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T03n0159_004 大乘本生心地觀經 第4卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 3 冊 » No.0159 » 第 4 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T03n0159_p0306b15║
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T03n0159_p0306b17║大乘本生心地觀經卷第四
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T03n0159_p0306b19║
T03n0159_p0306b20║  厭捨品第三
T03n0159_p0306b21║爾時,智光長者承佛威神即從座起,頂禮
T03n0159_p0306b22║佛足恭敬合掌,而白佛言:「世尊!我今從
T03n0159_p0306b23║佛聞是報恩甚深妙法,心懷踊躍得未曾
T03n0159_p0306b24║有,如饑渴人遇甘露食。我今樂欲酬報四
T03n0159_p0306b25║恩,投佛法僧出家修道,常勤精進希證菩
T03n0159_p0306b26║提。佛大慈悲,於一時中在毘舍離城,為無
T03n0159_p0306b27║垢稱說甚深法:『汝無垢稱!以清淨心為善
T03n0159_p0306b28║業根,以不善心為惡業根,心清淨故世界
T03n0159_p0306b29║清淨,心雜穢故世界雜穢。我佛法中以心
T03n0159_p0306c01║為主,一切諸法無不由心。汝今在家有大
T03n0159_p0306c02║福德,眾寶瓔珞無不充足,男女眷屬安隱快
T03n0159_p0306c03║樂,成就正見不謗三寶,以孝養心恭敬
T03n0159_p0306c04║尊親,起大慈悲給施孤獨,乃至螻蟻尚不
T03n0159_p0306c05║加害,忍辱為衣慈悲為室,尊敬有德心
T03n0159_p0306c06║無憍慢,憐愍一切猶如赤子,不貪財利
T03n0159_p0306c07║常修喜捨,供養三寶心無厭足,為法捨
T03n0159_p0306c08║身而無悋惜。如是白衣雖不出家,已具無
T03n0159_p0306c09║量無邊功德。汝於來世萬行圓滿,超過三
T03n0159_p0306c10║界證大菩提,汝所修心即真沙門亦婆羅
T03n0159_p0306c11║門,是真比丘是真出家。如是之人,此則名
T03n0159_p0306c12║為在家出家。』世尊或有一時於迦蘭陀竹
T03n0159_p0306c13║林精舍,為其惡性六群比丘說教誡法,而
T03n0159_p0306c14║告之言:『汝等比丘!諦聽諦聽!入佛法海信
T03n0159_p0306c15║為根本,渡生死河戒為船筏。若人出家不
T03n0159_p0306c16║護禁戒,貪著世樂毀佛戒寶,或失正見
T03n0159_p0306c17║入邪見林,引無量人墮大深坑。如是比丘
T03n0159_p0306c18║不名出家,非是沙門非婆羅門,形似沙
T03n0159_p0306c19║門心常在家,如是沙門無遠離行。遠離之
T03n0159_p0306c20║行有其二種:一身遠離。二心遠離。身遠離
T03n0159_p0306c21║者,若人出家身處空閑,不染欲境名身
T03n0159_p0306c22║遠離。若有出家修清淨心,不染欲境名
T03n0159_p0306c23║心遠離。身雖出家,心貪欲境,如是之人不
T03n0159_p0306c24║名遠離。若淨信男及淨信女,身居聚落
T03n0159_p0306c25║發無上心,以大慈悲饒益一切,如是修
T03n0159_p0306c26║行名真遠離。』於是六群惡性比丘,聞是法
T03n0159_p0306c27║音得柔順忍。 「然今我等雖信佛說,各各懷
T03n0159_p0306c28║疑意未決定。善哉,世尊!能斷世間一切疑
T03n0159_p0306c29║者、於一切法得自在者、真實語者、無二
T03n0159_p0307a01║語者、是知道者、是開道者,惟願如來!為我
T03n0159_p0307a02║等輩及未來世一切有情,捨於方便說真實
T03n0159_p0307a03║法,永離疑悔,令入佛道。今此會中有二菩
T03n0159_p0307a04║薩,一者出家,二者在家,是二菩薩,善能利
T03n0159_p0307a05║樂一切有情而無休息,如我惟忖,出家菩
T03n0159_p0307a06║薩不及在家修菩薩行。所以者何?昔有金
T03n0159_p0307a07║輪轉輪聖王,發阿耨多羅三藐三菩提心,
T03n0159_p0307a08║厭離世間無常苦空,捨輪王位如棄洟唾,
T03n0159_p0307a09║清淨出家入於佛道。是時後宮夫人婇女八
T03n0159_p0307a10║萬四千,見王出家各懷戀慕,拊心號慟
T03n0159_p0307a11║生大逼惱,起愛別離如地獄苦。金輪聖王
T03n0159_p0307a12║初受位時,所感寶女及王千子大臣眷屬,共
T03n0159_p0307a13║傷離別捨位出家,號泣之聲滿四天下。此
T03n0159_p0307a14║諸眷屬各作是言:『我王福智無量無邊,如何
T03n0159_p0307a15║見棄捨我出家?哀哉苦哉世界空虛,從今
T03n0159_p0307a16║已去無依無怙。』若有淨信善男子、善女人,
T03n0159_p0307a17║歸佛法僧發菩提心,捨離父母出家入道,
T03n0159_p0307a18║父母憐愍恩念情深,離別悲哀感動天地,如
T03n0159_p0307a19║涸轍魚宛轉于地,愛別離苦亦復如是,如
T03n0159_p0307a20║彼輪王眷屬之心。出家菩薩饒益眾生,云
T03n0159_p0307a21║何嬈害父母妻子,令無量人受大苦惱?以
T03n0159_p0307a22║是因緣出家菩薩,無慈無悲不利眾生,是
T03n0159_p0307a23║故非如在家菩薩具大慈悲,憐愍眾生利
T03n0159_p0307a24║益一切。」
T03n0159_p0307a25║爾時,佛告智光長者:「善哉,善哉!汝大慈悲勸
T03n0159_p0307a26║請我說出家在家二種勝劣。汝今所問,出家
T03n0159_p0307a27║菩薩不如在家。是義不然。所以者何?出家
T03n0159_p0307a28║菩薩勝於在家,無量無邊不可為比。何以
T03n0159_p0307a29║故?出家菩薩以正慧力,微細觀察在家所
T03n0159_p0307b01║有種種過失,所謂世間一切舍宅,積聚其中
T03n0159_p0307b02║不知滿足,猶如大海容受一切大小河水
T03n0159_p0307b03║未曾滿足。善男子!香山之南雪山之北有阿
T03n0159_p0307b04║耨池,四大龍王各居一角,東南龍王白象
T03n0159_p0307b05║頭,西南龍王大牛頭,西北龍王師子頭,東
T03n0159_p0307b06║北龍王大馬頭,各從四角涌出大河:一殑
T03n0159_p0307b07║伽河,其水所至白象隨出;二信渡河,其水
T03n0159_p0307b08║所至水牛隨出;三薄芻河,其水所至師子
T03n0159_p0307b09║隨出;四私陀河,其水所至大馬隨出。如是
T03n0159_p0307b10║大河,一一各有五百中河,中河各有無量
T03n0159_p0307b11║小河,是大中小一切眾水皆入大海,然此
T03n0159_p0307b12║大海未曾滿足。世間眾生所有一切居處舍
T03n0159_p0307b13║宅,亦復如是,聚諸珍寶從四方來,悉
T03n0159_p0307b14║入宅中未曾滿足,多求積聚造種種罪,無
T03n0159_p0307b15║常忽至棄捨故宅,是時宅主隨業受報,經
T03n0159_p0307b16║無量劫終無所歸。善男子!所為宅者即五蘊
T03n0159_p0307b17║身,其宅主者是汝本識。誰有智者樂有為
T03n0159_p0307b18║宅?唯有菩提安樂寶宮,離老病死憂悲苦
T03n0159_p0307b19║惱。若有利根淨信深厚善男子等,欲度父
T03n0159_p0307b20║母妻子眷屬令入無為甘露宅者,須歸三
T03n0159_p0307b21║寶出家學道。」 爾時,如來重說偈言:
T03n0159_p0307b22║「出家菩薩勝在家,  算分喻分莫能比。
T03n0159_p0307b23║ 在家逼迫如牢獄,  欲求解脫甚為難,
T03n0159_p0307b24║ 出家閑曠若虛空,  自在無為離繫著。
T03n0159_p0307b25║ 諦觀在家多過失,  造諸罪業無有邊,
T03n0159_p0307b26║ 營生貪求恒不足,  猶如大海難可滿。
T03n0159_p0307b27║ 阿耨達池龍王等,  四角涌出四大河,
T03n0159_p0307b28║ 大中小河所有水,  晝夜流注無暫歇,
T03n0159_p0307b29║ 然彼大海未甞滿。  所貪舍宅亦如是,
T03n0159_p0307c01║ 在家多起諸惡業,  未甞洗懺令滅除,
T03n0159_p0307c02║ 空知愛念危脆身,  不覺命隨朝露盡。
T03n0159_p0307c03║ 焰魔使者相催逼,  妻子屋宅無所隨,
T03n0159_p0307c04║ 幽冥黑闇長夜中,  獨往死門隨業受。
T03n0159_p0307c05║ 諸佛出現起悲愍,  欲令眾生厭世間,
T03n0159_p0307c06║ 汝今已獲難得身,  當勤精進勿放逸。
T03n0159_p0307c07║ 在家屋宅深可厭,  空寂寶舍難思議,
T03n0159_p0307c08║ 永離病苦及憂惱,  諸有智者善觀察。
T03n0159_p0307c09║ 當來淨信善男女,  欲度父母及眷屬,
T03n0159_p0307c10║ 令入無為甘露城,  願求出家修妙道,
T03n0159_p0307c11║ 漸漸修行成正覺,  當轉無上大法輪。

T03n0159_p0307c12║「復次,善男子!出家菩薩觀世舍宅,猶如石
T03n0159_p0307c13║火深生厭患。何以故?譬如微火能燒一切
T03n0159_p0307c14║諸草木等,世間舍宅亦復如是,貪心求覓馳
T03n0159_p0307c15║走四方。若有所得,受用不足,於一切時追
T03n0159_p0307c16║求無厭;若無所得,心生熱惱日夜追求。是
T03n0159_p0307c17║故世間一切舍宅,能生無量煩惱之火,為
T03n0159_p0307c18║起貪心恒無知足。世間財寶猶如草木,貪
T03n0159_p0307c19║欲之心如世舍宅,以是因緣,一切諸佛說
T03n0159_p0307c20║於三界名為火宅。善男子!出家菩薩能作
T03n0159_p0307c21║是觀,厭離世間,名真出家。」 爾時,如來重說
T03n0159_p0307c22║偈言:
T03n0159_p0307c23║「出家菩薩觀世宅,  猶如人間微少火,
T03n0159_p0307c24║ 一切草木漸能燒,  世宅當知亦如是。
T03n0159_p0307c25║ 眾生所有眾財寶,  更互追求常不足,
T03n0159_p0307c26║ 求不得苦恒在心,  老病死火無時滅,
T03n0159_p0307c27║ 以是因緣諸世尊,  說於三界為火宅。
T03n0159_p0307c28║ 若欲超過三界苦,  應修梵行作沙門,
T03n0159_p0307c29║ 三昧神通得現前,  自利利他悉圓滿。

T03n0159_p0308a01║「復次,善男子!愛樂出家當觀舍宅,如彼深
T03n0159_p0308a02║山石窟之中有大寶藏。譬如長者唯有一
T03n0159_p0308a03║子,其家大富財寶無量,奴婢僕從象馬無數。
T03n0159_p0308a04║其父於後忽遭重病,名醫良藥不能救療。
T03n0159_p0308a05║長者自知將死不久,即命其子而告之
T03n0159_p0308a06║言:『凡我所有一切財寶付囑於汝,勤加守護
T03n0159_p0308a07║勿令漏失。』既付囑已即便命終。
T03n0159_p0308a08║「時長者子不順其命,恣行放逸既損家業,
T03n0159_p0308a09║財物散失、僮僕逃逝而無所依。時彼老母心
T03n0159_p0308a10║懷憂惱,遂得重病即便終歿。其子貧窮無
T03n0159_p0308a11║所恃怙,遂投山谷拾薪採菓貨鬻自給。
T03n0159_p0308a12║彼時遇雪入石窟中權自憩息,然此窟中是
T03n0159_p0308a13║昔國王藏七寶所,無能知者,經數百千年
T03n0159_p0308a14║逈絕人跡。時彼貧人業因緣故,偶入窟中
T03n0159_p0308a15║見無量金,心大歡喜得未曾有,因而分割
T03n0159_p0308a16║若干分金造立舍宅,若干分金為娶妻財,
T03n0159_p0308a17║如是奴婢、如是象馬,隨心所欲皆如其意。
T03n0159_p0308a18║作是計時,有諸群賊為趁走鹿到於窟
T03n0159_p0308a19║前,見此貧人以金分配,遂捨其鹿殺人取
T03n0159_p0308a20║金。愚癡凡夫亦復如是,深著世樂不樂出
T03n0159_p0308a21║離,深山石窟如世舍宅,伏藏金寶猶如善
T03n0159_p0308a22║根,琰魔使者即是群賊,隨業受報墮三惡
T03n0159_p0308a23║道,不聞父母三寶名字喪失善根,以是因
T03n0159_p0308a24║緣,應當厭離,發於無上大菩提心,出家修道
T03n0159_p0308a25║希成妙覺。」
T03n0159_p0308a26║爾時,如來重說偈言:
T03n0159_p0308a27║「愛樂在家諸菩薩,  觀於舍宅如寶藏。
T03n0159_p0308a28║ 譬如長者有一子,  其家大富饒財寶,
T03n0159_p0308a29║ 奴婢僕從及象馬,  一切所須無不豐。
T03n0159_p0308b01║ 於後長者身有病,  舉世良醫皆拱手,
T03n0159_p0308b02║ 臨終告命諸親族,  付囑家財與其子,
T03n0159_p0308b03║ 教誨令存孝養心,  當勤享祀無斷絕。
T03n0159_p0308b04║ 是時其子違父命,  廣縱愚癡多放逸,
T03n0159_p0308b05║ 老母懷憂疾病身,  又因惡子尋喪逝。
T03n0159_p0308b06║ 眷屬乖離無所託,  拾薪貨鬻以為常,
T03n0159_p0308b07║ 往彼山中遇風雪,  入於石窟而暫息。
T03n0159_p0308b08║ 窟中往昔藏妙寶,  已經久遠無人知,
T03n0159_p0308b09║ 樵人得遇真金藏,  心懷踊躍生希有。
T03n0159_p0308b10║ 尋時分配真金寶,  隨意所欲悉用之,
T03n0159_p0308b11║ 或以造舍或妻財,  奴婢象馬并車乘。
T03n0159_p0308b12║ 校計未來無能捨,  群賊因鹿到其前,
T03n0159_p0308b13║ 是彼怨家會遇時,  遂殺貧人取金去。
T03n0159_p0308b14║ 愚癡眾生亦如是,  石窟猶如世間宅,
T03n0159_p0308b15║ 伏藏真金比善根,  琰魔鬼使如劫賊,
T03n0159_p0308b16║ 以是因緣諸佛子,  早趣出家修善品。
T03n0159_p0308b17║ 應觀身命類浮泡,  勤修戒忍波羅蜜,
T03n0159_p0308b18║ 當詣七寶菩提樹,  金剛座上證如如,
T03n0159_p0308b19║ 常住不滅難思議,  轉正法輪化群品。

T03n0159_p0308b20║「復次,善男子!世間所有一切舍宅,猶如雜毒
T03n0159_p0308b21║甘味飲食。譬如長者唯有一子,聰慧利根
T03n0159_p0308b22║達迦樓羅祕密觀門,能辯毒藥善巧方便,
T03n0159_p0308b23║父母恩憐愛念無比。時長者子為有事緣,
T03n0159_p0308b24║往至肆未及歸家。爾時,父母與諸親族,
T03n0159_p0308b25║歡喜宴樂具設甘饍。時有怨家,密以毒藥
T03n0159_p0308b26║致飲食中,無人覺知。是時父母不知食中
T03n0159_p0308b27║有雜毒藥,遂令長幼服雜毒食;其子後來
T03n0159_p0308b28║父母歡喜,所留飲食賜與其子。是時其子
T03n0159_p0308b29║未須飲食,念迦樓羅祕密觀門,便知食中
T03n0159_p0308c01║有雜毒藥。其子雖知父母服毒,而不為說
T03n0159_p0308c02║悞服毒藥。所以者何?若覺服毒更加悶亂,
T03n0159_p0308c03║毒氣速發必令人死。即設方便白父母言:
T03n0159_p0308c04║『我且不食如是飲食,暫往市中,郤來當
T03n0159_p0308c05║食。何以故?我先買得無價寶珠,留在櫃中
T03n0159_p0308c06║而忘封閉。』於是父母聞說寶珠,生歡喜心
T03n0159_p0308c07║任子所往。子遂馳走詣醫王家,求阿伽陀
T03n0159_p0308c08║解毒妙藥。既得此藥,疾走還家,乳酥粆糖
T03n0159_p0308c09║合煎和阿伽陀,作是藥已,白父母言:
T03n0159_p0308c10║『唯願父母服是甘露,此是雪山阿伽陀藥。
T03n0159_p0308c11║所以者何?父母向來悞服毒藥,我所暫出
T03n0159_p0308c12║本為父母及諸人等,求得如是不死妙藥。』
T03n0159_p0308c13║於是父母及眾人等,心大歡喜得未曾有,
T03n0159_p0308c14║即服妙藥吐諸毒氣,便得不死更延壽命。
T03n0159_p0308c15║出家菩薩亦復如是,過去父母沈淪生死,
T03n0159_p0308c16║現在父母不能出離,未來生死難可斷盡,
T03n0159_p0308c17║現在煩惱難可伏除,以是因緣,為度父母
T03n0159_p0308c18║及諸眾生,激發同體大慈悲心,求大菩提
T03n0159_p0308c19║出家入道。善男子!是名舍宅如雜毒藥入
T03n0159_p0308c20║甘美食。」 爾時,如來重說偈言:
T03n0159_p0308c21║「世間所有諸舍宅,  說名雜毒甘美食。
T03n0159_p0308c22║ 譬如長者有一子,  聰明利智復多才,
T03n0159_p0308c23║ 善迦樓羅祕密門,  能辯毒藥巧方便。
T03n0159_p0308c24║ 子有事緣往[厂@(邱-丘+墨)]肆,  暫時貨易未還家,
T03n0159_p0308c25║ 父母宴樂會諸親,  百味珍羞皆具足。
T03n0159_p0308c26║ 有一惡人持毒藥,  密來致之於飲食。
T03n0159_p0308c27║ 其子是時不在家,  父母為兒留一分,
T03n0159_p0308c28║ 舉家悞服雜毒藥。  子念觀門知有毒,
T03n0159_p0308c29║ 即便奔馳到醫所,  求得伽陀不死藥。
T03n0159_p0309a01║ 三味和煎藥已成,  遂白諸親速令服,
T03n0159_p0309a02║ 如是所服如甘露,  差諸雜毒皆安樂。
T03n0159_p0309a03║ 一切信心善男子,  出家修道亦如是,
T03n0159_p0309a04║ 為濟父母及眾生,  所服煩惱諸毒藥,
T03n0159_p0309a05║ 狂心顛倒造諸罪,  永沈生死憂悲海。
T03n0159_p0309a06║ 割愛辭親入佛道,  得近調御大醫王,
T03n0159_p0309a07║ 所修無漏阿伽陀,  還生父母三界宅,
T03n0159_p0309a08║ 令服法藥斷三障,  當證無上菩提果。
T03n0159_p0309a09║ 盡未來際常不滅,  能度眾生作歸依,
T03n0159_p0309a10║ 畢竟處於大涅槃,  及佛菩提圓鏡智。

T03n0159_p0309a11║「復次,善男子!出家菩薩常觀世間一切舍宅,
T03n0159_p0309a12║猶如大風不能暫住。何以故?善男子!在家
T03n0159_p0309a13║之心恒起妄想,執著外境不能了真,無
T03n0159_p0309a14║明昏醉顛倒觸境,亦常不住,惡覺易起善
T03n0159_p0309a15║心難生。由妄想緣起諸煩惱,因眾煩惱
T03n0159_p0309a16║造善惡業,依善惡業感五趣果,如是如是
T03n0159_p0309a17║生死不斷。唯有正見不顛倒心,作諸善業,
T03n0159_p0309a18║因三善根及以信等,增長無漏法爾種子,
T03n0159_p0309a19║能起無漏三昧神通。如是如是證聖相續,
T03n0159_p0309a20║若伏妄想修習正觀,一切煩惱永盡無餘。」
T03n0159_p0309a21║爾時,智光長者白佛言:「世尊!修習正觀有
T03n0159_p0309a22║無量門,修何等觀能伏妄想?」 爾時,世尊告
T03n0159_p0309a23║長者言:「善男子!應當修習無相正觀。無相
T03n0159_p0309a24║觀者,能伏妄想,唯觀實性不見十相。一
T03n0159_p0309a25║切諸法體本空寂,無見無知是名正觀。若有
T03n0159_p0309a26║佛子安住正念,如是觀察,長時修習無相
T03n0159_p0309a27║無為,妄想猛風,寂然不動,聖智現觀,證理
T03n0159_p0309a28║圓成。善男子!是名賢聖,是名菩薩,是名如
T03n0159_p0309a29║來阿耨多羅三藐三菩提。以是因緣,一切菩
T03n0159_p0309b01║薩為伏妄想永不起故,為報四恩成就
T03n0159_p0309b02║四德,出家修學息妄想心,經無量劫成就
T03n0159_p0309b03║佛道。」 爾時,如來重說偈言:
T03n0159_p0309b04║「出家菩薩觀在家,  猶如暴風不暫住,
T03n0159_p0309b05║ 亦如妄執水中月,  分別計度以為實。
T03n0159_p0309b06║ 水中本來月影無,  淨水為緣見本月,
T03n0159_p0309b07║ 諸法緣生皆是假,  凡愚妄計以為我。
T03n0159_p0309b08║ 即此從緣法非真,  妄想分別計為有,
T03n0159_p0309b09║ 若能斷除於二執,  當證無上大菩提。
T03n0159_p0309b10║ 凡情妄想如黑風,  吹生死林念念起,
T03n0159_p0309b11║ 四顛倒鬼常隨逐,  令造五種無間因,
T03n0159_p0309b12║ 三不善根現為纏,  生死輪迴鎮相續。
T03n0159_p0309b13║ 若人聞經深信解,  正見能除顛倒心,
T03n0159_p0309b14║ 菩提種子念念生,  大智神通三昧起。
T03n0159_p0309b15║ 若能修習深妙觀,  惑業苦果無由起,
T03n0159_p0309b16║ 唯觀實相真性如,  能所俱亡離諸見。
T03n0159_p0309b17║ 男女性相本來空,  妄執隨緣生二相,
T03n0159_p0309b18║ 如來永斷妄想因,  真性本無男女相。
T03n0159_p0309b19║ 菩提妙果證皆同,  妄計凡夫生異相,
T03n0159_p0309b20║ 三十二相本非相,  了相非相為實相。
T03n0159_p0309b21║ 若人出家修梵行,  攝心寂靜處空閑,
T03n0159_p0309b22║ 是為菩薩真淨心,  不久當證菩提果。

T03n0159_p0309b23║「復次,善男子!出家菩薩日夜恒觀世間舍宅,
T03n0159_p0309b24║一切皆是煩惱生處。何以故?如有一人造
T03n0159_p0309b25║八舍宅,以諸寶物而自莊嚴。造此宅已而
T03n0159_p0309b26║作是念:『今此舍宅是我所有不屬他人,唯
T03n0159_p0309b27║我舍宅最為吉祥,他人舍宅所不能及。』如
T03n0159_p0309b28║是執著能生煩惱,由煩惱故我我所執而
T03n0159_p0309b29║為根本,八萬四千諸塵勞門更相競起充
T03n0159_p0309c01║滿宅中。所以者何?在家凡夫深著五欲,妻子
T03n0159_p0309c02║眷屬奴婢僕使悉皆具足,以是因緣,生老
T03n0159_p0309c03║病死,憂悲苦惱,怨憎合會,恩愛別離,貧窮諸
T03n0159_p0309c04║衰,求不得苦,如是眾苦,如影隨形,如響
T03n0159_p0309c05║應聲,世世相續恒不斷絕。如是眾苦非無
T03n0159_p0309c06║所因,大小煩惱而為根本;一切財寶追求而
T03n0159_p0309c07║得,若無先因不可追求,假使追求亦無所
T03n0159_p0309c08║獲。善男子!以是義故,一切煩惱追求為本,
T03n0159_p0309c09║若滅追求,無量煩惱悉皆斷盡。然今是身眾
T03n0159_p0309c10║苦所依,諸有智者當生厭離,如過去世迦
T03n0159_p0309c11║葉如來,為諸禽獸而說偈言:
T03n0159_p0309c12║「『是身為苦本,  餘苦為枝葉,
T03n0159_p0309c13║  若能斷苦本,  眾苦悉皆除。
T03n0159_p0309c14║  汝等先世業,  造罪心不悔,
T03n0159_p0309c15║  感得不可愛,  雜類受苦身。
T03n0159_p0309c16║  若起殷重心,  一念求懺悔,
T03n0159_p0309c17║  如火焚山澤,  眾罪皆銷滅。
T03n0159_p0309c18║  是身苦不淨,  無我及無常,
T03n0159_p0309c19║  汝等咸應當,  深生厭離心。』

T03n0159_p0309c20║「爾時,無量諸禽獸等,聞此偈已,於一念心
T03n0159_p0309c21║至誠懺悔,便捨惡道生第四天,奉覲一生
T03n0159_p0309c22║補處菩薩,聞不退法,究竟涅槃。善男子!
T03n0159_p0309c23║以是因緣,今此苦身猶如舍宅,一切煩惱即
T03n0159_p0309c24║為宅主。是故淨信善男子等,發菩提心出
T03n0159_p0309c25║家入道,必得解脫一切眾苦,皆當成就阿
T03n0159_p0309c26║耨多羅三藐三菩提。」 爾時,如來重說偈言:
T03n0159_p0309c27║「出家菩薩恒觀察,  舍宅所生諸煩惱。
T03n0159_p0309c28║ 如有一人造舍宅,  種種珍寶以嚴飾,
T03n0159_p0309c29║ 自念壯麗無能比,  不屬他人唯我有,
T03n0159_p0310a01║ 工巧所修最殊妙,  世間舍宅無能及。
T03n0159_p0310a02║ 如是分別生執著,  以我我所為根本,
T03n0159_p0310a03║ 八萬四千諸煩惱,  充滿舍宅以為災。
T03n0159_p0310a04║ 世間一切諸男女,  六親眷屬皆圓滿,
T03n0159_p0310a05║ 以是因緣生眾苦,  所謂生老及病死,
T03n0159_p0310a06║ 憂悲苦惱常隨逐,  如影隨形不暫離。
T03n0159_p0310a07║ 諸苦所因貪欲生,  若斷追求盡諸苦,
T03n0159_p0310a08║ 是身能為諸苦本,  勤修厭離趣菩提。
T03n0159_p0310a09║ 三界身心如舍宅,  煩惱宅主居其中,
T03n0159_p0310a10║ 汝等應發菩提心,  捨離凡夫出三界。

T03n0159_p0310a11║「復次,善男子!出家菩薩常觀在家,猶如大國
T03n0159_p0310a12║有一長者,其家豪富財寶無量,於多劫中
T03n0159_p0310a13║父子因緣相襲不斷,修諸善行名稱遠聞。
T03n0159_p0310a14║是大長者所有財寶皆分為四:一分財寶,
T03n0159_p0310a15║常求息利以贍家業;一分財寶,以充隨日
T03n0159_p0310a16║供給所須;一分財寶,惠施孤獨以修當福;
T03n0159_p0310a17║一分財寶,拯濟宗親往來賓旅。如是四分曾
T03n0159_p0310a18║無斷絕,父子相承為世家業。後有一子愚
T03n0159_p0310a19║癡弊惡,深著五欲恣行放逸,違父母教
T03n0159_p0310a20║不依四業,起諸舍宅七層樓觀,倍於常制
T03n0159_p0310a21║眾寶嚴飾,瑠璃為地,寶窓交映,龍首魚形
T03n0159_p0310a22║無不具足,微妙音樂晝夜不絕,受五欲樂
T03n0159_p0310a23║如忉利天,鬼神憎嫌,人天遠離。於是隣家
T03n0159_p0310a24║忽然火起,猛焰熾盛隨風蔓延,焚燒庫藏及
T03n0159_p0310a25║諸樓臺。時長者子,見是猛火起大瞋心,速
T03n0159_p0310a26║命妻子奴婢眷屬,入於重舍閉樓閣門,以
T03n0159_p0310a27║愚癡故一時俱死。在家凡夫亦復如是,世間
T03n0159_p0310a28║愚人如長者子,諸佛如來猶如長者,不順
T03n0159_p0310a29║佛教造作惡業,墮三惡道受大苦惱。以是
T03n0159_p0310b01║因緣,出家菩薩當觀在家,如長者子不順
T03n0159_p0310b02║父母,為火所燒妻子俱死。善男子等!應生
T03n0159_p0310b03║厭離人天世樂,修清淨行當證菩提。」 爾時,
T03n0159_p0310b04║如來重說偈言:
T03n0159_p0310b05║「出家菩薩觀在家,  猶如長者生愚子。
T03n0159_p0310b06║ 其家富有諸財寶,  久遠相承無闕乏,
T03n0159_p0310b07║ 先世家業傳子孫,  一切資產為四分。
T03n0159_p0310b08║ 常修勝行無過惡,  名稱遍滿諸國土,
T03n0159_p0310b09║ 金銀珍寶數無邊,  出入息利遍他國,
T03n0159_p0310b10║ 慈悲喜捨心無倦,  惠施孤貧常不絕。
T03n0159_p0310b11║ 長者最後生一子,  愚癡不孝無智慧,
T03n0159_p0310b12║ 年齒已邁筋力衰,  家財內外皆付子。
T03n0159_p0310b13║ 子違父命行放逸,  四業不紹墮於家,
T03n0159_p0310b14║ 造立七層珍寶樓,  用紺瑠璃作窓牖,
T03n0159_p0310b15║ 歌吹管絃曾不歇,  常以不善師於心,
T03n0159_p0310b16║ 受五欲樂如天宮,  一切龍神皆遠離。
T03n0159_p0310b17║ 隣家欻然災火起,  猛焰隨風難可禁,
T03n0159_p0310b18║ 庫藏珍財及妻子,  層樓舍宅悉焚燒,
T03n0159_p0310b19║ 積惡招殃遂滅身,  妻子眷屬同殞歿。
T03n0159_p0310b20║ 三世諸佛如長者,  一切凡夫是愚子,
T03n0159_p0310b21║ 不修正道起邪心,  命終墮在諸惡趣,
T03n0159_p0310b22║ 長劫獨受焚燒苦,  如是展轉無盡期。
T03n0159_p0310b23║ 在家佛子汝當知,  不貪世樂勤修證,
T03n0159_p0310b24║ 厭世出家修梵行,  山林寂靜離諸緣,
T03n0159_p0310b25║ 為報四恩修勝德,  當於三界為法王。
T03n0159_p0310b26║ 盡未來際度眾生,  作不請友常說法,
T03n0159_p0310b27║ 永截愛流超彼岸,  住於清淨涅槃城。

T03n0159_p0310b28║「復次,善男子!出家菩薩觀於世間一切舍宅,
T03n0159_p0310b29║猶如大夢。譬如長者有一童女,年始十五,
T03n0159_p0310c01║端正殊妙。爾時,父母處三層樓,將其愛女
T03n0159_p0310c02║受諸歡樂,於夜分中母女同宿,在一寶
T03n0159_p0310c03║床而共安寢。於是童女夢見,父母娉與夫
T03n0159_p0310c04║家經歷多年,遂生一子端正殊妙,有聰慧
T03n0159_p0310c05║相日漸恩養,能自行步處在高樓,因危墮
T03n0159_p0310c06║落未至於地,見有餓虎接而食之。是時童
T03n0159_p0310c07║女倍復驚怖,舉聲號哭,遂便夢覺。爾時,父母
T03n0159_p0310c08║問其女言:『以何因緣忽然驚怖?』時女羞恥
T03n0159_p0310c09║不肯說之。其母慇懃竊問其故。時,女為母
T03n0159_p0310c10║密說如上所夢之事。善男子!世間生死有為
T03n0159_p0310c11║舍宅,長處輪迴未得真覺,爾所分位恒處
T03n0159_p0310c12║夢中,生老病死三界舍宅。如彼童女處於夢
T03n0159_p0310c13║中,虛妄分別亦復如是。琰魔鬼使忽然而至,
T03n0159_p0310c14║如彼餓虎於虛空中接彼嬰孩而噉食之。
T03n0159_p0310c15║一切眾生念念無常老病死苦,亦復如是。
T03n0159_p0310c16║誰有智者愛樂此身?以是因緣,觀於生死
T03n0159_p0310c17║長夜夢中,發菩提心厭離世間,當得如來
T03n0159_p0310c18║常住妙果。」 爾時,如來重說偈言:
T03n0159_p0310c19║「佛子至求無上道,  當觀舍宅如夢中。
T03n0159_p0310c20║ 譬如富貴大長者,  有一童女妙端嚴,
T03n0159_p0310c21║ 隨其父母上高樓,  觀視遊從甚歡樂。
T03n0159_p0310c22║ 女向樓中作是夢,  分明夢見適他人,
T03n0159_p0310c23║ 後於夫家誕一子,  其母愛念心憐愍。
T03n0159_p0310c24║ 子上樓臺耽喜樂,  因危墜墮於虎口,
T03n0159_p0310c25║ 遂乃失聲從夢覺,  方知夢想本非真。
T03n0159_p0310c26║ 無明闇障如長夜,  未成正覺如夢中,
T03n0159_p0310c27║ 生死世間常不實,  妄想分別亦如是,
T03n0159_p0310c28║ 唯有四智大圓明,  破闇稱為真妙覺。
T03n0159_p0310c29║ 無常念念如餓虎,  有為虛假難久停,
T03n0159_p0311a01║ 宿鳥平旦各分飛。  命盡別離亦如是,
T03n0159_p0311a02║ 往來住業受諸報,  父母恩情不相識。
T03n0159_p0311a03║ 哀哉凡夫生死身,  輪轉三塗長受苦,
T03n0159_p0311a04║ 若知善惡隨業感,  應當懺悔令消滅。
T03n0159_p0311a05║ 一切人天妙樂果,  慚愧正見為所因,
T03n0159_p0311a06║ 應發固菩提心,  被精進甲勤修學。

T03n0159_p0311a07║「復次,善男子!出家菩薩觀於舍宅,如牝馬
T03n0159_p0311a08║口海出於猛焰吞納四瀆,百川眾流無不
T03n0159_p0311a09║燒盡。譬如往昔羅陀國中,有一菩薩名妙
T03n0159_p0311a10║得彼岸,然是菩薩有慈悲心常懷饒益。有
T03n0159_p0311a11║諸商人入海採寶,將是菩薩同載船舶,皆
T03n0159_p0311a12║達寶洲度於嶮難,而無所礙到於彼岸。後
T03n0159_p0311a13║時菩薩年漸衰老,已經百歲,起坐扶策力
T03n0159_p0311a14║不能前。有一商主詣菩薩所禮拜供養,
T03n0159_p0311a15║白菩薩言:『我欲入海求諸珍寶,永離貧
T03n0159_p0311a16║窮得大富貴。今請菩薩與我同往。』爾時,菩
T03n0159_p0311a17║薩告商主言:『我今衰老,筋力微弱不能入
T03n0159_p0311a18║海。』商主復言:『惟願大士!不捨慈悲哀受我
T03n0159_p0311a19║請,於我舶中但自安坐,是我所願。』爾時,菩
T03n0159_p0311a20║薩受商人請,乘大舶船入於大海,向東南
T03n0159_p0311a21║隅詣其寶所。時遇北風漂墮南海,猛風迅
T03n0159_p0311a22║疾晝夜不停經於七日,見大海水變為金
T03n0159_p0311a23║色猶如鎔金。爾時,眾商白菩薩言:『以何因
T03n0159_p0311a24║緣水變金色有如是相?』菩薩告言:『汝等當
T03n0159_p0311a25║知,我今已入黃金大海,無量無邊紫磨真金
T03n0159_p0311a26║充滿大海,金寶交映有如是相。超過正
T03n0159_p0311a27║路墮此海中,各自勤求設諸方便還歸北
T03n0159_p0311a28║方。』復經數日,見大海水變為白色猶如珂
T03n0159_p0311a29║雪,菩薩告言:『汝等當知,我今已入真珠大
T03n0159_p0311b01║海,白玉真珠充滿海中,珠映水色有如是
T03n0159_p0311b02║相。汝當盡力設諸方便還歸北方。』復經數
T03n0159_p0311b03║日,大海之水變為青色如青瑠璃,菩薩告
T03n0159_p0311b04║言:『我及汝等已入青玻[王*(黍-禾+利)]海,無量無邊青玻
T03n0159_p0311b05║[王*(黍-禾+利)]寶,充滿大海,玻[王*(黍-禾+利)]之色交映如是。』復經
T03n0159_p0311b06║日,大海之水變為紅色猶如血現,菩薩告
T03n0159_p0311b07║言:『我及汝等已入紅玻[王*(黍-禾+利)]海,無量無邊紅玻
T03n0159_p0311b08║[王*(黍-禾+利)]寶充滿大海,實色紅赤交映如是。』復經
T03n0159_p0311b09║數日,水變黑色猶如墨汁,遙聞猛火爆裂
T03n0159_p0311b10║之聲,猶如大火燒乾竹林,熾然熢[火*孛]甚可
T03n0159_p0311b11║怖畏,如是相貌曾未見聞。又見大火起於
T03n0159_p0311b12║南方,猶如攢峯高逾百丈,焰勢飛空或合
T03n0159_p0311b13║或散,光流掣電,如是之相未曾見聞。『我等
T03n0159_p0311b14║身命實難可保。』於是菩薩告眾人言:『汝等
T03n0159_p0311b15║今者,甚可怖畏。何以故?我等已入牝馬口
T03n0159_p0311b16║海,諸四大海及四天下大小眾流,入北口
T03n0159_p0311b17║海皆被燒盡。所以者何?由諸眾生業增上
T03n0159_p0311b18║力,自然天火能燒海水。若是天火不燒海
T03n0159_p0311b19║水,一日夜中一切陸地變成大海,所有眾生
T03n0159_p0311b20║悉皆漂沒。然今我等遇大黑風,漂流如是
T03n0159_p0311b21║牝馬口海,我今眾人餘命無幾。』爾時,船
T03n0159_p0311b22║舶有千餘人,同時發聲悲號啼哭,或自拔
T03n0159_p0311b23║髮,或自投身,作如是言:『我等今者為求珍
T03n0159_p0311b24║寶,入於大海遇此險難,哀哉苦哉!以何方
T03n0159_p0311b25║便得免是難?』時千人等至誠歸命,或稱悲
T03n0159_p0311b26║母,或稱慈父,或稱梵天,或稱摩醯首羅天
T03n0159_p0311b27║王,或稱大力那羅延天,或有歸命得岸菩
T03n0159_p0311b28║薩,敬禮大士而作是言:『唯願菩薩濟我等
T03n0159_p0311b29║輩。』爾時,菩薩為是眾人離諸恐怖,而說偈
T03n0159_p0311c01║言:
T03n0159_p0311c02║「『世間最上大丈夫,  雖入死門不生畏。
T03n0159_p0311c03║  汝若憂悲失智慧,  應當一心設方便,
T03n0159_p0311c04║  若得善巧方便門,  離諸八難超彼岸。
T03n0159_p0311c05║  是故安心勿憂懼,  應當懇念大慈尊。』

T03n0159_p0311c06║「於是菩薩說此偈已,燒眾名香禮拜供養
T03n0159_p0311c07║十方諸佛,發是願言:『南無十方諸佛,南無
T03n0159_p0311c08║十方諸佛,諸大菩薩摩訶薩眾,四向四果一
T03n0159_p0311c09║切賢聖,有天眼者、有天耳者、知佗心
T03n0159_p0311c10║者、眾自在者,我為眾生運大悲心,棄捨身
T03n0159_p0311c11║命濟諸苦難。然今我身有一善根,受持如
T03n0159_p0311c12║來不妄語戒,無量生中未曾缺犯。若我一
T03n0159_p0311c13║生有妄語者,今此惡風轉加增盛;如是戒
T03n0159_p0311c14║德非虛妄者,願以此善迴施一切,我與眾
T03n0159_p0311c15║生當成佛道。若實不虛,願此惡風應時休
T03n0159_p0311c16║息,如意便風隨念而至,然諸眾生即是我
T03n0159_p0311c17║身,眾生與我等無差別。』是大菩薩發起如
T03n0159_p0311c18║是同體大悲無礙願已,經一念頃惡風尋
T03n0159_p0311c19║止,便得順風解脫眾難,得至寶所獲諸
T03n0159_p0311c20║珍寶。爾時,菩薩告商人言:『如是珍寶難逢
T03n0159_p0311c21║難遇,汝等先世廣行檀施,得值如是眾妙
T03n0159_p0311c22║珍寶,昔修施時心有悋惜,以是因緣遇是
T03n0159_p0311c23║惡風。汝諸商人所得珍寶,須知限量無使
T03n0159_p0311c24║多取,以縱貪心後招大難。汝等當知,眾寶
T03n0159_p0311c25║之中命寶為最,若存其命是無價寶。』時商
T03n0159_p0311c26║人等蒙菩薩教,生知足心不敢多取。爾時,
T03n0159_p0311c27║眾人得免災難獲大珍寶,遠離貧窮到於
T03n0159_p0311c28║彼岸。 「諸善男子!出家菩薩亦復如是,親近
T03n0159_p0311c29║諸佛善友知識,如彼商人得遇菩薩,永離
T03n0159_p0312a01║生死到於彼岸,猶如商主獲大富貴。世間
T03n0159_p0312a02║所有有為舍宅,如牝馬口海能燒眾流。出
T03n0159_p0312a03║家菩薩亦復如是,審諦觀察在家過失。汝善
T03n0159_p0312a04║男子不染世間諸五欲樂,厭離三界生死苦
T03n0159_p0312a05║難,得入清涼安樂大城。」 爾時,如來重說偈
T03n0159_p0312a06║言:
T03n0159_p0312a07║「出家菩薩觀舍宅,  如牝馬海燒眾流。
T03n0159_p0312a08║ 譬如往昔羅陀國,  有一菩薩名得岸,
T03n0159_p0312a09║ 具大福智巧方便,  無緣慈悲攝有情,
T03n0159_p0312a10║ 得是菩薩乘舶船,  商人獲寶超彼岸。
T03n0159_p0312a11║ 然是大士年衰老,  不樂利佗好禪寂。
T03n0159_p0312a12║ 有一商主請菩薩,  欲入大海求珍寶,
T03n0159_p0312a13║『唯願大士受我請,  令我富饒無闕乏。』
T03n0159_p0312a14║ 於是菩薩運大悲,  即便受請乘舶船。
T03n0159_p0312a15║ 時張大帆遇順風,  直往東南詣寶所,
T03n0159_p0312a16║ 忽遇暴風吹舶船,  漂墮南海迷所往。
T03n0159_p0312a17║ 經過七日大海水,  悉皆變作黃金色,
T03n0159_p0312a18║ 紫磨黃金滿海中,  寶映光現真金色。
T03n0159_p0312a19║ 復經數日大海水,  變為白色如珂雪,
T03n0159_p0312a20║ 真珠珍寶滿海中,  所以海水成白色。
T03n0159_p0312a21║ 又經數日大海水,  變作紺青如瑠璃,
T03n0159_p0312a22║ 青玻[王*(黍-禾+利)]珠滿大海,  所以水作紺青色。
T03n0159_p0312a23║ 又經數日大海水,  悉皆變作紅赤色,
T03n0159_p0312a24║ 紅玻[王*(黍-禾+利)]珠滿海中,  故變水色同於彼。
T03n0159_p0312a25║ 復經數日大海水,  變為黑色如墨汁,
T03n0159_p0312a26║ 如是天火所焚燒,  海水盡皆如墨色。
T03n0159_p0312a27║ 此海名為牝馬口,  吞納四海及眾流,
T03n0159_p0312a28║ 一切船舶若經過,  有人到此多皆死。
T03n0159_p0312a29║ 天火熾盛如山積,  爆裂之聲如雷震,
T03n0159_p0312b01║ 眾人遙見心驚怖,  號叫搥胸白大師。
T03n0159_p0312b02║ 於是菩薩起慈悲,  不惜身命垂救護,
T03n0159_p0312b03║ 暴風尋止順風起,  渡於險難至寶所,
T03n0159_p0312b04║ 各獲珍琦達彼岸,  永離貧窮受安樂。
T03n0159_p0312b05║ 出家菩薩亦如是,  親近諸佛如商主,
T03n0159_p0312b06║ 永離火宅趣真覺,  猶如商人歸本處。
T03n0159_p0312b07║ 世間所有諸宅舍,  如彼牝馬大口海;
T03n0159_p0312b08║ 出家常厭於在家,  不染世間離五欲。
T03n0159_p0312b09║ 樂住空閑心不動,  善達甚深真妙理,
T03n0159_p0312b10║ 或處人間聚落中,  如蜂採華無所損。
T03n0159_p0312b11║ 四威儀中恒利物,  不貪世樂及名聞,
T03n0159_p0312b12║ 口中常出柔軟音,  麤鄙惡言斷相續,
T03n0159_p0312b13║ 知恩報恩修善業,  自佗俱得入真常。」

T03n0159_p0312b14║爾時,智光及諸長者一萬人俱,異口同音而
T03n0159_p0312b15║白佛言:「善哉世尊!希有善逝!如是如是。
T03n0159_p0312b16║世尊所說微妙第一,善巧方便饒益有情。
T03n0159_p0312b17║如佛所說我今悉知,世間宅舍猶如牢獄,
T03n0159_p0312b18║一切惡法從舍宅生,出家之人實有無量
T03n0159_p0312b19║無邊勝利。由是我等深樂出家,現在當來恒
T03n0159_p0312b20║受法樂。」 爾時,世尊告諸長者:「善哉,善哉!汝
T03n0159_p0312b21║等發心樂欲出家,若善男子、善女人,發阿耨
T03n0159_p0312b22║多羅三藐三菩提心,一日一夜出家修道,二
T03n0159_p0312b23║百萬劫不墮惡趣,常生善處受勝妙樂,遇
T03n0159_p0312b24║善知識永不退轉,得值諸佛受菩提記,
T03n0159_p0312b25║坐金剛座成正覺道。然出家者持戒最難,
T03n0159_p0312b26║能持戒者是真出家。」 時諸長者白佛言:「世尊!
T03n0159_p0312b27║我等持戒修諸梵行,願我速出生死苦海,
T03n0159_p0312b28║願我速入常樂寶宮,願我廣度一切眾生,
T03n0159_p0312b29║願我疾證於無生智。」 爾時,世尊告彌勒菩薩
T03n0159_p0312c01║及文殊師利:「如是長者付囑汝等,勸令出
T03n0159_p0312c02║家受持淨戒。」 時九千人於彌勒前,出家修
T03n0159_p0312c03║道受持佛戒。七千人俱於文殊前,出家修
T03n0159_p0312c04║道受佛禁戒。如是人等既得出家,成就法
T03n0159_p0312c05║忍入於如來祕密境界,不復退轉。無量萬
T03n0159_p0312c06║人發菩提心至不退位,無數人天遠塵離
T03n0159_p0312c07║垢得法眼淨。
T03n0159_p0312c08║大乘本生心地觀經卷第四
【經文資訊】大正藏第 03 冊 No. 0159 大乘本生心地觀經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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