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T02n0099_034 雜阿含經 第34卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 2 冊 » No.0099 » 第 34 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T02n0099_p0241b10║
T02n0099_p0241b11║
T02n0099_p0241b12║雜阿含經卷第三十四
T02n0099_p0241b13║
T02n0099_p0241b14║
T02n0099_p0241b15║   (九四〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給孤
T02n0099_p0241b16║獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,長
T02n0099_p0241b17║夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。諸比丘!於意云何?
T02n0099_p0241b18║若此大地一切草木,以四指量,斬以為籌,以
T02n0099_p0241b19║數汝等長夜輪轉生死所依父母;籌數已盡,
T02n0099_p0241b20║其諸父母數猶不盡。諸比丘!如是無始生死,
T02n0099_p0241b21║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。是故,比丘!當如
T02n0099_p0241b22║是學:『當勤精進,斷除諸有,莫令增長。』」 佛
T02n0099_p0241b23║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0241b24║   (九四一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0241b25║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0241b26║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。云何?比丘!此大
T02n0099_p0241b27║地土泥悉以為丸,如婆羅果,以數汝等長
T02n0099_p0241b28║夜生死以來所依父母;土丸既盡,所依父母
T02n0099_p0241b29║其數不盡。比丘!眾生無始生死,長夜輪轉,
T02n0099_p0241c01║不知苦之本際,其數如是。是故,比丘!當勤
T02n0099_p0241c02║方便,斷除諸有,莫令增長,當如是學。」 佛
T02n0099_p0241c03║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0241c04║   (九四二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0241c05║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0241c06║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。諸比丘!汝等見
T02n0099_p0241c07║諸眾生安隱諸樂,當作是念:『我等長夜輪
T02n0099_p0241c08║轉生死,亦曾受斯樂,其趣無量。』是故,比丘!
T02n0099_p0241c09║當如是學:『無始生死,長夜輪轉,不知苦之
T02n0099_p0241c10║本際,當勤精進,斷除諸有,莫令增長。』」 佛說
T02n0099_p0241c11║此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0241c12║   (九四三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0241c13║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0241c14║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。諸比丘!若見眾
T02n0099_p0241c15║生受諸苦惱,當作是念:『我長夜輪轉生死
T02n0099_p0241c16║以來,亦曾更受如是之苦,其數無量,當勤
T02n0099_p0241c17║方便,斷除諸有,莫令增長。』」 佛說此經已,諸
T02n0099_p0241c18║比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0241c19║   (九四四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0241c20║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0241c21║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。諸比丘!汝等見
T02n0099_p0241c22║諸眾生而生恐怖,衣毛為竪,當作是念:『我
T02n0099_p0241c23║等過去必曾殺生,為傷害者,為惡知識,於
T02n0099_p0241c24║無始生死長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。』諸比
T02n0099_p0241c25║丘!當作是學,斷除諸有,莫令增長。」 佛說
T02n0099_p0241c26║此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0241c27║   (九四五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0241c28║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0241c29║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。諸比丘!若見眾
T02n0099_p0242a01║生愛念歡喜者,當作是念:『如是眾生過去
T02n0099_p0242a02║世時,必為我等父母、兄弟、妻子、親屬、師友、知
T02n0099_p0242a03║識,如是長夜生死輪轉,無明所蓋,愛繫其
T02n0099_p0242a04║頸,故長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。』是故,諸比
T02n0099_p0242a05║丘!當如是學,精勤方便,斷除諸有,莫令增
T02n0099_p0242a06║長。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉
T02n0099_p0242a07║行。
T02n0099_p0242a08║   (九四六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0242a09║孤獨園。 時,有異婆羅門來詣佛所,恭敬問
T02n0099_p0242a10║訊,問訊已,退坐一面,白佛言:「瞿曇!未來世
T02n0099_p0242a11║當有幾佛?」 佛告婆羅門:「未來佛者,如無量
T02n0099_p0242a12║恒河沙。」 爾時,婆羅門作是念:「未來當有如
T02n0099_p0242a13║無量恒河沙三藐三佛陀,我當從彼修諸
T02n0099_p0242a14║梵行。」 爾時,婆羅門聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,從坐
T02n0099_p0242a15║起去。 時,婆羅門隨路思惟:「我今唯問沙門瞿
T02n0099_p0242a16║曇未來諸佛,不問過去。」即隨路還,復問世
T02n0099_p0242a17║尊:「云何?瞿曇!過去世時,復有幾佛?」 佛告婆
T02n0099_p0242a18║羅門:「過去世佛亦如無量恒河沙數。」 時,婆羅
T02n0099_p0242a19║門即作是念:「過去世中有無量恒河沙等諸
T02n0099_p0242a20║佛世尊,我曾不習近。設復未來如無量恒河
T02n0099_p0242a21║沙三藐三佛陀,亦當不與習近娛樂。我今當
T02n0099_p0242a22║於沙門瞿曇所修行梵行。」即便合掌白佛
T02n0099_p0242a23║言:「唯願聽我於正法、律出家修梵行。」 佛告
T02n0099_p0242a24║婆羅門:「聽汝於正法、律出家修梵行,得比
T02n0099_p0242a25║丘分。」 爾時,婆羅門即出家受具足。出家已,獨
T02n0099_p0242a26║一靜處思惟:「所以善男子正信非家,出家學
T02n0099_p0242a27║道……。」乃至得阿羅漢。
T02n0099_p0242a28║   (九四七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城毘富羅
T02n0099_p0242a29║山。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有一人於一劫中
T02n0099_p0242b01║生死輪轉,積累白骨不腐壞者,如毘富羅
T02n0099_p0242b02║山。若多聞聖弟子此苦聖諦如實知,此苦集
T02n0099_p0242b03║聖諦如實知,此苦滅聖諦如實知,此苦滅道
T02n0099_p0242b04║跡聖諦如實知,彼如是知、如是見,斷三結,
T02n0099_p0242b05║謂身見、戒取、疑,斷此三結,得須陀洹,不
T02n0099_p0242b06║墮惡趣法,決定正向三菩提,七有天人往
T02n0099_p0242b07║生,究竟苦邊。」 爾時,世尊即說偈言:
T02n0099_p0242b08║「一人一劫中,  積聚其身骨,
T02n0099_p0242b09║ 常積不腐壞,  如毘富羅山。
T02n0099_p0242b10║ 若諸聖弟子,  正智見真諦,
T02n0099_p0242b11║ 此苦及苦因,  離苦得寂滅。
T02n0099_p0242b12║ 修習八道跡,  正向般涅槃,
T02n0099_p0242b13║ 極至於七有,  天人來往生,
T02n0099_p0242b14║ 盡一切諸結,  究竟於苦邊。」

T02n0099_p0242b15║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0242b16║   (九四八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0242b17║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生於無始生
T02n0099_p0242b18║死長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。」 時,有異比丘
T02n0099_p0242b19║從坐起,整衣服,偏袒右肩,為佛作禮,右膝
T02n0099_p0242b20║著地,合掌白佛:「世尊!劫長久如?」 佛告比丘:
T02n0099_p0242b21║「我能為汝說,而汝難知。」 比丘白佛:「可說譬
T02n0099_p0242b22║不?」 佛言:「可說,比丘!譬如鐵城,方一由旬,高
T02n0099_p0242b23║下亦爾,滿中芥子,有人百年取一芥子,盡
T02n0099_p0242b24║其芥子,劫猶不竟。如是,比丘!其劫者,如是
T02n0099_p0242b25║長久。如是長劫,百千萬億大苦相續,白骨
T02n0099_p0242b26║成丘,膿血成流,地獄、畜生、餓鬼惡趣。是名,
T02n0099_p0242b27║比丘!無始生死,長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。是
T02n0099_p0242b28║故,比丘!當如是學:『斷除諸有,莫令增長。』」
T02n0099_p0242b29║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0242c01║   (九四九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0242c02║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0242c03║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。」 時,有異比丘從
T02n0099_p0242c04║坐起,整衣服,為佛作禮,右膝著地,合掌白
T02n0099_p0242c05║佛:「世尊!劫長久如?」 佛告比丘:「我能為汝說,
T02n0099_p0242c06║汝難得知。」 比丘白佛:「可說譬不?」 佛言:「可
T02n0099_p0242c07║說。比丘!如大石山,不斷不壞,方一由旬,若
T02n0099_p0242c08║有士夫以迦尸劫貝百年一拂,拂之不
T02n0099_p0242c09║已,石山遂盡,劫猶不竟。比丘!如是長久之
T02n0099_p0242c10║劫,百千萬億劫受諸苦惱,乃至諸比丘!當
T02n0099_p0242c11║如是學:『斷除諸有,莫令增長。』」 佛說此經
T02n0099_p0242c12║已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0242c13║   (九五〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0242c14║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0242c15║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。」 時,有異比丘從
T02n0099_p0242c16║坐起,整衣服,為佛作禮,右膝著地,合掌白
T02n0099_p0242c17║佛:「世尊!過去有幾劫?」 佛告比丘:「我悉能說,
T02n0099_p0242c18║汝知甚難。」 比丘白佛:「可說譬不?」 佛言:「可說。
T02n0099_p0242c19║譬如,比丘!有士夫壽命百歲,晨朝憶念三
T02n0099_p0242c20║百千劫,日中憶念三百千劫,日暮憶念三百
T02n0099_p0242c21║千劫。如是日日憶念劫數,百年命終,不能
T02n0099_p0242c22║憶念劫數邊際。比丘當知,過去劫數無量如
T02n0099_p0242c23║是,過去無量劫數,長夜受苦,積骨成山,髓
T02n0099_p0242c24║血成流,乃至地獄、畜生、餓鬼惡趣。如是,比丘!
T02n0099_p0242c25║無始生死,長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。是故,比
T02n0099_p0242c26║丘!當如是學:『斷除諸有,莫令增長。』」 佛說
T02n0099_p0242c27║此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0242c28║   (九五一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0242c29║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0243a01║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際,無有一處不生
T02n0099_p0243a02║不死者。如是長夜無始生死,不知苦之本
T02n0099_p0243a03║際。是故,比丘!當如是學:『斷除諸有,莫令
T02n0099_p0243a04║增長。』」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜
T02n0099_p0243a05║奉行。
T02n0099_p0243a06║   (九五二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0243a07║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0243a08║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際,無有一處無父
T02n0099_p0243a09║母、兄弟、妻子、眷屬、宗親、師長者。如是,比丘!無
T02n0099_p0243a10║始生死,長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。是故,比
T02n0099_p0243a11║丘!當如是學:『斷除諸有,莫令增長。』」 佛說
T02n0099_p0243a12║此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0243a13║   (九五三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0243a14║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0243a15║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。譬如大雨渧
T02n0099_p0243a16║泡,一生一滅,如是,眾生無明所蓋,愛繫其
T02n0099_p0243a17║頸,無始生死。生者、死者長夜輪轉,不知苦
T02n0099_p0243a18║之本際。是故,比丘!當如是學:『斷除諸有,莫
T02n0099_p0243a19║令增長。』」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0243a20║喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0243a21║   (九五四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0243a22║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0243a23║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。譬如普天大雨
T02n0099_p0243a24║洪澍,東西南北無斷絕處。如是東方、南方、西
T02n0099_p0243a25║方、北方,無量國土劫成、劫壞,如天大雨,普雨
T02n0099_p0243a26║天下,無斷絕處。如是無始生死,長夜輪轉,
T02n0099_p0243a27║不知苦之本際。譬如擲杖空中,或頭落地,
T02n0099_p0243a28║或尾落地,或中落地;如是無始生死,長夜
T02n0099_p0243a29║輪轉,或墮地獄,或墮畜生,或墮餓鬼。如是
T02n0099_p0243b01║無始生死,長夜輪轉。是故,比丘!當如是學:
T02n0099_p0243b02║『斷除諸有,莫令增長。』」 佛說此經已,諸比丘
T02n0099_p0243b03║聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0243b04║   (九五五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0243b05║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「眾生無始生死,
T02n0099_p0243b06║長夜輪轉,不知苦之本際。譬如,比丘!若有
T02n0099_p0243b07║士夫轉五節輪,常轉不息;如是眾生轉
T02n0099_p0243b08║五趣輪,或墮地獄、畜生、餓鬼及人、天趣,常轉
T02n0099_p0243b09║不息。如是無始生死,長夜輪轉,不知苦之
T02n0099_p0243b10║本際。是故,比丘!當如是學:『斷除諸有,莫
T02n0099_p0243b11║令增長。』」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0243b12║喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0243b13║   (九五六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城毘富羅
T02n0099_p0243b14║山側。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「一切行無常,一切
T02n0099_p0243b15║行不恒、不安、變易之法。諸比丘!於一切行
T02n0099_p0243b16║當生厭離、求樂、解脫。 「諸比丘!過去世時,
T02n0099_p0243b17║此毘富羅山名長竹山,有諸人民圍遶
T02n0099_p0243b18║山居,名低彌羅邑。低彌羅邑人壽四萬歲,
T02n0099_p0243b19║低彌羅邑人上此山頂,四日乃得往反。時,
T02n0099_p0243b20║世有佛,名迦羅迦孫提如來、應、等正覺、明
T02n0099_p0243b21║行足、善逝、世間解、無上士、調御丈夫、天人師、佛
T02n0099_p0243b22║世尊出興於世,說法教化,初、中、後善,善義善
T02n0099_p0243b23║味,純一滿淨,梵行清白,開發顯示。彼長竹山
T02n0099_p0243b24║於今名字亦滅,低彌羅聚落人民亦沒,彼佛
T02n0099_p0243b25║如來已般涅槃。比丘!當知一切諸行皆悉無
T02n0099_p0243b26║常、不恒、不安、變易之法,於一切行,當修厭
T02n0099_p0243b27║離、離欲、解脫。 「諸比丘!過去世時,此毘富羅山
T02n0099_p0243b28║名曰朋迦。時,有人民遶山而居,名阿毘
T02n0099_p0243b29║迦邑,彼時人民壽三萬歲,阿毘迦人上此山
T02n0099_p0243c01║頂,經三日中乃得往反。時,世有佛,名拘
T02n0099_p0243c02║那含牟尼如來、應、等正覺、明行足、善逝、世間解、
T02n0099_p0243c03║無上士、調御丈夫、天人師、佛世尊出興於世,
T02n0099_p0243c04║演說經法,初、中、後善,善義善味,純一滿淨,梵
T02n0099_p0243c05║行清白,開發顯示。諸比丘!彼朋迦山名字久
T02n0099_p0243c06║滅,阿毘迦邑人亦久亡沒,彼佛世尊亦般涅
T02n0099_p0243c07║槃。如是,比丘!一切諸行皆悉無常、不恒、不安、
T02n0099_p0243c08║變易之法,汝等比丘當修厭離、求樂、解
T02n0099_p0243c09║脫。 「諸比丘!過去世時,此毘富羅山名宿波
T02n0099_p0243c10║羅首,有諸人民遶山居止,名赤馬邑,人
T02n0099_p0243c11║壽二萬歲,彼諸人民上此山頂,經二日中
T02n0099_p0243c12║乃得往反。爾時,有佛名曰迦葉如來、應
T02n0099_p0243c13║供,乃至出興於世,演說經法,初、中、後善,善
T02n0099_p0243c14║義善味,純一滿淨,梵行清白,開示顯現。比丘!
T02n0099_p0243c15║當知宿波羅首山名字久滅,赤馬邑人亦久
T02n0099_p0243c16║亡沒,彼佛世尊亦般涅槃。如是,比丘!一切諸
T02n0099_p0243c17║行皆悉無常、不恒、不安、變易之法。是故,比丘!
T02n0099_p0243c18║當修厭離、離欲、解脫。 「諸比丘!今日此山名
T02n0099_p0243c19║毘富羅,有諸人民遶山而居,名摩竭提
T02n0099_p0243c20║國,此諸人民壽命百歲,善自消息,得滿百歲,
T02n0099_p0243c21║摩竭提人上此山頂,須臾往反,我今於此
T02n0099_p0243c22║得成如來、應、等正覺,乃至佛世尊,演說正
T02n0099_p0243c23║法,教化令得寂滅涅槃、正道、善逝、覺知。比
T02n0099_p0243c24║丘!當知此毘富羅山名亦當磨滅,摩竭提
T02n0099_p0243c25║人亦當亡沒,如來不久當般涅槃。如是,比
T02n0099_p0243c26║丘!一切諸行悉皆無常、不恒、不安、變易之法。
T02n0099_p0243c27║是故,比丘!當修厭離、離欲、解脫。」 爾時,世尊
T02n0099_p0243c28║即說偈言:
T02n0099_p0243c29║「古昔長竹山,  低彌羅村邑,
T02n0099_p0244a01║ 次名朋迦山,  阿毘迦聚落,
T02n0099_p0244a02║ 宿波羅首山,  聚落名赤馬,
T02n0099_p0244a03║ 今毘富羅山,  國名摩竭陀,
T02n0099_p0244a04║ 名山悉磨滅,  其人悉沒亡,
T02n0099_p0244a05║ 諸佛般涅槃,  有者無不盡。
T02n0099_p0244a06║ 一切行無常,  悉皆生滅法,
T02n0099_p0244a07║ 有生無不盡,  唯寂滅為樂。」

T02n0099_p0244a08║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0244a09║   (九五七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0244a10║竹園。 時,有婆蹉種出家來詣佛所,合掌問
T02n0099_p0244a11║訊,問訊已,退坐一面,白佛言:「瞿曇!欲有所
T02n0099_p0244a12║問,寧有閑暇見答以不?」 佛告婆蹉種出家:
T02n0099_p0244a13║「隨汝所問,當為汝說。」 婆蹉種出家白佛言:
T02n0099_p0244a14║「云何?瞿曇!命即身耶?」 佛告婆蹉種出家:「命即
T02n0099_p0244a15║身者,此是無記。」 「云何?瞿曇!為命異身異耶?」
T02n0099_p0244a16║佛告婆蹉種出家:「命異身異者,此亦無記。」 婆
T02n0099_p0244a17║蹉種出家白佛:「云何?瞿曇!命即身耶?答言:
T02n0099_p0244a18║『無記』。命異身異?答言:『無記』。沙門瞿曇有何等
T02n0099_p0244a19║奇?弟子命終,即記說言:『某生彼處,某生彼
T02n0099_p0244a20║處。』彼諸弟子於此命終捨身,即乘意生身
T02n0099_p0244a21║生於餘處。當於爾時,非為命異身異也?」 佛
T02n0099_p0244a22║告婆蹉:「此說有餘,不說無餘。」 婆蹉白佛:
T02n0099_p0244a23║「瞿曇!云何說有餘,不說無餘?」 佛告婆蹉:
T02n0099_p0244a24║「譬如火,有餘得然,非無餘。」 婆蹉白佛:「我
T02n0099_p0244a25║見火無餘亦然。」 佛告婆蹉:「云何見火無餘
T02n0099_p0244a26║亦然?」 婆蹉白佛:「譬如大聚熾火,疾風來吹,
T02n0099_p0244a27║火飛空中,豈非無餘火耶?」 佛告婆蹉:「風吹
T02n0099_p0244a28║飛火,即是有餘,非無餘也。」 婆蹉白佛:「瞿
T02n0099_p0244a29║曇!空中飛火。云何名有餘?」 佛告婆蹉:「空中
T02n0099_p0244b01║飛火依風故住,依風故然;以依風故,故
T02n0099_p0244b02║說有餘。」 婆蹉白佛:「眾生於此命終,乘意
T02n0099_p0244b03║生身往生餘處。云何有餘?」 佛告婆蹉:「眾生
T02n0099_p0244b04║於此處命終,乘意生身生於餘處,當於爾
T02n0099_p0244b05║時,因愛故取,因愛而住,故說有餘。」 婆蹉白
T02n0099_p0244b06║佛:「眾生以愛樂有餘,染著有餘;唯有世
T02n0099_p0244b07║尊得彼無餘,成等正覺。沙門瞿曇!世間多
T02n0099_p0244b08║緣,請辭還去。」 佛告婆蹉:「宜知是時!」 婆蹉出
T02n0099_p0244b09║家聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,從坐起而去。
T02n0099_p0244b10║   (九五八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0244b11║竹園。爾時,尊者大目揵連亦於彼住。 時,有婆
T02n0099_p0244b12║蹉種出家詣尊者大目揵連所,與尊者目揵
T02n0099_p0244b13║連面相問訊慰勞,慰勞已,退坐一面,語尊
T02n0099_p0244b14║者大目揵連:「欲有所問,寧有閑暇見答以
T02n0099_p0244b15║不?」 目連答言:「婆蹉!隨意所問,知者當答。」 時,
T02n0099_p0244b16║婆蹉種出家問尊者目揵連:「何因、何緣餘沙
T02n0099_p0244b17║門、婆羅門有人來問云何如來有後死、無
T02n0099_p0244b18║後死、有無後死、非有非無後死,皆悉隨答。
T02n0099_p0244b19║而沙門瞿曇有來問言如來有後死、無後
T02n0099_p0244b20║死、有無後死、非有非無後死,而不記說?」 目
T02n0099_p0244b21║揵連言:「婆蹉!餘沙門、婆羅門於色、色集、色
T02n0099_p0244b22║滅、色味、色患、色出不如實知;不如實知故,
T02n0099_p0244b23║於如來有後死則取著,如來無後死、有後
T02n0099_p0244b24║死、有無後死、非有後死非無後死則生
T02n0099_p0244b25║取著。受、想、行、識、識集、識滅、識味、識患、識出不
T02n0099_p0244b26║如實知;不如實知故,於如來有後死生
T02n0099_p0244b27║取著,無後死、有無後死、非有非無後死
T02n0099_p0244b28║生取著。 「如來者,於色如實知,色集、色滅、色
T02n0099_p0244b29║味、色患、色出如實知;如實知故,於如來有
T02n0099_p0244c01║後死則不著,無後死、有無後死、非有非
T02n0099_p0244c02║無後死則不著。受、想、行、識如實知,識集、識
T02n0099_p0244c03║滅、識味、識患、識出如實知;如實知故,於如來
T02n0099_p0244c04║有後死則不然,無後死、有無後死、非有
T02n0099_p0244c05║非無後死則不然。甚深廣大,無量無數,皆
T02n0099_p0244c06║悉寂滅。 「婆蹉!如是因、如是緣,餘沙門、婆羅
T02n0099_p0244c07║門若有來問如來有後死、無後死、有無後
T02n0099_p0244c08║死、非有非無後死,則為記說。如是因、如是
T02n0099_p0244c09║緣,如來若有來問如來有後死、無後死、
T02n0099_p0244c10║有無後死、非有非無後死,不為記說。」 時,婆
T02n0099_p0244c11║蹉種出家聞尊者大目揵連所說,歡喜隨喜,
T02n0099_p0244c12║從坐起而去。
T02n0099_p0244c13║   (九五九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0244c14║竹園。 時,有婆蹉種出家來詣佛所,合掌問
T02n0099_p0244c15║訊,問訊已,退坐一面,白佛言:「瞿曇!何因、何
T02n0099_p0244c16║緣餘沙門、婆羅門若有來問……」如上廣說。 爾時,
T02n0099_p0244c17║婆蹉種出家歎言:「奇哉!瞿曇!弟子、大師義同
T02n0099_p0244c18║義、句同句、味同味,乃至同第一義。瞿曇!我今
T02n0099_p0244c19║詣摩訶目揵連,以如是義、如是句、如是味
T02n0099_p0244c20║而問於彼,彼亦以如是義、如是句、如是味
T02n0099_p0244c21║而答我,如今瞿曇所說。是故,瞿曇!真為奇
T02n0099_p0244c22║特,大師、弟子義同義、句同句、味同味,同第一
T02n0099_p0244c23║義。」
T02n0099_p0244c24║爾時,婆蹉種出家有諸因緣至那梨聚
T02n0099_p0244c25║落。營事訖已,詣尊者詵陀迦旃延所,共相
T02n0099_p0244c26║問訊,問訊已,退坐一面,問詵陀迦旃延:「何
T02n0099_p0244c27║因、何緣沙門瞿曇若有來問如來有後死、
T02n0099_p0244c28║無後死、有無後死、非有非無後死,不為
T02n0099_p0244c29║記說?」 詵陀迦旃延語婆蹉種出家:「我今問
T02n0099_p0245a01║汝,隨意答我。於汝意云何?若因、若緣,若
T02n0099_p0245a02║行身施,若色、若無色,若想、若非想、若非想
T02n0099_p0245a03║非非想,若彼因、彼緣、彼行無餘行滅。永滅
T02n0099_p0245a04║已,如來於彼有所記說,言:『有後死、無後
T02n0099_p0245a05║死、有無後死、非有非無後死』耶?」 婆蹉種出
T02n0099_p0245a06║家語詵陀迦旃延:「若因、若緣,若種施設諸
T02n0099_p0245a07║行,若色、若非色,若想、若非想、若非想非非想,
T02n0099_p0245a08║彼因、彼緣、彼行無餘滅。云何瞿曇於彼記
T02n0099_p0245a09║說如來有後死、無後死、有無後死、非有
T02n0099_p0245a10║非無後死?」 詵陀迦旃延語婆蹉種出家:「是故
T02n0099_p0245a11║如來以是因、以是緣故,有問如來有後
T02n0099_p0245a12║死、無後死、有無後死、非有非無後死,不
T02n0099_p0245a13║為記說。」 婆蹉種出家問詵陀迦旃延:「汝於
T02n0099_p0245a14║沙門瞿曇弟子,為日久如?」 詵陀迦旃延答言:
T02n0099_p0245a15║「少過三年,於正法、律出家修梵行。」 婆蹉種
T02n0099_p0245a16║出家言:「詵陀迦旃延!快得善利,少時出家而
T02n0099_p0245a17║得如是身律儀、口律儀,又得如是智慧辯
T02n0099_p0245a18║才。」 時,婆蹉種出家聞詵陀迦旃延所說,歡喜
T02n0099_p0245a19║隨喜,從坐起去。
T02n0099_p0245a20║   (九六〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0245a21║竹園。 時,有婆蹉種出家來詣佛所,合掌問
T02n0099_p0245a22║訊,問訊已,退坐一面,白佛言:「瞿曇!欲有所
T02n0099_p0245a23║問,寧有閑暇為解說不?」 佛告婆蹉種出
T02n0099_p0245a24║家:「隨所欲問,當為汝說。」 婆蹉種出家白
T02n0099_p0245a25║佛言:「瞿曇!何因、何緣有人來問如來有後
T02n0099_p0245a26║死、無後死、有無後死、非有非無後死,而不
T02n0099_p0245a27║為記說耶?」 佛告婆蹉種出家……如上詵陀迦
T02n0099_p0245a28║旃延廣說,乃至「非有非無後死。」 婆蹉種出家
T02n0099_p0245a29║白佛言:「奇哉!瞿曇!師及弟子義義同,句句
T02n0099_p0245b01║同,味味同,其理悉合,所謂第一句說。瞿曇!
T02n0099_p0245b02║我為小緣事至那利伽聚落,營事訖已,暫
T02n0099_p0245b03║過沙門迦旃延,以如是義、如是句、如是
T02n0099_p0245b04║味問沙門迦旃延,彼亦以如是義、如是句、
T02n0099_p0245b05║如是味答我所問,如今沙門瞿曇所說。是
T02n0099_p0245b06║故當知,實為奇特!師及弟子義、句、味,義、句、
T02n0099_p0245b07║味悉同。」 時,婆蹉種出家聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,
T02n0099_p0245b08║從坐起而去。
T02n0099_p0245b09║   (九六一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0245b10║竹園。 時,有婆蹉種出家來詣佛所,合掌問
T02n0099_p0245b11║訊,問訊已,退坐一面,白佛言:「云何?瞿曇!為
T02n0099_p0245b12║有我耶?」 爾時,世尊默然不答。 如是再三。爾
T02n0099_p0245b13║時,世尊亦再三不答。 爾時,婆蹉種出家作是
T02n0099_p0245b14║念:「我已三問沙門瞿曇,而不見答,但當還
T02n0099_p0245b15║去。」 時,尊者阿難住於佛後,執扇扇佛。爾時,
T02n0099_p0245b16║阿難白佛言:「世尊!彼婆蹉種出家三問,世尊
T02n0099_p0245b17║何故不答?豈不增彼婆蹉種出家惡邪見,
T02n0099_p0245b18║言沙門不能答其所問?」 佛告阿難:「我若答
T02n0099_p0245b19║言有我,則增彼先來邪見;若答言無我,
T02n0099_p0245b20║彼先癡惑豈不更增癡惑?言先有我從今
T02n0099_p0245b21║斷滅。若先來有我則是常見,於今斷滅則
T02n0099_p0245b22║是斷見。如來離於二邊,處中說法,所謂是
T02n0099_p0245b23║事有故是事有,是事起故是事生,謂緣無明
T02n0099_p0245b24║行,乃至生、老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、苦滅。」 佛說此經
T02n0099_p0245b25║已,尊者阿難聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0245b26║   (九六二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0245b27║竹園。 爾時,婆蹉種出家來詣佛所,與世尊
T02n0099_p0245b28║面相問訊,問訊已,退坐一面,白佛言:「瞿曇!
T02n0099_p0245b29║云何瞿曇作如是見、如是說:『世間常,此是真
T02n0099_p0245c01║實,餘則虛妄。』耶?」 佛告婆蹉種出家:「我不作
T02n0099_p0245c02║如是見、如是說:『世間常,是則真實,餘則虛
T02n0099_p0245c03║妄。』」 「云何瞿曇作如是見、如是說:『世間無
T02n0099_p0245c04║常、常無常、非常非無常,有邊、無邊、邊無邊、非
T02n0099_p0245c05║邊非無邊,命即是身、命異身異,如來有後
T02n0099_p0245c06║死、無後死、有無後死、非有非無後死。』?」 佛
T02n0099_p0245c07║告婆蹉種出家:「我不作如是見、如是說,乃
T02n0099_p0245c08║至非有非無後死。」 爾時,婆蹉種出家白佛
T02n0099_p0245c09║言:「瞿曇!於此見,見何等過患,而於此諸見,
T02n0099_p0245c10║一切不說?」 佛告婆蹉種出家:「若作是見,世
T02n0099_p0245c11║間常,此則真實,餘則虛妄者,此是倒見、此
T02n0099_p0245c12║是觀察見、此是動搖見、此是垢污見、此是
T02n0099_p0245c13║結見,是苦、是閡、是惱、是熱,見結所繫,愚
T02n0099_p0245c14║癡無聞凡夫於未來世,生、老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、
T02n0099_p0245c15║苦生。婆蹉種出家!若作是見,世間無
T02n0099_p0245c16║常、常無常、非常非無常,有邊、無邊、邊無邊、
T02n0099_p0245c17║非有邊非無邊,是命是身、命異身異,如來
T02n0099_p0245c18║有後死、無後死、有無後死、非有非無後
T02n0099_p0245c19║死。此是倒見,乃至憂、悲、惱、苦生。」 婆蹉種出
T02n0099_p0245c20║家白佛:「瞿曇!何所見?」 佛告婆蹉種出家:
T02n0099_p0245c21║「如來所見已畢。婆蹉種出家!然如來見,謂
T02n0099_p0245c22║見此苦聖諦、此苦集聖諦、此苦滅聖諦、此
T02n0099_p0245c23║苦滅道跡聖諦;作如是知、如是見已,於
T02n0099_p0245c24║一切見、一切受、一切生,一切我、我所見、我慢
T02n0099_p0245c25║繫著使,斷滅、寂靜、清涼、真實,如是等解脫。
T02n0099_p0245c26║比丘!生者不然,不生亦不然。」 婆蹉白佛:「瞿
T02n0099_p0245c27║曇!何故說言生者不然?」 佛告婆蹉:「我今問
T02n0099_p0245c28║汝,隨意答我。婆蹉!猶如有人於汝前然
T02n0099_p0245c29║火,汝見火然不?即於汝前火滅,汝見火
T02n0099_p0245c30║滅不?」 婆蹉白佛:「如是,瞿曇!」 佛告婆蹉:「若有
T02n0099_p0246a01║人問汝:『向者火然,今在何處?為東方去耶?
T02n0099_p0246a02║西方、南方、北方去耶?』如是問者,汝云何說?」
T02n0099_p0246a03║婆蹉白佛:「瞿曇!若有來作如是問者,我
T02n0099_p0246a04║當作如是答:『若有於我前然火,薪草因緣
T02n0099_p0246a05║故然,若不增薪,火則永滅,不復更起,東方、
T02n0099_p0246a06║南方、西方、北方去者,是則不然。』」 佛告婆蹉:
T02n0099_p0246a07║「我亦如是說,色已斷已知,受、想、行、識已斷已
T02n0099_p0246a08║知,斷其根本,如截多羅樹頭,無復生分,
T02n0099_p0246a09║於未來世永不復起。若至東方,南、西、北方,
T02n0099_p0246a10║是則不然,甚深廣大,無量無數永滅。」 婆蹉白
T02n0099_p0246a11║佛:「我當說譬。」 佛告婆蹉:「為知是時。」 婆蹉
T02n0099_p0246a12║白佛:「瞿曇!譬如近城邑聚落,有好淨地,生
T02n0099_p0246a13║堅固林,有一大堅固樹,其生已來經數千
T02n0099_p0246a14║歲,日夜既久,枝葉零落,皮膚枯朽,唯幹獨
T02n0099_p0246a15║立。如是,瞿曇!如來法、律離諸枝條葉,唯
T02n0099_p0246a16║空幹堅固獨立。」 爾時,婆蹉出家聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0246a17║喜隨喜,坐起去。
T02n0099_p0246a18║   (九六三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0246a19║竹園。 時,有婆蹉種出家來詣佛所,與世
T02n0099_p0246a20║尊面相問訊慰勞已,退坐一面,白佛言:
T02n0099_p0246a21║「瞿曇!彼云何無知故,作如是見、如是說:『世
T02n0099_p0246a22║間常,此是真實,餘則虛妄,世間無常、世間常
T02n0099_p0246a23║無常、世間非常非無常,世有邊、世無邊、世
T02n0099_p0246a24║有邊無邊、世非有邊非無邊,命即是身、
T02n0099_p0246a25║命異身異,如來有後死、無後死、有無後死、
T02n0099_p0246a26║非有非無後死』?」 佛告婆蹉:「於色無知故,
T02n0099_p0246a27║作如是見、如是說:『世間常,此是真實,餘則
T02n0099_p0246a28║虛妄,乃至非有非無後死。』於受、想、行、識無
T02n0099_p0246a29║知故,作如是見、如是說:『世間常,此是真實,
T02n0099_p0246b01║餘則虛妄,乃至非有非無後死。』」 婆蹉白佛:
T02n0099_p0246b02║「瞿曇!知何法故,不如是見、如是說:『世間常,
T02n0099_p0246b03║此是真實,餘則虛妄,乃至非有非無後死。』」
T02n0099_p0246b04║佛告婆蹉:「知色故,不如是見、如是說:『世間
T02n0099_p0246b05║常,此是真實,餘則虛妄,乃至非有非無後
T02n0099_p0246b06║死。』知受、想、行、識故,不作如是見、如是說,
T02n0099_p0246b07║世間常,此是真實,餘則虛妄,乃至非有非
T02n0099_p0246b08║無後死,如是不知、知。如是不見、見,不識、
T02n0099_p0246b09║識,不斷、斷,不觀、觀,不察、察,不覺、覺。」 佛說
T02n0099_p0246b10║此經已,婆蹉種出家聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,
T02n0099_p0246b11║從坐起而去。
T02n0099_p0246b12║   (九六四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0246b13║竹園。 時,有婆蹉種出家來詣佛所,與世尊
T02n0099_p0246b14║面相慰勞已,退坐一面,白佛言:「瞿曇!欲有
T02n0099_p0246b15║所問,寧有閑暇為解說不?」爾時,世尊默然
T02n0099_p0246b16║而住。 婆蹉種出家第二、第三問,佛亦第二、第
T02n0099_p0246b17║三默然而住。 時,婆蹉種出家白佛言:「我與瞿
T02n0099_p0246b18║曇共相隨順,今有所問,何故默然?」 爾時,世
T02n0099_p0246b19║尊作是念:「此婆蹉種出家長夜質直,不諂不
T02n0099_p0246b20║偽,時有所問,皆以不知故,非故惱亂,我今
T02n0099_p0246b21║當以阿毘曇律納受於彼。」作是念已,告婆
T02n0099_p0246b22║蹉種出家:「隨汝所問,當為解說。」 婆蹉白佛:
T02n0099_p0246b23║「云何?瞿曇!有善法耶?」 佛答言:「有。」 婆蹉白
T02n0099_p0246b24║佛:「當為我說善、不善法,令我得解。」 佛告
T02n0099_p0246b25║婆蹉:「我今當為汝略說善、不善法。諦聽,善
T02n0099_p0246b26║思。婆蹉!貪欲者是不善法,調伏貪欲是則
T02n0099_p0246b27║善法;瞋恚、愚癡是不善法,調伏恚、癡是則善
T02n0099_p0246b28║法。殺生者是不善法,離殺生者是則善法;
T02n0099_p0246b29║偷盜、邪婬、妄語、兩舌、惡口、綺語、貪、恚、邪見是不
T02n0099_p0246c01║善法,不盜,乃至正見是則善法,是為,婆蹉!我
T02n0099_p0246c02║今已說三種善法、三種不善法。如是,聖弟
T02n0099_p0246c03║子於三種善法、三種不善法如實知,十種不
T02n0099_p0246c04║善法、十種善法如實知者,則於貪欲無餘
T02n0099_p0246c05║滅盡,瞋恚、愚癡無餘滅盡者,則於一切有
T02n0099_p0246c06║漏滅盡,無漏心解脫、慧解脫,現法自知作
T02n0099_p0246c07║證:『我生已盡,梵行已立,所作已作,自知不
T02n0099_p0246c08║受後有。』」 婆蹉白佛:「頗有一比丘於此法、律
T02n0099_p0246c09║得盡有漏,無漏心解脫,乃至不受後有耶?」
T02n0099_p0246c10║佛告婆蹉:「不但若一,若二、若三,乃至五百,
T02n0099_p0246c11║有眾多比丘於此法、律盡諸有漏,乃至不
T02n0099_p0246c12║受後有。」 婆蹉白佛:「且置比丘,有一比丘
T02n0099_p0246c13║尼於此法、律盡諸有漏,乃至不受後有
T02n0099_p0246c14║不?」 佛告婆蹉:「不但一、二、三比丘尼,乃至五
T02n0099_p0246c15║百,有眾多比丘尼於此法、律盡諸有漏,乃
T02n0099_p0246c16║至不受後有。」 婆蹉白佛:「置比丘尼,有一優
T02n0099_p0246c17║婆塞修諸梵行,於此法、律度狐疑不?」 佛
T02n0099_p0246c18║告婆蹉:「不但一、二、三,乃至五百優婆塞,乃
T02n0099_p0246c19║有眾多優婆塞修諸梵行,於此法、律斷五
T02n0099_p0246c20║下分結,得成阿那含,不復還生此。」 婆蹉白
T02n0099_p0246c21║佛:「復置優婆塞,頗有一優婆夷於此法、
T02n0099_p0246c22║律修持梵行,於此法、律度狐疑不?」 佛告
T02n0099_p0246c23║婆蹉:「不但一、二、三優婆夷,乃至五百,乃有
T02n0099_p0246c24║眾多優婆夷於此法、律斷五下分結,於彼
T02n0099_p0246c25║化生,得阿那含,不復還生此。」 婆蹉白佛:
T02n0099_p0246c26║「置比丘、比丘尼、優婆塞、優婆夷修梵行者,頗
T02n0099_p0246c27║有優婆塞受五欲,而於此法、律度狐疑不?」
T02n0099_p0246c28║佛告婆蹉:「不但一、二、三,乃至五百,乃有眾
T02n0099_p0246c29║多優婆塞居家妻子,香華嚴飾,畜養奴婢,
T02n0099_p0247a01║於此法、律斷三結,貪、恚、癡薄,得斯陀含,一
T02n0099_p0247a02║往一來,究竟苦邊。」 婆蹉白佛:「復置優婆塞,
T02n0099_p0247a03║頗有一優婆夷受習五欲,於此法、律得度
T02n0099_p0247a04║狐疑不?」 佛告婆蹉:「不但一、二、三,乃至五百,
T02n0099_p0247a05║乃有眾多優婆夷在於居家,畜養男女,服
T02n0099_p0247a06║習五欲,華香嚴飾,於此法、律三結盡,得須
T02n0099_p0247a07║陀洹,不墮惡趣法,決定正向三菩提,七
T02n0099_p0247a08║有天人往生,究竟苦邊。」 婆蹉白佛言:「瞿曇!
T02n0099_p0247a09║若沙門瞿曇成等正覺,若比丘、比丘尼、優婆
T02n0099_p0247a10║塞、優婆夷修梵行者,及優婆塞、優婆夷服習
T02n0099_p0247a11║五欲,不得如是功德者,則不滿足;以沙
T02n0099_p0247a12║門瞿曇成等正覺,比丘、比丘尼、優婆塞、優婆
T02n0099_p0247a13║夷修諸梵行,及優婆塞、優婆夷服習五欲,而
T02n0099_p0247a14║成就爾所功德故,則為滿足。瞿曇!今當說
T02n0099_p0247a15║譬。」 佛告婆蹉:「隨意所說。」 婆蹉白佛:「如天
T02n0099_p0247a16║大雨,水流隨下,瞿曇法、律亦復如是。比丘、比
T02n0099_p0247a17║丘尼、優婆塞、優婆夷,若男、若女,悉皆隨流,
T02n0099_p0247a18║向於涅槃,浚輸涅槃。甚奇!佛、法、僧平等法、
T02n0099_p0247a19║律。為餘異道出家來詣瞿曇所,於正法、律
T02n0099_p0247a20║求出家、受具足者,幾時便聽出家?」 佛告婆
T02n0099_p0247a21║蹉:「若餘異道出家欲來於正法、律求出家、
T02n0099_p0247a22║受具足者,乃至四月於和尚所受衣而
T02n0099_p0247a23║住,然此是為人粗作齊限耳。」 婆蹉白佛:
T02n0099_p0247a24║「若諸異道出家來於正法、律欲求出家、受
T02n0099_p0247a25║具足,聽於和尚所受依,若滿四月聽
T02n0099_p0247a26║出家者,我今堪能於四月在和尚所受
T02n0099_p0247a27║依。若於正法、律而得出家、受具足,我當
T02n0099_p0247a28║於瞿曇法中出家、受具足,修持梵行。」 佛告
T02n0099_p0247a29║婆蹉:「我先不說粗為人作分齊耶?」 婆蹉
T02n0099_p0247b01║白佛:「如是,瞿曇!」 爾時世尊告諸比丘:「汝等
T02n0099_p0247b02║當度彼婆蹉出家於正法、律出家、受具足。」
T02n0099_p0247b03║婆蹉種出家即得於正法、律出家、受具足,
T02n0099_p0247b04║成比丘分,乃至半月,學所應知、應識、應見、
T02n0099_p0247b05║應得、應覺、應證,悉知、悉識、悉見、悉得、悉覺、
T02n0099_p0247b06║悉證如來正法。 尊者婆蹉作是念:「我今已
T02n0099_p0247b07║覺所應知、應識、應見、應得、應覺、應證,彼
T02n0099_p0247b08║一切悉知、悉識、悉見、悉得、悉覺、悉證,今當往
T02n0099_p0247b09║見世尊。」 是時,婆蹉詣世尊所,稽首禮足,於
T02n0099_p0247b10║一面住,白佛言:「世尊!我於學所應知、應
T02n0099_p0247b11║識、應見、應得、應覺、應證,悉知、悉識、悉見、悉
T02n0099_p0247b12║得、悉覺、悉證世尊正法,唯願世尊為我說
T02n0099_p0247b13║法,我聞法已,當獨一靜處,專精思惟,不放
T02n0099_p0247b14║逸住,思惟:『所以善男子剃除鬚髮,著袈裟
T02n0099_p0247b15║衣,正信出家學道,乃至自知不受後有。』」 佛
T02n0099_p0247b16║告婆蹉:「有二法,修習多修習,所謂止、觀。此
T02n0099_p0247b17║二法修習多修習,得知界、果,覺了於界,知
T02n0099_p0247b18║種種界,覺種種界。如是,比丘!欲求離欲,惡
T02n0099_p0247b19║不善法,乃至第四禪具足住,慈、悲、喜、捨,空入
T02n0099_p0247b20║處、識入處、無所有入處、非想非非想入處,
T02n0099_p0247b21║令我三結盡,得須陀洹;三結盡,貪、恚、癡薄,
T02n0099_p0247b22║得斯陀含;五下分結盡,得阿那含;種種神
T02n0099_p0247b23║通境界,天眼、天耳、他心智、宿命智、生死智、
T02n0099_p0247b24║漏盡智皆悉得。是故,比丘!當修二法,修習
T02n0099_p0247b25║多修習,修二法故,知種種界,乃至漏盡。」
T02n0099_p0247b26║爾時,尊者婆蹉聞佛所說,歡喜作禮而去。爾
T02n0099_p0247b27║時,婆蹉獨一靜處,專精思惟,不放逸住,乃至
T02n0099_p0247b28║自知不受後有。 時,有眾多比丘莊嚴方便,
T02n0099_p0247b29║欲詣世尊恭敬供養。 爾時,婆蹉問眾多比
T02n0099_p0247c01║丘:「汝等莊嚴方便,欲詣世尊恭敬供養耶?」
T02n0099_p0247c02║諸比丘答言:「爾。」 爾時,婆蹉語諸比丘:「尊者!持
T02n0099_p0247c03║我語,敬禮世尊,問訊起居輕利,少病少惱,
T02n0099_p0247c04║安樂住不?言:『婆蹉比丘白世尊言:「我已供
T02n0099_p0247c05║養世尊,具足奉事,令歡悅,非不歡悅;大師
T02n0099_p0247c06║弟子所作皆悉已作,供養大師,令歡悅,非
T02n0099_p0247c07║不歡悅。」』」 時,眾多比丘往詣佛所,稽首禮足,
T02n0099_p0247c08║退坐一面,白佛言:「世尊!尊者婆蹉稽首敬
T02n0099_p0247c09║禮世尊足……」乃至「歡悅,非不歡悅。」 佛告諸比
T02n0099_p0247c10║丘:「諸天先已語我,汝今復說。如來成就第
T02n0099_p0247c11║一知見,亦如婆蹉比丘,有如是德力。」 爾時,
T02n0099_p0247c12║世尊為彼婆蹉比丘說第一記。 佛說此經
T02n0099_p0247c13║已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0247c14║   (九六五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0247c15║竹園。 時,有外道出家名曰欝低迦,來詣佛
T02n0099_p0247c16║所,與世尊面相問訊慰勞已,退坐一面,白
T02n0099_p0247c17║佛言:「瞿曇!云何?瞿曇!世有邊耶?」 佛告欝低
T02n0099_p0247c18║迦:「此是無記。」 欝低迦白佛:「云何?瞿曇!世無
T02n0099_p0247c19║邊耶?有邊無邊耶?非有邊非無邊耶?」 佛告欝
T02n0099_p0247c20║低迦:「此是無記。」 欝低迦白佛:「云何?瞿曇!世
T02n0099_p0247c21║有邊耶?答言『無記。』世無邊耶?世有邊無邊耶?
T02n0099_p0247c22║世非有邊非無邊耶?答言『無記。』瞿曇!於何等
T02n0099_p0247c23║法而可記說?」 佛告欝低迦:「知者,智者,我為
T02n0099_p0247c24║諸弟子而記說道,令正盡苦,究竟苦邊。」 欝
T02n0099_p0247c25║低迦白佛:「云何?瞿曇!為諸弟子說道,令正
T02n0099_p0247c26║盡苦,究竟苦邊?為一切世間從此道出,為
T02n0099_p0247c27║少分耶?」 爾時,世尊默然不答。 第二、第三
T02n0099_p0247c28║問,佛亦第二、第三默然不答。 爾時,尊者阿難
T02n0099_p0247c29║住於佛後,執扇扇佛。尊者阿難語欝低迦
T02n0099_p0248a01║外道出家:「汝初已問此義,今復以異說而
T02n0099_p0248a02║問,是故,世尊不為記說。欝低迦!今當為汝
T02n0099_p0248a03║說譬,夫智者因譬得解。 「譬如國王,有邊境
T02n0099_p0248a04║城,四周堅固,巷陌平正,唯有一門。立守門
T02n0099_p0248a05║者聰明黠慧,善能籌量,外有人來,應入者
T02n0099_p0248a06║聽入,不應入者不聽。周匝遶城,求第二門,
T02n0099_p0248a07║都不可得,都無猫狸出入之處,況第二門?
T02n0099_p0248a08║彼守門者都不覺悟入者、出者,然彼士夫
T02n0099_p0248a09║知一切人唯從此門若出若入,更無餘處。
T02n0099_p0248a10║如是,世尊雖不用心覺悟眾生,一切世間
T02n0099_p0248a11║從此道出,及以少分,然知眾生正盡苦,
T02n0099_p0248a12║究竟苦邊者,一切皆悉從此道出。」 時,欝低
T02n0099_p0248a13║迦外道出家聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,從坐起
T02n0099_p0248a14║而去。
T02n0099_p0248a15║   (九六六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0248a16║竹園。時,有尊者富隣尼住王舍城耆闍崛山
T02n0099_p0248a17║中。 時,有眾多外道出家詣尊者富隣尼,共
T02n0099_p0248a18║相問訊慰勞已,退坐一面,問尊者富隣尼:
T02n0099_p0248a19║「我聞沙門瞿曇作斷滅破壞有教授耶?今
T02n0099_p0248a20║問尊者富隣尼,竟為爾不?」 富隣尼語諸外道
T02n0099_p0248a21║出家:「我不如是知世尊教語,眾生斷滅壞
T02n0099_p0248a22║有,令無所有者,無有是處!我作如是解:
T02n0099_p0248a23║『世尊所說有諸眾生,計言有我、我慢、邪慢,
T02n0099_p0248a24║世尊為說,令其斷滅。』」 時,諸外道出家聞富隣
T02n0099_p0248a25║尼所說,心不喜悅,呵責而去。 爾時,尊者富
T02n0099_p0248a26║隣尼,諸外道去已,往詣佛所,稽首禮足,退
T02n0099_p0248a27║坐一面。以向諸外道出家所說具白世尊:「世
T02n0099_p0248a28║尊!我向答諸外道說,得無謗毀世尊耶?
T02n0099_p0248a29║為是法說,如佛所說,如法說,隨順法說,得
T02n0099_p0248b01║不為諸論議者所見嫌責耶?」 佛告富隣
T02n0099_p0248b02║尼:「如汝所說,不謗如來,不失次第。如我
T02n0099_p0248b03║記說,如法法說,隨順法說,不為諸論者之
T02n0099_p0248b04║所嫌責。所以者何?富隣尼!先諸眾生我慢、
T02n0099_p0248b05║邪慢,邪慢所迫、邪慢集、邪慢不無間等,亂
T02n0099_p0248b06║如狗腸,如鐵鉤鏁,亦如亂草,往反驅馳,此
T02n0099_p0248b07║世他世、他世此世,驅馳往反,不能遠離。富
T02n0099_p0248b08║隣尼!一切眾生於諸邪慢無餘永滅者,彼
T02n0099_p0248b09║一切眾生長夜安隱快樂。」 佛說此經已,富隣
T02n0099_p0248b10║尼比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0248b11║   (九六七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀竹
T02n0099_p0248b12║園。 爾時,尊者阿難陀於後夜時,向[木*翕]補河
T02n0099_p0248b13║邊,脫衣置岸邊,入水洗手足。還上岸,著
T02n0099_p0248b14║一衣,摩拭身體。時,俱迦那外道出家亦至
T02n0099_p0248b15║水邊。尊者阿難聞其行聲,聞聲已,即便謦
T02n0099_p0248b16║咳作聲。 俱迦那外道出家聞有人聲,而問
T02n0099_p0248b17║言:「為何等人?」 尊者阿難答言:「沙門。」 俱迦那
T02n0099_p0248b18║外道言:「何等沙門?」 尊者阿難答言:「釋種子。」 俱
T02n0099_p0248b19║迦那外道言:「欲有所問,寧有閑暇見答以
T02n0099_p0248b20║不?」 尊者阿難答言:「隨意所問,知者當答。」 俱
T02n0099_p0248b21║迦那言:「云何?阿難!如來死後有耶?」 阿難
T02n0099_p0248b22║答言:「世尊所說,此是無記。」 復問:「如來死後無
T02n0099_p0248b23║耶?死後有無耶?非有非無耶?」 阿難言:「世尊
T02n0099_p0248b24║所說,此是無記。」 俱迦那外道言:「云何?阿難!如
T02n0099_p0248b25║來死後有?答言無記,死後無?死後有無?死後
T02n0099_p0248b26║非有非無?答言無記。云何?阿難!為不知不
T02n0099_p0248b27║見耶?」 阿難答言:「非不知、非不見,悉知、悉
T02n0099_p0248b28║見。」 復問阿難:「云何知?云何見?」 阿難答言:「見
T02n0099_p0248b29║可見處,見所起處,見纏斷處,此則為知,
T02n0099_p0248c01║此則為見。我如是知、如是見,云何說言不
T02n0099_p0248c02║知、不見?」 俱迦那外道復問:「尊者何名?」 阿難陀
T02n0099_p0248c03║答言:「我名阿難陀。」 俱迦那外道言:「奇哉!大師
T02n0099_p0248c04║弟子,而共論議!我若知是尊者阿難陀者,
T02n0099_p0248c05║不敢發問。」說是語已,即捨而去。
T02n0099_p0248c06║   (九六八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0248c07║孤獨園。 時,給孤獨長者日日出見世尊,禮
T02n0099_p0248c08║事供養,給孤獨長者作是念:「我今出太早,世
T02n0099_p0248c09║尊及諸比丘禪思未起,我寧可過諸外道住
T02n0099_p0248c10║處。」即入外道精舍,與諸外道共相問訊慰
T02n0099_p0248c11║勞已,退坐一面。 時,彼外道問言:「長者!汝見
T02n0099_p0248c12║沙門瞿曇,云何見?何所見?」 長者答言:「我亦
T02n0099_p0248c13║不知云何見世尊,世尊何所見。」 諸外道言:
T02n0099_p0248c14║「汝言見眾僧,云何見眾僧?眾僧何所見?」 長
T02n0099_p0248c15║者答言:「我亦不知云何見僧,僧何所見。」 外
T02n0099_p0248c16║道復問:「長者!汝今云何自見?自何所見?」 長
T02n0099_p0248c17║者答言:「汝等各各自說所見,然後我說所
T02n0099_p0248c18║見,亦不難。」 時,有一外道作如是言:「長者!
T02n0099_p0248c19║我見一切世間常,是則真實,餘者虛妄。」 復
T02n0099_p0248c20║有說言:「長者!我見一切世間無常,此是真
T02n0099_p0248c21║實,餘則虛妄。」 復有說言:「長者!世間常無常,
T02n0099_p0248c22║此是真實,餘則虛妄。」 復有說言:「世間非
T02n0099_p0248c23║常非無常,此是真實,餘則虛妄。」 復有說言:
T02n0099_p0248c24║「世有邊,此是真實,餘則虛妄。」 復有說言:「世
T02n0099_p0248c25║無邊,此是真實,餘則虛妄。」 復有說言:「世有
T02n0099_p0248c26║邊無邊。」 復有說言:「世非有邊非無邊。」 復
T02n0099_p0248c27║有說言:「命即是身。」 復有說言:「命異身異。」 復
T02n0099_p0248c28║有說言:「如來死後有。」 復有說言:「如來死後
T02n0099_p0248c29║無。」 復有說言:「如來死後有無。」 復有說言:「如
T02n0099_p0249a01║來死後非有非無,此是真實,餘則虛妄。」 諸
T02n0099_p0249a02║外道語長者言:「我等各各已說所見,汝復
T02n0099_p0249a03║應說汝所見。」 長者答言:「我之所見真實、有
T02n0099_p0249a04║為、思量、緣起,若復真實、有為、思量、緣起者,彼
T02n0099_p0249a05║則無常,無常者是苦。如是知已,於一切見
T02n0099_p0249a06║都無所得。如汝所見:『世間常,此是真實,餘
T02n0099_p0249a07║則虛妄。』者,此見真實、有為、思量、緣起;若真實、
T02n0099_p0249a08║有為、思量、緣起者,是則無常,無常者是苦。是
T02n0099_p0249a09║故汝等習近於苦,唯得於苦,堅住於苦,深
T02n0099_p0249a10║入於苦。如是汝言世間無常,此是真實,餘
T02n0099_p0249a11║則虛妄。有如是咎。」 世間常、無常、非常非無
T02n0099_p0249a12║常,世有邊、世無邊、世有邊無邊、世非有
T02n0099_p0249a13║邊非無邊,命即是身、命異身異,如來死後
T02n0099_p0249a14║有、如來死後無、如來死後有無、如來死後非
T02n0099_p0249a15║有非無,此是真實,餘則虛妄,皆如上說。 有
T02n0099_p0249a16║一外道語給孤獨長者言:「如汝所說,若有
T02n0099_p0249a17║見彼,則真實、有為、思量、緣起者,是無常法,若
T02n0099_p0249a18║無常者是苦。是故,長者所見亦習近苦,得苦,
T02n0099_p0249a19║住苦,深入於苦?」 長者答言:「我先不言所見
T02n0099_p0249a20║者,是真實、有為、思量、緣起法,悉皆無常,無常
T02n0099_p0249a21║者是苦,知苦已,我於所見無所得耶?」 彼外
T02n0099_p0249a22║道言:「如是,長者!」 爾時,給孤獨長者於外道精
T02n0099_p0249a23║舍伏彼異論,建立正論,於異學眾中作
T02n0099_p0249a24║師子吼已,往詣佛所,稽首禮足,退坐一面,
T02n0099_p0249a25║以向與諸外道共論事向佛廣說。 佛告給
T02n0099_p0249a26║孤獨長者:「善哉!善哉!宜應時時摧伏愚癡外
T02n0099_p0249a27║道,建立正論。」 佛說是語已,給孤獨長者歡
T02n0099_p0249a28║喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0249a29║   (九六九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0249b01║竹園。 時,有長爪外道出家來詣佛所,與世
T02n0099_p0249b02║尊面相問訊慰勞已,退坐一面,白佛言:「瞿
T02n0099_p0249b03║曇!我一切見不忍。」 佛告火種:「汝言一切見
T02n0099_p0249b04║不忍者,此見亦不忍耶?」 長爪外道言:「向言
T02n0099_p0249b05║一切見不忍者,此見亦不忍。」 佛告火種:「如
T02n0099_p0249b06║是知、如是見,此見則已斷、已捨、已離,餘見
T02n0099_p0249b07║更不相續、不起、不生。火種!多人與汝所見
T02n0099_p0249b08║同,多人作如是見、如是說,汝亦與彼相似,
T02n0099_p0249b09║火種!若諸沙門、婆羅門捨斯等見,餘見不
T02n0099_p0249b10║起,是等沙門、婆羅門世間亦少少耳。 「火種!
T02n0099_p0249b11║依三種見。何等為三?有一如是見、如是說:
T02n0099_p0249b12║『我一切忍。』復次,有一如是見、如是說:『我一
T02n0099_p0249b13║切不忍。』復次,有一如是見、如是說:『我於一
T02n0099_p0249b14║忍、一不忍』。火種!若言一切忍者,此見與貪
T02n0099_p0249b15║俱生,非不貪;與恚俱生,非不恚,與癡俱生,
T02n0099_p0249b16║非不癡;繫,不離繫,煩惱,非清淨,樂取,染著
T02n0099_p0249b17║生。若如是見:『我一切不忍。』此見非貪俱、非
T02n0099_p0249b18║恚俱、非癡俱,清淨非煩惱,離繫非繫,不
T02n0099_p0249b19║樂不取,不著生。火種!若如是見:『我一忍、一
T02n0099_p0249b20║不忍。』彼若忍者,則有貪,乃至染著生,若如
T02n0099_p0249b21║是見不忍者,則離貪,乃至不染著生。 「彼多
T02n0099_p0249b22║聞聖弟子所學言:『我若作如是見、如是說:
T02n0099_p0249b23║「我一切忍。」則為二者所責、所詰。何等二種?謂
T02n0099_p0249b24║一切不忍,及一忍、一不忍,則為此等所責。責
T02n0099_p0249b25║故詰,詰故害,彼見責、見詰、見害故,則捨所
T02n0099_p0249b26║見,餘見則不復生。如是斷見、捨見、離見,餘
T02n0099_p0249b27║見不復相續,不起不生。』 「彼多聞聖弟子作
T02n0099_p0249b28║如是學:『我若如是見、如是說:「我一切不忍。」
T02n0099_p0249b29║者,則有二種二詰。何等為二?謂我一切
T02n0099_p0249c01║忍,及一忍、一不忍。如是二責二詰,乃至不相
T02n0099_p0249c02║續,不起不生。』 「彼多聞聖弟子作如是學:『我
T02n0099_p0249c03║若作如是見、如是說:「一忍、一不忍。」則有
T02n0099_p0249c04║二責二詰。何等二?謂如是見、如是說:「我一
T02n0099_p0249c05║切忍,及一切不忍。」如是二責,乃至不相續,
T02n0099_p0249c06║不起不生。』 「復次,火種!如是身色麁四大,聖
T02n0099_p0249c07║弟子當觀無常、觀生滅、觀離欲、觀滅盡、
T02n0099_p0249c08║觀捨。若聖弟子觀無常、觀滅、觀離欲、觀滅
T02n0099_p0249c09║盡、觀捨住者,於彼身、身欲、身念、身愛、身
T02n0099_p0249c10║染、身著,永滅不住。 「火種!有三種受,謂苦受、
T02n0099_p0249c11║樂受、不苦不樂受。此三種受,何因?何集?何
T02n0099_p0249c12║生?何轉?謂此三受觸因、觸集、觸生、觸轉。彼彼
T02n0099_p0249c13║觸集,則受集;彼彼觸滅,則受滅,寂靜、清涼、永
T02n0099_p0249c14║盡。彼於此三受,覺苦、覺樂、覺不苦不樂。彼
T02n0099_p0249c15║彼受若集、若滅、若味、若患、若出如實知;如實
T02n0099_p0249c16║知已,即於彼受觀察無常、觀生滅、觀離
T02n0099_p0249c17║欲、觀滅盡、觀捨。彼於身分齊受覺如實知,
T02n0099_p0249c18║於命分齊受覺如實知,若彼身壞命終後,即
T02n0099_p0249c19║於爾時一切受永滅、無餘永滅。彼作是
T02n0099_p0249c20║念:『樂受覺時,其身亦壞;苦受覺時,其身亦壞;
T02n0099_p0249c21║不苦不樂受覺時,其身亦壞,悉為苦邊。於
T02n0099_p0249c22║彼樂覺,離繫不繫;於彼苦覺,離繫不繫;
T02n0099_p0249c23║於不苦不樂覺,離繫不繫。於何離繫?離
T02n0099_p0249c24║於貪欲、瞋恚、愚癡,離於生、老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、苦,
T02n0099_p0249c25║我說斯等,名為離苦。』」 當於爾時,尊者舍利
T02n0099_p0249c26║弗受具足始經半月。時,尊者舍利弗住於
T02n0099_p0249c27║佛後,執扇扇佛。時,尊者舍利弗作是念:「世
T02n0099_p0249c28║尊歎說於彼彼法,斷欲、離欲,欲滅盡、欲捨。」爾
T02n0099_p0249c29║時,尊者舍利弗即於彼彼法觀察無常,觀
T02n0099_p0250a01║生滅、觀離欲、觀滅盡、觀捨,不起諸漏,心
T02n0099_p0250a02║得解脫。 爾時,長爪外道出家遠塵離垢,得法
T02n0099_p0250a03║眼淨。長爪外道出家見法、得法、覺法、入法、
T02n0099_p0250a04║度諸疑惑,不由他度,入正法、律,得無所
T02n0099_p0250a05║畏,即從坐起,整衣服,為佛作禮,合掌白佛:
T02n0099_p0250a06║「願得於正法、律出家、受具足,於佛法中修
T02n0099_p0250a07║諸梵行。」 佛告長爪外道出家:「汝得於正法、
T02n0099_p0250a08║律出家、受具足,成比丘分。」 即得善來比丘
T02n0099_p0250a09║出家,彼思惟:「所以善男子剃除鬚髮,著袈
T02n0099_p0250a10║裟衣,正信非家,出家學道……。」乃至心善解脫,
T02n0099_p0250a11║得阿羅漢。 佛說是經已,尊者舍利弗、尊者
T02n0099_p0250a12║長爪聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0250a13║雜阿含經卷第三十四
【經文資訊】大正藏第 02 冊 No. 0099 雜阿含經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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