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T02n0099_047 雜阿含經 第47卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 2 冊 » No.0099 » 第 47 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
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T02n0099_p0340a17║雜阿含經卷第四十七
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T02n0099_p0340a20║   (一二四一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給孤
T02n0099_p0340a21║獨園。 時,給孤獨長者來詣佛所,稽首佛足,
T02n0099_p0340a22║退坐一面,白佛言:「世尊!若有人在我舍
T02n0099_p0340a23║者,皆得淨信;諸在我舍而命終者,皆得生
T02n0099_p0340a24║天。」 佛言:「善哉!善哉!長者!是深妙說,是一向
T02n0099_p0340a25║受,於大眾中作師子吼言:『在我舍者,皆
T02n0099_p0340a26║得淨信;及其命終,皆生天上。』有何大德神
T02n0099_p0340a27║力比丘為汝說言:『凡在汝舍命終者,皆生
T02n0099_p0340a28║天上。』耶?」 長者白佛:「不也,世尊!」 復問:「云何?為
T02n0099_p0340a29║比丘尼、為諸天、為從我所面前聞說?」 長
T02n0099_p0340b01║者白佛:「不也,世尊!」 「云何?長者!汝緣自知見,
T02n0099_p0340b02║知『在我舍命終者,皆生天上』耶?」 長者白佛:
T02n0099_p0340b03║「不也,世尊!」 佛告長者:「汝既不從大德神力
T02n0099_p0340b04║比丘所聞,非比丘尼、非諸天,又不從我面
T02n0099_p0340b05║前聞說,復不緣自見知:『若有諸人於我舍
T02n0099_p0340b06║命終者,皆生天上。』汝今何由能作如是甚
T02n0099_p0340b07║深妙說,作一向受,於大眾中作師子吼,而
T02n0099_p0340b08║作是言:『有人於我舍命終者,皆生天上。』?」 長
T02n0099_p0340b09║者白佛:「無有比丘大德神力而來告我……」如
T02n0099_p0340b10║上廣說,乃至「悉皆生天。世尊!然我有眾生
T02n0099_p0340b11║主懷妊之時,我即教彼,為其子故,歸佛、
T02n0099_p0340b12║歸法、歸比丘僧;及其生已,復教三歸;及生
T02n0099_p0340b13║知見,復教持戒。設復婢使、下賤客人懷妊及
T02n0099_p0340b14║生,亦如是教。若人賣奴婢者,我輒往彼語言:
T02n0099_p0340b15║『賢者!我欲買人。汝當歸佛、歸法、歸比丘
T02n0099_p0340b16║僧,受持禁戒。』隨我教者,輒授五戒,然後隨
T02n0099_p0340b17║價而買;不隨我教,則所不取。若復止客,
T02n0099_p0340b18║若傭作人,亦復先要受三歸五戒,然後受
T02n0099_p0340b19║之。若復有來求為弟子,若復乞貸舉息,我
T02n0099_p0340b20║悉要以三歸五戒,然後受之。又復我舍供
T02n0099_p0340b21║養佛及比丘僧時,稱父母名,兄弟、妻子、宗
T02n0099_p0340b22║親、知識、國王、大臣、諸天、龍神,若存若亡,沙
T02n0099_p0340b23║門、婆羅門、內外眷屬、下至僕使,皆稱其名,
T02n0099_p0340b24║而為呪願。又從世尊聞稱名呪願因緣,皆
T02n0099_p0340b25║得生天,或因園田布施、或因房舍、或因床
T02n0099_p0340b26║臥具、或因常施、或施行路,下至一摶施與
T02n0099_p0340b27║眾生,此諸因緣,皆生天上。」 佛言:「善哉!善哉!長
T02n0099_p0340b28║者!汝以信心,故能作是說。如來於彼有無
T02n0099_p0340b29║上知見,審知汝舍有人命終,皆悉生天。」 爾
T02n0099_p0340c01║時,給孤獨長者聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,作禮而
T02n0099_p0340c02║去。
T02n0099_p0340c03║   (一二四二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0340c04║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「當恭敬住,常
T02n0099_p0340c05║當繫心,常當畏慎,隨他自在諸修梵行上、
T02n0099_p0340c06║中、下座。所以者何?若有比丘不恭敬住,不
T02n0099_p0340c07║繫心,不畏慎,不隨他自在諸修梵行上、中、
T02n0099_p0340c08║下座,而欲令威儀足者,無有是處!不備
T02n0099_p0340c09║威儀,欲令學法滿者,無有是處!學法不
T02n0099_p0340c10║滿,欲令戒身、定身、慧身、解脫身、解脫知見身
T02n0099_p0340c11║具足者,無有是處!解脫知見不滿足,欲令
T02n0099_p0340c12║得無餘涅槃者,無有是處! 「如是,比丘!當
T02n0099_p0340c13║勤恭敬、繫心、畏慎,隨他德力諸修梵行上、
T02n0099_p0340c14║中、下座,而威儀具足者,斯有是處!威儀具
T02n0099_p0340c15║足已,而學法具足者,斯有是處,學法備足
T02n0099_p0340c16║已,而戒身、定身、慧身、解脫身、解脫知見身具
T02n0099_p0340c17║足者,斯有是處!解脫知見身具足已,得無
T02n0099_p0340c18║餘涅槃者,斯有是處!是故,比丘!當勤恭敬、
T02n0099_p0340c19║繫心、畏慎,隨他德力諸修梵行上、中、下座,
T02n0099_p0340c20║威儀滿足,乃至無餘涅槃,當如是學。」 佛說
T02n0099_p0340c21║此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0340c22║   (一二四三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0340c23║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有二淨法,能
T02n0099_p0340c24║護世間。何等為二?所謂慚、愧。假使世間無
T02n0099_p0340c25║此二淨法者,世間亦不知有父母、兄弟、姊
T02n0099_p0340c26║妹、妻子、宗親、師長尊卑之序,顛倒渾亂,如畜
T02n0099_p0340c27║生趣。以有二種淨法,所謂慚、愧,是故世間
T02n0099_p0340c28║知有父母,乃至師長尊卑之序,則不渾亂,
T02n0099_p0340c29║如畜生趣。」 爾時,世尊即說偈言:
T02n0099_p0341a01║「世間若無有,  慚愧二法者,
T02n0099_p0341a02║ 違越清淨道,  向生老病死。
T02n0099_p0341a03║ 世間若成就,  慚愧二法者,
T02n0099_p0341a04║ 增長清淨道,  永閉生死門。」

T02n0099_p0341a05║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0341a06║   (一二四四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0341a07║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有燒燃法、不燒
T02n0099_p0341a08║燃法。諦聽,善思,當為汝說。 「云何燒燃法?若
T02n0099_p0341a09║男、若女犯戒行惡不善法,身惡行成就,口、意
T02n0099_p0341a10║惡行成就,若彼後時疾病困苦,沈頓床褥,受
T02n0099_p0341a11║諸苦毒;當於爾時,先所行惡悉皆憶念。譬
T02n0099_p0341a12║如大山,日西影覆。如是眾生先所行惡,身、口、
T02n0099_p0341a13║意業諸不善法,臨終悉現,心乃追悔:『咄哉!咄
T02n0099_p0341a14║哉!先不修善,但行眾惡,當墮惡趣,受諸
T02n0099_p0341a15║苦毒。』憶念是已,心生燒燃,心生變悔;心
T02n0099_p0341a16║生悔已,不得善心,命終後世,亦不善心相
T02n0099_p0341a17║續生,是名燒燃法。 「云何不燒燃?若男子、女
T02n0099_p0341a18║人受持淨戒,修真實法,身善業成就,口、意
T02n0099_p0341a19║善業成就,臨壽終時,身遭苦患,沈頓床褥,
T02n0099_p0341a20║眾苦觸身;彼心憶念先修善法,身善行,口、
T02n0099_p0341a21║意善行成就,當於爾時,攀緣善法:『我作如
T02n0099_p0341a22║是身、口、意善,不為眾惡,當生善趣,不墮
T02n0099_p0341a23║惡趣。』心不變悔,不變悔故,善心命終,後世
T02n0099_p0341a24║續善,是名不燒燃法。」 爾時,世尊即說偈言:
T02n0099_p0341a25║「已種燒燃業,  依於非法活,
T02n0099_p0341a26║ 乘斯惡業行,  必生地獄中。
T02n0099_p0341a27║ 等活及黑繩,  眾合二叫呼,
T02n0099_p0341a28║ 燒燃極燒燃,  無澤大地獄。
T02n0099_p0341a29║ 是八大地獄,  極苦難可過,
T02n0099_p0341b01║ 惡業種種故,  各別十六處。
T02n0099_p0341b02║ 四周開四門,  中間量悉等,
T02n0099_p0341b03║ 鐵為四周板,  四門扇亦鐵。
T02n0099_p0341b04║ 鐵地盛火燃,  其焰普周遍,
T02n0099_p0341b05║ 縱廣百由旬,  焰焰無間息。
T02n0099_p0341b06║ 調伏非諸行,  考治強梁者,
T02n0099_p0341b07║ 長夜加楚毒,  其苦難可見。
T02n0099_p0341b08║ 見者生恐怖,  悚慄身毛竪,
T02n0099_p0341b09║ 墮彼地獄時,  足上頭向下。
T02n0099_p0341b10║ 止聖柔和心,  修行梵行者,
T02n0099_p0341b11║ 於此賢聖所,  輕心起非義。
T02n0099_p0341b12║ 及殺害眾生,  墮斯熱地獄,
T02n0099_p0341b13║ 宛轉於火中,  猶如火炙魚。
T02n0099_p0341b14║ 苦痛號叫呼,  如群戰象聲,
T02n0099_p0341b15║ 大火自然生,  斯由自業故。」

T02n0099_p0341b16║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0341b17║   (一二四五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0341b18║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「捨身惡行者,
T02n0099_p0341b19║能得身惡行斷;不得身惡行斷者,我不說
T02n0099_p0341b20║彼捨身惡行。以彼能得身惡行斷故,是故
T02n0099_p0341b21║我說彼捨身惡行。身惡行者,不以義饒益
T02n0099_p0341b22║安樂。眾生離身惡行,以義饒益,得安樂故,
T02n0099_p0341b23║是故我說捨身惡行;口、意惡行亦如是說。」 佛
T02n0099_p0341b24║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0341b25║   (一二四六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城金師住
T02n0099_p0341b26║處。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「如鑄金者,積聚沙
T02n0099_p0341b27║土,置於槽中,然後以水灌之,麁上煩惱、
T02n0099_p0341b28║剛石堅塊隨水而去,猶有麁沙纏結。復以
T02n0099_p0341b29║水灌,麁沙隨水流出,然後生金,猶為細沙、
T02n0099_p0341c01║黑土之所纏結。復以水灌,細沙、黑土隨水流
T02n0099_p0341c02║出,然後真金純淨無雜,猶有似金微垢。然
T02n0099_p0341c03║後金師置於爐中,增火鼓韛,令其融液,垢穢
T02n0099_p0341c04║悉除,然其生金猶故,不輕、不軟、光明不發,
T02n0099_p0341c05║屈伸則斷。彼鍊金師、鍊金弟子復置爐中,
T02n0099_p0341c06║增火鼓韛,轉側陶鍊,然後生金輕軟光澤,
T02n0099_p0341c07║屈伸不斷,隨意所作釵、鐺、鐶、釧諸莊嚴具。
T02n0099_p0341c08║「如是,淨心進向比丘麁煩惱纏、惡不善業、諸
T02n0099_p0341c09║惡邪見漸斷令滅,如彼生金,淘去剛石堅
T02n0099_p0341c10║塊。 「復次,淨心進向比丘除次麁垢,欲覺、恚覺、
T02n0099_p0341c11║害覺,如彼生金除麁沙礫。 「復次,淨心進向
T02n0099_p0341c12║比丘次除細垢,謂親里覺、人眾覺、生天
T02n0099_p0341c13║覺,思惟除滅,如彼生金除去塵垢、細沙、黑
T02n0099_p0341c14║土。 「復次,淨心進向比丘有善法覺,思惟除
T02n0099_p0341c15║滅,令心清淨,猶如生金除去金色相似之
T02n0099_p0341c16║垢,令其純淨。 「復次,比丘於諸三昧有行所
T02n0099_p0341c17║持,猶如池水周匝岸持,為法所持,不得
T02n0099_p0341c18║寂靜勝妙,不得息樂,盡諸有漏。如彼金師、
T02n0099_p0341c19║金師弟子陶鍊生金,除諸垢穢,不輕、不軟、不
T02n0099_p0341c20║發光澤,屈伸斷絕,不得隨意成莊嚴具。 「復
T02n0099_p0341c21║次,比丘得諸三昧,不為有行所持,得寂靜
T02n0099_p0341c22║勝妙,得息樂道,一心一意,盡諸有漏。如鍊
T02n0099_p0341c23║金師、鍊金師弟子陶鍊生金,令其輕軟、不
T02n0099_p0341c24║斷、光澤,屈伸隨意。 「復次,比丘離諸覺觀,乃
T02n0099_p0341c25║至得第二、第三、第四禪。如是正受,純一清淨,
T02n0099_p0341c26║離諸煩惱,柔軟真實不動。於彼彼入處,欲
T02n0099_p0341c27║求作證悉能得證。如彼金師陶鍊生金,
T02n0099_p0341c28║極令輕軟、光澤、不斷,任作何器,隨意所
T02n0099_p0341c29║欲。如是,比丘三昧正受,乃至於諸入處悉
T02n0099_p0342a01║能得證。」 佛說此經已,時諸比丘聞佛所說,
T02n0099_p0342a02║歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0342a03║   (一二四七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0342a04║竹園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「應當專心方便,
T02n0099_p0342a05║隨時思惟三相。云何為三?隨時思惟止相,
T02n0099_p0342a06║隨時思惟舉相,隨時思惟捨相。若比丘一向
T02n0099_p0342a07║思惟止相,則於是處其心下劣。若復一向
T02n0099_p0342a08║思惟舉相,則於是處掉亂心起,若復一向
T02n0099_p0342a09║思惟捨相,則於是處不得正定,盡諸有
T02n0099_p0342a10║漏。 「以彼比丘隨時思惟止相,隨時思惟舉相,
T02n0099_p0342a11║隨時思惟捨相故,心則正定,盡諸有漏。如
T02n0099_p0342a12║巧金師、金師弟子以生金著於爐中增火,
T02n0099_p0342a13║隨時扇韛,隨時水灑,隨時俱捨。若一向鼓韛
T02n0099_p0342a14║者,即於是處生金焦盡。一向水灑,則於
T02n0099_p0342a15║是處,生金堅強。若一向俱捨,則於是處
T02n0099_p0342a16║生金不熟,則無所用。是故,巧金師、金師弟
T02n0099_p0342a17║子於彼生金隨時鼓韛,隨時水灑,隨時兩
T02n0099_p0342a18║捨。如是生金,得等調適,隨事所用。如是,
T02n0099_p0342a19║比丘!專心方便,時時思惟,憶念三相,乃至
T02n0099_p0342a20║漏盡。」 佛說是經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0342a21║喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0342a22║   (一二四八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0342a23║竹園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「過去世時,摩竭提
T02n0099_p0342a24║國有牧牛者,愚癡無慧,夏末秋初,不善觀察
T02n0099_p0342a25║恒水此岸,亦不善觀恒水彼岸,而駈群牛
T02n0099_p0342a26║峻岸而下,峻岸而上,中間洄澓,多起患難。諸
T02n0099_p0342a27║比丘!過去世時,摩竭提國有牧牛人,不愚不
T02n0099_p0342a28║癡者,有方便慧,夏末秋初,能善觀察恒水
T02n0099_p0342a29║此岸,亦善觀察恒水彼岸,善度其牛,至平
T02n0099_p0342b01║博山谷好水草處。彼初度時,先度大牛能
T02n0099_p0342b02║領群者,斷其急流。次駈第二多力少牛,隨
T02n0099_p0342b03║後而度,然後第三駈羸小者,隨逐下流,悉
T02n0099_p0342b04║皆次第安隱得度。新生犢子愛戀其母,亦
T02n0099_p0342b05║隨其後,得度彼岸。 「如是,比丘!我說斯譬,
T02n0099_p0342b06║當知其義。彼摩竭提牧牛者,愚癡無慧;彼
T02n0099_p0342b07║諸六師富蘭那等亦復如是,習諸邪見,向
T02n0099_p0342b08║於邪道。如彼牧牛人愚癡無慧,夏末秋初,
T02n0099_p0342b09║不善觀察此岸彼岸,高峻山嶮,從峻岸下,
T02n0099_p0342b10║峻岸而上,中間洄澓,多生患難。如是六師富
T02n0099_p0342b11║蘭那等愚癡無慧,不觀此岸,謂於此世;不
T02n0099_p0342b12║觀彼岸,謂於他世;中間洄澓,謂境諸魔,自
T02n0099_p0342b13║遭苦難。彼諸見者,習其所學,亦遭患難。 「彼
T02n0099_p0342b14║摩竭提善牧牛者,不愚不癡,有方便慧,謂
T02n0099_p0342b15║如來、應、等正覺。如牧牛者善觀此岸,善觀
T02n0099_p0342b16║彼岸,善度其牛,於平博山谷,先度大牛
T02n0099_p0342b17║能領群者,橫截急流,安度彼岸。如是我
T02n0099_p0342b18║聲聞能盡諸漏,乃至自知不受後有。橫截
T02n0099_p0342b19║惡魔世間貪流,安隱得度生死彼岸。 「如摩
T02n0099_p0342b20║竭提國善牧牛者,次度第二多力少牛,截流
T02n0099_p0342b21║橫度。如是我諸聲聞斷五下分結,得阿
T02n0099_p0342b22║那含,於彼受生,不還此世,亦復斷截惡魔
T02n0099_p0342b23║貪流,安隱得度生死彼岸。 「如摩竭提國善
T02n0099_p0342b24║牧牛者,駈其第三羸小少牛,隨其下流,安
T02n0099_p0342b25║隱得度。如是我聲聞斷三結,貪、恚、癡薄,
T02n0099_p0342b26║得斯陀含,一來此世,究竟苦邊,橫截於彼
T02n0099_p0342b27║惡魔貪流,安隱得度生死彼岸。 「如摩竭提
T02n0099_p0342b28║國善牧牛者,新生犢子愛戀其母,亦隨得
T02n0099_p0342b29║度。如是我聲聞斷三結,得須陀洹,不墮
T02n0099_p0342c01║惡趣,決定正向三菩提,七有天人往生,究
T02n0099_p0342c02║竟苦邊,斷截惡魔貪流,安隱得度生死彼
T02n0099_p0342c03║岸。」 爾時,世尊即說偈言:
T02n0099_p0342c04║「此世及他世,  明智善顯現,
T02n0099_p0342c05║ 諸魔得未得,  乃至於死魔。
T02n0099_p0342c06║ 一切悉知者,  三藐三佛智,
T02n0099_p0342c07║ 斷截諸魔流,  破壞令消亡。
T02n0099_p0342c08║ 開示甘露門,  顯現正真道,
T02n0099_p0342c09║ 心常多欣悅,  逮得安隱處。」

T02n0099_p0342c10║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0342c11║   (一二四九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給孤
T02n0099_p0342c12║獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「若牧牛人成就十
T02n0099_p0342c13║一法者,不能令牛增長,亦不能擁護大群
T02n0099_p0342c14║牛,令等安樂。何等為十一?謂不知色、不
T02n0099_p0342c15║知相、不去蟲、不能覆護其瘡、不能起
T02n0099_p0342c16║烟、不知擇路、不知擇處、不知度處、不
T02n0099_p0342c17║知食處、盡[(殼-一)/牛]其乳、不善料理能領群者,是
T02n0099_p0342c18║名十一法成就,不能黨護大群牛。 「如是,比
T02n0099_p0342c19║丘成就十一法者,不能自安,亦不安他。
T02n0099_p0342c20║何等為十一?謂不知色、不知相、不能除
T02n0099_p0342c21║其害蟲、不覆其瘡、不能起烟、不知正路、
T02n0099_p0342c22║不知止處、不知度處、不知食處、盡[(殼-一)/牛]
T02n0099_p0342c23║乳、若有上座多聞耆舊,久修梵行,大師所
T02n0099_p0342c24║歎,不向諸明智修梵行者稱譽其德,悉令
T02n0099_p0342c25║宗敬、奉事、供養。 「云何名不知色?諸所有色,
T02n0099_p0342c26║彼一切四大,及四大造,是名為色不如實知。
T02n0099_p0342c27║「云何不知相?事業是過相,事業是慧相,是
T02n0099_p0342c28║不如實知,是名不知相。 「云何名不知去蟲?
T02n0099_p0342c29║所起欲覺能安,不離、不覺、不滅,所起瞋恚、害
T02n0099_p0343a01║覺能安,不離,不覺、不滅,是名不去蟲。 「云何
T02n0099_p0343a02║不覆瘡?謂眼見色,隨取形相,不守眼根,
T02n0099_p0343a03║世間貪憂,惡不善法,心隨生漏,不能防護;
T02n0099_p0343a04║耳、鼻、舌、身、意根亦復如是。是名不覆其瘡。
T02n0099_p0343a05║「云何不起烟?如所聞,如所受法,不能為
T02n0099_p0343a06║人分別顯示,是名不起烟。 「云何不知正
T02n0099_p0343a07║道?八正道及聖法、律是名為道,彼不如實
T02n0099_p0343a08║知,是名不知道。 「云何不知止處?謂於如
T02n0099_p0343a09║來所知法,不得歡喜、悅樂、勝妙、出離、饒益,是
T02n0099_p0343a10║名不知止處。 「云何不知度處?謂彼不知
T02n0099_p0343a11║修多羅、毘尼、阿毘曇,不隨時往到其所,諮
T02n0099_p0343a12║問請受:『云何為善?云何不善?云何有罪?云
T02n0099_p0343a13║何無罪?作何等法為勝非惡?』於隱密法不
T02n0099_p0343a14║能開發,於顯露法不能廣問,於甚深句義
T02n0099_p0343a15║自所知者,不能廣宣顯示,是名不知度處。
T02n0099_p0343a16║「云何不知放牧處?謂四念處及賢聖法、律是
T02n0099_p0343a17║名放牧處,於此不如實知,是名不知放牧
T02n0099_p0343a18║處。 「云何為盡[(殼-一)/牛]其乳?彼剎利、婆羅門長者
T02n0099_p0343a19║自在施與衣被、飲食、床臥、醫藥、資生眾具,彼
T02n0099_p0343a20║比丘受者不知限量,是名盡[(殼-一)/牛]其乳。 「云何
T02n0099_p0343a21║為上座大德多聞耆舊,乃至不向諸勝智
T02n0099_p0343a22║梵行者所稱其功德,令其宗重承事供養,
T02n0099_p0343a23║令得悅樂?謂比丘不稱彼上座,乃至令
T02n0099_p0343a24║諸智慧梵行者往詣其所,以隨順身、口、意業
T02n0099_p0343a25║承望奉事,是名不於上座多聞耆舊,乃至
T02n0099_p0343a26║令智慧梵行往詣其所,承望奉事,令得悅
T02n0099_p0343a27║樂。 「彼牧牛者成就十一法,堪能令彼群牛增
T02n0099_p0343a28║長,擁護群牛,令其悅樂。何等為十一?謂知
T02n0099_p0343a29║色、知相,如上清淨分說,乃至能領群者,隨時
T02n0099_p0343b01║料理,令得安樂,是名牧牛者十一事成就,
T02n0099_p0343b02║能令群牛增長擁護,令得安樂。如是,比丘
T02n0099_p0343b03║成就十一法者,能自安樂,亦能安他。何等
T02n0099_p0343b04║十一?謂知色、知相乃至十一……」如清淨分
T02n0099_p0343b05║廣說,「是名比丘十一事成就,自安安他。」 佛說
T02n0099_p0343b06║此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0343b07║   (一二五〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛在拘薩羅人間
T02n0099_p0343b08║遊行,至一奢能伽羅聚落,住一奢能伽羅
T02n0099_p0343b09║林中。 時,有尊者那提迦,舊住一奢能伽羅聚
T02n0099_p0343b10║落。一奢能伽羅聚落沙門、婆羅門聞沙門瞿
T02n0099_p0343b11║曇拘薩羅國人間遊行,至一奢能伽羅聚落,
T02n0099_p0343b12║住一奢能伽羅林中。聞已,各辦一釜食,著
T02n0099_p0343b13║門邊,作是念:「我先供養世尊!我先供養善
T02n0099_p0343b14║逝!」各各高聲大聲,作如是唱。 爾時,世尊聞
T02n0099_p0343b15║園林內有多人眾高聲大聲,語尊者那提
T02n0099_p0343b16║伽:「何因、何緣園林內有眾多人高聲大聲唱
T02n0099_p0343b17║說之聲?」 尊者那提伽白佛言:「世尊!此一奢
T02n0099_p0343b18║能伽羅聚落諸剎利、婆羅門長者聞世尊住
T02n0099_p0343b19║此林中,各作一釜食置園林內,各自唱言:
T02n0099_p0343b20║『我先供養世尊!我先供養善逝!』以是故,於
T02n0099_p0343b21║此林中多人高聲大聲唱說之聲。唯願世尊
T02n0099_p0343b22║當受彼食。」 佛告那提伽:「莫以利我,我
T02n0099_p0343b23║不求利;莫以稱我,我不求稱。那提伽!
T02n0099_p0343b24║若於如來如是便得出要、遠離、寂滅、等正
T02n0099_p0343b25║覺樂者,則於彼彼所起利樂,若味若求?那
T02n0099_p0343b26║提伽!唯我於此像類得出要、遠離、寂滅、等正
T02n0099_p0343b27║覺樂,不求而得,不苦而得,於何彼彼所起
T02n0099_p0343b28║利樂,若味若求?那提伽!汝等於如是像
T02n0099_p0343b29║類色不得出要、遠離、寂滅、等正覺樂故,不
T02n0099_p0343c01║得不求之樂、不苦之樂。那提迦!天亦不得
T02n0099_p0343c02║如是像類出要、遠離、寂滅、等正覺樂、不求之
T02n0099_p0343c03║樂、不苦之樂。唯有我得如是像類出要、遠
T02n0099_p0343c04║離、寂滅、等正覺樂、不求之樂、不苦之樂。於何
T02n0099_p0343c05║彼彼所起利樂,若味若求?」 那提伽白佛言:
T02n0099_p0343c06║「世尊!我今欲說譬。」 佛告那提伽:「宜知是
T02n0099_p0343c07║時。」 那提迦白佛言:「世尊!譬如天雨,水
T02n0099_p0343c08║流順下,隨其彼彼世尊住處,於彼彼處剎
T02n0099_p0343c09║利、婆羅門長者信敬奉事,以世尊戒德清淨,
T02n0099_p0343c10║正見真直。是故,我今作如是說,唯願世尊
T02n0099_p0343c11║哀受彼請。」 佛告那提伽:「莫以利我,我
T02n0099_p0343c12║不求利。乃至云何於彼彼所起利樂,有味
T02n0099_p0343c13║有求?那提迦!我見比丘食好食已,仰腹
T02n0099_p0343c14║而臥,急喘長息。我見已,作是思惟:『如此長
T02n0099_p0343c15║老不得出要、遠離、寂滅、等正覺樂、不求之
T02n0099_p0343c16║樂、不苦之樂。』復次,那提迦!我見此有二比
T02n0099_p0343c17║丘食好食已,腹喘息,偃闡而行。我作是
T02n0099_p0343c18║念:『非彼長老能得出要、遠離、寂滅、等正覺
T02n0099_p0343c19║之樂、不求之樂、不苦之樂。』 「那提迦!我見眾
T02n0099_p0343c20║多比丘食好食已,從園至園,從房至
T02n0099_p0343c21║房,從人至人,從群聚至群聚。我見是已,
T02n0099_p0343c22║而作是念:『非彼長老如是能得出要、遠離、
T02n0099_p0343c23║寂滅、等正覺樂、不求之樂、不苦之樂;我得如
T02n0099_p0343c24║是像類出要、遠離、寂滅、等正覺樂、不求之樂、
T02n0099_p0343c25║不苦之樂。』 「復次,那提迦!我於一時隨道行,
T02n0099_p0343c26║見有比丘於前遠去,復有比丘於後來亦
T02n0099_p0343c27║遠。我於爾時,閑靜無為,亦無有便利之勞。
T02n0099_p0343c28║所以者何?依於食飲,樂著滋味,故有便利,
T02n0099_p0343c29║此則為依。觀五受陰生滅,而厭離住,此則
T02n0099_p0344a01║為依。於六觸入處觀察集滅,厭離而住,此
T02n0099_p0344a02║則為依。於群聚之樂勤習群聚,厭於遠離,
T02n0099_p0344a03║是則為依。樂修遠離,則勤於遠離,厭離群
T02n0099_p0344a04║聚,是則為依。是故,那提迦!當如是學:『於五
T02n0099_p0344a05║受陰觀察生滅,於六觸入處觀察集滅,樂
T02n0099_p0344a06║於遠離,精勤遠離。』當如是學。」 佛說此經已,
T02n0099_p0344a07║尊者那提迦聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0344a08║   (一二五一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛在拘薩羅人間遊
T02n0099_p0344a09║行,至那楞伽羅聚落……如上廣說,乃至彼彼所
T02n0099_p0344a10║起求利。 佛告那提迦:「我見聚落邊有精舍,
T02n0099_p0344a11║有比丘坐禪。我見已,作如是念:『今此尊者
T02n0099_p0344a12║聚落人,此或沙彌,來往聲響作亂,障其禪
T02n0099_p0344a13║思,覺其正受,於不到欲到、不獲欲獲、不
T02n0099_p0344a14║證欲證而作留難。』那提迦!我不喜彼比丘
T02n0099_p0344a15║住聚落精舍。 「那提迦!我見比丘住空閑處,
T02n0099_p0344a16║仰臥吁咄。我見是已,而作是念:『令彼比
T02n0099_p0344a17║丘覺寤睡眠,思空閑想。』那提迦!我亦不喜
T02n0099_p0344a18║如是比丘住空閑處。 「那提迦!我復見比丘
T02n0099_p0344a19║住空閑處,搖身坐睡。見已,作是念:『今此比
T02n0099_p0344a20║丘於睡覺寤,不定得定,定心者得解脫。』是
T02n0099_p0344a21║故,那提迦!我不喜如是比丘住空閑處。 「那
T02n0099_p0344a22║提迦!我復見比丘住空閑處,端坐正受。我
T02n0099_p0344a23║見已,作是念:『令此比丘不解脫者,疾得解
T02n0099_p0344a24║脫;已解脫者,令自防護,使不退失。』那提迦!
T02n0099_p0344a25║我喜如是比丘住空閑處。 「那提迦!我復見
T02n0099_p0344a26║比丘住空閑處,彼於後時,遠離空處集捨
T02n0099_p0344a27║床臥具,還入聚落受床臥具。那提迦!我亦
T02n0099_p0344a28║不喜如是比丘還入聚落。 「復次,那提迦!我
T02n0099_p0344a29║見比丘住聚落精舍,名聞大德能感財利、
T02n0099_p0344b01║衣被、飲食、湯藥、眾具。彼於後時,集捨利養聚
T02n0099_p0344b02║落床座,至於空閑,床臥安止。那提迦!我喜
T02n0099_p0344b03║如是比丘集捨利養聚落床臥,住於空閑。那
T02n0099_p0344b04║提迦!比丘當如是學。」 佛說此經已,那提迦
T02n0099_p0344b05║比丘歡喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0344b06║   (一二五二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住鞞舍離國獼
T02n0099_p0344b07║猴池側重閣講堂。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「諸
T02n0099_p0344b08║離車子常枕木枕,手足龜坼,疑畏莫令
T02n0099_p0344b09║摩竭陀王阿闍世毘提希子得其間便。是故,
T02n0099_p0344b10║常自儆策,不放逸住;以彼不放逸住故,摩
T02n0099_p0344b11║竭陀王阿闍世毘提希子不能伺求得其間
T02n0099_p0344b12║便。於未來世,不久,諸離車子恣樂無事,手
T02n0099_p0344b13║足柔軟,繒纊為枕,四體安臥,日出不起,放
T02n0099_p0344b14║逸而住;以放逸住故,摩竭陀王阿闍世毘提
T02n0099_p0344b15║希子得其間便。 「如是,比丘精勤方便,堅固
T02n0099_p0344b16║堪能,不捨善法,肌膚損瘦,筋連骨立。精勤
T02n0099_p0344b17║方便,不捨善法,乃至未得所應得者,不捨
T02n0099_p0344b18║精進,常攝其心,不放逸住,以不放逸住故;
T02n0099_p0344b19║魔王波旬不得其便。 「當來之世,有諸比丘
T02n0099_p0344b20║恣樂無事,手足柔軟,繒纊為枕,四體安臥,日
T02n0099_p0344b21║出不起,放逸而住;以放逸住故,惡魔波旬
T02n0099_p0344b22║伺得其便。是故,比丘!當如是學:『精勤方
T02n0099_p0344b23║便,乃至不得未得,不捨方便。』」 佛說此經已,
T02n0099_p0344b24║諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0344b25║   (一二五三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0344b26║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如士夫晨
T02n0099_p0344b27║朝以三百釜食惠施眾生,日中、日暮亦復如
T02n0099_p0344b28║是。第二士夫,時節須臾,於一切眾生修習
T02n0099_p0344b29║慈心,乃至如[(殼-一)/牛]牛乳頃,比先士夫惠施功
T02n0099_p0344c01║德所不能及,百分千分巨億萬分,算數譬
T02n0099_p0344c02║類不得為比!是故,比丘!當作是學:『時節
T02n0099_p0344c03║須臾,於一切眾生修習慈心,下至如[(殼-一)/牛]
T02n0099_p0344c04║乳頃。』」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜
T02n0099_p0344c05║奉行。
T02n0099_p0344c06║   (一二五四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0344c07║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如人家多女
T02n0099_p0344c08║人少男子,當知是家易為盜賊之所劫奪。
T02n0099_p0344c09║如是善男子、善女人,不能數數下至如[(殼-一)/牛]
T02n0099_p0344c10║牛乳頃,於一切眾生修習慈心,當知是人
T02n0099_p0344c11║易為諸惡鬼神所欺。 「譬如人家多男子少
T02n0099_p0344c12║女人,不為盜賊數數劫奪。如是,善男子數
T02n0099_p0344c13║數下至如[(殼-一)/牛]牛乳頃,於一切眾生修習慈
T02n0099_p0344c14║心,不為諸惡鬼神所欺。是故,諸比丘!常當
T02n0099_p0344c15║隨時數數下至如[(殼-一)/牛]牛乳頃,修習慈心。」 佛
T02n0099_p0344c16║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0344c17║   (一二五五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0344c18║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如有人有
T02n0099_p0344c19║匕手劍,其刃廣利。有健士夫言:『我能以
T02n0099_p0344c20║手以拳椎打汝劍,令其摧碎。』諸比丘!彼健
T02n0099_p0344c21║士夫當能以手以拳椎打彼劍,令摧碎不?」
T02n0099_p0344c22║比丘白佛:「不能。世尊!彼匕手劍其刃廣利,
T02n0099_p0344c23║非彼士夫能以手以拳椎打碎折,正足自
T02n0099_p0344c24║困。 「如是,比丘!若沙門、婆羅門下至如[(殼-一)/牛]
T02n0099_p0344c25║乳頃,於一切眾生修習慈心,若有諸惡鬼
T02n0099_p0344c26║神欲往伺求其短,不能得其間便,正可
T02n0099_p0344c27║反自傷耳。是故,諸比丘!當如是學:『數數下
T02n0099_p0344c28║至如[(殼-一)/牛]牛乳頃,修習慈心。』」 佛說此經已,
T02n0099_p0344c29║諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0345a01║   (一二五六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0345a02║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊以爪抄土,告諸比丘:「於
T02n0099_p0345a03║意云何?我爪上土多,為大地土多?」 比丘白
T02n0099_p0345a04║佛:「世尊!爪上土甚少少耳,其大地土無量無
T02n0099_p0345a05║數,不可為比。」 佛告諸比丘:「如是,眾生能
T02n0099_p0345a06║數數下至彈指頃,於一切眾生修習慈心
T02n0099_p0345a07║者,如甲上土耳;其諸眾生不能數數下
T02n0099_p0345a08║至如彈指頃,於一切眾生修習慈心者,如
T02n0099_p0345a09║大地土。是故,諸比丘!常當數數於一切眾
T02n0099_p0345a10║生修習慈心。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所
T02n0099_p0345a11║說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0345a12║   (一二五七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住鞞舍離國獼猴
T02n0099_p0345a13║池側重閣講堂。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「一切行
T02n0099_p0345a14║無常,不恒、不安,是變易法。諸比丘!常當觀
T02n0099_p0345a15║察一切諸行,修習厭離、不樂、解脫。」 時,有異
T02n0099_p0345a16║比丘從座起,整衣服,為佛作禮,右膝著地,
T02n0099_p0345a17║合掌白佛:「壽命遷滅,遲速如何?」 佛告比丘:
T02n0099_p0345a18║「我則能說,但汝欲知者難。」 比丘白佛:「可說
T02n0099_p0345a19║譬不?」 佛言:「可說。」 佛告比丘:「有四士夫手
T02n0099_p0345a20║執強弓,一時放發,俱射四方。有一士夫
T02n0099_p0345a21║及箭未落,接取四箭。云何?比丘!如是士夫
T02n0099_p0345a22║為捷疾不?」 比丘白佛:「捷疾。世尊!」 佛告比丘:
T02n0099_p0345a23║「此接箭士夫雖復捷疾,有地神天子倍疾
T02n0099_p0345a24║於彼,虛空神天倍疾地神,四王天子來去倍
T02n0099_p0345a25║疾於虛空神天,日月天子復倍捷疾於四王
T02n0099_p0345a26║天,導日月神復倍捷疾於日月天子。諸比
T02n0099_p0345a27║丘!命行遷變倍疾於彼導日月神。是故,諸比
T02n0099_p0345a28║丘!當勤方便,觀察命行無常迅速如是。」 佛
T02n0099_p0345a29║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0345b01║   (一二五八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙
T02n0099_p0345b02║人住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「過去
T02n0099_p0345b03║世時,有一人名陀舍羅訶,彼陀舍羅訶有
T02n0099_p0345b04║鼓名阿能訶,好聲、美聲、深聲,徹四十里。
T02n0099_p0345b05║彼鼓既久,處處裂壞。爾時,鼓士裁割牛皮,周
T02n0099_p0345b06║匝纏縛;雖復纏縛,鼓猶無復高聲、美聲、深
T02n0099_p0345b07║聲。彼於後時,轉復朽壞,皮大剝落,唯有聚
T02n0099_p0345b08║木。 「如是,比丘!修身、修戒、修心、修慧,以彼修
T02n0099_p0345b09║身、修戒、修心、修慧故,於如來所說修多羅甚
T02n0099_p0345b10║深明照,難見難覺,不可思量,微密決定,明
T02n0099_p0345b11║智所知,彼則頓受、周備受,聞其所說,歡喜崇
T02n0099_p0345b12║習,出離饒益。當來比丘不修身、不修戒、不
T02n0099_p0345b13║修心、不修慧,聞如來所說修多羅甚深明
T02n0099_p0345b14║照空相應隨順緣起法,彼不頓受持,不至
T02n0099_p0345b15║到受。聞彼說者,不歡喜崇習,而於世間眾
T02n0099_p0345b16║雜異論、文辭綺飾、世俗雜句,專心頂受,聞彼
T02n0099_p0345b17║說者,歡喜崇習,不得出離饒益。於彼如來
T02n0099_p0345b18║所說甚深明照空相要法隨順緣起者,於
T02n0099_p0345b19║此則滅,猶如彼鼓,朽故壞裂,唯有聚木。是故,
T02n0099_p0345b20║諸比丘!當勤方便修身、修戒、修心、修慧,於如
T02n0099_p0345b21║來所說甚深明照空相要法隨順緣起,頓
T02n0099_p0345b22║受、遍受。聞彼說者,歡喜崇習,出離饒益。」 佛
T02n0099_p0345b23║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0345b24║   (一二五九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0345b25║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如鐵丸投
T02n0099_p0345b26║著火中,與火同色,盛著劫貝綿中。云何?比
T02n0099_p0345b27║丘!當速燃不?」 比丘白佛:「如是,世尊!」 佛告
T02n0099_p0345b28║比丘:「愚癡之人依聚落住,晨朝著衣持鉢,
T02n0099_p0345b29║入村乞食,不善護身,不守根門,心不繫
T02n0099_p0345c01║念,若見年少女人,不正思惟,取其色相,起
T02n0099_p0345c02║貪欲心;欲燒其心,欲燒其身;身心燒已,捨
T02n0099_p0345c03║戒退減。是愚癡人長夜當得非義饒益。是
T02n0099_p0345c04║故,比丘!當如是學:『善護其身,守護根門,
T02n0099_p0345c05║繫念,入村乞食。』當如是學。」 佛說此經已,諸
T02n0099_p0345c06║比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0345c07║   (一二六〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0345c08║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「過去世時,有
T02n0099_p0345c09║一猫狸,飢渴羸瘦,於孔穴中伺求鼠子。若
T02n0099_p0345c10║鼠子出,當取食之。有時鼠子出穴遊戲,時,
T02n0099_p0345c11║彼猫狸疾取吞之。鼠子身小,生入腹中;入
T02n0099_p0345c12║腹中已,食其內藏,食內藏時,猫狸迷悶,東
T02n0099_p0345c13║西狂走,空宅、塜間,不知何止,遂至於死。 「如
T02n0099_p0345c14║是,比丘!有愚癡人依聚落住,晨朝著衣持
T02n0099_p0345c15║鉢,入村乞食,不善護身,不守根門,心不
T02n0099_p0345c16║繫念,見諸女人,起不正思惟,而取色相,發
T02n0099_p0345c17║貪欲心,貪欲發已,欲火熾燃,燒其身心;燒
T02n0099_p0345c18║身心已,馳心狂逸,不樂精舍、不樂空閑、不
T02n0099_p0345c19║樂樹下,為惡不善心侵食內法,捨戒退減,
T02n0099_p0345c20║此愚癡人長夜常得不饒益苦。是故,比丘!
T02n0099_p0345c21║當如是學:『善護其身,守諸根門,繫心正念,
T02n0099_p0345c22║入村乞食。』當如是學。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘
T02n0099_p0345c23║聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0345c24║   (一二六一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0345c25║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如木杵,常
T02n0099_p0345c26║用不止,日夜消減。如是,比丘!若沙門、婆羅
T02n0099_p0345c27║門從本以來,不閉根門,食不知量,初
T02n0099_p0345c28║夜、後夜不勤覺悟修習善法,當知是輩終日
T02n0099_p0345c29║損減,不增善法,如彼木杵。 「諸比丘!譬如優
T02n0099_p0346a01║鉢羅、鉢曇摩、拘牟頭、分陀利生於水中,長於
T02n0099_p0346a02║水中,隨水增長。如是,沙門、婆羅門善閉根
T02n0099_p0346a03║門,飲食知量,初夜、後夜精勤覺悟,當知是
T02n0099_p0346a04║等善根功德日夜增長,終不退減。當如是
T02n0099_p0346a05║學:『善閉根門,飲食知量,初夜、後夜精勤覺
T02n0099_p0346a06║悟,功德善法日夜增長。』當如是學。」 佛說此
T02n0099_p0346a07║經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0346a08║   (一二六二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0346a09║竹園。爾時,世尊於後夜時聞野狐鳴。 爾時,
T02n0099_p0346a10║世尊夜過天明,於大眾前敷座而坐,告諸
T02n0099_p0346a11║比丘:「汝等後夜時聞野狐鳴不?」 諸比丘白
T02n0099_p0346a12║佛:「如是,世尊!」 佛告諸比丘:「有一愚癡人
T02n0099_p0346a13║作如是念:『令我受身得如是形類,作如
T02n0099_p0346a14║是聲。』此愚癡人欲求如是像類處所受生,
T02n0099_p0346a15║何足不得?是故,比丘!汝等但當精勤方便,求
T02n0099_p0346a16║斷諸有,莫作方便,增長諸有,當如是學。」
T02n0099_p0346a17║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0346a18║   (一二六三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0346a19║竹園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「我不讚歎受少
T02n0099_p0346a20║有身,況復多受?所以者何?受有者苦。譬如
T02n0099_p0346a21║糞屎,少亦臭穢,何況於多?如是諸有,少亦不
T02n0099_p0346a22║歎,乃至剎那,況復於多?所以者何?有者,苦
T02n0099_p0346a23║故。是故,比丘!當如是學:『斷除諸有,莫增
T02n0099_p0346a24║長有。』當如是學。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛
T02n0099_p0346a25║所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0346a26║   (一二六四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0346a27║竹園。爾時,世尊夜後分時聞野狐鳴。 是夜過
T02n0099_p0346a28║已,於大眾前敷座而坐,告諸比丘:「汝等於
T02n0099_p0346a29║夜後分聞野狐鳴不?」 比丘白佛:「如是,世尊!」
T02n0099_p0346b01║佛告比丘:「彼野狐者,疥瘡所困,是故鳴喚。
T02n0099_p0346b02║若能有人為彼野狐治疥瘡者,野狐必當
T02n0099_p0346b03║知恩報恩。而今有一愚癡之人,無有知
T02n0099_p0346b04║恩報恩。是故,諸比丘!當如是學:『知恩報
T02n0099_p0346b05║恩。』其有小恩尚報,終不忘失,況復大恩?」 佛
T02n0099_p0346b06║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0346b07║   (一二六五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0346b08║竹園。爾時,有尊者跋迦梨住王舍城金師
T02n0099_p0346b09║精舍,疾病困苦,尊者富隣尼瞻視供養。 時,跋
T02n0099_p0346b10║迦梨語富隣尼:「汝可詣世尊所,為我稽首
T02n0099_p0346b11║禮世尊足,問訊世尊少病少惱、起居輕利、安
T02n0099_p0346b12║樂住不?言:『跋迦梨住金師精舍,疾病困篤,委
T02n0099_p0346b13║積床褥,願見世尊。疾病苦,氣力羸惙,無
T02n0099_p0346b14║由奉詣。唯願世尊降此金師精舍,以哀愍
T02n0099_p0346b15║故!』」 時,富隣尼受跋迦梨語已,詣世尊所,稽
T02n0099_p0346b16║首禮足,退住一面,白佛言:「世尊!尊者跋迦
T02n0099_p0346b17║梨稽首世尊足,問訊世尊少病少惱、起居輕
T02n0099_p0346b18║利、安樂住不?」 世尊答言:「令彼安樂。」 富隣尼
T02n0099_p0346b19║白佛言:「世尊!尊者跋迦梨住金師精舍,疾
T02n0099_p0346b20║病困篤,委在床褥,願見世尊,無有身力來
T02n0099_p0346b21║詣世尊。善哉!世尊!詣金師精舍,以哀愍故!」
T02n0099_p0346b22║爾時,世尊默然聽許。時,富隣尼知世尊聽許
T02n0099_p0346b23║已,禮足而去。 爾時,世尊時從禪覺,往詣
T02n0099_p0346b24║金師精舍,至跋迦梨住房。跋迦梨比丘遙見
T02n0099_p0346b25║世尊,從床欲起。 佛告跋迦梨:「且止!勿起!」 世
T02n0099_p0346b26║尊即坐異床,語跋迦梨:「汝心堪忍此病苦
T02n0099_p0346b27║不?汝身所患,為增、為損?」 跋迦梨白佛……如
T02n0099_p0346b28║前叉摩比丘修多羅廣說。「世尊!我身苦痛,極
T02n0099_p0346b29║難堪忍,欲求刀自殺,不樂苦生。」 佛告跋
T02n0099_p0346c01║迦梨:「我今問汝,隨意答我。云何?跋迦梨!色
T02n0099_p0346c02║是常耶?為非常耶?」 跋迦梨答言:「無常。世尊!」
T02n0099_p0346c03║復問:「若無常,是苦耶?」 答言:「是苦。世尊!」 復問:
T02n0099_p0346c04║「跋迦梨!若無常、苦者,是變易法,於中寧有
T02n0099_p0346c05║可貪、可欲不?」 跋迦梨白佛:「不也,世尊!」受、想、
T02n0099_p0346c06║行、識亦如是說。 佛告跋迦梨:「若於彼身
T02n0099_p0346c07║無可貪、可欲者,是則善終,後世亦善。」 爾時,
T02n0099_p0346c08║世尊為跋迦梨種種說法,示、教、照、喜已,從座
T02n0099_p0346c09║起去。即於彼夜,尊者跋迦梨思惟解脫,欲
T02n0099_p0346c10║執刀自殺,不樂久生。 時,有二天身極端正,
T02n0099_p0346c11║於後夜時詣世尊所,稽首禮足,退住一面,
T02n0099_p0346c12║白佛言:「世尊!尊者跋迦梨疾病困苦,思惟
T02n0099_p0346c13║解脫,欲執刀自殺,不樂久生。」 第二天言:「彼
T02n0099_p0346c14║尊者跋迦梨已於善解脫而得解脫。」說此
T02n0099_p0346c15║語已,俱禮佛足,即沒不現。 爾時,世尊夜過
T02n0099_p0346c16║晨朝,於大眾前敷座而坐,告諸比丘:「昨夜
T02n0099_p0346c17║有二天子,形體端正,來詣我所,稽首作禮,退
T02n0099_p0346c18║住一面。而作是言:『尊者跋迦梨住金師精舍,
T02n0099_p0346c19║疾病困苦,思惟解脫,欲執刀自殺,不樂久
T02n0099_p0346c20║生。』第二天言:『尊者跋迦梨已於善解脫而得
T02n0099_p0346c21║解脫。』說此語已,稽首作禮,即沒不現。」 爾時,
T02n0099_p0346c22║世尊告一比丘:「汝當往詣尊者跋迦梨比丘
T02n0099_p0346c23║所,語跋迦梨言:『昨夜有二天來詣我所,稽
T02n0099_p0346c24║首作禮,退住一面,語我言:「尊者跋迦梨疾病
T02n0099_p0346c25║困篤,思惟解脫,欲執刀自殺,不樂久生。」
T02n0099_p0346c26║第二天言:「尊者跋迦梨於善解脫而得解
T02n0099_p0346c27║脫。」說此語已,即沒不現。此是天語,佛復記
T02n0099_p0346c28║汝:「汝於此身不起貪欲,是則善終,後世亦
T02n0099_p0346c29║善。」』」 時,彼比丘受世尊教已,詣金師精舍跋
T02n0099_p0347a01║迦梨房。 爾時,跋迦梨語侍病者:「汝等持繩
T02n0099_p0347a02║床,共舉我身,著精舍外,我欲執刀自殺,
T02n0099_p0347a03║不樂久生。」 時,有眾多比丘出房舍,露地經
T02n0099_p0347a04║行。受使比丘詣眾多比丘所,問眾多比丘
T02n0099_p0347a05║言:「諸尊!跋迦梨比丘住在何所?」 諸比丘答
T02n0099_p0347a06║言:「跋迦梨比丘告侍病者,令舉繩床,出
T02n0099_p0347a07║精舍外,欲執刀自殺,不樂久生。」受使比丘
T02n0099_p0347a08║即詣跋迦梨所。 跋迦梨比丘遙見使比丘來,
T02n0099_p0347a09║語侍病者:「下繩床著地,彼比丘疾來,似
T02n0099_p0347a10║世尊使。」彼侍病者即下繩床著地。 時,彼使
T02n0099_p0347a11║比丘語跋迦梨:「世尊有教及天有所說。」 時,
T02n0099_p0347a12║跋迦梨語侍病者:「扶我著地,不可於床
T02n0099_p0347a13║上受世尊教及天所說。」時,侍病者即扶跋迦
T02n0099_p0347a14║梨,下置於地。 時,跋迦梨言:「汝可宣示世尊
T02n0099_p0347a15║告勅及天所說。」 使比丘言:「跋迦梨!大師告
T02n0099_p0347a16║汝:『夜有二天來白我言:「跋迦梨比丘疾病
T02n0099_p0347a17║困篤,思惟解脫,欲執刀自殺,不樂久生。」
T02n0099_p0347a18║第二天言:「跋迦梨比丘已於善解脫而得
T02n0099_p0347a19║解脫。」說此語已,即沒不現。』世尊復記說,汝
T02n0099_p0347a20║善於命終,後世亦善。」 跋迦梨言:「尊者!大師善
T02n0099_p0347a21║知所知,善見所見;彼二天者亦善知所知,善
T02n0099_p0347a22║見所見。然我今日於色常、無常,決定無疑;
T02n0099_p0347a23║無常者是苦,決定無疑。若無常、苦者,是變易
T02n0099_p0347a24║法,於彼無有可貪、可欲,決定無疑。受、想、
T02n0099_p0347a25║行、識亦復如是。然我今日疾病苦痛猶故隨
T02n0099_p0347a26║身,欲刀自殺,不樂久生。」即執刀自殺。 時,使
T02n0099_p0347a27║比丘供養跋迦梨死身已,還詣佛所,稽首
T02n0099_p0347a28║禮足,退坐一面,白佛言:「世尊!我以世尊所
T02n0099_p0347a29║勅,具告尊者跋迦梨。彼作是言:『大師善知
T02n0099_p0347b01║所知,善見所見;彼二天者亦善知所知,善見
T02n0099_p0347b02║所見……』」廣說乃至「執刀自殺。」
T02n0099_p0347b03║爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「共詣金師精舍跋迦梨
T02n0099_p0347b04║尸所。」見跋迦梨死身,有遠離之色。見已,語
T02n0099_p0347b05║諸比丘:「汝等見是跋迦梨比丘死身在地,
T02n0099_p0347b06║有遠離之色不?」 諸比丘白佛:「已見。世尊!」 復
T02n0099_p0347b07║告諸比丘:「遶跋迦梨身,四面周匝,有闇冥
T02n0099_p0347b08║之相圍遶身不?」 諸比丘白佛:「已見。世尊!」 佛
T02n0099_p0347b09║告諸比丘:「此是惡魔之像,周匝求覓跋迦梨
T02n0099_p0347b10║善男子識神當生何處。」 佛告諸比丘:「跋迦
T02n0099_p0347b11║梨善男子不住識神,以刀自殺。」 爾時,世尊
T02n0099_p0347b12║為彼跋迦梨說第一記。 佛說此經已,諸比
T02n0099_p0347b13║丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0347b14║   (一二六六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0347b15║竹園。時,有尊者闡陀,住那羅聚落好衣菴
T02n0099_p0347b16║羅林中,疾病困篤。 時,尊者舍利弗聞尊者闡
T02n0099_p0347b17║陀在那羅聚落好衣菴羅林中,疾病困篤。聞
T02n0099_p0347b18║已,語尊者摩訶拘絺羅:「尊者知不?闡陀比丘
T02n0099_p0347b19║在那羅聚落好衣菴羅林中疾病困篤,當往
T02n0099_p0347b20║共看。」摩訶拘絺羅默然許之。 時,尊者舍利弗
T02n0099_p0347b21║與尊者摩訶拘絺羅共詣那羅聚落好衣菴
T02n0099_p0347b22║羅林中,至尊者闡陀住房。 尊者闡陀遙見尊
T02n0099_p0347b23║者舍利弗、尊者摩訶拘絺羅,凭床欲起。 尊
T02n0099_p0347b24║者舍利弗語尊者闡陀:「汝且莫起!」 尊者舍利
T02n0099_p0347b25║弗、尊者摩訶拘絺羅坐於異床,問尊者闡
T02n0099_p0347b26║陀:「云何?尊者闡陀!所患為可堪忍不?為增、
T02n0099_p0347b27║為損?……」如前叉摩修多羅廣說。 尊者闡陀言:
T02n0099_p0347b28║「我今身病,極患苦痛,難可堪忍。所起之病,但
T02n0099_p0347b29║增無損,唯欲執刀自殺,不樂苦活。」 尊者舍
T02n0099_p0347c01║利弗言:「尊者闡陀!汝當努力,莫自傷害!若汝
T02n0099_p0347c02║在世,我當與汝來往周旋;汝若有乏,我當
T02n0099_p0347c03║給汝如法湯藥;汝若無看病人,我當看汝,
T02n0099_p0347c04║必令適意,非不適意。」 闡陀答言:「我有供養,
T02n0099_p0347c05║那羅聚落諸婆羅門長者悉見看視,衣被、飲
T02n0099_p0347c06║食、臥具、湯藥無所乏少;自有弟子修梵行
T02n0099_p0347c07║者隨意瞻病,非不適意。但我疾病苦痛逼身,
T02n0099_p0347c08║難可堪忍,唯欲自殺,不樂苦生。」 舍利弗
T02n0099_p0347c09║言:「我今問汝,隨意答我。闡陀!眼及眼識、眼
T02n0099_p0347c10║所識色,彼寧是我、異我、相在不?」 闡陀答言:「不
T02n0099_p0347c11║也。」 尊者舍利弗復問:「闡陀!耳、鼻、舌、身、意及意
T02n0099_p0347c12║識、意識所識法,彼寧是我、異我、相在不?」 闡陀
T02n0099_p0347c13║答言:「不也。」 尊者舍利弗復問:「闡陀!汝於眼、
T02n0099_p0347c14║眼識及色,為何所見、何所識、何所知故,言眼、
T02n0099_p0347c15║眼識及色,非我、不異我、不相在?」 闡陀答言:
T02n0099_p0347c16║「我於眼、眼識及色,見滅、知滅故,見眼、眼識
T02n0099_p0347c17║及色,非我、不異我、不相在。」 復問:「闡陀!汝於
T02n0099_p0347c18║耳、鼻、舌、身、意、意識及法,何所見、何所知故,於
T02n0099_p0347c19║意、意識及法,見非我、不異我、不相在?」 闡陀
T02n0099_p0347c20║答言:「尊者舍利弗!我於意、意識及法,見滅、
T02n0099_p0347c21║知滅故,於意、意識及法,見非我、不異我、不相
T02n0099_p0347c22║在。尊者舍利弗!然我今日身病苦痛,不能堪
T02n0099_p0347c23║忍,欲以刀自殺,不樂苦生。」 時,尊者摩訶拘
T02n0099_p0347c24║絺羅語尊者闡陀:「汝今當於大師修習正
T02n0099_p0347c25║念,如所說句:『有所依者,則為動搖;動搖者,
T02n0099_p0347c26║有所趣向;趣向者,為不休息;不休息者,則
T02n0099_p0347c27║隨趣往來;隨趣往來者,則有未來生死;有
T02n0099_p0347c28║未來生死故,有未來出沒;有未來出沒故,
T02n0099_p0347c29║則有生、老、病、死、憂、悲、苦、惱。如是純一苦聚
T02n0099_p0348a01║集。』如所說句:『無所依者,則不動搖;不動搖者,
T02n0099_p0348a02║得無趣向;無趣向者,則有止息;有止息故,
T02n0099_p0348a03║則不隨趣往來;不隨趣往來,則無未來
T02n0099_p0348a04║出沒,無未來出沒者;則無生、老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、
T02n0099_p0348a05║苦。如是純大苦聚滅。』」 闡陀言:「尊者摩訶拘絺
T02n0099_p0348a06║羅!供養世尊事,於今畢矣!隨順善逝,今已
T02n0099_p0348a07║畢矣!適意,非不適意。弟子所作,於今已作。
T02n0099_p0348a08║若復有餘弟子所作供養師者,亦當如
T02n0099_p0348a09║是供養大師,適意,非不適意。然我今日身
T02n0099_p0348a10║病苦痛,難可堪忍,唯欲以刀自殺,不樂苦
T02n0099_p0348a11║生。」爾時,尊者闡陀即於那羅聚落好衣菴羅
T02n0099_p0348a12║林中以刀自殺。 時,尊者舍利弗供養尊者
T02n0099_p0348a13║闡陀舍利已,往詣佛所,稽首禮足,退住一
T02n0099_p0348a14║面,白佛言:「世尊!尊者闡陀於那羅聚落好
T02n0099_p0348a15║衣菴羅林中以刀自殺。云何?世尊!彼尊者闡
T02n0099_p0348a16║陀當至何趣?云何受生?後世云何?」 佛告尊
T02n0099_p0348a17║者舍利弗:「彼不自記說言:『尊者摩訶拘絺羅!
T02n0099_p0348a18║我供養世尊,於今已畢;隨順善逝,於今已
T02n0099_p0348a19║畢,適意,非不適意。若復有餘供養大師者,
T02n0099_p0348a20║當如是作,適意,非不適意。』耶?」 爾時,尊者舍
T02n0099_p0348a21║利弗復問:「世尊!彼尊者闡陀先於鎮珍尼婆
T02n0099_p0348a22║羅門聚落,有供養家、極親厚家、善言語家。」
T02n0099_p0348a23║佛告舍利弗:「如是,舍利弗!正智、正善解脫善
T02n0099_p0348a24║男子,有供養家、親厚家、善言語家。舍利弗!我
T02n0099_p0348a25║不說彼有大過。若有捨此身,餘身相續者,
T02n0099_p0348a26║我說彼等則有大過;若有捨此身已,餘身
T02n0099_p0348a27║不相續者,我不說彼有大過也。無大過
T02n0099_p0348a28║故,於那羅聚落好衣菴羅林中以刀自殺。」
T02n0099_p0348a29║如是,世尊為彼尊者闡陀說第一記。 佛說
T02n0099_p0348b01║此經已,尊者舍利弗歡喜作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0348b02║雜阿含經卷第四十七
【經文資訊】大正藏第 02 冊 No. 0099 雜阿含經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
【原始資料】蕭鎮國大德提供/張文明大德二校,佛教經典系列提供/妙雲蘭若校對,北美某大德提供,法雨道場提供新式標點
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maha's 的頭像

RE: 又摩比丘 => 疑為叉摩比丘之誤植

大正藏同高麗藏,皆誤作「又摩比丘」。磧砂藏(Q18_p0417a12)作「叉摩比丘」,我們會依之修訂。謝謝!

CBETA Maha 吳寶原 

 

murphychen's 的頭像

又摩比丘 => 疑為叉摩比丘之誤植

[0346b27] 跋迦梨白佛……如前又摩比丘修多羅廣說。「世尊!我身苦痛,極難堪忍,欲求刀自殺,不樂苦生。」
 
又摩比丘 => 疑為叉摩比丘之誤植
 
依據:
 
1. 1266 經提到的是: 如前叉摩修多羅廣說。
 
2. 103 經提到了: 時,有差摩比丘住拘舍彌國跋陀梨園,身得重病。


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