Skip to Content

T04n0194_003 僧伽羅剎所集經 第3卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 4 冊 » No.0194 » 第 3 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T04n0194_p0134b21║
T04n0194_p0134b22║
T04n0194_p0134b23║僧伽羅剎所集經卷下
T04n0194_p0134b24║
T04n0194_p0134b25║
T04n0194_p0134b26║爾時世尊云何說道迹?於彼說道迹時,猶如
T04n0194_p0134b27║王大路謂之王路,星宿謂星宿路。此迹亦如
T04n0194_p0134b28║是,至涅槃者謂至涅槃路,彼是等見處所,等
T04n0194_p0134b29║志、等語、等命無有差違,等方便不缺漏,等念
T04n0194_p0134c01║無量,等三昧色不變易。緣彼若干色,無有婬
T04n0194_p0134c02║欲亦無塵垢,結使永使不起,無有色愛著亦
T04n0194_p0134c03║無眾刺,欲滅愛故亦無有泥,欲除邪見故等
T04n0194_p0134c04║見具足,等滅結使故永不復起。彼微妙果故
T04n0194_p0134c05║現種種義,欲除悕望故無有眾想,欲求出要
T04n0194_p0134c06║樂故若干果成就,無著要故等度彼名色,於
T04n0194_p0134c07║彼遊行故謂是道一無有二,皆得至彼第一
T04n0194_p0134c08║義處,所為緣一,往者自心誓願謂一入。爾時
T04n0194_p0134c09║世尊以第一辯而知道,以能自覺知則不壞
T04n0194_p0134c10║敗,所為業勝無有亂想,果報已獲得諸善根,
T04n0194_p0134c11║能覺寤彼眾生,便說是道使至無為。於是
T04n0194_p0134c12║便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0134c13║「所興眾生類,  有道甘露法,
T04n0194_p0134c14║ 佛有是功德,  於世最第一。
T04n0194_p0134c15║ 我於今自得,  清淨禁戒具,
T04n0194_p0134c16║ 為人須倫說,  是故我拜手。」

T04n0194_p0134c17║爾時世尊知鴦崛鬘今應受化,當於爾時無
T04n0194_p0134c18║惡知識言論,覺已便往彼道,唯有一人存在,
T04n0194_p0134c19║血流盈路,人皆證知飛烏鷲鳥處處噉食。時
T04n0194_p0134c20║鴦崛鬘行如疾風,若舉足時群鹿飛鳥皆悉
T04n0194_p0134c21║驚怖馳走。是時鴦崛鬘在闍梨園中,左右顧
T04n0194_p0134c22║視無所覩見,唯見世尊端正無比紫磨金色,
T04n0194_p0134c23║方便所為腰不傾曲,身體極軟細行步庠序,
T04n0194_p0134c24║盡其力勢走逐如來後。是時世尊不改舊行
T04n0194_p0134c25║亦不能及。爾時世尊便化此地使作坑渠荊
T04n0194_p0134c26║棘,以是之故不能得及。或有作是說,以脚躡
T04n0194_p0134c27║地,以是之故不能及世尊。或有作是說,化無
T04n0194_p0134c28║色四大,眼識不可持。或作是說,佛功德不可思
T04n0194_p0134c29║議。然彼鴦崛鬘力如暴象無能當者,然佛威
T04n0194_p0135a01║力不可思議,猶彼神龍那羅延億百千數亦
T04n0194_p0135a02║不能得近如來。是時鴦崛鬘便作是嘆曰:「見
T04n0194_p0135a03║此未曾有。」便白世尊:「此意甚奇甚特。」便無瞋
T04n0194_p0135a04║恚害意。作是思惟:「此是誰恩德?此必是神人。
T04n0194_p0135a05║猶如此惡世我還此美,猶如飢饉有利亦如
T04n0194_p0135a06║生愛念。然我不能得及,此必是善知識。今我
T04n0194_p0135a07║疲極住。」遙語世尊言:
T04n0194_p0135a08║「當為我身故,  世所希見聞,
T04n0194_p0135a09║ 今亦自見德,  願當小留住。」

T04n0194_p0135a10║世尊告曰:「汝自不住,方言我住。」於是鴦崛鬘
T04n0194_p0135a11║白世尊言:
T04n0194_p0135a12║「沙門自不住,  我住言不住。
T04n0194_p0135a13║ 云何我不住?  願世尊具說。」

T04n0194_p0135a14║是時世尊告曰:
T04n0194_p0135a15║「無惡則是住,  持戒護人長,
T04n0194_p0135a16║ 如迦葉弟子,  是故汝不住。」

T04n0194_p0135a17║彼本行少諸惡永盡流血污體,便解劍捨著
T04n0194_p0135a18║一面,白世尊言:
T04n0194_p0135a19║「師今是我護,  遭遇此聖師,
T04n0194_p0135a20║ 求為作弟子,  不違師禁戒。」

T04n0194_p0135a21║爾時世尊作是故告曰:「善來比丘!」便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0135a22║「猶彼大海水,  亦生烟火炎,
T04n0194_p0135a23║ 未受降伏者,  今應受我化。
T04n0194_p0135a24║ 亦有善降伏,  清淨而得度,
T04n0194_p0135a25║ 亦為我弟子,  如是不受有。
T04n0194_p0135a26║ 覩者皆怖畏,  及諸妖鬼神,
T04n0194_p0135a27║ 是諸鬼神處,  最勝便入彼。」

T04n0194_p0135a28║是時阿羅婆鬼聞彼褐陀披鬼語,瞋恚熾盛
T04n0194_p0135a29║顏色變異,瞋恚火起眼如赤銅,聲響雷振
T04n0194_p0135b01║無數瞋恚熾盛,搖頭齧脣振動身體,便作是
T04n0194_p0135b02║語:「我於世間亦不見人民之類能來至我住
T04n0194_p0135b03║處者。」懷如是狐疑:「何故彼人來至我所?」諸彼
T04n0194_p0135b04║鬼神名婆多者,梨醯摩披陀為首(二善離),使語彼
T04n0194_p0135b05║大鬼神言:「莫作是語,佛世尊未降伏者能降
T04n0194_p0135b06║伏之,能安處眾生獲無上道,皆使擁護有形
T04n0194_p0135b07║之類。如是不相應福田,汝今麤言惡語不與
T04n0194_p0135b08║相應。」時瞋恚大盛倍於前。是時阿羅披鬼喘
T04n0194_p0135b09║息氣猶如火炎,視瞻極惡便捨彼鬼界,瞋恚
T04n0194_p0135b10║所纏絡身體極黑,顏色變易不與常同,口出
T04n0194_p0135b11║四牙髮黃如金上下相叉,人血污其形皆濕
T04n0194_p0135b12║不乾,著師子皮著象皮著犛牛皮,大華鬘如
T04n0194_p0135b13║大火炎,手執刀劍撞地而行,皆破山岳移山
T04n0194_p0135b14║林拔樹。或起大雲曀覆大光明,以水灑虛空
T04n0194_p0135b15║聲如雷震,便自到住處欲得傷害世尊,種種
T04n0194_p0135b16║樹木皆悉焚燒色變易,手執輪雷電霹靂。如
T04n0194_p0135b17║是瞋恚觀察如來,作若干變化求如來便。時
T04n0194_p0135b18║佛說此偈:
T04n0194_p0135b19║「眾生有畏想,  我志不移動,
T04n0194_p0135b20║ 今得解脫法,  無有恐怖心,
T04n0194_p0135b21║ 處火不畏火,  亦復不畏水,
T04n0194_p0135b22║ 諸懷惡念者,  何能傷害我?」

T04n0194_p0135b23║爾時阿羅披鬼聞世尊言,便自息心不能得
T04n0194_p0135b24║壞,彼處恐畏人所不至,便降雹雨於如來上,
T04n0194_p0135b25║盡不墮地各散在餘處,或復有墮如來身者,
T04n0194_p0135b26║皆作化曼陀羅華。是時鬼神王見此力勢,嘆
T04n0194_p0135b27║未曾有,便發歡喜意,於如來所便作是言:
T04n0194_p0135b28║「速出。沙門!」世尊便出。彼鬼爾時欲試世尊,便
T04n0194_p0135b29║作是語:「還入。沙門!」然世尊無怨恨心,即入彼
T04n0194_p0135c01║處。如是至三,廣說如契經。於是世尊便說
T04n0194_p0135c02║此偈:
T04n0194_p0135c03║「釋及諸梵天,  無能動一毛,
T04n0194_p0135c04║ 況復汝今力,  堪任傷害吾?
T04n0194_p0135c05║ 汝今捨瞋恚,  有疑便時問,
T04n0194_p0135c06║ 汝所有猶豫,  我當事事解。」

T04n0194_p0135c07║爾時彼鬼便作是問:「人何者為上?」廣說如契
T04n0194_p0135c08║經。爾時於現法中便於如來所,發歡喜心而
T04n0194_p0135c09║說此偈:
T04n0194_p0135c10║「未曾見有是,  如此沙門者,
T04n0194_p0135c11║ 誰能捨大海,  而就牛跡水?
T04n0194_p0135c12║ 當為我身故,  便作如是說。
T04n0194_p0135c13║ 誰不服此味,  當捨甘露去?
T04n0194_p0135c14║ 如彼有力士,  為水所漂溺,
T04n0194_p0135c15║ 已拔厄難處,  安處無為岸。
T04n0194_p0135c16║ 善色無有比,  智者之所觀,
T04n0194_p0135c17║ 所有彼義者,  能皆說此法。
T04n0194_p0135c18║ 自今歸命佛,  三寶最是尊,
T04n0194_p0135c19║ 所以求願者,  一切得濟度。」

T04n0194_p0135c20║如是閻摩竭國界五地大神,於羅閱城而止,
T04n0194_p0135c21║大勢羅他擁護人民,車乘熾盛土地豐熟,賢
T04n0194_p0135c22║聖人民皆處其中無與等者,食如甘露,三事
T04n0194_p0135c23║微妙亦無眾惱,猶如彼難陀洹園諸天中第
T04n0194_p0135c24║一。爾時佛世尊最為無比,時調達於世尊所
T04n0194_p0135c25║常懷瞋恚未曾休息,所行非法,以是瞋恚故
T04n0194_p0135c26║上耆闍崛山,園觀熾盛樹木繁茂泉源清淨,
T04n0194_p0135c27║手執石欲擲如來,即便放石。是時彼石無有
T04n0194_p0135c28║情念,猶自能持漸漸墮地。彼調達有是非義,
T04n0194_p0135c29║種種鬼神輩持石欲使不墮,金毘羅鬼在耆
T04n0194_p0136a01║闍崛山住,以己之力彼石欲墮時,便生是心:
T04n0194_p0136a02║「此雖惡業,然我等夜叉,以此之身當辦是事,
T04n0194_p0136a03║亦使世尊受百千樂,若我能為此事者。」便說
T04n0194_p0136a04║此偈:
T04n0194_p0136a05║「心清淨無瑕,  起於若干義,
T04n0194_p0136a06║ 我今沒此身,  無得害最勝。」

T04n0194_p0136a07║爾時調達便以石放如來上,時於山上彼鬼
T04n0194_p0136a08║即以手接石,有一碎石墮如來上,受此報對
T04n0194_p0136a09║脚指血出,調達受無量罪,緣是果報當入地
T04n0194_p0136a10║獄。是時石墮地時,三十三天散華供養以空
T04n0194_p0136a11║解脫,爾時散華側塞虛空,於彼受化講堂
T04n0194_p0136a12║三十三天晝度樹,佛光明遠照無憍慢慈愍
T04n0194_p0136a13║眾生。時波羅墮時梵志以五百事呵罵世尊,
T04n0194_p0136a14║舍利弗、朋肌奢等比丘嘆如來。是時如來若
T04n0194_p0136a15║被毀辱不以為慼,若復讚嘆不以為喜。爾時
T04n0194_p0136a16║便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0136a17║「受苦心不移,  猶安明不動,
T04n0194_p0136a18║ 息意甚牢固,  故拜手神仙。
T04n0194_p0136a19║ 為他眾生故,  功德無有量,
T04n0194_p0136a20║ 如父愛其子,  誰不拜手者?」

T04n0194_p0136a21║曾聞如是,世尊在摩竭國界,是時世尊無量
T04n0194_p0136a22║功德具足,到時著衣持鉢,大眾圍繞諸根具
T04n0194_p0136a23║足,觀察己身亦無眾亂,行步庠序亦不卒暴,
T04n0194_p0136a24║持諸無數比丘眾欲往詣彼。當於爾時摩竭
T04n0194_p0136a25║國王有象,名檀那波羅,形貌極端政,頭生
T04n0194_p0136a26║[病-丙+垂],聲響清徹意欲所至難可制持,若聞異
T04n0194_p0136a27║聲便懷瞋恚,若自顧見影亦懷瞋恚,無能當
T04n0194_p0136a28║前者,隨意所欲,若彼戰鬪亦不毀其力亦不
T04n0194_p0136a29║減少。爾時世尊便入彼城,却敵樓櫓埤堄皆
T04n0194_p0136b01║悉具足,人民熾盛,或有愁者或有歡喜者,恐
T04n0194_p0136b02║害如來欲得親近如來。是時提婆達兜飲象
T04n0194_p0136b03║子使醉而放彼象。是時調達放象已,便說此
T04n0194_p0136b04║偈:
T04n0194_p0136b05║「自稱有大力,  及身十種力,
T04n0194_p0136b06║ 今日已集會,  盡當於此滅。」

T04n0194_p0136b07║爾時世尊無所畏懼,便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0136b08║「伊羅鉢有千,  無能勝我者,
T04n0194_p0136b09║ 況當此小蟲,  欲害人中上?」

T04n0194_p0136b10║我於爾時無所思想便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0136b11║「無欲之力勢,  眾生有欲心,
T04n0194_p0136b12║ 以除此欲報,  亦不懷亂想。」

T04n0194_p0136b13║復次說此偈:
T04n0194_p0136b14║「我今雖破壞,  大象甚牢固,
T04n0194_p0136b15║ 我今降伏彼,  一切世無上。」

T04n0194_p0136b16║爾時檀陀波羅熟視如來形,顏色極黑,見彼
T04n0194_p0136b17║象翹尾,身體方正覩者皆懷恐怖,奔走向如
T04n0194_p0136b18║來。爾時諸比丘蒙如來恩力,順如來教誡當
T04n0194_p0136b19║避此惡象,各自馳走遠如來所,唯尊者阿難
T04n0194_p0136b20║在如來後,無數生常與如來共并,既自不惜
T04n0194_p0136b21║身命亦不捨如來。是時檀那波羅象,瞋恚熾
T04n0194_p0136b22║盛火纏絡其身欲害如來,是時瞋恚之火漸
T04n0194_p0136b23║漸休息,廣說如契經。是時以手輪相甚微妙
T04n0194_p0136b24║無有比,爾時如來舉手著象頭上,以慈悲心
T04n0194_p0136b25║無瞋恚之心,聞如來語,即便涕零,頭面著如
T04n0194_p0136b26║來足上,以舌舐足亦不可移動。是時彼象便
T04n0194_p0136b27║懷此恐懼,形體無有力勢不覺便利。然後世
T04n0194_p0136b28║尊以此賢聖,便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0136b29║「無有欲憍慢,  世尊無此塵,
T04n0194_p0136c01║ 時發慈悲心,  必當生天處。」

T04n0194_p0136c02║爾時世尊以此音響,倍懷歡喜和顏悅色,於
T04n0194_p0136c03║如來所以額鼻著如來足還入本國。人民眾
T04n0194_p0136c04║多見此未曾有,象以降伏,歡喜無恐懼之心,
T04n0194_p0136c05║皆有信樂於如來。爾時便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0136c06║「如山不可動,  況當勝瞋恚?
T04n0194_p0136c07║ 以勝彼怨敵,  猶伊羅末龍。
T04n0194_p0136c08║ 有如是之德,  力勢無有等,
T04n0194_p0136c09║ 人中雄師子,  盡當來拜手。
T04n0194_p0136c10║ 如是眾生類,  無有愚癡心,
T04n0194_p0136c11║ 三界伏其名,  覺意無與等。
T04n0194_p0136c12║ 如是眾生類,  亦有瞋恚患,
T04n0194_p0136c13║ 志性皆休息,  牢固稱遠布。
T04n0194_p0136c14║ 智慧而瓔珞,  心淨無所著,
T04n0194_p0136c15║ 十力悉具足,  是故當拜手。」

T04n0194_p0136c16║是時王猶如月虛空無有眾塵,息心事皆辦,
T04n0194_p0136c17║七神仙皆為瓔珞亦無有塵垢,星自瓔珞猶
T04n0194_p0136c18║如伊羅鉢,所至處雲隨其後,種種瓔珞莊嚴
T04n0194_p0136c19║其身。於彼聞已猶彼神象遊行,珍寶亦無狐
T04n0194_p0136c20║疑,四部之兵人民自圍繞,於彼象上舉火象
T04n0194_p0136c21║鼻攝持。爾時世尊在羅閱祇城,欲得見如來,
T04n0194_p0136c22║便往至世尊所。是時世尊見王斯須出頃無
T04n0194_p0136c23║數眾圍繞,王便作是念:「從遠來我宜當自護。」
T04n0194_p0136c24║便生是念已,便告耆婆,見已便作是語:「汝不
T04n0194_p0136c25║活我耶?」是時王須臾間,顏色端政無比出
T04n0194_p0136c26║人之上,花果茂盛亦無眾塵,三部具足猶蜂
T04n0194_p0136c27║王音響不善生,於彼園觀比丘僧前後圍繞,
T04n0194_p0136c28║遠來欲見如來,見已數數顧視耆婆,告耆婆
T04n0194_p0136c29║曰:「處其中者為是何物?」時耆婆奏彼王言:「此
T04n0194_p0137a01║名肉髻。」時王復問:「此自然耶?為非自然?」耆婆
T04n0194_p0137a02║白王言:「行果所種,非今所造。」王報言:「復以何
T04n0194_p0137a03║果成於菩薩?」「於本所生於本受胎,本所造行
T04n0194_p0137a04║本所造身。」廣說如契經。時王便說是頌:
T04n0194_p0137a05║「猶彼日明光,  或有若干種,
T04n0194_p0137a06║ 頂髻無有上,  況復及餘相?
T04n0194_p0137a07║ 顏貌已和悅,  能仁無怯弱,
T04n0194_p0137a08║ 已出此光明,  照徹十方剎。」

T04n0194_p0137a09║時王便至佛所,佛告耆婆曰:「云何當作是說?」
T04n0194_p0137a10║耆婆白王言:「於是天王能降伏憍慢者,便得
T04n0194_p0137a11║豪貴處,憍慢者便生卑處。」是時王便自息,
T04n0194_p0137a12║思惟是言,便作是語:「此是福田,我當行此業
T04n0194_p0137a13║耶?如我豪尊,云何當向彼禮拜?彼無服飾,我
T04n0194_p0137a14║今著王服天冠。彼人雖端正心以休息,眾相
T04n0194_p0137a15║具足無有醜陋,彼相甚微妙猶如山不可移
T04n0194_p0137a16║動。」便往至門,生歡喜心衣毛皆竪,以出要心
T04n0194_p0137a17║故無欲之相,頭面禮世尊足便作是說:「猶如
T04n0194_p0137a18║世尊有如是色,心意得正皆悉成就,佛及比
T04n0194_p0137a19║丘僧,使我優陀耶波陀羅太子亦復如是。」便
T04n0194_p0137a20║問是義,歡喜如是語,亦說此偈:
T04n0194_p0137a21║「如海無有邊,  風吹水則動,
T04n0194_p0137a22║ 聖尊不可移,  今觀人中上,
T04n0194_p0137a23║ 帝釋來拜手,  及諸梵天眾,
T04n0194_p0137a24║ 我今當尊敬,  自歸命世尊。」

T04n0194_p0137a25║是時闍提蘇尼梵志,猶如純白華乘馬車,弟
T04n0194_p0137a26║子眾圍繞出舍衛國,欲得試如來,乃至車行
T04n0194_p0137a27║處便乘車往,即下車步入園中,共如來漸漸
T04n0194_p0137a28║論義,在一面坐。是時世尊所居之處,不見有
T04n0194_p0137a29║所有,見如來顏色甚微妙,無與等者亦無怯
T04n0194_p0137b01║弱,有轉輪聖王相,見此身體眼觀知如是法,
T04n0194_p0137b02║如世尊法甚深微妙,梵行亦無處所,有如是
T04n0194_p0137b03║大功德,智者所嘆譽而說,愛欲無有牢要亦
T04n0194_p0137b04║無虛妄。是時梵志便作是問:「云何尊自知行
T04n0194_p0137b05║梵行耶?為非行梵行?為竪立諸根自爾?知
T04n0194_p0137b06║難可量。」是時世尊告曰:「若作是等說者,亦
T04n0194_p0137b07║不缺漏,非不有力亦無眾行,極清淨無瑕穢
T04n0194_p0137b08║修梵行。若有人語我等說作是說,此義云何?」
T04n0194_p0137b09║廣說如契經。是時闍提舒尼梵志復問世尊:
T04n0194_p0137b10║「云何為缺?云何為漏?云何為行?云何非不有
T04n0194_p0137b11║力?云何眾行極清淨無比有是梵行?」是時世
T04n0194_p0137b12║尊告曰:「於是婆羅門當行是,求愛欲更樂若,
T04n0194_p0137b13║有梵行者而自覺知苦樂,觀眼色,如是梵行
T04n0194_p0137b14║如是初當求梵行,設起想著彼名曰缺,計彼
T04n0194_p0137b15║眾數者名曰漏,意所覺知者是謂非不有力,
T04n0194_p0137b16║無有塵垢意流馳於中起不淨意,是梵行垢
T04n0194_p0137b17║故,故曰梵行。」廣說如契經。婆羅門於我所觀
T04n0194_p0137b18║皮所覆中不淨聚,選擇見其身,我色愛已盡,
T04n0194_p0137b19║復當於眼而觀眼色耶?然婆羅門我觀更樂
T04n0194_p0137b20║亦無有行,豈當有更樂耶?欲染著於更樂受
T04n0194_p0137b21║此細滑,然婆羅門我觀一切無常,豈欲不盡有
T04n0194_p0137b22║染著之意耶?若婆羅門於此諸法我亦不觀
T04n0194_p0137b23║此,若男若女皆悉分別,云何當起女欲想流
T04n0194_p0137b24║馳著彼?若復婆羅門彼無男欲想,復不與女
T04n0194_p0137b25║想相應,直而起欲想耶?猶如婆羅門彼有
T04n0194_p0137b26║限齊得出要樂,何當憶本所造行耶?然後婆
T04n0194_p0137b27║羅門諸非義生,欲拔濟苦惱出家學道,以此
T04n0194_p0137b28║誓願而修梵行,有七事故不與梵行相應,無
T04n0194_p0137b29║缺漏亦無眾行。廣說如契經。若復婆羅門眾
T04n0194_p0137c01║生有亂想著不離愛欲,於彼眾生類云何當
T04n0194_p0137c02║作是觀?諸有淨想著於此身,內盛臭處欲皆
T04n0194_p0137c03║盡。猶如婆羅門以水和乳,猶如有此乳,此
T04n0194_p0137c04║合會愛欲亦復如是。當作是察,筋骨相連,內
T04n0194_p0137c05║盛臭穢,有何可貪?猶如婆羅門嬰孩小兒先
T04n0194_p0137c06║與甘味著口,後飲以苦。此亦如是,合會起欲
T04n0194_p0137c07║想,能忍欲苦相種種若干百類,猶如新死犢
T04n0194_p0137c08║子觀其皮乳得多(新生犢死,取皮釀草,如生犢形,置其母前。母謂子活,故乳不竭)
T04n0194_p0137c09║此亦如是,諸死境界等越度,彼觀其相貌,便
T04n0194_p0137c10║起染著之意,猶如婆羅門飢渴之人夢食甘
T04n0194_p0137c11║饌飲食,便歡喜踊躍,然彼人亦無所食。此亦
T04n0194_p0137c12║如是,諸愚癡人貪著於欲,猶彼夢無異,合會
T04n0194_p0137c13║生其念,然彼人實無趣善行,若男女若有眾
T04n0194_p0137c14║變易。於是便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0137c15║「此是非真法,  欲怒何可貪?
T04n0194_p0137c16║ 梵志當善觀,  苦本難可拔?
T04n0194_p0137c17║ 親近道最要,  當斷愛欲意,
T04n0194_p0137c18║ 賢聖八品道,  爾乃至善處。」

T04n0194_p0137c19║是時五人逢見如來,見已便相告言:「彼人向
T04n0194_p0137c20║此來,本所為事今亦不辦,廣所見聞隨意所
T04n0194_p0137c21║念無有忌難,種種勤苦行迷惑未成道術。」廣
T04n0194_p0137c22║說如契經。爾時世尊便作是念:「愍此愚惑人
T04n0194_p0137c23║自作制限,彼制限者,無有恭恪心於如來所。」
T04n0194_p0137c24║爾時世尊已至彼人所,即於淨地坐,縛由何
T04n0194_p0137c25║生欲療治病。爾時佛語五人:「云何汝等而作
T04n0194_p0137c26║是語?」更互乞食與說深法。是時五人不受教
T04n0194_p0137c27║誡,此法甚苦覺知。是時語世尊言:「汝本六
T04n0194_p0137c28║年勤苦學道,日食一麻一米,猶不得道,況今
T04n0194_p0137c29║隨心口自恣言得道耶?食甘饌飲食被珍寶
T04n0194_p0138a01║衣,隨意所欲自養其身。」是時世尊告曰:「云何
T04n0194_p0138a02║汝等比丘觀如來顏色有變易耶?諸根心寂
T04n0194_p0138a03║顏貌端正,如今顏像與本容色豈不異乎?彼
T04n0194_p0138a04║境界過去。」彼答曰:「如今端正而無有比。」世尊
T04n0194_p0138a05║告曰:「若本不得是甘露者,誰當於此三千世
T04n0194_p0138a06║而得甘露?亦聞天阿須輪於大海中須彌山
T04n0194_p0138a07║底而得甘露。此亦如是,於此三千世以勇猛
T04n0194_p0138a08║意得智甘露味,此甚奇甚特世未曾有,百千
T04n0194_p0138a09║劫所造行息心最為妙,遠離名色解脫自在
T04n0194_p0138a10║甘露味甚深,為彼眾生故而說其法,忍甚勤
T04n0194_p0138a11║勞未曾辭憚,為一切結使故不起塵勞,欲開
T04n0194_p0138a12║心智故處母胎,以此生死故而究竟其原。無
T04n0194_p0138a13║滅故不可盡,有常故法無寡,無憂慼故樂也,
T04n0194_p0138a14║欲滅結故更不造新,大神仙眾所嘆譽己眾
T04n0194_p0138a15║成就,然我所行勤苦,為一切萌類,故今當說
T04n0194_p0138a16║法。」時世尊圓光七尺,顏色如安明山,三世
T04n0194_p0138a17║所宗重,一切智所說無所罣礙:「如是比丘,是
T04n0194_p0138a18║謂為苦本,成就阿維三佛。」廣說如契經。天人
T04n0194_p0138a19║所嘆光明無有盡,是時日曀不現。復以此人
T04n0194_p0138a20║或以身著微妙衣裳至如來所,或著天衣至
T04n0194_p0138a21║如來所,皆垂天冠種種色不同,或瓔珞而墮
T04n0194_p0138a22║地者,飢虛於世尊甘露。是時便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0138a23║「世尊亦無生,  饒益天人眾,
T04n0194_p0138a24║ 如食甘露味,  終無飢渴患。
T04n0194_p0138a25║ 今日十種力,  生時世稱嘆,
T04n0194_p0138a26║ 當飲深法味,  已至解脫界。」

T04n0194_p0138a27║爾時如是眾行觀察苦賢聖諦,最初受胎之
T04n0194_p0138a28║苦為從何生?永處幽冥不見燈明,以是之故
T04n0194_p0138a29║生為最苦。觀此苦相生為長苦,無所堪任長
T04n0194_p0138b01║為業苦,當筋力成辦,有所悕望苦;意無厭足,
T04n0194_p0138b02║欲有所求不獲為苦;不充悕望所護為苦;起
T04n0194_p0138b03║若干方便欲使不失以護,漸漸磨滅為苦;若
T04n0194_p0138b04║干眾惱悉至,已得度彼岸,難有內外人共諍
T04n0194_p0138b05║苦;親族錢財皆散,憶彼難忘苦;不離愛欲,諸
T04n0194_p0138b06║結使苦。欲最為苦,以未滅故;瞋恚為苦,罪行
T04n0194_p0138b07║不滅故;癡最為苦,無照明故;憍慢為苦,由意
T04n0194_p0138b08║熾盛;自大為苦,無尊卑意;朋友為苦,心不分
T04n0194_p0138b09║離故;愛最為苦,味著無厭;貪嫉為苦,心不
T04n0194_p0138b10║開解;無戒為苦,由變悔故;所見為苦,不見真
T04n0194_p0138b11║諦故;然有一切結,自色為苦。無所恃怙為苦,
T04n0194_p0138b12║求果報苦,諸樹草木及四大所成,共相繫著
T04n0194_p0138b13║起諸因緣,內四大苦;若干變怪,諸陰持苦;由
T04n0194_p0138b14║自然故,諸入為苦;所依不離,境界為苦;招致
T04n0194_p0138b15║外色,苦痛為苦;燒形體故,樂痛為苦;由苦而
T04n0194_p0138b16║生,無苦無樂為苦;由境界生,想最為苦;由眾
T04n0194_p0138b17║生有行,識最為苦;緣彼而生,老則為諸根羸
T04n0194_p0138b18║劣,病最為苦;四大不隨,死最為苦;更受異
T04n0194_p0138b19║形,怨憎會為苦;共親近心,所欲不得此最為
T04n0194_p0138b20║苦,亦甚苦。取要言之,五盛陰苦。常負重擔
T04n0194_p0138b21║於彼所趣處,地獄為苦,燒炙身形;畜生為苦,
T04n0194_p0138b22║各相食噉;餓鬼為苦,飢渴逼形;人身為苦,種
T04n0194_p0138b23║種非行;天為苦,福盡必落,隨彼界墮三惡
T04n0194_p0138b24║趣,欲界為苦。愛欲纏絡,色界無色界亦無有
T04n0194_p0138b25║智,皆悉為苦。如是為三苦逼,皆悉攝持。爾時
T04n0194_p0138b26║以身意行故,或以一行而造苦,所造行皆悉
T04n0194_p0138b27║為苦。如是眾苦無有休息因緣不盡,當覺知
T04n0194_p0138b28║色如是,愚者之所為。然須陀洹究盡其源,
T04n0194_p0138b29║斯陀含少有不盡毛髮之餘,阿那含當除,至
T04n0194_p0138c01║阿羅漢永盡無餘,為世現照明。爾時世尊三
T04n0194_p0138c02║耶三佛,為眾生類作大覆護,便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0138c03║「無數百眾行,  常造苦惱業,
T04n0194_p0138c04║ 以懷此色難,  現在有此證。
T04n0194_p0138c05║ 彼實是無常,  解本皆悉空,
T04n0194_p0138c06║ 自然法所立,  常當自覺知。」

T04n0194_p0138c07║是時云何復生此苦?所謂自相境界,五根具
T04n0194_p0138c08║足,若彼自相境界相應知迴轉,是故極清
T04n0194_p0138c09║淨,愚者所不覺,不與智慧相應。復有利根,
T04n0194_p0138c10║愚者謂之盲冥。世尊與諸聲聞本所造行,智
T04n0194_p0138c11║慧善根自相合會相如所修,苦賢聖諦皆悉
T04n0194_p0138c12║觀察。云何當觀此生死苦?知有苦賢聖諦悉
T04n0194_p0138c13║無常牢持而不捨,皆悉同一起如是心,於苦
T04n0194_p0138c14║而觀苦,彼最為妙。於苦觀空,最初微妙等
T04n0194_p0138c15║度彼處,苦觀空時彼皆是分散之法,自然觀
T04n0194_p0138c16║察如是。於苦觀無我,彼智信所成。最初有是
T04n0194_p0138c17║頂法善長益,數數求方便等智功德,無所悕
T04n0194_p0138c18║望,三昧林不缺漏,外塵永盡亦無所著,以想
T04n0194_p0138c19║思惟故除去塵埃。一切境界苦無所敗壞,除
T04n0194_p0138c20║去有愛,亦無所畏亦無暴亂,顏色和悅自觀
T04n0194_p0138c21║境界。於彼現光,於三世起大燈明,欲害彼結
T04n0194_p0138c22║拔濟惡趣,為彼眾故無彼此心亦不懈怠,得
T04n0194_p0138c23║甘露味分別彼章,等度生死故流轉四境界。
T04n0194_p0138c24║欲照明彼眾生故,勤行苦行周窮一切,亦無
T04n0194_p0138c25║處所亦無顛倒,除去顛倒者甚深難可測。於
T04n0194_p0138c26║是便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0138c27║「若明有苦時,  清淨無量念,
T04n0194_p0138c28║ 無味極鮮明,  人之所嘆譽。
T04n0194_p0138c29║ 彼如是之智,  音響相娛樂,
T04n0194_p0139a01║ 觀佛十種力,  護世眾生類。
T04n0194_p0139a02║ 如有見禁戒,  如來所長益,
T04n0194_p0139a03║ 執志如金剛,  分別一切空。
T04n0194_p0139a04║ 若拔愛根本,  亦無眾苦惱,
T04n0194_p0139a05║ 當拜手息心,  最勝無有比。」

T04n0194_p0139a06║當云何觀察世尊?所謂有如是無漏智慧,彼
T04n0194_p0139a07║觀道場處所亦見力勢,為世故觀世光明,於
T04n0194_p0139a08║其中間所修苦行皆悉觀察,彼彼眾生觀慈
T04n0194_p0139a09║悲心,欲使安隱彼無量勤苦。觀如是苦行於
T04n0194_p0139a10║異境界而自觀察,於大眾中觀如來說微妙
T04n0194_p0139a11║法,令分布義觀其握法,若法眼清淨亦觀彼
T04n0194_p0139a12║法身無有眾生想,若復作是觀,亦不言禁戒。
T04n0194_p0139a13║曾聞尊者名優波斯,有弟子名鉢摩迦,往詣
T04n0194_p0139a14║摩鍮羅境界於彼止宿。彼到時著衣持鉢,廣
T04n0194_p0139a15║說如契經。人未曾見不解彼威儀,便入婬女
T04n0194_p0139a16║村中。彼婬女見此比丘,年少端正身無塵埃,
T04n0194_p0139a17║見懷歡喜欲意熾盛。時彼比丘便入婬舍,觀
T04n0194_p0139a18║如是結使不欲造結,如是穢解脫法,速得此
T04n0194_p0139a19║法果。是時比丘便作是語,而說此偈:
T04n0194_p0139a20║「欲如彼毒藥,  欲為不淨行,
T04n0194_p0139a21║ 欲為壞婬色,  墮人入惡趣。」

T04n0194_p0139a22║作是說已便退而去。彼人婬意熾盛,為彼比
T04n0194_p0139a23║丘故便結旃陀梨呪術,語彼旃陀梨如是之
T04n0194_p0139a24║義。是時旃陀梨莊嚴此女人,化作村落之處,
T04n0194_p0139a25║致比丘來,汝觀察此處,猶彼釋提桓因宮殿
T04n0194_p0139a26║無異,夏堂高廣亦無有比,莊嚴臥具無數眾
T04n0194_p0139a27║色在彼夏堂,上所臥之處文繡綩蠕(坐褥),觀
T04n0194_p0139a28║此地處種種華香而散其上一一周匝,種種
T04n0194_p0139a29║青蓮芳蘭而其邊。作如是觀,便作是結
T04n0194_p0139b01║呪,語比丘言:「此極微妙可共娛樂。」時鉢默
T04n0194_p0139b02║比丘報言:「我盡觀此亦當觀餘。」旃陀梨言:「餘
T04n0194_p0139b03║何者是?」鉢默報言:
T04n0194_p0139b04║「我今觀果實,  欲最第一苦,
T04n0194_p0139b05║ 終當入地獄,  受彼鑊湯惱。」

T04n0194_p0139b06║是時旃陀梨報言:「止止比丘!莫語我作是言。」
T04n0194_p0139b07║鉢默比丘報言:「此語是愚癡欲幻惑我,我不
T04n0194_p0139b08║與爾同。」彼旃陀梨見已,便作大火坑無有塵
T04n0194_p0139b09║曀。時鉢默比丘報言:「我已見此火坑。」旃陀梨
T04n0194_p0139b10║報言:「若不欲親近女者,不如入此火坑死。」是
T04n0194_p0139b11║時彼比丘便作是思惟:「此火雖恐懼,避火親
T04n0194_p0139b12║近欲者,然欲熾於大火,設犯欲者後受罪無
T04n0194_p0139b13║量,寧今日入此火坑不犯此欲。然我師神通
T04n0194_p0139b14║無比,云何當違師教?以是之故當入火坑而
T04n0194_p0139b15║死,不犯欲而生。今俱捨二事。云何於三世如
T04n0194_p0139b16║來立禁戒今我當犯?以是之故入火坑而死。」
T04n0194_p0139b17║如是思惟已,欲持僧迦梨鉢以施彼人。時旃
T04n0194_p0139b18║陀梨報言:「用是衣鉢為?」鉢默比丘報言:
T04n0194_p0139b19║「今此諸梵行,  持我衣鉢施,
T04n0194_p0139b20║ 諸有集聚者,  持我語告彼:
T04n0194_p0139b21║『比丘名鉢默,  遭此厄難處,
T04n0194_p0139b22║ 今投火坑死,  不受彼欲愛。』」

T04n0194_p0139b23║乃至彼二人俱出家學道,廣說如契經。是時
T04n0194_p0139b24║復說此偈:
T04n0194_p0139b25║「世修善雖少,  思惟憶不忘,
T04n0194_p0139b26║ 亦不受彼欲,  欲度眾生故。
T04n0194_p0139b27║ 況復開甘露,  世尊一切妙,
T04n0194_p0139b28║ 云何造功德?  彼智隨時興。」

T04n0194_p0139b29║爾時世尊云何周旋來往覺知生本?所謂於
T04n0194_p0139c01║此等語有二種風,形體功德、心意所覺,是謂
T04n0194_p0139c02║二風。彼形體風者,生諸愛念。意所覺者,猶如
T04n0194_p0139c03║華敷鮮明淨潔。猶如彼風觀見解脫所為事
T04n0194_p0139c04║勝,猶雪成水此心雪亦復如是。攝持內外境
T04n0194_p0139c05║界,有清涼風起,覺知彼意,彼持無量不破壞。
T04n0194_p0139c06║有六境機關,外為四大所使,四大根力所繫。
T04n0194_p0139c07║彼有軟風起,漸漸有智生,亦如彼舉足時,皆
T04n0194_p0139c08║是本行之德,不失本所為之相,[蹲-酋+(十/田/ㄙ)]骨所行來
T04n0194_p0139c09║往,皆有火起,於一切骨屈申卷舒,筋脈漸緩
T04n0194_p0139c10║有所悕望。若復視瞻開目閉目,內身根更樂,
T04n0194_p0139c11║漸漸熾然隨彼來往。若復食噉屈申卷舒,皆
T04n0194_p0139c12║由形所造,及餘心所造行,依煖風除去,顛
T04n0194_p0139c13║倒風亦吹落。脣齒聲響,本意所造一切種子
T04n0194_p0139c14║法,然彼風處所有勝,皆有此語,有如是聲響,
T04n0194_p0139c15║彼作是說:「不為福云何不為繫縛?」我作是說:
T04n0194_p0139c16║「有此機關,外有壞敗,內有眾行,不作是時便
T04n0194_p0139c17║有盡,便有長養,猶如智車於此見載,緣如
T04n0194_p0139c18║是豪貴法,緣依彼時想顛倒。」於是便說此
T04n0194_p0139c19║偈:
T04n0194_p0139c20║「此甚奇甚特,  覺知空無智,
T04n0194_p0139c21║ 展轉相依倚,  機關最為要,
T04n0194_p0139c22║ 亦不觸彼意,  身意所依倚,
T04n0194_p0139c23║ 有如是眾事,  幻惑為微細。」

T04n0194_p0139c24║是時世尊為梵行,云何梵不亂?不從彼學獨
T04n0194_p0139c25║遊無侶,於人中功德威儀最為微妙,無著於
T04n0194_p0139c26║一切眾生,所為之業無能及者,眾生無有量,
T04n0194_p0139c27║依倚一切微妙之法,法自然故一切智不可
T04n0194_p0139c28║壞,成大要道所欲成就,必果無疑。諸功德具,
T04n0194_p0139c29║聲聞圍繞,生一切德一切微妙。爾時世尊於
T04n0194_p0140a01║彼眾妙形體最第一,眾德成就,除幽冥世無
T04n0194_p0140a02║所著,三世無著,棄諸結使得大慈悲,心無亂
T04n0194_p0140a03║想,已度彼憂畏之處至安隱處,長夜降伏其
T04n0194_p0140a04║心自得授彼。於是便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0140a05║「梵行最為妙,  慈功德成就,
T04n0194_p0140a06║ 若彼聞此教,  天人皆拜手。
T04n0194_p0140a07║ 於正法無二,  彼樂亦無二,
T04n0194_p0140a08║ 必當成賢聖,  是故拜手聖。」

T04n0194_p0140a09║爾時佛世尊三耶三佛,忍地最為微妙,除諸
T04n0194_p0140a10║結使亦無所著,火所不燒,所悟事勝風,亦復
T04n0194_p0140a11║勝功德無畏,大眾成就為眾重擔,甚深相應
T04n0194_p0140a12║不可思議。猶如師子無怯弱心顏色和悅,為
T04n0194_p0140a13║彼外學故已修無著,猶如蓮華無所染污,自
T04n0194_p0140a14║依眾故自破壞,意所悕望亦復能辦,拔諸結
T04n0194_p0140a15║使故眾最為妙,倍種種相生受取為妙,若自
T04n0194_p0140a16║求於一切生為妙。當拜手最福田,所擁護人
T04n0194_p0140a17║民王最第一,不作是觀彼義甚深,捨眾穢法
T04n0194_p0140a18║月最為勝,分別諸法毘沙門為第一,聲響清
T04n0194_p0140a19║徹師子吼最第一,欲種良福田有增上學,捨
T04n0194_p0140a20║一切田業釋提桓因為第一,一切世間功德
T04n0194_p0140a21║為第一,示現涅槃道亦為勝,愍護一切眾生,
T04n0194_p0140a22║解一切縛為妙。於是便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0140a23║「如來之功德,  一切普悉備,
T04n0194_p0140a24║ 止住釋種家,  猶海集眾寶。
T04n0194_p0140a25║ 及餘佛法眾,  充滿三世界,
T04n0194_p0140a26║ 欲求往彼岸,  當從如來取。」

T04n0194_p0140a27║是時世尊為人中師子雄,悕望於一切智色
T04n0194_p0140a28║和悅,咽喉功德無比,佛法功德有四神足,甚
T04n0194_p0140a29║安詳去離麤獷之言,直身正意眾智具足,眼
T04n0194_p0140b01║為清淨根萌芽,分別眾法稱揚其德,未知智
T04n0194_p0140b02║猶雨甘露難可沮壞,十力具足勇猛超彼,覺
T04n0194_p0140b03║知一切所趣而往救濟。大慈悲禪解脫四等
T04n0194_p0140b04║未曾缺,亦無愛欲味觀食而食,得無所畏降
T04n0194_p0140b05║伏彼眾。彼猶如師子鹿王鳴吼之時,其聞聲
T04n0194_p0140b06║者皆馳走四趣,止谷趣谷止穴趣穴,鳥飛虛
T04n0194_p0140b07║空。此亦如是,若聞無常聲,此凡夫人及長壽
T04n0194_p0140b08║皆懷恐怖,於身見皆馳走而去,猶如彼龍象
T04n0194_p0140b09║聞師子聲不覺便利,或絕韁靽走。諸有長壽
T04n0194_p0140b10║色界諸天亦復如是,聞無常之教味著所樂,
T04n0194_p0140b11║各有此戀愛心。爾時世尊為師子鹿王,意悉
T04n0194_p0140b12║無恐懼,成其道果亦不退轉,觀者皆歡喜止
T04n0194_p0140b13║觀微妙,知彼功德無有愚惑。於是便說此
T04n0194_p0140b14║偈:
T04n0194_p0140b15║「猶彼師子吼,  聞者皆驚愕,
T04n0194_p0140b16║ 以智分別法,  種種有別名,
T04n0194_p0140b17║ 於生死恐懼,  佛德不可議,
T04n0194_p0140b18║ 是故拜師子,  師子王中王。」◎

T04n0194_p0140b19║◎是時世尊為人中雄象,一切智慧皆悉具足,
T04n0194_p0140b20║所有支節與首相稱。所謂是智慧首,因智慧
T04n0194_p0140b21║有念,念為頭,依彼止觀為腹,以休息解脫,亦
T04n0194_p0140b22║無師學,自然辦具,以信根為妙法,以信力而
T04n0194_p0140b23║縛,有如是之力護清淨以為牙除惡趣,慚愧
T04n0194_p0140b24║為營從,身妙以為耳,佛法身滿亦無害意,而
T04n0194_p0140b25║修梵行究竟其原,求其方便勇猛不退,一切
T04n0194_p0140b26║世微妙無有能過此功德者。猶如安明山,習
T04n0194_p0140b27║修於禪如彼利刀,覺意自在七處安詳,無常
T04n0194_p0140b28║苦空行一切法皆悉無我,涅槃為滅淨,所持
T04n0194_p0140b29║如甘露,十力有力勢,觀者皆歡喜。以破壞憍
T04n0194_p0140c01║慢行,解脫果報所緣依,彼甘露不校計所著,
T04n0194_p0140c02║本意所造,食解脫甘露果,如甘露者得利養,
T04n0194_p0140c03║除諸穢濁,以為食亦不藏貯,於九十一劫善
T04n0194_p0140c04║自降伏。爾時便有是定心,無有眾亂。於是便
T04n0194_p0140c05║說此偈:
T04n0194_p0140c06║「和悅無眾亂,  極清淨意定,
T04n0194_p0140c07║ 拜手無量德,  人中雄象王。
T04n0194_p0140c08║ 彼眾生有德,  壞敗諸色想,
T04n0194_p0140c09║ 眼淨無瑕穢,  拜手覺最勝。」

T04n0194_p0140c10║彼三耶三佛有如是功德,如是自覺知,如是
T04n0194_p0140c11║甚深極微妙無比,於中自覺諸法。設復有人
T04n0194_p0140c12║誹謗我言,彼或有聲性與相應,有如是有餘,
T04n0194_p0140c13║如有作是說,有餘沙門出家若婆羅門,聰明
T04n0194_p0140c14║黠慧若天住止,若欲界魔天,若梵天色界妙
T04n0194_p0140c15║者作如是而說法,我亦不見彼相亦無因緣。
T04n0194_p0140c16║如彼所說,若復不見其相,云何不等正覺亦
T04n0194_p0140c17║作是說?見彼而說法,逮安隱處而自娛樂,為
T04n0194_p0140c18║等正覺亦到無畏處,及餘無著,廣說如契經。
T04n0194_p0140c19║彼最為妙無著不搖動處,無若干彼名,當轉
T04n0194_p0140c20║梵法輪。彼梵世尊轉此法,所謂賢聖八品道,
T04n0194_p0140c21║當於何處而轉?或作是語:「於此眾轉為妙,於
T04n0194_p0140c22║此眾而師子吼,亦不於空處而轉,於此師子
T04n0194_p0140c23║吼亦無恐畏。」復作是說:「欲降伏彼眾故,此最
T04n0194_p0140c24║初無所畏。第二諸漏未盡,此義云何?所謂有
T04n0194_p0140c25║漏障中有諸恐畏,若復斷智具足。此第二第
T04n0194_p0140c26║三我所說道法,此有何義?所謂有如是實,
T04n0194_p0140c27║為彼故求,彼作是說,此造諸內入,此第三第
T04n0194_p0140c28║四有所縛。彼有十事,人所修行,在眾無恐畏,
T04n0194_p0140c29║或無恭恪心。彼如是無有威儀,以是之故於
T04n0194_p0141a01║大眾而懷恐怖,雖復恭恪心,明黠如實,有
T04n0194_p0141a02║此威儀,彼亦復有恐畏。於眾雖復有恭恪之
T04n0194_p0141a03║心,於彼雖無畏,彼義有愚癡,雖復承事供養、
T04n0194_p0141a04║恭恪之心,然不數數修行,雖復修行,亦不經
T04n0194_p0141a05║歷久,於中亦有恐懼之心。於彼雖久修行,意
T04n0194_p0141a06║不捷疾,於中故有恐懼。雖有捷疾之意,亦不
T04n0194_p0141a07║親近,於中故有恐懼之心。彼雖親近亦不實
T04n0194_p0141a08║依,於中亦有恐懼之心。意雖依善自無此善,
T04n0194_p0141a09║於彼眾中故有恐懼之心。若復遍有此意,然
T04n0194_p0141a10║不有巧便,彼於眾中故有恐懼之心。」彼世尊
T04n0194_p0141a11║為菩薩時,承事師眾三界牢要寶幢,從錠光
T04n0194_p0141a12║佛以來,三耶三佛若干劫,極淨無瑕穢,一
T04n0194_p0141a13║切無幽不照,緣彼覺意有如是形類,所為成
T04n0194_p0141a14║就,為彼道故九十一劫而造行。爾時世尊得
T04n0194_p0141a15║受名號,起如是黠慧而成佛,與智慧相應意
T04n0194_p0141a16║悉覺悟,依彼善意一切皆悉辦、一切意無著,
T04n0194_p0141a17║彼第一無染污,亦不懷恐懼心。是故世尊如
T04n0194_p0141a18║是常住恒入三昧,於彼智有勝,無數世有勝,
T04n0194_p0141a19║作是觀察,其有難問者,終不猶豫,文字無
T04n0194_p0141a20║缺。於是便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0141a21║「身如師子王,  欲度彼園觀,
T04n0194_p0141a22║ 群獸皆驚怖,  各奔走東西。
T04n0194_p0141a23║ 如是無所著,  大眾現勇猛,
T04n0194_p0141a24║ 不樂生死原,  以法度天人。」

T04n0194_p0141a25║爾時世尊觀一切世間猶如草木,所謂云何
T04n0194_p0141a26║當試?最初種有五行,猶外草木,於此有何五
T04n0194_p0141a27║種?復作是說:「云何彼樹展轉相猗耶?生種
T04n0194_p0141a28║種結苦諦所斷,外亦有生有五種行,觀彼苦
T04n0194_p0141a29║地之所生,皆依外而生。」於內云何生?有作是
T04n0194_p0141b01║說:「於內識處等有是觀,如是外住隨種便生。」
T04n0194_p0141b02║於中作是說:「如日月現無光,此各各相依。有
T04n0194_p0141b03║所說依外亦生。此義云何?」答曰:「於今而不相
T04n0194_p0141b04║依食,為水所漬,為火所煮,安處形體,或為
T04n0194_p0141b05║風所吹。如地生樹隨風來往,於中皆悉知之,
T04n0194_p0141b06║身風所觸耳有所聞,時亦能識知。」彼曰細滑
T04n0194_p0141b07║也,堅依外,彼非有智耶?如是亂想。若外果所
T04n0194_p0141b08║生,皆悉觀察外緣內。於中作是說:「一切非思
T04n0194_p0141b09║惟色相耶?」不作是觀,如觀察四大,如是境
T04n0194_p0141b10║界皆悉觀之。或觀一果眼識生若干果,以識
T04n0194_p0141b11║為首,是故壞敗。於中作是說:「外亦有作若干
T04n0194_p0141b12║果,猶彼色半青半黃,猶如樹同一根生若干
T04n0194_p0141b13║種果實,秋則無有果,或隨時生。此生死樹亦
T04n0194_p0141b14║復如是,身最為本,根為枝葉,猶如三昧境界,
T04n0194_p0141b15║是故識施果為上。如是而覺知,以眼喻彼樹,
T04n0194_p0141b16║若彼眼識有所攝色,其根今色云何得成?」所
T04n0194_p0141b17║謂如所說觀,觀便為妙,彼如是現,於是復現,
T04n0194_p0141b18║謂所生種子漸漸長益,於彼生而成果,如
T04n0194_p0141b19║隨時萎,彼果無所因等有是果。所謂心垢所
T04n0194_p0141b20║染,於中作是說:「眼識皆悉知。」於中作是說:「不
T04n0194_p0141b21║於中間,猶如彼色緣彼果生。如是緣意識,
T04n0194_p0141b22║有此生死樹,彼眼識為首。」於中作是說:「猶如
T04n0194_p0141b23║胎漸漸長,於彼生眼識,如是有眼識。」於中作
T04n0194_p0141b24║是說:「不於眼識中間而死,無有身根,然眼根
T04n0194_p0141b25║無所造。此由何故?或外不依根果本,或同
T04n0194_p0141b26║影果,於此云何言等一切身根?以過去不依
T04n0194_p0141b27║無根,草果根有壞敗,復是所知,外無有情,然
T04n0194_p0141b28║內有情。」於中作是說:「云何情想有果實耶?猶
T04n0194_p0141b29║如外花實,此種果亦復如是,以是故或有情,
T04n0194_p0141c01║或復共同情,於中實有無礙。」云何當有念?於
T04n0194_p0141c02║中作是說:「此義云何?」或有作是說:「彼處所無
T04n0194_p0141c03║有住處。」答曰:「猶如彼無處所,便有是清淨,外
T04n0194_p0141c04║無壞敗,便有是因緣。」於中作是說:「彼四大有
T04n0194_p0141c05║增上,如所依有果者,是事不然。」此復是所知,
T04n0194_p0141c06║所作行業外不現,猶如內所有不住名曰樹,
T04n0194_p0141c07║住者非樹。於中作是說:「云何此地持無所壞
T04n0194_p0141c08║敗耶?」此地亦有軟氣,若依彼有是堅相,為
T04n0194_p0141c09║風所吹,便可知之,此亦如是。然外有藥草樹
T04n0194_p0141c10║木,無常斷絕與壞敗相應,當作是觀。因緣無
T04n0194_p0141c11║常苦空無我亦如是。然外空無所有,眾生亦
T04n0194_p0141c12║如是,猶如無我觀內亦如是,況當內有所造
T04n0194_p0141c13║懷內思想?彼皆是外,猶如濕木種時便生,此
T04n0194_p0141c14║亦如是。根意所教猶如身心依法往來周旋,
T04n0194_p0141c15║此皆無所依,猶如壽煖命識,此亦如是,無有
T04n0194_p0141c16║終始。
T04n0194_p0141c17║ 觀彼志性趣,  外及樹木草,
T04n0194_p0141c18║ 實空無果實,  於法當分別。
T04n0194_p0141c19║ 彼已有壞敗,  身等即思惟,
T04n0194_p0141c20║ 壞彼塵勞結,  五根永以滅。

T04n0194_p0141c21║是時尊者大迦葉,勤修苦行身體疲厭,於彼
T04n0194_p0141c22║園觀處而自娛樂,事火無懈息,已眾圍繞僧
T04n0194_p0141c23║迦梨壞髮爪皆長,諸根淳熟內降伏婬,經行
T04n0194_p0141c24║往來所觀察皆悉知之,樂閑處名稱遠聞,故
T04n0194_p0141c25║得大慈悲。無與彼尊德等者,天人所供養,是
T04n0194_p0141c26║大福田,加敬恭拜,諸遭困厄者皆度脫之,度
T04n0194_p0141c27║彼生死布現法相,布現歡樂,擁護如事父無
T04n0194_p0141c28║異,所供養業如山不可動,歡喜踊躍欲觀察
T04n0194_p0141c29║如來,欲獨一閑靜處,往至世尊所歡樂異
T04n0194_p0142a01║法故,頭面禮世尊足在一面坐。爾時世尊欲嘆
T04n0194_p0142a02║譽少欲之德,便告尊者大迦葉曰:「汝今迦葉
T04n0194_p0142a03║年老形熟,無復有少壯意,長老身無所堪任,
T04n0194_p0142a04║漸漸衰耗盛意已盡更不與。所著補納之衣
T04n0194_p0142a05║極重,計汝今身不堪勝此重衣,汝年已邁,諸
T04n0194_p0142a06║有長者持衣施者便可納受。」是時尊者大迦
T04n0194_p0142a07║葉,諸法想其恭敬心,於如來即從坐起長跪
T04n0194_p0142a08║白世尊言:「生死長遠,義皆不真,受此樂痛,心
T04n0194_p0142a09║常愁憂。諸有豪尊長者亦不樂至彼家,已自
T04n0194_p0142a10║阿練復嘆阿練之德,自少欲復嘆少欲之德。
T04n0194_p0142a11║然世尊諸天證知,我於今世,果若有力無力
T04n0194_p0142a12║皆能頂戴,況我今日之身無婬怒癡,憍慢皆
T04n0194_p0142a13║悉盡,清淨無瑕,離世不與世相應,皆悉得之,
T04n0194_p0142a14║今當云何捨此麤服?」是時世尊告曰:「此云何?」
T04n0194_p0142a15║廣說如契經。是時尊者大迦葉報言:「以二義
T04n0194_p0142a16║故住閑居處,或復有嘆閑居之德,自於現法
T04n0194_p0142a17║中欲得歡樂,為後世人故作照明布現如是
T04n0194_p0142a18║德,以是修勤苦行是。」世尊告曰:「善哉善哉!
T04n0194_p0142a19║大迦葉!常當樂閑居。」廣說如契經。於是便說
T04n0194_p0142a20║此偈:
T04n0194_p0142a21║「彼得何自在,  弟子修苦行,
T04n0194_p0142a22║ 清淨無眾惱,  如月星中明,
T04n0194_p0142a23║ 如今無狐疑,  彼有是大德,
T04n0194_p0142a24║ 當牢持正法,  淨除一切穢。」

T04n0194_p0142a25║是時尊者舍利弗,自依甚深無有邊際,所知
T04n0194_p0142a26║如大海無有邊涯,堪任與外學論議皆悉降
T04n0194_p0142a27║伏,稱揚善法不失彼意,於愛欲得解脫,意所
T04n0194_p0142a28║覺知生死所趣皆盡原本,便往至世尊所,頭
T04n0194_p0142a29║面禮足白世尊曰:「我起如是義,皆悉牢固,彼
T04n0194_p0142b01║彼止住外道異學處,今到此處欲服甘露除
T04n0194_p0142b02║一切結縛,意亦無所著。於我處所,世尊為我
T04n0194_p0142b03║故說如是義,當除惱患。」說如是義已,諸凡夫
T04n0194_p0142b04║人皆悉懷愁憂,學者亦懷愁憂,諸無狐疑者,
T04n0194_p0142b05║皆悉欲聞。是時世尊須臾思惟告尊者舍利
T04n0194_p0142b06║弗言:「此行皆是有為。」是時尊者舍利弗常樂
T04n0194_p0142b07║空閑處,好喜於法,拜手於法,繞三匝,便直
T04n0194_p0142b08║身觀如來形,往詣那羅陀村中,以草布地,入
T04n0194_p0142b09║師子奮迅三昧。已入彼三昧,如來所止之方
T04n0194_p0142b10║便,於彼而般涅槃。是時均頭(州鶉)沙彌常與
T04n0194_p0142b11║尊者舍利弗供給所當與,轉尊法輪修行佛
T04n0194_p0142b12║事,最大聲聞,一切世人莫不供養,供養如來
T04n0194_p0142b13║身所,彼舍利及鉢三法衣,與尊者阿難。到已
T04n0194_p0142b14║便作是語:「我所事師今已滅度。」尊者阿難問
T04n0194_p0142b15║均頭沙彌:「汝師是誰?為名何等?」「我所事師名
T04n0194_p0142b16║優鉢低舍,今尊者已般涅槃,此尊者舍利弗。」
T04n0194_p0142b17║是時尊者阿難聞如是語便懷愁憂,納愚癡
T04n0194_p0142b18║城,裏彼舍利心意迷惑無所覺知,須臾愁
T04n0194_p0142b19║煩而立,便將均頭沙彌往至世尊所,以是語
T04n0194_p0142b20║具白世尊:「我今日身不如本,故聞彼尊者舍
T04n0194_p0142b21║利弗取般涅槃。」廣說如契經。世尊告曰:「彼持
T04n0194_p0142b22║戒身而去耶?及我所覺法亦持去耶?所謂四
T04n0194_p0142b23║意止。」廣說如契經。「然復阿難!行不可久保,皆
T04n0194_p0142b24║當壞敗。阿難!無常行無有常存者,亦無不觀
T04n0194_p0142b25║善行。阿難!行無所依怙。阿難!興起苦更樂,
T04n0194_p0142b26║懷顛倒之想。阿難!行無我不得自在。阿難!行
T04n0194_p0142b27║難可捨常受有教。阿難!行有所害皆悉空寂。
T04n0194_p0142b28║阿難!當遠離彼行起苦樂想。」是時世尊告均
T04n0194_p0142b29║頭沙彌言:「汝授此舍利著我手中。」是時均頭
T04n0194_p0142c01║沙彌即授與如來,是時世尊申黃金臂極軟
T04n0194_p0142c02║細而受之。爾時世尊當受舍利時,彼極清淨
T04n0194_p0142c03║無瑕穢,心意歡喜覩者皆歡喜,著闇冥處。是
T04n0194_p0142c04║時世尊告諸比丘:「汝等比丘!可禮此舍利弗
T04n0194_p0142c05║舍利,自嘆譽彼名聞遠布,於聲聞中尊最妙,
T04n0194_p0142c06║唯有一存。彼一切皆悉過去,諸有萌類欲得
T04n0194_p0142c07║是樂,現神足去垢濁。彼復有是明皆悉周遍,
T04n0194_p0142c08║設當有是色,當拜手彼智慧。彼有名稱,一切
T04n0194_p0142c09║世間悉能充滿,此是彼舍利,於三界身得自
T04n0194_p0142c10║在,善香所熏,是故當拜手禮如是功德,為世
T04n0194_p0142c11║現明類眾多功德,當學解脫至彼處所。」 爾時
T04n0194_p0142c12║世尊亦捨壽命,是時地為大動,四面雷電霹
T04n0194_p0142c13║靂,諸天側塞虛空作倡伎樂,有大光明靡不照
T04n0194_p0142c14║明,雲霧覆蔽火無有光,有如是語流布,一切
T04n0194_p0142c15║智當取滅度。是時尊者阿難,清旦從座起,往
T04n0194_p0142c16║詣世尊所,頭面禮世尊足,在一面住,便問世
T04n0194_p0142c17║尊言:「此是何因緣使地大動?」世尊意不移動,
T04n0194_p0142c18║便作是語:「阿難!以八因緣故地為大動。」復語
T04n0194_p0142c19║尊者阿難:「若第一聲聞取般涅槃,如來取涅
T04n0194_p0142c20║槃,有如是之瑞應。」阿難白佛言:「今日世尊亦
T04n0194_p0142c21║捨壽命耶?」世尊報曰:「如是阿難!我亦捨壽命。」
T04n0194_p0142c22║是時尊者阿難自投于地,廣說如契經,白世
T04n0194_p0142c23║尊:「我面從如來聞受持諷誦,諸有比丘所修
T04n0194_p0142c24║四禪神足住劫若至無數劫。」廣說如契經。是
T04n0194_p0142c25║時世尊意不移動,吐如此言教,便作是說:「云
T04n0194_p0142c26║何阿難?我不再三告汝耶?」是時尊者阿難,尊
T04n0194_p0142c27║無二語,便默然住,猶如大海中船破壞,無由
T04n0194_p0142c28║得至彼岸,白世尊言:「從隨葉世尊已來,彼三
T04n0194_p0142c29║耶三佛所有境界,人民皆悉長壽成就,今日
T04n0194_p0143a01║如來境界所修行甚勤苦,精進惠施無有限
T04n0194_p0143a02║量,如今日眾生壽命甚短,教化未盡原本。」是
T04n0194_p0143a03║時世尊告曰:「汝今云何世平豐熟無有恐畏
T04n0194_p0143a04║苦難?有法王出世,轉輪聖王以法治化,樹木
T04n0194_p0143a05║藥草不可稱計,諸有牢獄閉繫者,皆使解脫。
T04n0194_p0143a06║或復有鼎沸之世,如轉輪聖王,諸有牢獄閉
T04n0194_p0143a07║繫者,皆使解脫不遭苦厄。有恩慈於彼眾生
T04n0194_p0143a08║彼云何有恩慈於眾生?」是時尊者阿難白世
T04n0194_p0143a09║尊言:「第一法王出人之表者,遭厄苦惱者,能
T04n0194_p0143a10║脫苦惱最為要。」「猶如阿難!太平之世有轉輪
T04n0194_p0143a11║聖王,隨葉佛處世時亦復如是,猶如牢獄繫
T04n0194_p0143a12║閉皆悉度脫之。阿難!如我今日壽命極短出
T04n0194_p0143a13║現於世,彼眾生猶刀劍劫生,彼惡劫諸結使
T04n0194_p0143a14║厚,未能離結使,依種種邪見有邪見結使,以
T04n0194_p0143a15║非法欲故有欲結使,於彼眾生中間所生如
T04n0194_p0143a16║是惡起,時世惡故所教化少,若於彼人勤修
T04n0194_p0143a17║此行。阿難!我本未得道為獼猴時,不惜身命
T04n0194_p0143a18║使餘同類皆使得度,無有不得度者。本復為
T04n0194_p0143a19║師子時,度脫爾所商人趣彼惡道,久修彼
T04n0194_p0143a20║梵行。爾時,阿難!所趣之處,無不有潤澤眾生。
T04n0194_p0143a21║我是時,阿難!還復人身,於摩竭界潤澤諸人,
T04n0194_p0143a22║復於青雀時度脫無數商人,復為大仙人度
T04n0194_p0143a23║脫無數梵天。我年八歲時於此誓願意不退
T04n0194_p0143a24║轉,身被草衣勤修苦行,住彼閑靜處所修行
T04n0194_p0143a25║皆悉護持。云何阿難?我於此迷惑之世天下
T04n0194_p0143a26║降雨,時釋提桓因即使降雨。是時,阿難!我未
T04n0194_p0143a27║生時,人民之類愛念一子。若復,阿難!我為
T04n0194_p0143a28║一眾生故,一劫之中代受泥黎苦,為彼眾
T04n0194_p0143a29║生受如此苦惱。若復,阿難!我今此身父母所
T04n0194_p0143b01║生,無有怨敵能害我者,終無此義。此金剛三
T04n0194_p0143b02║昧分別種種三昧,若我取滅度後,彼若供養
T04n0194_p0143b03║舍利如芥子等,此功德無有限。」是時便說此
T04n0194_p0143b04║偈:
T04n0194_p0143b05║「從初發意來,  所作為第一,
T04n0194_p0143b06║ 得為人中上,  誰能與等者?
T04n0194_p0143b07║ 若父母妻子,  於世得自在,
T04n0194_p0143b08║ 雖有餘命存,  命盡當捨之。

T04n0194_p0143b09║「汝今往,阿難!為如來故往詣彼雙樹間。」廣說
T04n0194_p0143b10║如契經。是時尊者阿難從佛受教,便作是思
T04n0194_p0143b11║惟:「今日世尊審涅槃耶?」便懷愁憂,不違尊教。
T04n0194_p0143b12║即懷驚怖便往至彼間,皆是宿命相追逮故,
T04n0194_p0143b13║勤苦所致欲有所陳,復懷狐疑:「當云何陳此
T04n0194_p0143b14║言?」便白世尊:「所為已辦。」是時世尊便往至彼
T04n0194_p0143b15║所,舉足蹈地時,欲至彼處。是時尊者阿難,心
T04n0194_p0143b16║意遂熾然,復生是心:「此為幻夢耶?為是審然?」
T04n0194_p0143b17║如是猶豫思惟是已,復還正其意,此名曰無
T04n0194_p0143b18║常,眾生流轉不脫此患。是時世尊漸至彼雙
T04n0194_p0143b19║樹間,於其中間有諸天側塞虛空,或有作倡
T04n0194_p0143b20║伎樂顏色變易,或有啼哭涕零,不可稱計諸
T04n0194_p0143b21║須輪眾,悕望於法恭敬於法。是時便說此
T04n0194_p0143b22║偈:
T04n0194_p0143b23║「此尊第一妙,  為彼眾生類,
T04n0194_p0143b24║ 此法亦無上,  今當取滅度。」

T04n0194_p0143b25║是時世尊便至雙樹間而坐,是時雙樹間諸
T04n0194_p0143b26║天展轉相告語言:「於彼亂世一切智當取滅
T04n0194_p0143b27║度。云何當捨人民類而取滅度?」於是便說此
T04n0194_p0143b28║偈:
T04n0194_p0143b29║「諸為深義故,  疾逮甘露味,
T04n0194_p0143c01║ 彼尊有是力,  今悉當過去。
T04n0194_p0143c02║ 如彼金剛輪,  人民所嘆譽,
T04n0194_p0143c03║ 彼輪或有敗,  此尊難可壞。

T04n0194_p0143c04║「於彼中間盡修無常,精進力不可沮壞,諸有
T04n0194_p0143c05║少壯皆悉無常,諸佛世尊亦復滅度,此患甚
T04n0194_p0143c06║苦惱。」便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0143c07║「於彼諦思惟,  色像有迴轉,
T04n0194_p0143c08║ 彼更樂所縛,  受諸苦惱患。」

T04n0194_p0143c09║其中或有說此偈:
T04n0194_p0143c10║「最始生為苦,  有此陰持名,
T04n0194_p0143c11║ 無生不有壞,  誰有脫此患?」

T04n0194_p0143c12║其中或有作是說偈,無常為所從生?
T04n0194_p0143c13║「最初覺此時,  一切念悉成,
T04n0194_p0143c14║ 彼有如是色,  諸佛無常住。

T04n0194_p0143c15║「我等今日當修何業?今世尊最後說此法,是
T04n0194_p0143c16║故當慇懃聞心。」是福田亦不可持,而發歡喜
T04n0194_p0143c17║心。是時娑羅園中諸天皆拜手於世尊,雨
T04n0194_p0143c18║若干種曼陀羅花,皆啼泣涕零,便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0143c19║「其有覩如來,  晝夜無懈怠,
T04n0194_p0143c20║ 時欲取滅度,  捨此四大形。
T04n0194_p0143c21║ 勤苦成其德,  未曾違正法,
T04n0194_p0143c22║ 以度生死海,  今當捐陰入。」

T04n0194_p0143c23║是時世尊臨欲般涅槃時,告諸比丘:「汝等比
T04n0194_p0143c24║丘!有所狐疑,便可時問,乃至一切行無淨常
T04n0194_p0143c25║云何?」尊者阿那律:「世尊般涅槃耶?」是密迹金
T04n0194_p0143c26║剛力士立如來後,觀如來顏色支節筋骨,皆
T04n0194_p0143c27║悉牢固堪任重任,亦堪任說微妙之法,即啼
T04n0194_p0143c28║泣而作是說:
T04n0194_p0143c29║「無垢無眾瑕,  世間失覆蓋,
T04n0194_p0144a01║ 猶彼紫磨金,  今當捨眾去。
T04n0194_p0144a02║ 猶如此世間,  年熟時已過,
T04n0194_p0144a03║ 釋種釋迦文,  無想永寂滅。」

T04n0194_p0144a04║其中或有說者,「止止莫作是語。」是時彼懷此
T04n0194_p0144a05║懊惱便作是說:「自念世尊從兜術天降神來
T04n0194_p0144a06║生世間,憶彼有數千萬天,以己功德皆著青
T04n0194_p0144a07║衣,有威神之力,力不可沮壞,五百不退轉。
T04n0194_p0144a08║復有十二大鬼神,見者皆懷恐怖,欲來擁護
T04n0194_p0144a09║如來。」斯須思惟復作是說:「攝如來支節皆
T04n0194_p0144a10║放光明,便告勅我等,勅諸天有是語,護世神
T04n0194_p0144a11║遣使至此,於彼處便作是語,我等歡喜承事
T04n0194_p0144a12║供養如處胎時,夢寤之中常不遠離。我等染
T04n0194_p0144a13║著此世眾生牢固,於此有苦樂想、有父母想,
T04n0194_p0144a14║一切世微妙有無上想,護世所造有兄弟想,
T04n0194_p0144a15║受微信施故有福田想,心不傾邪有執御之
T04n0194_p0144a16║想,欲渡流故有船師想,不可得故懷珍寶
T04n0194_p0144a17║想,得大慈故有護世想。如我今日金剛之身
T04n0194_p0144a18║不碎為百分,或有說者,此身必當獲果,所以
T04n0194_p0144a19║然者?供養如來故。」是時密迹金剛力士便作
T04n0194_p0144a20║是說:「此事云何?是時太子乘馬車出城,時彼
T04n0194_p0144a21║馬還來七日不食,生三十三天,況當我等承
T04n0194_p0144a22║事受如來教誡?入耳者諷誦者,一切皆悉學
T04n0194_p0144a23║度眾生無有限量,若復珍寶之海當廣求之。」
T04n0194_p0144a24║是時密迹金剛力士,有二賢聖論說此偈:
T04n0194_p0144a25║「於彼神龍處,  金剛出於海,
T04n0194_p0144a26║ 云何當擁護,  如是師子吼?」

T04n0194_p0144a27║是時思惟,復作是說:
T04n0194_p0144a28║「猶如彼深海,  力無能過者,
T04n0194_p0144a29║ 於世行精進,  大德無有邊。」

T04n0194_p0144b01║如是世尊於波羅奈國而轉法輪,初轉此法
T04n0194_p0144b02║時,多饒益眾生,即於此夏坐有益於摩竭國
T04n0194_p0144b03║王,第二三於靈鷲頂山,第五脾舒離,第六
T04n0194_p0144b04║摩拘羅山(白善)為母故,第七於三十三天,第八
T04n0194_p0144b05║鬼神界,第九拘苫毘國,第十枝提山中,第
T04n0194_p0144b06║十一復鬼神界,第十二摩伽陀閑居處,第十
T04n0194_p0144b07║三復還鬼神界,第十四本佛所遊處,於舍衛
T04n0194_p0144b08║祇樹給孤獨園,第十五迦維羅衛國釋種村
T04n0194_p0144b09║中,第十六還迦維羅衛國,第十七羅閱城,第
T04n0194_p0144b10║十八復羅閱城,第十九柘梨山中,第二十夏
T04n0194_p0144b11║坐在羅閱城,第二十一還柘梨山中,於鬼神
T04n0194_p0144b12║界不經歷餘處連四夏坐。十九年不經歷餘
T04n0194_p0144b13║處,於舍衛國夏坐。如來如是最後夏坐時,於
T04n0194_p0144b14║祇境界毘將村中夏坐。世尊已度愛淵如
T04n0194_p0144b15║是,曩昔諸佛所作惠施利根皆悉成就,諸行
T04n0194_p0144b16║普至志性柔和皆悉度已,次度中根,次度軟
T04n0194_p0144b17║根,漸漸使至須陀洹。與外學演說,世尊皆周
T04n0194_p0144b18║遍。爾時便取涅槃。於是便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0144b19║「欲度外學故,  大尊無與等,
T04n0194_p0144b20║ 自覺復度彼,  無有溺此淵。
T04n0194_p0144b21║ 經度種種樂,  漸漸有長益,
T04n0194_p0144b22║ 於是生歡喜,  皆悉度彼處。」

T04n0194_p0144b23║如今清淨無瑕穢,所生之處常值善處,己行
T04n0194_p0144b24║成就亦無眾慢,緣諸功德皆悉成就,為彼境
T04n0194_p0144b25║界故相應成就,以慇懃故生皆成就救濟拔
T04n0194_p0144b26║苦至無為處。如是得成就,若生豪尊家居家
T04n0194_p0144b27║成就,色微妙故親屬成就,所為已足無為處
T04n0194_p0144b28║成就,有限量故所為皆成,斷種種結使故降
T04n0194_p0144b29║伏成就,所興行業誓願成就,種諸功德未曾
T04n0194_p0144c01║有所犯所為成就,威儀成就,諸功德戒律成
T04n0194_p0144c02║就,演四意止威儀成就,分別言教境界成就,
T04n0194_p0144c03║興起智慧集眾成就,已捨諸有諸戒具足戒
T04n0194_p0144c04║律成就。以智專心亦不依禪三昧成就,如實
T04n0194_p0144c05║分別彼界智慧成就,斷諸結使故解脫成就,
T04n0194_p0144c06║斷諸愚癡故解脫見慧成就,集諸功德一切
T04n0194_p0144c07║成就,已得滅寂止觀成就,是故拜手十
T04n0194_p0144c08║力。是時便說此偈:
T04n0194_p0144c09║「色不可思議,  佛之所覺悟,
T04n0194_p0144c10║ 三世稱揚名,  神仙至彼岸。
T04n0194_p0144c11║ 於世已休息,  永盡無起滅,
T04n0194_p0144c12║ 大智通第一,  一切得自在。」

T04n0194_p0144c13║聞如來般涅槃百歲後,一切智見布現於世
T04n0194_p0144c14║間摩竭國界欺羅梨城,有王名阿儵,其德甚
T04n0194_p0144c15║巍巍,猶彼天帝無異,有大威德聰明黠慧,堪
T04n0194_p0144c16║任與彼論議,視民如子。彼夜欲眠之時,便
T04n0194_p0144c17║作是思惟:「我今所願已果,更無悕望,當擁護
T04n0194_p0144c18║人民。今當設何方便為何業?當興起何事?使
T04n0194_p0144c19║世人民皆蒙其德?」作是思惟已即夜睡瞑,於
T04n0194_p0144c20║夢中便聞此偈:
T04n0194_p0144c21║「審諦甚微妙,  三世所敬事,
T04n0194_p0144c22║ 當廣布舍利,  最勝取滅度。」

T04n0194_p0144c23║聞此語已彼王即驚覺。時王已覺,便作是嘆:
T04n0194_p0144c24║「善哉彼眾生,  取滅度之後,
T04n0194_p0144c25║ 舍利天所傳,  我等當承事。」

T04n0194_p0144c26║口傳耳所聞,是時大王即召群臣集大眾,以
T04n0194_p0144c27║此義問彼言:「我當以何義恤化人民?」彼群臣
T04n0194_p0144c28║人民各自陳言:「或言供養如來舍利,或言祭
T04n0194_p0144c29║祀神天。」是時王便作是說:「當以至誠語擁護
T04n0194_p0145a01║其法,我昨夜夢中便作是聞,思惟此舍利甚
T04n0194_p0145a02║善哉,為此世故我等宜擁護世間人民,自既
T04n0194_p0145a03║獲福,眾生得度已,功德無有量,當行威儀恩
T04n0194_p0145a04║慈,皆使見照明,我於夢中聞如是語。」又說此
T04n0194_p0145a05║偈:
T04n0194_p0145a06║「若聞彼音響,  道場自覺知,
T04n0194_p0145a07║ 彼是釋師子,  應供養舍利。」

T04n0194_p0145a08║是時王集諸比丘,復以此義問彼曰:「諸比丘
T04n0194_p0145a09║以法之教。」時王復語彼比丘言:「諸賢所說,我
T04n0194_p0145a10║於夢中所見,則是我宿植德本。」是時王於八
T04n0194_p0145a11║日受八關齋,著純白衣撞鐘鳴鼓,作倡伎
T04n0194_p0145a12║樂彈琴鼓瑟吹螺,燒種種香,於羅閱城欲得
T04n0194_p0145a13║舍利。聞彼城裏有金券書,已見金券有其形
T04n0194_p0145a14║像,前世以土惠施見彼相(自聞以下諸比丘言),王須臾思
T04n0194_p0145a15║惟便作是語:「此必當獲微妙果實。我欲發開
T04n0194_p0145a16║銅函見此中文。」即發開函見有金券,亦見文
T04n0194_p0145a17║(此阿闍世王記佛言有阿儵王也),見此證驗,即於眾生便讀
T04n0194_p0145a18║此文字。於摩竭國界有羅閱城,有長者名波
T04n0194_p0145a19║羅蜜多羅,彼有子名脾闍耶蜜多羅,第二家
T04n0194_p0145a20║名波修波陀羅,有子名波修達多。彼二長
T04n0194_p0145a21║者子在四徼道頭弄土戲,當弄土戲時,毘
T04n0194_p0145a22║闍耶蜜多羅長者子,便懷歡喜,便掬土惠施。
T04n0194_p0145a23║復有助歡喜者。如來百歲涅槃後,毘闍耶蜜
T04n0194_p0145a24║多羅,當出現於世,緣彼土功德。有王名阿儵,
T04n0194_p0145a25║出沒邪種。時王讀此文字,便懷歡喜嘆未曾
T04n0194_p0145a26║有,復告群臣:「更讀此金券,如上無異。」彼於此
T04n0194_p0145a27║世界人民之類,皆當統領,然不嘆譽波修達
T04n0194_p0145a28║多,當為彼人臣。時王便作是嘆:「善哉大福田!
T04n0194_p0145a29║作是少施獲大功德心得歡喜。」或有作是說:
T04n0194_p0145b01║「我取七塔舍利,分布廣度世界。」是時王善哉
T04n0194_p0145b02║嘆未曾有之智,歡喜取彼舍利。虛空之中聞
T04n0194_p0145b03║神聖聲,而說此偈:
T04n0194_p0145b04║「當發歡喜心,  善德不可稱,
T04n0194_p0145b05║ 當廣布功德,  遺舍利教化。」

T04n0194_p0145b06║天王於彼舍利,而雨若干種華。是時王起八
T04n0194_p0145b07║萬四千塔,一日皆悉成。是時王告彼群臣言:
T04n0194_p0145b08║「彼有如是真諦言教,世所稱譽,為佛今已滅
T04n0194_p0145b09║度,分布舍利於世界,亦無眾結。身淨如金,
T04n0194_p0145b10║亦如白雪,觀此地未曾起惡,彼亦如是。見此
T04n0194_p0145b11║地已擁護之,所教授智不可動,在巖穴中極
T04n0194_p0145b12║峻高空無有量,況當統領一切。一切地是福
T04n0194_p0145b13║田,十力觀眾生類,所起塔寺無有增減。」是時
T04n0194_p0145b14║世尊舍利為一種類,各各作若干種論。時王
T04n0194_p0145b15║說曰:「猶此力無數金剛三昧,碎骨而自得捨
T04n0194_p0145b16║休息。云何當度此?」
T04n0194_p0145b17║僧伽羅剎所集經卷下
【經文資訊】大正藏第 04 冊 No. 0194 僧伽羅剎所集經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
【原始資料】蕭鎮國大德提供,維習安大德提供之高麗藏 CD 經文,北美某大德提供,法雨道場提供新式標點
【其他事項】本資料庫可自由免費流通,詳細內容請參閱【中華電子佛典協會資料庫版權宣告


tripitaka | about seo