剛喻定,
T07n0220_p0755b09║證得無上正等菩提,與諸有情作大饒益常
T07n0220_p0755b10║無失壞,無失壞故,令諸有情解脫生死證得
T07n0220_p0755b11║常樂清涼涅槃。」 具壽善現復白佛言:「佛證
T07n0220_p0755b12║無上正等覺已,為得諸趣生死法耶?」 佛言:「不
T07n0220_p0755b13║爾!」 具壽善現復白佛言:「佛證無上正等覺已,
T07n0220_p0755b14║為得黑業、白業、黑白業、非黑白業耶?」 佛言:「不
T07n0220_p0755b15║爾!」 具壽善現復白佛言:「若佛不得諸趣生死
T07n0220_p0755b16║及業差別,云何施設此是地獄乃至人、天,此
T07n0220_p0755b17║是種性乃至如來分位差別?」 佛告善現:「諸
T07n0220_p0755b18║有情類自知諸法自相空不?」 善現對曰:「不也!
T07n0220_p0755b19║世尊!」 佛告善現:「若諸有情自知諸法自相空
T07n0220_p0755b20║者,諸菩薩摩訶薩便於無上正等菩提,不應
T07n0220_p0755b21║求證方便善巧,拔諸有情惡趣生死。以諸有
T07n0220_p0755b22║情不知諸法自相空故,輪迴諸趣受無邊苦。
T07n0220_p0755b23║是故菩薩從諸佛所聞一切法自相空已,為
T07n0220_p0755b24║欲饒益諸有情故,求證無上正等菩提,方便
T07n0220_p0755b25║善巧拔諸有情惡趣生死。 「善現當知!諸菩薩
T07n0220_p0755b26║摩訶薩常作是念:『非一切法實有自相,如諸
T07n0220_p0755b27║愚夫異生所執。然彼分別顛倒力故,非實有
T07n0220_p0755b28║中起實有想,於無我中起於我想,廣說乃至
T07n0220_p0755b29║無見者中起見者想。又無色中起於色想,無
T07n0220_p0755c01║受、想、行、識中起受、想、行、識想,廣說乃至無無
T07n0220_p0755c02║為中起無為想。如是分別顛倒力故,非實有
T07n0220_p0755c03║中起實有想,虛妄執著倒亂其心,造身、語、意
T07n0220_p0755c04║善、不善業,不能解脫惡趣生死,我當拔濟令
T07n0220_p0755c05║得解脫。』是菩薩摩訶薩作此念已,行深般若
T07n0220_p0755c06║波羅蜜多,以諸善法攝在其中,無倒修行諸
T07n0220_p0755c07║菩薩行,漸次圓滿菩提資糧。菩提資糧得圓
T07n0220_p0755c08║滿已,證得無上正等菩提。得菩提已,為諸有
T07n0220_p0755c09║情宣說開示分別建立四聖諦義,謂此是苦
T07n0220_p0755c10║聖諦,此是苦集聖諦,此是苦滅聖諦,此是
T07n0220_p0755c11║趣苦滅道聖諦。復以一切菩提分法,攝在如
T07n0220_p0755c12║是四聖諦中。復依一切菩提分法,施設建立
T07n0220_p0755c13║佛、法、僧寶,由此三寶出現世間,諸有情類解
T07n0220_p0755c14║脫生死。若諸有情不能歸信佛、法、僧寶,造作
T07n0220_p0755c15║諸業輪迴諸趣受苦無窮故,應歸依佛、法、僧
T07n0220_p0755c16║寶,勤求自他利益安樂。」
T07n0220_p0755c17║爾時,善現便白佛言:「為由苦、集、滅、道聖諦,諸
T07n0220_p0755c18║有情類證般涅槃?為由苦、集、滅、道聖智,諸有
T07n0220_p0755c19║情類證般涅槃?」 佛告善現:「非由苦、集、滅、道聖
T07n0220_p0755c20║諦,諸有情類證般涅槃;非由苦、集、滅、道聖智,
T07n0220_p0755c21║諸有情類證般涅槃。善現!我說四聖諦平等
T07n0220_p0755c22║性即是涅槃,如是涅槃非由苦、集、滅、道諦證,
T07n0220_p0755c23║非由苦、集、滅、道智證,但由般若波羅蜜多證
T07n0220_p0755c24║平等性名證涅槃。」 具壽善現復白佛言:「何
T07n0220_p0755c25║等名為四聖諦平等性?」 佛告善現:「若於是處,
T07n0220_p0755c26║無苦、集、滅、道諦,無苦、集、滅、道智,名四聖諦平
T07n0220_p0755c27║等之性,此平等性即四聖諦。所有真如廣
T07n0220_p0755c28║說乃至不思議界,如來出世、若不出世,性相
T07n0220_p0755c29║常住無失壞、無變易,如是名為四聖諦平等
T07n0220_p0756a01║性。諸菩薩摩訶薩行深般若波羅蜜多時,為
T07n0220_p0756a02║欲隨覺此四聖諦平等性故,行深般若波羅蜜
T07n0220_p0756a03║多。若能隨覺此四聖諦平等性時,名真隨覺
T07n0220_p0756a04║一切聖諦,速證無上正等菩提。」 具壽善現復
T07n0220_p0756a05║白佛言:「云何菩薩摩訶薩行深般若波羅蜜
T07n0220_p0756a06║多時,為欲隨覺此四聖諦平等性故,行深般
T07n0220_p0756a07║若波羅蜜多。若能隨覺此四聖諦平等性時,
T07n0220_p0756a08║名真隨覺一切聖諦,不墮聲聞、獨覺等地,趣
T07n0220_p0756a09║入菩薩正性離生?」 佛告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩
T07n0220_p0756a10║行深般若波羅蜜多時,無有少法不如實見。
T07n0220_p0756a11║於一切法如實見時,於一切法都無所得。於
T07n0220_p0756a12║一切法無所得時,則如實見一切法空,謂如
T07n0220_p0756a13║實見四諦所攝及所不攝諸法皆空。如是見
T07n0220_p0756a14║時,能入菩薩正性離生。由能入菩薩正性離
T07n0220_p0756a15║生故,便住菩薩種性地中。既住菩薩種性地
T07n0220_p0756a16║中,則能決定不從頂墮,若從頂墮應墮聲聞
T07n0220_p0756a17║或獨覺地。是菩薩摩訶薩安住菩薩種性地
T07n0220_p0756a18║中,起四靜慮及四無量、四無色定。是菩薩摩
T07n0220_p0756a19║訶薩安住如是奢摩他地,便能決擇一切法
T07n0220_p0756a20║性,及能隨悟四聖諦理。爾時,菩薩雖遍知苦
T07n0220_p0756a21║而能不起緣執苦心,雖永斷集,而能不起緣
T07n0220_p0756a22║執集心,雖能證滅而能不起緣執滅心,雖能
T07n0220_p0756a23║修道而能不起緣執道心。但起隨順、趣向、臨
T07n0220_p0756a24║入菩提之心,如實覺知諸法實相。」
T07n0220_p0756a25║大般若波羅蜜多經卷第五百三十六
【經文資訊】大正藏第 07 冊 No. 0220 大般若波羅蜜多經(第401卷-第600卷)
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
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