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T02n0099_032 雜阿含經 第32卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 2 冊 » No.0099 » 第 32 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
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T02n0099_p0226a10║雜阿含經卷第三十二
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T02n0099_p0226a13║   (九〇五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0226a14║竹園。爾時,尊者摩訶迦葉、尊者舍利弗、住
T02n0099_p0226a15║耆闍崛山中。 時,有眾多外道出家詣尊者舍
T02n0099_p0226a16║利弗,與尊者面相問訊慰勞已,退坐一面,
T02n0099_p0226a17║語尊者舍利弗言:「云何?舍利弗!如來有後
T02n0099_p0226a18║生死耶?」 舍利弗言:「諸外道!世尊說言,此是
T02n0099_p0226a19║無記。」 又問:「云何?舍利弗!如來無後生死耶?」
T02n0099_p0226a20║舍利弗答言:「諸外道!世尊說言,此是無記。」
T02n0099_p0226a21║又問:「舍利弗!如來有後生死、無後生死耶?」
T02n0099_p0226a22║舍利弗答言:「世尊說言,此是無記。」 又問舍利
T02n0099_p0226a23║弗:「如來非有後生死、非無後生死耶?」 舍
T02n0099_p0226a24║利弗答言:「諸外道!世尊說言,此是無記。」 諸外
T02n0099_p0226a25║道出家又問尊者舍利弗:「云何所問如來有
T02n0099_p0226a26║後生死、無後生死、有後無後、非有後非
T02n0099_p0226a27║無後,一切答言:『世尊說,此是無記。』云何為
T02n0099_p0226a28║上座,如愚如癡,不善不辯,如嬰兒無自
T02n0099_p0226a29║性智?」作此語已,從坐起去。 爾時,尊者摩訶
T02n0099_p0226b01║迦葉、尊者舍利弗相去不遠,各坐樹下,晝
T02n0099_p0226b02║日禪思。尊者舍利弗知諸外道出家去已,
T02n0099_p0226b03║詣尊者摩訶迦葉所,共相問訊慰勞已,退坐
T02n0099_p0226b04║一面。以向與諸外道出家所論說事,具白
T02n0099_p0226b05║尊者摩訶迦葉:「尊者摩訶迦葉!何因何緣世
T02n0099_p0226b06║尊不記說,後有生死、後無生死、後有後無、
T02n0099_p0226b07║非有非無生死耶?」 尊者摩訶迦葉語舍利
T02n0099_p0226b08║弗言:「若說如來後有生死者,是則為色;若
T02n0099_p0226b09║說如來無後生死,是則為色;若說如來有
T02n0099_p0226b10║後生死、無後生死,是則為色;若說如來
T02n0099_p0226b11║非有後、非無後生死,是則為色。如來者,色
T02n0099_p0226b12║已盡,心善解脫。言有後生死者,此則不然;
T02n0099_p0226b13║無後生死、有後無後、非有後非無後生
T02n0099_p0226b14║死,此亦不然。如來者,色已盡,心善解脫,甚
T02n0099_p0226b15║深廣大,無量無數,寂滅涅槃。 「舍利弗!若說
T02n0099_p0226b16║如來有後生死者,是則為受、為想、為行、為
T02n0099_p0226b17║識、為動、為慮、為虛誑、為有為、為愛,乃至
T02n0099_p0226b18║非有非無後有亦如是說。如來者,愛已
T02n0099_p0226b19║盡,心善解脫,是故說後有者不然,後無、後
T02n0099_p0226b20║有無、後非有非無者不然,如來者,愛已
T02n0099_p0226b21║盡,心善解脫,甚深廣大,無量無數,寂滅涅槃。
T02n0099_p0226b22║舍利弗!如是因、如是緣,故有問世尊:『如
T02n0099_p0226b23║來若有、若無、若有無、若非有非無後生死?』
T02n0099_p0226b24║不可記說。」 時,二正士共論議已,各還本處。
T02n0099_p0226b25║   (九〇六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0226b26║孤獨園。 爾時,尊者摩訶迦葉住舍衛國東園
T02n0099_p0226b27║鹿子母講堂,晡時從禪覺,往詣佛所,稽首禮
T02n0099_p0226b28║足,退坐一面,白佛言:「世尊!何因何緣,世尊
T02n0099_p0226b29║先為諸聲聞少制戒時,多有比丘心樂習
T02n0099_p0226c01║學;今多為聲聞制戒,而諸比丘少樂習學?」 佛
T02n0099_p0226c02║言:「如是,迦葉!命濁、煩惱濁、劫濁、眾生濁、見
T02n0099_p0226c03║濁,眾生善法退減故,大師為諸聲聞多制
T02n0099_p0226c04║禁戒,少樂習學,迦葉。譬如劫欲壞時,真寶
T02n0099_p0226c05║未滅,有諸相似偽寶出於世間;偽寶出已,
T02n0099_p0226c06║真寶則沒。如是,迦葉!如來正法欲滅之時,有
T02n0099_p0226c07║相似像法生;相似像法出世間已,正法則
T02n0099_p0226c08║滅。譬如大海中,船載多珍寶,則頓沈沒;如來
T02n0099_p0226c09║正法則不如是漸漸消滅。如來正法不為
T02n0099_p0226c10║地界所壞,不為水、火、風界所壞,乃至惡眾
T02n0099_p0226c11║生出世,樂行諸惡、欲行諸惡、成就諸惡,非
T02n0099_p0226c12║法言法、法言非法、非律言律、律言非律,以
T02n0099_p0226c13║相似法,句味熾然,如來正法於此則沒。 「迦
T02n0099_p0226c14║葉!有五因緣能令如來正法沈沒。何等為
T02n0099_p0226c15║五?若比丘於大師所,不敬不重,不下意供
T02n0099_p0226c16║養;於大師所,不敬不重,不下意供養已,然
T02n0099_p0226c17║復依猗而住。若法、若學、若隨順教、若諸梵
T02n0099_p0226c18║行,大師所稱歎者,不敬不重,不下意供養,
T02n0099_p0226c19║而依止住。是名,迦葉!五因緣故,如來正法於
T02n0099_p0226c20║此沈沒。 「迦葉!有五因緣令如來法、律不沒、
T02n0099_p0226c21║不忘、不退。何等為五?若比丘於大師所,恭
T02n0099_p0226c22║敬尊重,下意供養,依止而住,若法、若學、若
T02n0099_p0226c23║隨順教、若諸梵行,大師所稱歎者,恭敬尊
T02n0099_p0226c24║重,下意供養,依止而住。迦葉!是名五因緣
T02n0099_p0226c25║如來法、律不沒、不忘、不退。是故,迦葉!當如
T02n0099_p0226c26║是學:『於大師所,當修恭敬尊重,下意供養,
T02n0099_p0226c27║依止而住;若法、若學、若隨順教、若諸梵行,大
T02n0099_p0226c28║師所讚歎者,恭敬尊重,下意供養,依止而
T02n0099_p0226c29║住。』」 佛說是經已,尊者摩訶迦葉歡喜隨喜,作
T02n0099_p0227a01║禮而去。
T02n0099_p0227a02║   (九〇七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0227a03║竹園。 時,有遮羅周羅那羅聚落主來詣佛
T02n0099_p0227a04║所,面前問訊慰勞,問訊慰勞已,退坐一面,
T02n0099_p0227a05║白佛言:「瞿曇!我聞古昔歌舞戲笑耆年宿士
T02n0099_p0227a06║作如是說:『若伎兒於大眾中歌舞戲笑,作
T02n0099_p0227a07║種種伎,令彼大眾歡樂喜笑,以是業緣,身
T02n0099_p0227a08║壞命終,生歡喜天。』於此,瞿曇法中所說云
T02n0099_p0227a09║何?」 佛告聚落主:「且止!莫問此義。」如是再
T02n0099_p0227a10║三,猶請不已。 佛告聚落主:「我今問汝,隨
T02n0099_p0227a11║汝意答。古昔此聚落眾生不離貪欲、貪欲
T02n0099_p0227a12║縛所縛,不離瞋恚、瞋恚縛所縛,不離愚
T02n0099_p0227a13║癡、愚癡縛所縛。彼諸伎兒於大眾坐中,種
T02n0099_p0227a14║種歌舞伎樂嬉戲,令彼眾人歡樂喜笑。聚落
T02n0099_p0227a15║主!當其彼人歡樂喜笑者,豈不增長貪、恚、
T02n0099_p0227a16║癡縛耶?」 聚落主白佛言:「如是,瞿曇!」 「聚落
T02n0099_p0227a17║主!譬如有人以繩反縛,有人長夜以惡
T02n0099_p0227a18║心欲令此人非義饒益,不安不樂,數數以
T02n0099_p0227a19║水澆所縛繩,此人被縛豈不轉增急耶?」
T02n0099_p0227a20║聚落主言:「如是,瞿曇!」 佛言:「聚落主!古昔眾
T02n0099_p0227a21║生亦復如是,不離貪欲、瞋恚、癡縛,緣彼嬉
T02n0099_p0227a22║戲歡樂喜笑,更增其縛。」 聚落主言:「實爾,瞿曇!
T02n0099_p0227a23║彼諸伎兒令其眾生歡樂喜笑,轉增貪欲、
T02n0099_p0227a24║瞋恚、癡縛。以是因緣,身壞命終,生善趣者,
T02n0099_p0227a25║無有是處!」 佛告聚落主:「若言古昔伎兒能
T02n0099_p0227a26║令大眾歡樂喜笑,以是業緣,生歡喜天者,
T02n0099_p0227a27║是則邪見!若邪見者,應生二趣,若地獄趣、
T02n0099_p0227a28║若畜生趣。」 說是語時,遮羅周羅那羅聚落主
T02n0099_p0227a29║悲泣流淚! 爾時,世尊告聚落主:「是故我先三
T02n0099_p0227b01║問不答,言聚落主:『且止!莫問此義。』」 聚落主
T02n0099_p0227b02║白佛言:「瞿曇!我不以瞿曇說故而悲泣也。
T02n0099_p0227b03║我自念,昔來云何為彼愚癡不辨不善諸
T02n0099_p0227b04║伎兒輩所見欺誑,言大眾中作諸伎樂,乃至
T02n0099_p0227b05║生歡喜天。我今定思:『云何伎兒歌舞嬉戲生
T02n0099_p0227b06║歡喜天?』瞿曇!我從今日,捨彼伎兒惡不善
T02n0099_p0227b07║業,歸佛、歸法、歸比丘僧。」 佛言:「善哉!聚落主!
T02n0099_p0227b08║此真實要。」 爾時,遮羅周羅那羅聚落主聞佛
T02n0099_p0227b09║所說,歡喜隨喜,頂禮佛足,歡喜而去。
T02n0099_p0227b10║   (九〇八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀竹
T02n0099_p0227b11║園。 爾時,戰鬪活聚落主來詣佛所,恭敬問
T02n0099_p0227b12║訊,問訊已,退坐一面,白佛言:「瞿曇!我聞古
T02n0099_p0227b13║昔戰鬪活耆年宿士作是言:『若戰鬪活,身被
T02n0099_p0227b14║重鎧,手執利器,將士先鋒,堪能方便摧伏
T02n0099_p0227b15║怨敵,緣此業報,生箭降伏天。』於瞿曇法
T02n0099_p0227b16║中,其義云何?」 佛告戰鬪活:「且止!莫問此義。」
T02n0099_p0227b17║如是再三問,亦再三止之,猶問不已。 佛告
T02n0099_p0227b18║聚落主:「我今問汝,隨汝意答。聚落主!於意
T02n0099_p0227b19║云何?若戰鬪活,身被甲冑,為戰士先鋒,堪
T02n0099_p0227b20║能方便摧伏怨敵,此人豈不先起傷害之
T02n0099_p0227b21║心,欲攝縛枷鏁,斫刺殺害於彼耶?」 聚落主
T02n0099_p0227b22║白佛:「如是,世尊!」 佛告聚落主:「為戰鬪活,
T02n0099_p0227b23║有三種惡邪,若身若口若意;以此三種惡邪
T02n0099_p0227b24║因緣,身壞命終,得生善趣箭降伏天者,無
T02n0099_p0227b25║有是處。」 佛告聚落主:「若古昔戰鬪活耆年
T02n0099_p0227b26║宿士,作如是見、作如是說,若諸戰鬪活,身
T02n0099_p0227b27║被甲冑,手執利器,命敵先登,堪能方便摧
T02n0099_p0227b28║伏怨敵,以是因緣,生箭降伏天者,是則邪
T02n0099_p0227b29║見。邪見之人,應生二處,若地獄趣、若畜生
T02n0099_p0227c01║趣。」 說是語時,彼聚落主悲泣流淚! 佛告聚
T02n0099_p0227c02║落主:「以是義故,我先再三語汝:『且止!不為
T02n0099_p0227c03║汝說。』」 聚落主白佛言:「我不以瞿曇語故悲
T02n0099_p0227c04║泣,我念古昔諸鬪戰活耆年宿士愚癡,不善
T02n0099_p0227c05║不辨,長夜,欺誑作如是言:『若戰鬪活,身被
T02n0099_p0227c06║甲冑,手執利器,命敵先登,乃至得生箭降
T02n0099_p0227c07║伏天。』是故悲泣。我今定思:『諸戰鬪活,惡業因
T02n0099_p0227c08║緣,身壞命終,生箭降伏天者,無有是處。』瞿
T02n0099_p0227c09║曇!我從今日,捨諸惡業,歸佛、歸法、歸比丘
T02n0099_p0227c10║僧。」 佛告聚落主:「此真實要。」 時,戰鬪活聚落主
T02n0099_p0227c11║聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,即從坐起,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0227c12║   (九〇九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0227c13║竹園。 時,有調馬聚落主來詣佛所,恭敬問
T02n0099_p0227c14║訊,退坐一面。 爾時,世尊告調馬聚落主:「調伏
T02n0099_p0227c15║馬者,有幾種法?」 聚落主答言:「瞿曇!有三種
T02n0099_p0227c16║法。何等為三?謂一者柔軟,二者剛強,三者
T02n0099_p0227c17║柔軟剛強。」 佛告聚落主:「若以三種法,馬猶
T02n0099_p0227c18║不調,當如之何?」 聚落主言:「便當殺之?」 聚落
T02n0099_p0227c19║主白佛言:「瞿曇!無上調御丈夫者,當以幾
T02n0099_p0227c20║種法調御丈夫?」 佛告聚落主:「我亦以三法
T02n0099_p0227c21║調御丈夫。何等為三?一者柔軟,二者剛強,
T02n0099_p0227c22║三者柔軟剛強。」 聚落主白佛:「瞿曇!若三種
T02n0099_p0227c23║調御丈夫,猶不調者,當如之何?」 佛言:「聚落
T02n0099_p0227c24║主!三事調伏猶不調者,便當殺之。所以者
T02n0099_p0227c25║何?莫令我法有所屈辱。」 調馬聚落主白佛
T02n0099_p0227c26║言:「瞿曇法中,殺生者不淨,瞿曇法中不應
T02n0099_p0227c27║殺,而今說言:『不調伏者,亦當殺之。』?」 佛告
T02n0099_p0227c28║聚落主:「如汝所言:『如來法中,殺生者不淨,
T02n0099_p0227c29║如來不應有殺。』聚落主!然我以三種法調
T02n0099_p0228a01║御丈夫,彼不調者,不復與語,不復教授,不
T02n0099_p0228a02║復教誡。聚落主!若如來調御丈夫,不復與
T02n0099_p0228a03║語,不復教授,不復教誡,豈非殺耶?」 調馬聚
T02n0099_p0228a04║落主白佛言:「瞿曇!若調御丈夫不復與語,
T02n0099_p0228a05║不復教授,不復教誡,真為殺也。是故我
T02n0099_p0228a06║從今日,捨諸惡業,歸佛、歸法、歸比丘僧。」
T02n0099_p0228a07║佛告聚落主:「此真實要。」 佛說此經已,調馬
T02n0099_p0228a08║聚落主聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,即從坐起,作
T02n0099_p0228a09║禮而去。
T02n0099_p0228a10║   (九一〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0228a11║竹園。 時,有兇惡聚落主來詣佛所,稽首佛
T02n0099_p0228a12║足,退坐一面,白佛言:「世尊!不修何等法
T02n0099_p0228a13║故,於他生瞋恚;生瞋恚故,口說惡言,他
T02n0099_p0228a14║為其作惡性名字?」 佛告聚落主:「不修正見
T02n0099_p0228a15║故,於他生瞋;生瞋恚已,口說惡言,他為
T02n0099_p0228a16║其作惡性名字。不修正志、正語、正業、正命、
T02n0099_p0228a17║正方便、正念、正定故,於他生瞋;生瞋恚故,
T02n0099_p0228a18║口說惡言,他為其作惡性名字。」 復問:「世尊!
T02n0099_p0228a19║修習何法,於他不瞋,不瞋恚故,口說善
T02n0099_p0228a20║言,他為其作賢善名字?」 佛告聚落主:「修正
T02n0099_p0228a21║見故,於他不瞋;不瞋恚故,口說善言,他
T02n0099_p0228a22║為其作賢善名字。修習正志、正語、正業、正命、
T02n0099_p0228a23║正方便、正念、正定故,於他不瞋;不瞋恚故,
T02n0099_p0228a24║口說善言,他為其作賢善名字。」 兇惡聚落
T02n0099_p0228a25║主白佛言:「奇哉!世尊!善說此言。我不修正
T02n0099_p0228a26║見故,於他生瞋;生瞋恚已,口說惡言,他
T02n0099_p0228a27║為我作惡性名字。我不修正志、正語、正業、
T02n0099_p0228a28║正命、正方便、正念、正定故,於他生瞋;生瞋
T02n0099_p0228a29║恚故,口說惡言,他為我作惡性名字。是故,
T02n0099_p0228b01║我今當捨瞋恚、剛強、麁澁。」 佛告聚落主:「此真
T02n0099_p0228b02║實要。」 佛說此經已,兇惡聚落主歡喜隨喜,作
T02n0099_p0228b03║禮而去。
T02n0099_p0228b04║   (九一一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0228b05║竹園。 時,有摩尼珠髻聚落主來詣佛所,稽
T02n0099_p0228b06║首佛足,退坐一面,白佛言:「世尊!先日國王
T02n0099_p0228b07║集諸大臣,共論議言:『云何沙門釋子比丘自
T02n0099_p0228b08║為受畜金銀寶物,為淨耶?為不淨耶?』其中
T02n0099_p0228b09║有言:『沙門釋子應受畜金銀寶物。』又復有
T02n0099_p0228b10║言:『不應自為受畜金銀寶物。』世尊!彼言沙
T02n0099_p0228b11║門釋子應自為受畜金銀寶物者,為從佛
T02n0099_p0228b12║聞?為自出意說?作是語者,為隨順法?為
T02n0099_p0228b13║不隨順?為真實說?為虛妄說?如是說者,得
T02n0099_p0228b14║不墮於呵責處耶?」 佛告聚落主:「此則妄說,
T02n0099_p0228b15║非真實說、非是法說、非隨順說,墮呵責處。
T02n0099_p0228b16║所以者何?沙門釋子自為受畜金銀寶物
T02n0099_p0228b17║者,不清淨故;若自為己受畜金銀寶物者,
T02n0099_p0228b18║非沙門法、非釋種子法。」 聚落主白佛言:「奇
T02n0099_p0228b19║哉!世尊!沙門釋子受畜金銀寶物者,非沙
T02n0099_p0228b20║門法、非釋種子法,此真實說!世尊!作是說
T02n0099_p0228b21║者,增長勝妙,我亦作是說:『沙門釋子不應
T02n0099_p0228b22║自為受畜金銀寶物。』」 佛告聚落主:「若沙門
T02n0099_p0228b23║釋子自為受畜金銀珍寶清淨者,五欲功德
T02n0099_p0228b24║悉應清淨!」 摩尼珠髻聚落主聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0228b25║喜作禮而去。 爾時,世尊知摩尼珠髻聚落主
T02n0099_p0228b26║去已,告尊者阿難:「若諸比丘依止迦蘭陀竹
T02n0099_p0228b27║園住者,悉呼令集於食堂。」 時,尊者阿難即
T02n0099_p0228b28║受佛教,周遍宣令依止迦蘭陀竹園比丘
T02n0099_p0228b29║集於食堂。比丘集已,往白世尊:「諸比丘已
T02n0099_p0228c01║集食堂,惟世尊知時!」 爾時,世尊往詣食堂,
T02n0099_p0228c02║大眾前坐,坐已,告諸比丘:「今日有摩尼珠髻
T02n0099_p0228c03║聚落主來諒我所,作如是言:『先日國王
T02n0099_p0228c04║集諸大臣,作如是論議:「沙門釋子自為受
T02n0099_p0228c05║畜金銀寶物,為清淨不?」其中有言清淨
T02n0099_p0228c06║者,有言不清淨者。今問世尊,言清淨者,
T02n0099_p0228c07║為從佛聞?為自妄說?』……」如上廣說。「彼摩尼珠
T02n0099_p0228c08║髻聚落主聞我所說,歡喜隨喜,作禮而去。 「諸
T02n0099_p0228c09║比丘!國王、大臣共集論議,彼摩尼珠髻聚落
T02n0099_p0228c10║主於大眾前師子吼說:『沙門釋種子不應
T02n0099_p0228c11║自為受畜金銀寶物。』諸比丘!汝等從今日,
T02n0099_p0228c12║須木索木、須草索草、須車索車、須作人
T02n0099_p0228c13║索作人,慎勿為己受取金銀種種寶物!」 佛
T02n0099_p0228c14║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0228c15║   (九一二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住瞻婆國揭伽池
T02n0099_p0228c16║側。時,有王頂聚落主來詣佛所,稽首佛足,
T02n0099_p0228c17║退坐一面。 爾時,世尊告王頂聚落主:「今者眾
T02n0099_p0228c18║生依於二邊。何等為二?一者樂著卑下、田舍、
T02n0099_p0228c19║常人凡夫五欲。二者自苦方便,不正、非義饒
T02n0099_p0228c20║益。聚落主!有三種樂受欲樂,卑下、田舍、常人
T02n0099_p0228c21║凡夫;有三種自苦方便,不正、非義饒益。 「聚落
T02n0099_p0228c22║主!何等為三種卑下、田舍、常人凡夫樂受欲
T02n0099_p0228c23║樂?有受欲者,非法濫取,不以安樂自供,不
T02n0099_p0228c24║供養父母、給足兄弟、妻子、奴婢、眷屬、朋友、知
T02n0099_p0228c25║識,亦不隨時供養沙門、婆羅門、仰求勝處
T02n0099_p0228c26║安樂果報、未來生天,是名世間第一受欲。 「復
T02n0099_p0228c27║次,聚落主!受欲樂者,以法、非法濫取財物,
T02n0099_p0228c28║以樂自供,供養父母,給足、兄弟、妻子、奴婢、眷
T02n0099_p0228c29║屬、朋友、知識,而不隨時供養沙門、婆羅門、
T02n0099_p0229a01║仰求勝處安樂果報、未來生天,是名第二受
T02n0099_p0229a02║欲樂者。 「復次,聚落主!有受欲樂者,以法求
T02n0099_p0229a03║財,不以濫取,以樂自供,供養父母,給足兄
T02n0099_p0229a04║弟、妻子、奴婢、眷屬、知識,隨時供養沙門、婆羅
T02n0099_p0229a05║門,仰求勝處安樂果報,未來生天,是名第
T02n0099_p0229a06║三受欲樂者。 「聚落主!我不一向說受欲平
T02n0099_p0229a07║等,我說受欲者其人卑下,我說受欲者是其
T02n0099_p0229a08║中人,我說受欲者是其勝人。 「何等為卑下受
T02n0099_p0229a09║欲者?謂非法濫取,乃至不仰求勝處安樂果
T02n0099_p0229a10║報、未來生天,是名我說卑下者受欲。 「何等為
T02n0099_p0229a11║中人受欲?謂受欲者以法、非法而求財物,
T02n0099_p0229a12║乃至不求未來生天,是名我說第二中人受
T02n0099_p0229a13║欲。 「何等為我說勝人受欲?謂彼以法求財,
T02n0099_p0229a14║乃至未來生天,是名我說第三勝人受欲。 「何
T02n0099_p0229a15║等為三種自苦方便?是苦非法、不正、非義饒
T02n0099_p0229a16║益?有一自苦枯槁活,初始犯戒、污戒,彼修
T02n0099_p0229a17║種種苦行,精勤方便住處住,彼不能現法
T02n0099_p0229a18║得離熾然、過人法、勝妙知見安樂住。聚落
T02n0099_p0229a19║主!是名第一自苦方便枯槁活。 「復次,自苦方
T02n0099_p0229a20║便枯槁活,始不犯戒、污戒,而修種種苦行,
T02n0099_p0229a21║亦不由此現法得離熾然、過人法、勝妙知
T02n0099_p0229a22║見安樂住,是名第二自苦方便枯槁活。 「復次,
T02n0099_p0229a23║自苦方便枯槁活,不初始犯戒、污戒,然修種
T02n0099_p0229a24║種苦行方便,亦不能現法離熾然、得過人
T02n0099_p0229a25║法、勝妙知見安樂住,是名第三自苦方便枯
T02n0099_p0229a26║槁活。 「聚落主!我不說一切自苦方便枯槁活
T02n0099_p0229a27║悉等,我說有自苦方便是卑劣人,有說自
T02n0099_p0229a28║苦方便是中人,有說自苦方便是勝人。 「何等
T02n0099_p0229a29║自苦方便卑劣人?若彼自苦方便,初始犯戒、
T02n0099_p0229b01║污戒,乃至不得勝妙知見安樂住,是名我
T02n0099_p0229b02║說自苦方便卑劣人。 「何等為自苦方便中人?
T02n0099_p0229b03║若彼自苦方便,不初始犯戒、污戒,乃至不
T02n0099_p0229b04║得勝妙知見安樂住,是名我說自苦方便中
T02n0099_p0229b05║間人。 「何等為自苦方便勝人?若彼自苦方便
T02n0099_p0229b06║枯槁活,不初始犯戒、污戒,乃至不得勝妙知
T02n0099_p0229b07║見安樂住,是名我說自苦方便勝人。 「聚落主!
T02n0099_p0229b08║是名三種自苦方便,是苦非法、不正、非義饒
T02n0099_p0229b09║益。 「聚落主!有道有跡,不向三種受欲隨
T02n0099_p0229b10║順方便,卑下、田舍、常人凡夫,不向三種自苦
T02n0099_p0229b11║方便,是苦非法、不正、非義饒益。聚落主!何等
T02n0099_p0229b12║為道,何等為跡,不向三種受欲、三種自苦
T02n0099_p0229b13║方便?聚落主!為欲貪障閡故,或欲自害,
T02n0099_p0229b14║或欲害他,或欲俱害,現法後世得斯罪報,
T02n0099_p0229b15║心法憂苦。瞋恚、癡所障,或欲自害,或欲害
T02n0099_p0229b16║他,或欲俱害,現法後世得斯罪報,心法憂
T02n0099_p0229b17║苦。若離貪障,不欲方便自害、害他、自他俱
T02n0099_p0229b18║害,不現法後世受斯罪報;彼心、心法常受
T02n0099_p0229b19║喜樂,如是離瞋恚、愚癡障閡,不欲自害,
T02n0099_p0229b20║不欲害他、自他俱害,不現法後世受斯罪
T02n0099_p0229b21║報;彼心、心法常受安樂,於現法中,遠離熾
T02n0099_p0229b22║然,不待時節,親近涅槃,即此身現緣自覺
T02n0099_p0229b23║知。聚落主!如此現法永離熾然,不待時節,
T02n0099_p0229b24║親近涅槃,即此現身緣自覺知者,為八聖道——
T02n0099_p0229b25║正見乃至正定。」 當其世尊說是法時,王頂
T02n0099_p0229b26║聚落主遠塵離垢,得法眼淨。時,王頂聚落
T02n0099_p0229b27║主見法、得法、知法、深入於法,度疑不由於
T02n0099_p0229b28║他,於正法、律得無所畏。即從坐起,整衣服,
T02n0099_p0229b29║合掌白佛:「我今已度。世尊!歸佛、歸法、歸比
T02n0099_p0229c01║丘僧,從今盡壽為優婆塞。」 時,聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0229c02║喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0229c03║   (九一三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛在力士人間遊
T02n0099_p0229c04║行,到欝鞞羅住處鸚鵡閻浮林。 時,有竭曇
T02n0099_p0229c05║聚落主聞沙門瞿曇在力士人間遊行,至
T02n0099_p0229c06║欝鞞羅聚落鸚鵡閻浮林,說現法苦集、苦沒。
T02n0099_p0229c07║我當往詣彼沙門瞿曇,若我詣沙門瞿曇
T02n0099_p0229c08║者,彼必為我說現法苦集、苦沒。即往彼欝
T02n0099_p0229c09║鞞羅聚落,詣世尊所,稽首禮足,退坐一面,
T02n0099_p0229c10║白佛言:「世尊!我聞世尊常為人說現法苦
T02n0099_p0229c11║集、苦沒。善哉!世尊!為我說現法苦集、苦沒。」 佛
T02n0099_p0229c12║告聚落主:「我若說過去法苦集、苦沒者,知
T02n0099_p0229c13║汝於彼為信、為不信,為欲、不欲,為念、不
T02n0099_p0229c14║念,為樂、不樂,汝今苦不?我若說未來苦集、
T02n0099_p0229c15║苦沒者,知汝於彼為信、不信,為欲、不欲,為
T02n0099_p0229c16║念、不念,為樂、不樂,汝今苦不?我今於此說
T02n0099_p0229c17║現法苦集、苦沒,聚落主!若眾生所有苦生,彼
T02n0099_p0229c18║一切皆以欲為本,欲生、欲集、欲起、欲因、欲
T02n0099_p0229c19║緣而苦生。」 聚落主白佛言:「世尊!極略說法,
T02n0099_p0229c20║不廣分別,我所不解。善哉!世尊!唯願廣說,
T02n0099_p0229c21║令我等解。」 佛告聚落主:「我今問汝,隨汝意
T02n0099_p0229c22║說,聚落主!於意云何?若眾生於此欝鞞羅
T02n0099_p0229c23║聚落住者,是若縛、若打、若責、若殺,汝心當
T02n0099_p0229c24║起憂、悲、惱、苦不?」 聚落主白佛言:「世尊!亦不
T02n0099_p0229c25║一向。若諸眾生於此欝鞞羅聚落住者,於
T02n0099_p0229c26║我有欲、有貪、有愛、有念、相習近者,彼遭若
T02n0099_p0229c27║縛、若打、若責、若殺,我則生憂、悲、惱、苦。若彼
T02n0099_p0229c28║眾生所無欲、貪、愛、念、相習近者,彼遭縛、打、
T02n0099_p0229c29║責、殺,我何為橫生憂、悲、惱、苦?」 佛告聚落主:
T02n0099_p0230a01║「是故當知,眾生種種苦生,彼一切皆以欲
T02n0099_p0230a02║為本,欲生、欲習、欲起、欲因、欲緣而生眾苦。
T02n0099_p0230a03║聚落主!於意云何?汝依父母不相見者,則
T02n0099_p0230a04║生欲、貪、愛、念不?」 聚落主言:「不也,世尊!」 「聚落
T02n0099_p0230a05║主!於意云何?若見、若聞彼依父母,當起欲、
T02n0099_p0230a06║愛、念不?」 聚落主言:「如是,世尊!」 復問:「聚落主!
T02n0099_p0230a07║於意云何?彼依父母,若無常變異者,當起
T02n0099_p0230a08║憂、悲、惱、苦不?」 聚落主言:「如是,世尊!若依父
T02n0099_p0230a09║母無常變異者,我或隣死,豈唯憂、悲、惱、苦?」
T02n0099_p0230a10║佛告聚落主:「是故當知,若諸眾生所有苦
T02n0099_p0230a11║生,一切皆以愛欲為本,欲生、欲集、欲起、欲
T02n0099_p0230a12║因、欲緣而生苦。」 聚落主言:「奇哉!世尊!善說如
T02n0099_p0230a13║此依父母譬。我有依父母,居在異處,我
T02n0099_p0230a14║日日遣信問其安否;使未時還,我以憂苦,
T02n0099_p0230a15║況復無常,而無憂苦?」 佛告聚落主:「是故我
T02n0099_p0230a16║說,其諸眾生所有憂苦,一切皆以欲為根
T02n0099_p0230a17║本,欲生、欲集、欲起、欲因、欲緣而生憂苦。」 佛
T02n0099_p0230a18║告聚落主:「若有四愛念無常變異者,則四
T02n0099_p0230a19║憂苦生;若三、二,若一愛念無常變異者,則一
T02n0099_p0230a20║憂苦生。聚落主!若都無愛念者,則無憂苦
T02n0099_p0230a21║塵勞。」即說偈言:
T02n0099_p0230a22║「若無世間愛念者,  則無憂苦塵勞患,
T02n0099_p0230a23║ 一切憂苦消滅盡,  猶如蓮花不著水。」

T02n0099_p0230a24║當其世尊說是法時,揭曇聚落主遠塵離
T02n0099_p0230a25║垢,得法眼淨,見法得法,深入於法,度諸
T02n0099_p0230a26║狐疑不由於他、不由他度,於正法、律得
T02n0099_p0230a27║無所畏。從坐起,整衣服,合掌白佛:「已度。世
T02n0099_p0230a28║尊!我以超越。我從今日,歸佛、歸法、歸比丘
T02n0099_p0230a29║僧,盡其壽命為優婆塞,唯憶持我!」 佛說此
T02n0099_p0230b01║經已,揭曇聚落主聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,作
T02n0099_p0230b02║禮而去。
T02n0099_p0230b03║   (九一四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛在摩竭提國人間
T02n0099_p0230b04║遊行,與千二百五十比丘、千優婆塞、五百乞
T02n0099_p0230b05║殘食人,從城至城,從聚落至聚落,人間遊
T02n0099_p0230b06║行,至那羅聚落好衣菴羅園中。 時,有刀師
T02n0099_p0230b07║氏聚落主是尼揵弟子,詣尼揵所,禮尼揵
T02n0099_p0230b08║足,退坐一面。 爾時,尼揵語刀師氏聚落主:
T02n0099_p0230b09║「汝能共沙門瞿曇作蒺[卄/梨]論,令沙門瞿曇
T02n0099_p0230b10║不得語、不得不語耶?」 聚落主言:「阿梨!我
T02n0099_p0230b11║立何等論為蒺[卄/梨]論,令沙門瞿曇不得
T02n0099_p0230b12║語、不得不語?」 尼揵語聚落主言:「汝往詣沙
T02n0099_p0230b13║門瞿曇所,作是問:『瞿曇常願欲令諸家福
T02n0099_p0230b14║利具足增長,作如是願、如是說不?』若答汝
T02n0099_p0230b15║言不者,汝當問言:『沙門瞿曇與凡愚夫有
T02n0099_p0230b16║何等異?』若言有願有說者,當復問言:『沙門
T02n0099_p0230b17║瞿曇若有如是願、如是說者,今云何於飢
T02n0099_p0230b18║饉世,遊行人間,將諸大眾千二百五十比
T02n0099_p0230b19║丘、千優婆塞、五百乞殘食人,從城至城,從
T02n0099_p0230b20║村至村,費世間,如大雨雹雨已,乃是減
T02n0099_p0230b21║損,非增益也。瞿曇所說,殊不相應,不類不
T02n0099_p0230b22║似,前後相違。』如是。聚落主!是名蒺[卄/梨]論,令
T02n0099_p0230b23║彼沙門瞿曇不得語、不得不語。」 爾時,刀師
T02n0099_p0230b24║氏聚落主受尼揵勸教已,詣佛所恭敬問
T02n0099_p0230b25║訊,恭敬問訊已,退坐一面,白佛:「瞿曇常欲
T02n0099_p0230b26║願令諸家福利增長不?」 佛告聚落主:「如來
T02n0099_p0230b27║長夜欲令諸家福利增長,亦常作是說。」 聚
T02n0099_p0230b28║落主言:「若如是者,云何瞿曇於飢饉世人
T02n0099_p0230b29║間乞食,將諸大眾……」,乃至「不似不類,前後相
T02n0099_p0230c01║違?」 佛告聚落主:「我憶九十一劫以來,不見
T02n0099_p0230c02║一人施一比丘,有盡有減。聚落主!汝觀今
T02n0099_p0230c03║日有人家大富,多錢財、多眷屬、多僕從,當
T02n0099_p0230c04║知其家長夜好施,真實寂止,故致斯福利。
T02n0099_p0230c05║聚落主!有八因緣,令人損減福利不增。何
T02n0099_p0230c06║等為八?王所逼、賊所劫、火所焚、水所漂、
T02n0099_p0230c07║藏自消減、抵債不還、怨憎殘破、惡子費用,
T02n0099_p0230c08║有是八種為錢財難聚。聚落主!我說無常
T02n0099_p0230c09║為第九句。如是,聚落主!汝捨九因九緣,而
T02n0099_p0230c10║言沙門瞿曇破壞他家,不捨惡言、不捨惡
T02n0099_p0230c11║見,如鐵槍投水,身壞命終,生地獄中。」 時,刀
T02n0099_p0230c12║師氏聚落主心生恐怖,身毛皆竪,白佛言:
T02n0099_p0230c13║「世尊!我今悔過!如愚如癡,不善不辯,於瞿
T02n0099_p0230c14║曇所不實欺誑,虛說妄語。」 聞佛所說,歡喜
T02n0099_p0230c15║隨喜,從坐起去。
T02n0099_p0230c16║   (九一五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住那羅聚落好衣
T02n0099_p0230c17║菴羅園中。 時,有刀師氏聚落主,先是尼揵弟
T02n0099_p0230c18║子,詣尼揵所,禮尼揵足,退坐一面。 爾時,尼
T02n0099_p0230c19║揵語聚落主:「汝能共沙門瞿曇作蒺[卄/梨]論,
T02n0099_p0230c20║令沙門瞿曇不得語、不得不語?」 聚落主白
T02n0099_p0230c21║尼揵:「阿梨!何等為蒺[卄/梨]論,令沙門瞿曇不
T02n0099_p0230c22║得語、不得不語耶?」 尼揵語聚落主:「汝往
T02n0099_p0230c23║沙門瞿曇所,作如是言:『瞿曇不常欲安慰
T02n0099_p0230c24║一切眾生、讚歎安慰一切眾生耶?』若言不
T02n0099_p0230c25║者,應語言:『瞿曇與凡愚夫有何等異?』若言
T02n0099_p0230c26║常欲安慰一切眾生,讚歎安慰一切眾生
T02n0099_p0230c27║者,復應問言:『若欲安慰一切眾生者,以
T02n0099_p0230c28║何等故,或為一種人說法?或不為一種人
T02n0099_p0230c29║說法?』作如是問者,是名蒺[卄/梨]論,令彼沙
T02n0099_p0231a01║門瞿曇不得語、不得不語。」 爾時,聚落主受
T02n0099_p0231a02║尼揵勸進已,往詣佛所,恭敬問訊已,退坐一
T02n0099_p0231a03║面,白佛言:「瞿曇豈不欲常安慰一切眾生,
T02n0099_p0231a04║歎說安慰一切眾生?」 佛告聚落主:「如來長夜
T02n0099_p0231a05║慈愍安慰一切眾生,亦常歎說安慰一切眾
T02n0099_p0231a06║生。」 聚落主白佛言:「若然者,如來何故為一
T02n0099_p0231a07║種人說法?又復不為一種人說法?」 佛告聚
T02n0099_p0231a08║落主:「我今問汝,隨意答我。聚落主!譬如
T02n0099_p0231a09║有三種田,有一種田沃壤肥澤,第二田
T02n0099_p0231a10║中,第三田[塉-月+目]薄,云何?聚落主!彼田主先於
T02n0099_p0231a11║何田耕治下種?」 聚落主言:「瞿曇!於最沃壤
T02n0099_p0231a12║肥澤者,先耕下種。」 「聚落主!復於何田次耕
T02n0099_p0231a13║下種?」 聚落主言:「瞿曇!當於中田次耕下
T02n0099_p0231a14║種。」 佛告聚落主:「復於何田次耕下種?」 聚落
T02n0099_p0231a15║主言:「當於最下[塉-月+目]薄之田,次耕下種。」 佛
T02n0099_p0231a16║告聚落主:「何故如是?」 聚落主言:「不欲廢田
T02n0099_p0231a17║存種而已。」 佛告聚落主:「我亦如是,如彼沃
T02n0099_p0231a18║肥澤田者,我諸比丘、比丘尼亦復如是。我
T02n0099_p0231a19║常為彼演說正法,初、中、後善,善義善味,純
T02n0099_p0231a20║一滿淨,梵行清白,開示顯現。彼聞法已,依
T02n0099_p0231a21║於我舍、我洲、我覆、我蔭、我趣,常以淨眼,觀我
T02n0099_p0231a22║而住,作如是念:『佛所說法,我悉受持,令我
T02n0099_p0231a23║長夜以義饒益,安隱樂住。』 「聚落主!如彼中
T02n0099_p0231a24║田者,我弟子優婆塞、優婆夷亦復如是。我亦
T02n0099_p0231a25║為彼演說正法,初、中、後善,善義善味,純一滿
T02n0099_p0231a26║淨,梵行清白,開發顯示。彼聞法已,依於我
T02n0099_p0231a27║舍、我洲、我覆、我蔭、我趣,常以淨眼,觀察我
T02n0099_p0231a28║住,作如是念:『世尊說法,我悉受持,令我長
T02n0099_p0231a29║夜以義饒益,安隱樂住。』 「聚落主!如彼田家
T02n0099_p0231b01║最下田者,如是我為諸外道異學尼揵子輩,
T02n0099_p0231b02║亦為說法,初、中、後善,善義善味,純一滿淨,梵
T02n0099_p0231b03║行清白,開示顯現,然於彼等少聞法者,亦
T02n0099_p0231b04║為其說,多聞法者,亦為其說。然其彼眾於
T02n0099_p0231b05║我善說法中,得一句法,知其義者,亦復長
T02n0099_p0231b06║夜以義饒益,安隱樂住。」 時,聚落主白佛:「甚奇!
T02n0099_p0231b07║世尊!善說如是三種田譬。」 佛告聚落主:「汝
T02n0099_p0231b08║聽我更說譬類。譬如士夫有三水器,不穿
T02n0099_p0231b09║不壞,亦不津漏。第二器不穿不壞,而有
T02n0099_p0231b10║津漏。第三器者,穿壞津漏。云何?聚落主!彼士
T02n0099_p0231b11║夫三種器中,常持淨水著何等器中?」 聚落主
T02n0099_p0231b12║言:「瞿曇!當以不穿不壞、不津漏者,先以盛
T02n0099_p0231b13║水。」 佛告聚落主:「次復應以何器盛水?」 聚落
T02n0099_p0231b14║主言:「瞿曇!當持彼器不穿不壞而津漏者,
T02n0099_p0231b15║次以盛水。」 佛告聚落主:「彼器滿已,復以何
T02n0099_p0231b16║器為後盛水?」 聚落主言:「以穿壞津漏之器
T02n0099_p0231b17║最後盛水。所以者何?須臾之間,供小用故。」
T02n0099_p0231b18║佛告聚落主:「如彼士夫不穿不壞、不津漏器,
T02n0099_p0231b19║諸弟子比丘、比丘尼亦復如是。我常為彼演
T02n0099_p0231b20║說正法,乃至長夜以義饒益,安隱樂住。如
T02n0099_p0231b21║第二器不穿不壞而津漏者,我諸弟子優婆
T02n0099_p0231b22║塞、優婆夷亦復如是。我常為彼演說正法,
T02n0099_p0231b23║乃至長夜以義饒益,安隱樂住,如第三器穿
T02n0099_p0231b24║壞津漏者,外道異學諸尼揵輩亦復如是。我
T02n0099_p0231b25║亦為彼演說正法,初、中、後善,善義善味,純一
T02n0099_p0231b26║滿淨,梵行清白,開示顯現。多亦為說,少亦為
T02n0099_p0231b27║說。彼若於我說一句法,知其義者,亦得長
T02n0099_p0231b28║夜安隱樂住。」 時,刀師氏聚落主聞佛所說,心
T02n0099_p0231b29║大恐怖,身毛皆竪,前禮佛足悔過:「世尊!如
T02n0099_p0231c01║愚如癡,不善不辯,於世尊所不諦真實,虛
T02n0099_p0231c02║偽妄說!」 聞佛所說,歡喜隨喜,禮足而去。
T02n0099_p0231c03║   (九一六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住那羅聚落好衣
T02n0099_p0231c04║菴羅園中。 時,有刀師氏聚落主,尼揵弟子,
T02n0099_p0231c05║來詣佛所,稽首禮足,退坐一面。 爾時,世尊
T02n0099_p0231c06║告聚落主:「欲何所論?尼揵若提子為何所
T02n0099_p0231c07║說?」 聚落主言:「彼尼揵若提子說:『殺生者,一切
T02n0099_p0231c08║皆墮泥中,以多行故,則將至彼;如是盜、
T02n0099_p0231c09║邪婬、妄語皆墮泥犁中,以多行故,則將至
T02n0099_p0231c10║彼。』」 佛告聚落主:「若如尼犍若提子說殺生
T02n0099_p0231c11║者墮泥犁中,以多行故,而往生彼者,則無
T02n0099_p0231c12║有眾生墮泥犁中。聚落主!於意云何?何等
T02n0099_p0231c13║眾生於一切時有心殺生?復於何時有心
T02n0099_p0231c14║不殺生,乃至何時有心妄語,何時有心不妄
T02n0099_p0231c15║語?」 聚落主白佛言:「世尊!人於晝夜,少時有
T02n0099_p0231c16║心殺生,乃至少時有心妄語,而多時不有
T02n0099_p0231c17║心殺生,乃至妄語。」 佛告聚落主:「若如是者,
T02n0099_p0231c18║豈非無有人墮於泥犁中耶?如尼揵所說:
T02n0099_p0231c19║『有人殺生者,一切墮泥犁中,多習行者將
T02n0099_p0231c20║往生彼,乃至妄語亦復如是。』聚落主!彼大師
T02n0099_p0231c21║出興于世,覺想籌量,入覺想地住。於凡夫
T02n0099_p0231c22║地自辯所說,隨意籌量,為諸弟子作如是
T02n0099_p0231c23║說法,言殺生者,一切皆墮泥犁中,多習行
T02n0099_p0231c24║將往生彼,乃至妄語亦復如是。彼諸弟子若
T02n0099_p0231c25║信其說,言:『我大師知其所知,見其所見,能
T02n0099_p0231c26║為弟子作如是說:「若殺生者,一切皆墮泥
T02n0099_p0231c27║犁中,多習行故,將往生彼。」我本有心殺生、偷
T02n0099_p0231c28║盜、邪婬、妄語,當墮泥犁中。』得如是見,乃至
T02n0099_p0231c29║不捨此見,不厭彼業,不覺彼悔,於未來
T02n0099_p0232a01║世,不捨殺生,乃至不捨妄語,彼意解脫不
T02n0099_p0232a02║滿足,慧解脫亦不滿足。意解脫不滿足、慧
T02n0099_p0232a03║解脫不滿足故,則為謗聖邪見;邪見因緣
T02n0099_p0232a04║故,身壞命終,生惡趣泥犁中。如是,聚落主!
T02n0099_p0232a05║有因、有緣眾生煩惱,有因、有緣眾生業煩
T02n0099_p0232a06║惱。 「聚落主!如來、應、等正覺、明行足、善逝、世間
T02n0099_p0232a07║解、無上士、調御丈夫、天人師、佛世尊出興於
T02n0099_p0232a08║世,常為眾生呵責殺生,讚歎不殺;呵責
T02n0099_p0232a09║偷盜、邪婬、妄語,讚歎不盜、不婬、不妄語。常以
T02n0099_p0232a10║此法,化諸聲聞,令念、樂、信、重,言:『我大師知
T02n0099_p0232a11║其所知,見其所見,呵責殺生,讚歎不殺,乃
T02n0099_p0232a12║至呵責妄語,讚歎不妄語,我從昔來,以愚
T02n0099_p0232a13║癡無慧,有心殺生,我緣是故,今自悔責。』雖
T02n0099_p0232a14║不能令彼業不為,且因此悔責故,於未
T02n0099_p0232a15║來世,得離殺生,乃至得離盜、婬、妄語,亦得
T02n0099_p0232a16║滿足正意解脫,滿足慧解脫,意解脫、慧解脫
T02n0099_p0232a17║滿足已,得不謗賢聖,正見成就;正見因緣
T02n0099_p0232a18║故,得生善趣天上。如是,聚落主!有因、有緣
T02n0099_p0232a19║眾生業煩惱清淨。 「聚落主!彼多聞聖弟子作
T02n0099_p0232a20║如是學:『隨時晝夜觀察所起少有心殺生、
T02n0099_p0232a21║多有心不殺生。』若於有心殺生,當自悔責,
T02n0099_p0232a22║不是不類。若不有心殺生,無怨無憎,心生
T02n0099_p0232a23║隨喜;隨喜已,歡喜生;歡喜已,心猗息;心猗
T02n0099_p0232a24║息已,心受樂;受樂已,則心定。心定已,聖弟子
T02n0099_p0232a25║心與慈俱,無怨無嫉,無有瞋恚,廣大無量,
T02n0099_p0232a26║滿於一方,正受住;二方、三方,乃至四方、四維、
T02n0099_p0232a27║上下、一切世間,心與慈俱,無怨無嫉,無有
T02n0099_p0232a28║瞋恚,廣大無量,善修習,充滿諸方,具足正受
T02n0099_p0232a29║住。」 爾時,世尊以爪甲抄少土,語刀師氏聚
T02n0099_p0232b01║落主言:「云何?聚落主!我爪甲土多?大地為
T02n0099_p0232b02║多?」 聚落主白佛言:「世尊!爪甲土少少耳,大
T02n0099_p0232b03║地土無量無數。」 佛告聚落主:「如甲上之土
T02n0099_p0232b04║甚少,大地之土其數無量。如是心與慈俱,
T02n0099_p0232b05║修習多修習,諸有量業者,如甲上土,不能
T02n0099_p0232b06║將去,不能令住。如是偷盜對以悲心,邪婬
T02n0099_p0232b07║對以喜心,妄語對以捨心,不得為比。」 說
T02n0099_p0232b08║是語時,刀師氏聚落主遠塵離垢,得法眼
T02n0099_p0232b09║淨,聚落主見法、得法、覺法、知法、深入於法,
T02n0099_p0232b10║離諸狐疑不由於他、不隨於他,於正法、
T02n0099_p0232b11║律得無所畏。從坐起,整衣服,右膝著地,
T02n0099_p0232b12║合掌白佛:「我已度。世尊!已越。世尊!我今歸
T02n0099_p0232b13║佛、歸法、歸比丘僧,盡其壽命為優婆塞。世
T02n0099_p0232b14║尊!譬如士夫欲求燈明,取其馬尾,以為
T02n0099_p0232b15║燈炷,欲吹令然,終不得明,徒自疲勞,燈
T02n0099_p0232b16║竟不然。我亦如是,欲求明智,於諸愚癡尼
T02n0099_p0232b17║揵子所,愚癡習近,愚癡和合,愚癡奉事,徒自
T02n0099_p0232b18║勞苦,不得明智,是故我今重歸依佛、歸法、
T02n0099_p0232b19║歸僧。從今以去,於彼尼揵愚癡不善不辯
T02n0099_p0232b20║者所,少信、少敬、少愛、少念,於今遠離。是故,我
T02n0099_p0232b21║今第三歸佛、歸法、歸僧,乃至盡壽,為優婆
T02n0099_p0232b22║塞,自淨其心。」 時,刀師氏聚落主聞佛所說,
T02n0099_p0232b23║歡喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0232b24║   (九一七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0232b25║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「世間有三種調
T02n0099_p0232b26║馬。何等為三種?有馬捷疾具足、色不具足、
T02n0099_p0232b27║形體不具足。有馬色具足、捷疾具足形體
T02n0099_p0232b28║不具足。有馬捷疾具足、色具足、形體具足。
T02n0099_p0232b29║如是有三種調士夫相。何等為三?有士夫
T02n0099_p0232c01║捷疾具足、色不具足、形體不具足。有士夫
T02n0099_p0232c02║捷疾具足、色具足、形體不具足。有士夫捷
T02n0099_p0232c03║疾具足、色具足、形體具足。 「比丘!何等為不
T02n0099_p0232c04║調士夫捷疾具足、色不具足、形體不具足,
T02n0099_p0232c05║有士夫於此苦如實知,此苦集、此苦滅、
T02n0099_p0232c06║此苦滅道跡如實知,如是觀者三結斷,身見、
T02n0099_p0232c07║戒取、疑。此三結斷得須陀洹,不墮惡趣法,
T02n0099_p0232c08║決定正趣三菩提,七有天人往生,究竟苦邊,
T02n0099_p0232c09║是名捷疾具足。何等為非色具足?若有問
T02n0099_p0232c10║阿毘曇、律,不能以具足句味,次第隨順,具
T02n0099_p0232c11║足解說,是名色不具足。云何形體不具足?
T02n0099_p0232c12║非大德名聞,感致衣被、飲食、床臥、湯藥、眾
T02n0099_p0232c13║具,是名士夫捷疾具足、色不具足、形體不具
T02n0099_p0232c14║足。 「何等為捷疾具足、色具足、形體不具足?謂
T02n0099_p0232c15║士夫此苦如實知,此苦集、此苦滅、此苦滅道
T02n0099_p0232c16║跡如實知,乃至究竟苦邊,是捷疾具足。何
T02n0099_p0232c17║等為色具足?若問阿毘曇、律,乃至能為解
T02n0099_p0232c18║說,是名色具足。何等為形體不具足?非大
T02n0099_p0232c19║德名聞,不能感致衣被、飲食、臥具、湯藥,是
T02n0099_p0232c20║名士夫捷疾具足、色具足、形體不具足。 「何等
T02n0099_p0232c21║為士夫捷疾具足、色具足、形體具足?謂士夫
T02n0099_p0232c22║此苦如實知,此苦集、此苦滅、此苦滅道跡如
T02n0099_p0232c23║實知,乃至究竟苦邊,是名捷疾具足。何等
T02n0099_p0232c24║為色具足,若問阿毘曇、律,乃至能解,是
T02n0099_p0232c25║名色具足。何等為形體具足,大德名聞,乃
T02n0099_p0232c26║至臥具、湯藥,是名形體具足,是名士夫捷疾
T02n0099_p0232c27║具足、色具足、形體具足。」 佛說此經已,諸比
T02n0099_p0232c28║丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0232c29║   (九一八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住王舍城迦蘭陀
T02n0099_p0233a01║竹園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「世間有三種良
T02n0099_p0233a02║馬。何等為三?有馬捷疾具足、非色具足、非
T02n0099_p0233a03║形體具足。有馬捷疾具足、色具足、非形體
T02n0099_p0233a04║具足,有馬捷疾具足、色具足、形體具足。於
T02n0099_p0233a05║正法、律有三種善男子。何等為三?有善男
T02n0099_p0233a06║子捷疾具足、非色具足、非形體具足,有善
T02n0099_p0233a07║男子捷疾具足、色具足、非形體具足,有善
T02n0099_p0233a08║男子捷疾具足、色具足、形體具足。 「何等為
T02n0099_p0233a09║善男子捷疾具足、非色具足、非形體具足?謂
T02n0099_p0233a10║善男子苦聖諦如實知,苦集聖諦如實知,苦
T02n0099_p0233a11║滅聖諦如實知,苦滅道跡聖諦如實知。作如
T02n0099_p0233a12║是知、如是見已,斷五下分結,謂身見、戒取、
T02n0099_p0233a13║疑、貪欲、瞋恚;斷此五下分結已,得生般涅槃
T02n0099_p0233a14║阿那含,不復還生此世,是名善男子捷疾
T02n0099_p0233a15║具足。云何色不具足?若問阿毘曇、律,不能
T02n0099_p0233a16║解了句味,次第隨順,決定解說,是名色不具
T02n0099_p0233a17║足。云何形體不具足?謂非名聞大德,能感
T02n0099_p0233a18║財利供養、衣被、飲食、隨病湯藥,是名善男子
T02n0099_p0233a19║捷疾具足、非色具足、非形體具足。 「何等為捷
T02n0099_p0233a20║疾具足、色具足、非形體具足?謂善男子此苦
T02n0099_p0233a21║聖諦如實知,乃至得生般涅槃阿那含,不復
T02n0099_p0233a22║還生此世,是名捷疾具足。云何色具足?若
T02n0099_p0233a23║有問阿毘曇、律,能以次第句味,隨順決定,
T02n0099_p0233a24║而為解說,是名色具足。云何非形體具足?
T02n0099_p0233a25║謂非名聞大德,能感財利供養、衣被、飲食、隨
T02n0099_p0233a26║病湯藥,是名善男子捷疾具足、色具足、非形
T02n0099_p0233a27║體具足。 「何等為善男子捷疾具足、色具足、形
T02n0099_p0233a28║體具足?謂善男子此苦聖諦如實知,乃至得
T02n0099_p0233a29║阿那含生般涅槃,不復還生此世,是名捷
T02n0099_p0233b01║疾具足。何等為色具足,若有問阿毘曇、毘
T02n0099_p0233b02║尼,乃至而為解說,是名色具足。何等為形
T02n0099_p0233b03║體具足?謂名聞大德能感財利,乃至湯藥、眾
T02n0099_p0233b04║具,是名形體具足,是名善男子捷疾具足、
T02n0099_p0233b05║色具足、形體具足。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞
T02n0099_p0233b06║佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0233b07║雜阿含經卷第三十二
【經文資訊】大正藏第 02 冊 No. 0099 雜阿含經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
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