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T02n0099_021 雜阿含經 第21卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 2 冊 » No.0099 » 第 21 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
T02n0099_p0146b20║
T02n0099_p0146b21║雜阿含經卷第二十一
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T02n0099_p0146b24║   (五五九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅利弗妬路
T02n0099_p0146b25║國,尊者阿難及尊者迦摩亦在波羅利弗
T02n0099_p0146b26║妬路雞林精舍。 時,尊者迦摩詣尊者阿難
T02n0099_p0146b27║所,共相問訊慰勞已,於一面坐。語尊者
T02n0099_p0146b28║阿難:「奇哉!尊者阿難!有眼有色、有耳有
T02n0099_p0146b29║聲、有鼻有香、有舌有味、有身有觸、有
T02n0099_p0146c01║意有法,而有比丘有是等法,能不覺知。
T02n0099_p0146c02║云何?尊者阿難!彼比丘為有想不覺知,為
T02n0099_p0146c03║無想故不覺知?」 尊者阿難語迦摩比丘言:
T02n0099_p0146c04║「有想者亦不覺知,況復無想。」 復問尊者阿
T02n0099_p0146c05║難:「何等為有想於有而不覺知?」 尊者阿難
T02n0099_p0146c06║語迦摩比丘言:「若比丘離欲、惡不善法,有
T02n0099_p0146c07║覺有觀,離生喜樂,初禪具足住。如是有想
T02n0099_p0146c08║比丘有法而不覺知。如是第二、第三、第四
T02n0099_p0146c09║禪,空入處、識入處、無所有入處具足住。如
T02n0099_p0146c10║是有想比丘有法而不覺知。云何無想有
T02n0099_p0146c11║法而不覺知?如是比丘一切想不憶念,無
T02n0099_p0146c12║想心三昧身作證具足住,是名比丘無想於
T02n0099_p0146c13║有法而不覺知。」 尊者迦摩比丘復問尊者
T02n0099_p0146c14║阿難:「若比丘無想心三昧,不涌不沒,解
T02n0099_p0146c15║脫已住,住已解脫,世尊說此是何果、何功
T02n0099_p0146c16║德?」 尊者阿難語迦摩比丘言:「若比丘無想
T02n0099_p0146c17║心三昧,不涌不沒,解脫已住,住已解脫,世
T02n0099_p0146c18║尊說此是智果、智功德。」 時,二正士共論議
T02n0099_p0146c19║已,歡喜隨喜,各從坐起去。
T02n0099_p0146c20║   (五六〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住俱睒彌國瞿師
T02n0099_p0146c21║羅園。爾時,尊者阿難亦在彼住。 時,尊者阿
T02n0099_p0146c22║難告諸比丘:「若比丘!比丘尼於我前自
T02n0099_p0146c23║記說,我當善哉慰勞問訊,或求以四道。何
T02n0099_p0146c24║等為四?若比丘、比丘尼坐,作如是住心、
T02n0099_p0146c25║善住心、局住心、調伏心、止、觀、一心、等受,
T02n0099_p0146c26║分別於法量度,修習多修習已,得斷諸
T02n0099_p0146c27║使。若有比丘、比丘尼於我前自記說,我
T02n0099_p0146c28║則如是善哉慰喻,或求是,名說初道。 「復
T02n0099_p0146c29║次,比丘、比丘尼正坐思惟,於法選擇,思
T02n0099_p0146c30║量住心,善住、局住,調伏止觀,一心等受。
T02n0099_p0147a01║如是正向多住,得離諸使,若有比丘、比丘
T02n0099_p0147a02║尼於我前自記說,我當如是善哉慰喻,
T02n0099_p0147a03║或求是,名第二說道。 「復次,比丘、比丘尼為
T02n0099_p0147a04║掉亂所持,以調伏心坐、正坐,住心、善住心、
T02n0099_p0147a05║局住心,調伏止觀,一心等受化。如是正向
T02n0099_p0147a06║多住已,則斷諸使,若有比丘、比丘尼於我
T02n0099_p0147a07║前自記說,我則如是善哉慰喻,或求是,名
T02n0099_p0147a08║第三說道。 「復次,比丘、比丘尼止觀和合俱
T02n0099_p0147a09║行,作如是正向多住,則斷諸使。若比丘、比
T02n0099_p0147a10║丘尼於我前自記說者,我則如是善哉慰
T02n0099_p0147a11║喻教誡,或求是,名第四說道。」 時,諸比丘聞
T02n0099_p0147a12║尊者阿難所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0147a13║   (五六一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住俱睒彌國瞿師
T02n0099_p0147a14║羅園,尊者阿難亦在彼住。 時,有異婆羅門
T02n0099_p0147a15║詣尊者阿難所,共相問訊慰勞已,於一面
T02n0099_p0147a16║坐,問尊者阿難:「何故於沙門瞿曇所修梵
T02n0099_p0147a17║行?」 尊者阿難語婆羅門:「為斷故。」 復問:「尊
T02n0099_p0147a18║者何所斷?」 答言:「斷愛。」 復問:「尊者阿
T02n0099_p0147a19║難!何所依而得斷愛?」 答言:「婆羅門!依
T02n0099_p0147a20║於欲而斷愛。」 復問:「尊者阿難!豈非無邊
T02n0099_p0147a21║際?」 答言:「婆羅門!非無邊際。如是有邊際,
T02n0099_p0147a22║非無邊際。」 復問:「尊者阿難!云何有邊際,非
T02n0099_p0147a23║無邊際。」 答言:「婆羅門!我今問汝,隨意答
T02n0099_p0147a24║我。婆羅門!於意云何?汝先有欲來詣精
T02n0099_p0147a25║舍不?」 婆羅門答言:「如是,阿難!」 「如是,婆羅
T02n0099_p0147a26║門!來至精舍已,彼欲息不?」 答言:「如是,
T02n0099_p0147a27║尊者阿難!彼精進、方便、籌量,來詣精舍。」 復
T02n0099_p0147a28║問:「至精舍已,彼精進、方便、籌量息不?」 答
T02n0099_p0147a29║言:「如是,尊者阿難!」 復語婆羅門:「如是,婆
T02n0099_p0147b01║羅門!如來、應、等正覺所知所見,說四如
T02n0099_p0147b02║意足,以一乘道淨眾生、滅苦惱、斷憂悲。
T02n0099_p0147b03║何等為四?欲定斷行成就如意足,精進定、
T02n0099_p0147b04║心定、思惟定斷行成就如意足。如是,聖弟子
T02n0099_p0147b05║修欲定斷行成就如意足,依離、依無欲、依
T02n0099_p0147b06║出要、依滅、向於捨,乃至斷愛,愛斷已,彼
T02n0099_p0147b07║欲亦息。修精進定、心定、思惟定斷行成就,
T02n0099_p0147b08║依離、依無欲、依出要、依滅、向於捨,乃至愛
T02n0099_p0147b09║盡,愛盡已,思惟則息。婆羅門!於意云何?
T02n0099_p0147b10║此非邊際耶?」 婆羅門言:「尊者阿難!此是
T02n0099_p0147b11║邊際,非不邊際。」 爾時,婆羅門聞尊者阿難
T02n0099_p0147b12║所說,歡喜隨喜,從座起去。
T02n0099_p0147b13║   (五六二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住拘睒彌國瞿師
T02n0099_p0147b14║羅園,尊者阿難亦在彼住。 爾時,瞿師羅長者
T02n0099_p0147b15║詣尊者阿難所,稽首禮足,退坐一面,白
T02n0099_p0147b16║尊者阿難:「云何名為世間說法者?云何名
T02n0099_p0147b17║世間善向?云何名世間善到?」 尊者阿難語瞿
T02n0099_p0147b18║師羅長者:「我今問汝,隨意答我。長者!於意
T02n0099_p0147b19║云何?若有說法,調伏貪欲、調伏瞋恚、調
T02n0099_p0147b20║伏愚癡,得名世間說法者不?」 長者答言:「尊
T02n0099_p0147b21║者阿難!若有說法,能調伏貪欲、瞋恚、愚癡,
T02n0099_p0147b22║是則名為世間說法。」 復問:「長者!於意云何?
T02n0099_p0147b23║若世間向調伏貪欲、調伏瞋恚、調伏愚癡,
T02n0099_p0147b24║是名世間善向;若世間已調伏貪欲、瞋恚、愚
T02n0099_p0147b25║癡,是名善到耶?為非耶?」 長者答言:「尊
T02n0099_p0147b26║者阿難!若調伏貪欲,已斷無餘,瞋恚、愚癡
T02n0099_p0147b27║已斷無餘,是名善到。」 尊者阿難答言:「長者!
T02n0099_p0147b28║我試問汝,汝便真實答我,其義如此,當
T02n0099_p0147b29║受持之。」 瞿師羅長者聞尊者阿難所說,歡
T02n0099_p0147c01║喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0147c02║   (五六三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住毘舍離獼猴
T02n0099_p0147c03║池側重閣講堂,尊者阿難亦在彼住。 爾時,
T02n0099_p0147c04║無畏離車,是尼犍弟子、聰明童子離車,
T02n0099_p0147c05║是阿耆毘弟子,俱往尊者阿難所,共相問訊
T02n0099_p0147c06║慰勞已,於一面坐。時,無畏離車語尊者
T02n0099_p0147c07║阿難:「我師尼犍子滅熾然法,清淨超出,
T02n0099_p0147c08║為諸弟子說如是道:『宿命之業,行苦行故,
T02n0099_p0147c09║悉能吐之。身業不作,斷截橋梁,於未來
T02n0099_p0147c10║世無復諸漏,諸業永盡;業永盡故,眾苦
T02n0099_p0147c11║永盡;苦永盡故,究竟苦邊。』尊者阿難!此義
T02n0099_p0147c12║云何?」 尊者阿難語離車言:「如來、應、等正覺
T02n0099_p0147c13║所知所見,說三種離熾然清淨超出道,以
T02n0099_p0147c14║一乘道淨眾生、離憂悲、越苦惱,得真如
T02n0099_p0147c15║法。何等為三?如是,聖弟子住於淨戒,受波
T02n0099_p0147c16║羅提木叉,威儀具足,信於諸罪過,生怖畏
T02n0099_p0147c17║想。受持如是具足淨戒,宿業漸吐,得現法
T02n0099_p0147c18║離熾然,不待時節,能得正法,通達現見
T02n0099_p0147c19║觀察,智慧自覺。離車長者!是名如來、應、等正
T02n0099_p0147c20║覺說所知所見說離熾然,清淨超出,以一
T02n0099_p0147c21║乘道淨眾生、滅苦惱、越憂悲,得真如法。
T02n0099_p0147c22║「復次,離車!如是淨戒具足,離欲、惡不善法,
T02n0099_p0147c23║乃至第四禪具足住,是名如來、應、等正覺說
T02n0099_p0147c24║離熾然,乃至得如實法。復有三昧正受,
T02n0099_p0147c25║於此苦聖諦如實知,此苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0147c26║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦如實知。具足如是智慧心,
T02n0099_p0147c27║業更不造,宿業漸已斷,得現正法,離諸
T02n0099_p0147c28║熾然,不待時節,通達現見,生自覺智。離
T02n0099_p0147c29║車!是名如來、應、等正覺所知所見說第
T02n0099_p0148a01║三離熾然,清淨超出,以一乘道淨眾生、離
T02n0099_p0148a02║苦惱、滅憂悲,得如實法。」 爾時,尼犍弟子離
T02n0099_p0148a03║車無畏默然住。 爾時,阿耆毘弟子離車
T02n0099_p0148a04║聰慧重語離車無畏言:「怪哉!無畏!何默
T02n0099_p0148a05║然住?於如來、應、等正覺所說、所知、所見、善
T02n0099_p0148a06║說法,聞不隨喜耶?」 離車無畏答言:「我思
T02n0099_p0148a07║惟其義,故默然住耳。誰聞世尊沙門瞿曇
T02n0099_p0148a08║所說法不隨喜者?若有聞沙門瞿曇說法
T02n0099_p0148a09║而不隨喜者,此則愚夫,長夜當受非義
T02n0099_p0148a10║不饒益苦。」 時,尼犍弟子離車無畏、阿耆毘
T02n0099_p0148a11║弟子聰慧重聞佛所說法,尊者阿難陀所說,
T02n0099_p0148a12║歡喜隨喜,從座起去。
T02n0099_p0148a13║   (五六四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0148a14║孤獨園。尊者阿難亦在彼住。 時,有異比丘
T02n0099_p0148a15║尼於尊者阿難所,起染著心,遣使白尊者
T02n0099_p0148a16║阿難:「我身遇病苦,唯願尊者哀愍見看。」 尊者
T02n0099_p0148a17║阿難晨朝著衣持鉢,往彼比丘尼所。 彼比
T02n0099_p0148a18║丘尼遙見尊者阿難來,露身體臥床上。
T02n0099_p0148a19║尊者阿難遙見彼比丘尼身,即自攝
T02n0099_p0148a20║根,迴身背住。彼比丘尼見尊者阿難攝
T02n0099_p0148a21║諸根,迴身背住,即自慚愧,起著衣服,
T02n0099_p0148a22║敷坐具,出迎尊者阿難,請令就座,稽首禮
T02n0099_p0148a23║足,退住一面。 時,尊者阿難為說法言:「姊
T02n0099_p0148a24║妹!如此身者,穢食長養、憍慢長養、愛所
T02n0099_p0148a25║長養、婬欲長養。姊妹!依穢食者,當斷穢
T02n0099_p0148a26║食,依於慢者,當斷憍慢,依於愛者,當斷
T02n0099_p0148a27║愛欲。姊妹!云何名依於穢食,當斷穢食?
T02n0099_p0148a28║謂聖弟子於食計數思惟而食,無著樂想、
T02n0099_p0148a29║無憍慢想、無摩拭想、無莊嚴想,為持身
T02n0099_p0148b01║故、為養活故、治飢渴病故、攝受梵行
T02n0099_p0148b02║故,宿諸受令滅,新諸受不生,崇習長養,
T02n0099_p0148b03║若力、若樂、若觸,當如是住。譬如商客以
T02n0099_p0148b04║酥油膏以膏其車,無染著想、無憍慢想、
T02n0099_p0148b05║無摩拭想、無莊嚴想,為運載故,如病瘡
T02n0099_p0148b06║者塗以酥油,無著樂想、無憍慢想、無摩
T02n0099_p0148b07║拭想、無莊嚴想,為瘡愈故。如是,聖弟子
T02n0099_p0148b08║計數而食,無染著想、無憍慢想、無摩拭想、
T02n0099_p0148b09║無莊嚴想,為養活故、治飢渴故、攝受
T02n0099_p0148b10║梵行故,宿諸受離,新諸受不起,若力、若樂、
T02n0099_p0148b11║若無罪觸安隱住。姊妹!是名依食斷食。
T02n0099_p0148b12║「依慢斷慢者。云何依慢斷慢?謂弟子聞
T02n0099_p0148b13║某尊者、某尊者弟子盡諸有漏,無漏心解脫、
T02n0099_p0148b14║慧解脫,現法自知作證:『我生已盡,梵行已
T02n0099_p0148b15║立,所作已作,自知不受後有。』聞已,作是念:
T02n0099_p0148b16║『彼聖弟子盡諸有漏,乃至自知不受後有。
T02n0099_p0148b17║我今何故不盡諸有漏,何故不自知不受
T02n0099_p0148b18║後有。』當於爾時則能斷諸有漏,乃至自知
T02n0099_p0148b19║不受後有。姊妹!是名依慢斷慢。 「姊妹!云
T02n0099_p0148b20║何依愛斷愛?謂聖弟子聞某尊者、某尊者弟
T02n0099_p0148b21║子盡諸有漏,乃至自知不受後有。我等何
T02n0099_p0148b22║不盡諸漏,乃至自知不受後有。彼於爾
T02n0099_p0148b23║時能斷諸有漏,乃至自知不受後有。姊妹!
T02n0099_p0148b24║是名依愛斷愛。姊妹!無所行者,斷截婬
T02n0099_p0148b25║欲、和合橋梁。」 尊者阿難說是法時,彼比丘
T02n0099_p0148b26║尼遠塵離垢,得法眼淨,彼比丘尼見法、得
T02n0099_p0148b27║法、覺法、入法,度狐疑,不由於他,於正法、
T02n0099_p0148b28║律,心得無畏。禮尊者阿難足,白尊者阿難:
T02n0099_p0148b29║「我今發露悔過:愚癡不善,脫作如是不流類
T02n0099_p0148c01║事;今於尊者阿難所,自見過、自知過,發露
T02n0099_p0148c02║懺悔,哀愍故!」 尊者阿難語比丘尼:「汝今真
T02n0099_p0148c03║實自見罪、自知罪,愚癡不善,汝自知作
T02n0099_p0148c04║不類之罪,汝今自知、自見而悔過,於未來
T02n0099_p0148c05║世得具足戒。我今受汝悔過,哀愍故,令
T02n0099_p0148c06║汝善法增長,終不退滅。所以者何?若有自
T02n0099_p0148c07║見罪、自知罪,能悔過者,於未來世得具
T02n0099_p0148c08║足戒,善法增長,終不退滅。」 尊者阿難為彼
T02n0099_p0148c09║比丘尼種種說法,示、教、照、喜已,從座起
T02n0099_p0148c10║去。
T02n0099_p0148c11║   (五六五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛在橋池人間遊
T02n0099_p0148c12║行,與尊者阿難俱,至婆頭聚落國北身恕
T02n0099_p0148c13║林中。 爾時,婆頭聚落諸童子聞尊者阿難
T02n0099_p0148c14║橋池人間遊行,住婆頭聚落國北身恕林
T02n0099_p0148c15║中。聞已,相呼聚集,往詣尊者阿難所,稽首
T02n0099_p0148c16║禮尊者阿難足,退坐一面。 時,尊者阿難語
T02n0099_p0148c17║諸童子言:「帝種!如來、應、等正覺說四種
T02n0099_p0148c18║清淨,戒清淨、心清淨、見清淨、解脫清淨。
T02n0099_p0148c19║「云何為戒清淨?謂聖弟子住於戒,波羅提
T02n0099_p0148c20║木叉,戒增長,威儀具足,於微細罪能生恐
T02n0099_p0148c21║怖,受持學戒。戒身不滿者,能令滿足;已滿
T02n0099_p0148c22║者,隨順執持,欲精進方便超出,精勤勇猛,
T02n0099_p0148c23║堪能諸身心法,常能攝受,是名戒淨斷。 「苦
T02n0099_p0148c24║種!云何名為心淨斷?謂聖弟子離欲、惡不
T02n0099_p0148c25║善法,乃至第四禪具足住;定身未滿者令
T02n0099_p0148c26║滿,已滿者隨順執受,欲精進乃至常執受,是
T02n0099_p0148c27║名心淨斷。 「苦種!云何名為見淨斷?謂聖弟
T02n0099_p0148c28║子聞大師說法。如是如是說法,則如是如
T02n0099_p0148c29║是入如實正觀。如是如是得歡喜、得隨
T02n0099_p0149a01║喜、得從於佛。 「復次,聖弟子不聞大師說
T02n0099_p0149a02║法,然從餘明智尊重梵行者說,聞尊重梵
T02n0099_p0149a03║行者如是如是說,則如是如是入如實
T02n0099_p0149a04║觀察。如是如是觀察,於彼法得歡喜、隨
T02n0099_p0149a05║喜,信於正法。 「復次,聖弟子不聞大師說
T02n0099_p0149a06║法,亦復不聞明智尊重梵行者說,隨先所
T02n0099_p0149a07║聞受持者重誦習,隨先所聞受持者如是
T02n0099_p0149a08║如是重誦已。如是如是得入彼法,乃至
T02n0099_p0149a09║信於正法。 「復次,聖弟子不聞大師說法,不
T02n0099_p0149a10║聞明智尊重梵行者說,又復不能先所受持
T02n0099_p0149a11║重誦習,然先所聞法為人廣說,先所聞法
T02n0099_p0149a12║如是如是為人廣說。如是如是得入於
T02n0099_p0149a13║法,正智觀察,乃至信於正法。 「復次,聖弟子
T02n0099_p0149a14║不聞大師說法,復不聞明智尊重梵行者
T02n0099_p0149a15║說,又復不能先所受持重誦習,亦復不以
T02n0099_p0149a16║先所聞法為人廣說,然於先所聞法獨一
T02n0099_p0149a17║靜處思惟觀察。如是如是思惟觀察,如是
T02n0099_p0149a18║如是得入正法,乃至信於正法。如是從他
T02n0099_p0149a19║聞,內正思惟,是名未起正見令起,已起正
T02n0099_p0149a20║見令增廣;是名未滿戒身令滿,已滿者隨
T02n0099_p0149a21║順攝受,欲精進方便,乃至常攝受,是名見
T02n0099_p0149a22║淨斷。 「苦種!云何為解脫清淨斷?謂聖弟子
T02n0099_p0149a23║貪心無欲解脫,恚、癡心無欲解脫。如是解
T02n0099_p0149a24║脫,未滿者令滿,已滿者隨順攝受,欲精進
T02n0099_p0149a25║乃至常攝受,是名解脫淨斷。」 苦種!尊者阿難
T02n0099_p0149a26║說是法時,婆頭聚落諸童子聞尊者阿難所
T02n0099_p0149a27║說,歡喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0149a28║   (五六六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅聚落菴
T02n0099_p0149a29║羅林中,與眾上座比丘俱。 時,有質多羅長
T02n0099_p0149b01║者詣諸上座比丘,稽首禮足,退坐一面。 時,
T02n0099_p0149b02║諸上座比丘為質多羅長者種種說法,示、
T02n0099_p0149b03║教、照、喜;種種說法,示、教、照、喜已,默然住。時,
T02n0099_p0149b04║質多羅長者稽首禮諸上座比丘足,往詣
T02n0099_p0149b05║那伽達多比丘房,稽首禮那伽達多比丘足,
T02n0099_p0149b06║退坐一面。 時,那伽達多比丘問質多羅長
T02n0099_p0149b07║者,如所說:
T02n0099_p0149b08║「枝青以白覆,  一輻轉之車,
T02n0099_p0149b09║ 離結觀察來,  斷流不復縛。

T02n0099_p0149b10║「長者!此偈有何義?」 質多羅長者言:「尊者
T02n0099_p0149b11║那伽達多!世尊說此偈耶?」 答言:「如是。」 質
T02n0099_p0149b12║多羅長者語尊者那伽達多言:「尊者!須臾
T02n0099_p0149b13║默然,我當思惟此義。」 須臾默然思惟已,語
T02n0099_p0149b14║尊者那伽達多言:「青者謂戒也,白覆謂
T02n0099_p0149b15║解脫也,一輻者身念也,轉者轉出也,車者止
T02n0099_p0149b16║觀也,離結者有三種結,謂貪、恚、癡。彼阿羅
T02n0099_p0149b17║漢諸漏已盡、已滅、已知、已斷根本,如截
T02n0099_p0149b18║多羅樹頭更不復生,未來世滅不起法。 「觀
T02n0099_p0149b19║察者謂見也,來者人也,斷流者愛流於生
T02n0099_p0149b20║死。彼羅漢比丘諸漏已盡、已知,斷其根本,
T02n0099_p0149b21║如截多羅樹頭不復生,於未來世成不起
T02n0099_p0149b22║法。 「不縛者謂三縛,貪欲縛、瞋恚縛、愚癡縛,
T02n0099_p0149b23║彼阿羅漢比丘諸漏已盡、已斷、已知,斷其
T02n0099_p0149b24║根本,如截多羅樹頭更不復生,於未來
T02n0099_p0149b25║世成不起法。是故,尊者那伽達多!世尊說
T02n0099_p0149b26║此偈:
T02n0099_p0149b27║「枝青以白覆,  一輻轉之車,
T02n0099_p0149b28║ 離結觀察來,  斷流不復縛。

T02n0099_p0149b29║「此世尊所說偈,我已分別也。」 尊者那伽達
T02n0099_p0149c01║多問質多羅長者言:「此義汝先聞耶?」 答言:
T02n0099_p0149c02║「不聞。」 尊者那伽達多言:「長者!汝得善利,
T02n0099_p0149c03║於此甚深佛法,賢聖慧眼得入。」 時,質多羅
T02n0099_p0149c04║長者聞尊者那伽達多所說,歡喜隨喜,作
T02n0099_p0149c05║禮而去。
T02n0099_p0149c06║   (五六七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅聚落菴羅
T02n0099_p0149c07║林精舍,與眾多上座比丘俱。 時,有質多羅
T02n0099_p0149c08║長者詣諸上座比丘所,稽首禮足,退坐一
T02n0099_p0149c09║面。時,諸上座比丘為質多羅長者種種說
T02n0099_p0149c10║法,示、教、照、喜;示、教、照、喜已,默然住。 時,質多羅
T02n0099_p0149c11║長者詣尊者那伽達多比丘所,稽首禮足,
T02n0099_p0149c12║退坐一面。尊者那伽達多告質多羅長者:
T02n0099_p0149c13║「有無量心三昧、無相心三昧、無所有心
T02n0099_p0149c14║三昧、空心三昧。云何?長者!此法為種種義
T02n0099_p0149c15║故種種名?為一義有種種名?」 質多羅長者
T02n0099_p0149c16║問尊者那伽達多:「此諸三昧為世尊所說?
T02n0099_p0149c17║為尊者自意說耶?」 尊者那伽達多答言:「此世
T02n0099_p0149c18║尊所說。」 質多羅長者語尊者那伽達多:「聽我
T02n0099_p0149c19║小思惟此義,然後當答。」 須臾思惟已,語尊
T02n0099_p0149c20║者那伽達多:「有法種種義、種種句、種種味,
T02n0099_p0149c21║有法一義種種味。」 復問長者:「云何有法種
T02n0099_p0149c22║種義、種種句、種種味?」 長者答言:「無量三昧
T02n0099_p0149c23║者,謂聖弟子心與慈俱,無怨、無憎、無恚,寬弘
T02n0099_p0149c24║重心,無量修習普緣,一方充滿。如是二方、三
T02n0099_p0149c25║方、四方上下,一切世間心與慈俱,無怨、無憎、
T02n0099_p0149c26║無恚,寬弘重心,無量修習,充滿諸方,一切世
T02n0099_p0149c27║間普緣住,是名無量三昧。云何為無相
T02n0099_p0149c28║三昧?謂聖弟子於一切相不念,無相心三
T02n0099_p0149c29║昧,身作證,是名無相心三昧。云何無所有
T02n0099_p0150a01║心三昧?謂聖弟子度一切無量識入處,無
T02n0099_p0150a02║所有,無所有心住,是名無所有心三昧。云
T02n0099_p0150a03║何空三昧?謂聖弟子世間空,世間空如實觀
T02n0099_p0150a04║察,常住不變易,非我、非我所,是名空心三
T02n0099_p0150a05║昧,是名為法種種義、種種句、種種味。」 復問
T02n0099_p0150a06║長者:「云何法一義種種味?」 答言:「尊者!謂貪有
T02n0099_p0150a07║量,若無諍者第一無量,謂貪者是有相,恚、
T02n0099_p0150a08║癡者是有相,無諍者是無相。貪者是所有,
T02n0099_p0150a09║恚、癡者是所有,無諍者是無所有。復次,無
T02n0099_p0150a10║諍者空,於貪空,於恚、癡空,常住不變易空,
T02n0099_p0150a11║非我、非我所,是名法一義種種味。」 尊者那
T02n0099_p0150a12║伽達多問言:「云何?長者!此義汝先所聞耶?」
T02n0099_p0150a13║答言:「尊者!不聞。」 復告長者:「汝得大利,於
T02n0099_p0150a14║甚深佛法,現賢聖慧眼得入。」 質多羅長者
T02n0099_p0150a15║聞尊者那伽達多所說,歡喜隨喜,作禮而
T02n0099_p0150a16║去。
T02n0099_p0150a17║   (五六八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅聚落菴羅
T02n0099_p0150a18║林中,與諸上座比丘俱。 時,有質多羅長者
T02n0099_p0150a19║詣諸上座比丘所,禮諸上座已,詣尊者
T02n0099_p0150a20║伽摩比丘所,稽首禮足,退坐一面,白尊
T02n0099_p0150a21║者伽摩比丘:「所謂行者,云何名行?」 伽摩
T02n0099_p0150a22║比丘言:「行者,謂三行,身行、口行、意行。」 復問:
T02n0099_p0150a23║「云何身行?云何口行?云何意行?」 答言:「長者!
T02n0099_p0150a24║出息、入息名為身行。有覺、有觀名為口
T02n0099_p0150a25║行。想、思名為意行。」 復問:「何故出息、入息名
T02n0099_p0150a26║為身行?有覺、有觀名為口行?想、思名為意
T02n0099_p0150a27║行?」 答:「長者!出息、入息是身法,依於身、屬
T02n0099_p0150a28║於身、依身轉,是故出息、入息名為身行。有
T02n0099_p0150a29║覺、有觀故則口語,是故有覺、有觀是口行。想、
T02n0099_p0150b01║思是意行,依於心、屬於心、依心轉,是
T02n0099_p0150b02║故想、思是意行。」 復問:「尊者!覺、觀已,發口語,
T02n0099_p0150b03║是覺、觀名為口行。想、思是心數法,依於心、
T02n0099_p0150b04║屬於心想轉,是故想、思名為意行。」 復問:
T02n0099_p0150b05║「尊者!有幾法?
T02n0099_p0150b06║「若人捨身時,  彼身屍臥地,
T02n0099_p0150b07║ 棄於丘塜間,  無心如木石。」

T02n0099_p0150b08║答言:「長者!
T02n0099_p0150b09║「壽暖及與識,  捨身時俱捨,
T02n0099_p0150b10║ 彼身棄塜間,  無心如木石。」

T02n0099_p0150b11║復問:「尊者!若死、若入滅盡正受,有差別不?」
T02n0099_p0150b12║答:「捨於壽暖,諸根悉壞,身命分離,是名
T02n0099_p0150b13║為死。滅盡定者,身、口、意行滅,不捨壽命,
T02n0099_p0150b14║不離於暖,諸根不壞,身命相屬,此則命終、
T02n0099_p0150b15║入滅正受差別之相。」 復問:「尊者!云何入滅
T02n0099_p0150b16║正受?」 答言:「長者!入滅正受,不言:『我入滅正
T02n0099_p0150b17║受,我當入滅正受。』然先作如是漸息方便,
T02n0099_p0150b18║如先方便,向入正受。」 復問:「尊者!入滅正受
T02n0099_p0150b19║時,先滅何法?為身行、為口行、為意行耶?」
T02n0099_p0150b20║答言:「長者!入滅正受者,先滅口行,次身行、
T02n0099_p0150b21║次意行。」 復問:「尊者!云何為出滅正受?」 答言:
T02n0099_p0150b22║「長者!出滅正受者亦不念言:『我今出正受,
T02n0099_p0150b23║我當出正受。』然先已作方便心,如其先心
T02n0099_p0150b24║而起。」 復問:「尊者!起滅正受者,何法先起,
T02n0099_p0150b25║為身行、為口行、為意行耶?」 答言:「長者!從
T02n0099_p0150b26║滅正受起者,意行先起,次身行,後口行。」 復
T02n0099_p0150b27║問:「尊者!入滅正受者。云何順趣、流注、浚輸?」
T02n0099_p0150b28║答言:「長者!入滅正受者,順趣於離、流注於
T02n0099_p0150b29║離、浚輸於離,順趣於出、流注於出、浚輸
T02n0099_p0150c01║於出,順趣涅槃、流注涅槃、浚輸涅槃。」 復
T02n0099_p0150c02║問:「尊者!住滅正受時,為觸幾觸?」 答言:「長者!
T02n0099_p0150c03║觸不動、觸無相、觸無所有。」 復問:「尊者!入滅
T02n0099_p0150c04║正受時,為作幾法?」 答言:「長者!此應先問,何
T02n0099_p0150c05║故今問,然當為汝說。比丘入滅正受者,作
T02n0099_p0150c06║於二法,止以觀。」 時,質多羅長者聞尊者迦摩
T02n0099_p0150c07║所說,歡喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0150c08║   (五六九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅聚落菴羅
T02n0099_p0150c09║林中,與眾多上座比丘俱。 時,質多羅長者
T02n0099_p0150c10║詣諸上座比丘所,稽首禮足,於一面坐。諸
T02n0099_p0150c11║上座比丘為質多羅長者種種說法,示、教、
T02n0099_p0150c12║照、喜;示、教、照、喜已,默然住。 時,質多羅長者
T02n0099_p0150c13║從座起,偏袒右肩,右膝著地,合十指掌,
T02n0099_p0150c14║請諸上座言:「唯願諸尊受我薄食。」時,諸
T02n0099_p0150c15║上座默然受請。 時,彼長者知諸上座默
T02n0099_p0150c16║然受請已,禮足而去。還歸自家,辦種種飲
T02n0099_p0150c17║食,敷床座,晨朝遣使白:「時到。」 時,諸上座
T02n0099_p0150c18║著衣持鉢,至長者舍,就座而坐,長者稽
T02n0099_p0150c19║首禮諸上座足,於一面坐。白諸上座:「所
T02n0099_p0150c20║謂種種界,云何為種種界?」 時,諸上座默然而
T02n0099_p0150c21║住。如是再三。 爾時,尊者梨犀達多眾中
T02n0099_p0150c22║下坐,白諸上座比丘言:「諸尊!我欲答
T02n0099_p0150c23║彼長者所問。」 諸上座答言:「可。」 長者質多羅即
T02n0099_p0150c24║問言:「尊者!所謂種種界,何等種種界?」 梨
T02n0099_p0150c25║犀達多答言:「長者!眼界異、色界異、眼識
T02n0099_p0150c26║界異;耳界異、聲界異、耳識界異;鼻界異、
T02n0099_p0150c27║香界異、鼻識界異;舌界異、味界異、舌識
T02n0099_p0150c28║界異;身界異、觸界異、身識界異;意界異、
T02n0099_p0150c29║法界異、意識界異。如是,長者!是名種種界。」
T02n0099_p0151a01║爾時,質多羅長者下種種淨美飲食供養。眾
T02n0099_p0151a02║僧食已,澡嗽、洗鉢訖,質多羅長者敷一
T02n0099_p0151a03║卑床,於上座前坐聽法。 爾時,上座為長
T02n0099_p0151a04║者種種說法,示、教、照、喜已,從座起去。 時,
T02n0099_p0151a05║諸上座於路中語梨犀達多:「善哉!善哉!梨
T02n0099_p0151a06║犀達多比丘!汝真辯捷,知事而說,若於餘
T02n0099_p0151a07║時,汝應常如此應。」 時,諸上座聞梨犀達多
T02n0099_p0151a08║所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0151a09║   (五七〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅聚落菴羅
T02n0099_p0151a10║林中,與眾多上座比丘俱。 時,質多羅長者
T02n0099_p0151a11║詣諸上座所,稽首禮足,退坐一面,白諸上
T02n0099_p0151a12║座言:「諸世間所見,或說有我,或說眾生,
T02n0099_p0151a13║或說壽命,或說世間吉凶。云何?尊者!此諸
T02n0099_p0151a14║異見,何本、何集、何生、何轉?」 時,諸上座默然
T02n0099_p0151a15║不答。如是三問,亦三默然。 時,有一下座
T02n0099_p0151a16║比丘名梨犀達多,白諸上座言:「我欲答
T02n0099_p0151a17║彼長者所問。」 諸上座言:「善能答者答。」 時,長
T02n0099_p0151a18║者即問梨犀達多:「尊者!凡世間所見,何本、
T02n0099_p0151a19║何集、何生、何轉?」 尊者梨犀達多答言:「長者!
T02n0099_p0151a20║凡世間所見,或言有我,或說眾生,或說
T02n0099_p0151a21║壽命,或說世間吉凶,斯等諸見,一切皆以
T02n0099_p0151a22║身見為本,身見集、身見生、身見轉。」 復問:「尊
T02n0099_p0151a23║者!云何為身見?」 答言:「長者!愚癡無聞凡夫
T02n0099_p0151a24║見色是我、色異我、色中我、我中色,受、想、行、
T02n0099_p0151a25║識見是我、識異我、我中識、識中我。長者!是
T02n0099_p0151a26║名身見。」 復問:「尊者!云何得無此身見?」 答言:
T02n0099_p0151a27║「長者!謂多聞聖弟子不見色是我,不見
T02n0099_p0151a28║色異我,不見我中色、色中我;不見受、想、行、
T02n0099_p0151a29║識是我,不見識異我,不見我中識、識中我,
T02n0099_p0151b01║是名得無身見。」 復問:「尊者!其父何名?於
T02n0099_p0151b02║何所生?」 答言:「長者!我生於後方長者家。」
T02n0099_p0151b03║質多羅長者語尊者梨犀達多:「我及尊者二
T02n0099_p0151b04║父本是善知識。」 梨犀達多答言:「如是,長者!」
T02n0099_p0151b05║質多羅長者語梨犀達多言:「尊者若能住此
T02n0099_p0151b06║菴羅林中,我盡形壽供養衣服、飲食、隨病
T02n0099_p0151b07║湯藥,尊者梨犀達多默然受請。」 時,尊者梨
T02n0099_p0151b08║犀達多受質多羅長者請,供養障礙故,久
T02n0099_p0151b09║不詣世尊所。 時,諸上座比丘為質多羅長
T02n0099_p0151b10║者種種說法,示、教、照、喜;示、教、照、喜已,質多羅
T02n0099_p0151b11║長者歡喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0151b12║   (五七一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅聚落菴羅
T02n0099_p0151b13║林中,與眾多上座比丘俱。 時,有質多羅長
T02n0099_p0151b14║者詣諸上座所,稽首禮足,退坐一面,白諸
T02n0099_p0151b15║上座比丘言:「唯願諸尊於牛牧中受我請
T02n0099_p0151b16║食。」 時,諸上座默然受請。 質多羅長者知諸
T02n0099_p0151b17║上座默然受請已,自還家。星夜備具種
T02n0099_p0151b18║種飲食,晨朝敷座,遣使白諸上座:「時到。」 諸
T02n0099_p0151b19║上座著衣持鉢,至牛牧中質多羅長者舍,
T02n0099_p0151b20║就座而坐。 時,質多羅長者自手供養種種飲
T02n0099_p0151b21║食。食已,洗鉢、澡漱畢,質多羅長者敷一卑
T02n0099_p0151b22║床,於上座前坐聽法。 時,諸上座為長者說
T02n0099_p0151b23║種種法,示、教、照、喜;示、教、照、喜已,從座起去,
T02n0099_p0151b24║質多羅長者亦隨後去。 諸上座食諸酥酪
T02n0099_p0151b25║蜜飽滿,於春後月熱時,行路悶極。 爾時,有
T02n0099_p0151b26║一下座比丘名摩訶迦,白諸上座:「今日大
T02n0099_p0151b27║熱,我欲起雲雨微風,可爾不?」 諸上座答言:
T02n0099_p0151b28║「汝能爾者,佳。」 時,摩訶迦即入三昧,如其正
T02n0099_p0151b29║受。應時雲起,細雨微下,涼風亹亹從四
T02n0099_p0151c01║方來,至精舍門,尊者摩訶迦語諸上座言:
T02n0099_p0151c02║「所作可止?」 答言:「可止。」 時,尊者摩訶迦即止
T02n0099_p0151c03║神通,還於自房。 時,質多羅長者作是念:「最
T02n0099_p0151c04║下座比丘而能有此大神通力,況復中座及
T02n0099_p0151c05║與上座。」即禮諸上座比丘足,隨摩訶迦
T02n0099_p0151c06║丘至所住房,禮尊者摩訶迦足,退坐一面,
T02n0099_p0151c07║白言:「尊者!我欲得見尊者過人法神足現
T02n0099_p0151c08║化。」 尊者摩訶迦言:「長者!勿見恐怖。」 如是三
T02n0099_p0151c09║請,亦三不許。長者由復重請願見尊者神
T02n0099_p0151c10║通變化。 尊者摩訶迦語長者言:「汝且出外,
T02n0099_p0151c11║取乾草木積聚已,以一張[疊*毛]覆上。」 質多羅
T02n0099_p0151c12║長者即如其教,出外聚薪成[卄/積],來白尊者
T02n0099_p0151c13║摩訶迦:「薪[卄/積]已成,以[疊*毛]覆上。」 時,尊者摩
T02n0099_p0151c14║訶迦即入火光三昧,於戶鉤孔中出火焰
T02n0099_p0151c15║光,燒其積薪都盡,唯白[疊*毛]不然,語長者
T02n0099_p0151c16║言:「汝今見不?」 答言:「已見。尊者!實為奇特。」 尊
T02n0099_p0151c17║者摩訶迦語長者言:「當知此者皆以不放
T02n0099_p0151c18║逸為本,不放逸集、不放逸生、不放逸轉,不
T02n0099_p0151c19║放逸故得阿耨多羅三藐三菩提。是故,長者!
T02n0099_p0151c20║此及餘功德,一切皆以不放逸為本,不放
T02n0099_p0151c21║逸集、不放逸生、不放逸轉,不放逸故得阿
T02n0099_p0151c22║耨多羅三藐三菩提,及餘道品法。」 質多羅長
T02n0099_p0151c23║者白尊者摩訶迦:「願常住此林中,我當盡
T02n0099_p0151c24║壽衣、被、飲食、隨病湯藥。」 尊者摩訶迦有行
T02n0099_p0151c25║因緣故,不受其請。 質多羅長者聞說法已,
T02n0099_p0151c26║歡喜隨喜,即從座起,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0151c27║尊者摩訶迦不欲令供養利障罪故,即從
T02n0099_p0151c28║座起去,遂不復還。
T02n0099_p0151c29║   (五七二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅林中,與眾
T02n0099_p0152a01║多上座比丘俱。 爾時,眾多上座比丘集於
T02n0099_p0152a02║食堂,作如是論議:「諸尊!於意云何?謂眼繫
T02n0099_p0152a03║色耶?色繫眼耶?如是耳聲、鼻香、舌味、身觸、
T02n0099_p0152a04║意法,為意繫法耶?法繫意耶?」 時,質多羅長
T02n0099_p0152a05║者行有所營,便過精舍,見諸上座比丘集
T02n0099_p0152a06║於食堂,即便前禮諸上座足,禮足已,問言:
T02n0099_p0152a07║「尊者集於食堂,論說何法?」 諸上座答言:「長
T02n0099_p0152a08║者!我等今日集此食堂,作如此論:『為眼繫
T02n0099_p0152a09║色耶?色繫眼耶?如是耳聲、鼻香、舌味、身觸、
T02n0099_p0152a10║意法,為意繫法耶?為法繫意耶?』」 長者問
T02n0099_p0152a11║言:「諸尊者於此義云何記說?」 諸上座言:「於
T02n0099_p0152a12║長者意云何?」 長者答諸上座言:「如我意,
T02n0099_p0152a13║謂非眼繫色,非色繫眼,乃至非意繫法,
T02n0099_p0152a14║非法繫意,然中間有欲貪者,隨彼繫也。
T02n0099_p0152a15║譬如二牛,一黑一白,駕以軛鞅。有人問言:
T02n0099_p0152a16║『為黑牛繫白牛?為白牛繫黑牛?』為等問
T02n0099_p0152a17║不?」 答言:「長者!非等問也。所以者何?非黑
T02n0099_p0152a18║牛繫白牛,亦非白牛繫黑牛,然彼軛鞅是
T02n0099_p0152a19║其繫也。」 「如是,尊者!非眼繫色,非色繫眼,乃
T02n0099_p0152a20║至非意繫法,非法繫意,然其中間,欲貪
T02n0099_p0152a21║是其繫也。」 時,質多羅長者聞諸上座所說,歡
T02n0099_p0152a22║喜隨喜,作禮而去。
T02n0099_p0152a23║   (五七三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅林中。時,有
T02n0099_p0152a24║阿耆毘外道是質多羅長者先人親厚,來
T02n0099_p0152a25║詣質多羅長者所,共相問訊慰勞已,於一面
T02n0099_p0152a26║住。 質多羅長者問阿耆毘外道:「汝出家幾
T02n0099_p0152a27║時?」 答言:「長者!我出家已來二十餘年。」 質
T02n0099_p0152a28║多羅長者問言:「汝出家來過二十年,為得
T02n0099_p0152a29║過人法,究竟知見,安樂住不?」 答言:「長者!
T02n0099_p0152b01║雖出家過二十年,不得過人法,究竟知見,
T02n0099_p0152b02║安樂住,唯有躶形、拔髮、乞食,人間遊行,臥
T02n0099_p0152b03║於土中。」 質多羅長者言:「此非名稱法、律,此
T02n0099_p0152b04║是惡知,非出要道,非曰等覺,非讚歎處,不
T02n0099_p0152b05║可依止。唐名出家過二十年,躶形、拔髮、乞
T02n0099_p0152b06║食,人間遊行,臥灰土中。」 阿耆毘問質多羅
T02n0099_p0152b07║長者:「汝為沙門瞿曇作弟子,於今幾時?」 質
T02n0099_p0152b08║多羅長者答言:「我為世尊弟子過二十年。」
T02n0099_p0152b09║復問質多羅長者:「汝為沙門瞿曇弟子過二
T02n0099_p0152b10║十年,復得過人法,勝、究竟知見不?」 質多羅
T02n0099_p0152b11║長者答言:「汝今當知,質多羅長者要不復
T02n0099_p0152b12║經由胞胎而受生,不復增於丘塜,不復
T02n0099_p0152b13║起於血氣,如世尊所說五下分結,不見一
T02n0099_p0152b14║結而不斷者,若一結不斷,當復還生此世。」
T02n0099_p0152b15║如是說時,阿耆毘迦悲歎涕淚,以衣拭面,
T02n0099_p0152b16║謂質多羅長者言:「我今當作何計?」 質多羅
T02n0099_p0152b17║長者答言:「汝若能於正法、律出家者,我當
T02n0099_p0152b18║給汝衣鉢供身之具。」 阿耆毘迦須臾思惟已,
T02n0099_p0152b19║語質多羅長者言:「我今隨喜,示我所作。」
T02n0099_p0152b20║時,質多羅長者將彼阿耆毘迦往詣諸上
T02n0099_p0152b21║座所,禮諸上座足,於一面坐。白諸上座比
T02n0099_p0152b22║丘言:「尊者!此阿耆毘迦是我先人親厚,今
T02n0099_p0152b23║求出家作比丘,願諸上座度令出家,我當
T02n0099_p0152b24║供給衣鉢眾具。」 諸上座即令出家,剃除鬚
T02n0099_p0152b25║髮,著袈裟衣。出家已,思惟:「所以善男子剃
T02n0099_p0152b26║除鬚髮,著袈裟衣,出家增進學道,淨修梵
T02n0099_p0152b27║行……。」得阿羅漢。
T02n0099_p0152b28║   (五七四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅聚落菴羅
T02n0099_p0152b29║林中,與諸上座比丘俱。 時,有尼犍若提
T02n0099_p0152c01║子與五百眷屬詣菴羅林中,欲誘質多羅
T02n0099_p0152c02║長者以為弟子。質多羅長者聞尼犍若提子
T02n0099_p0152c03║將五百眷屬來詣菴羅林中,欲誘我為弟
T02n0099_p0152c04║子,聞已,即往詣其所,共相問訊畢,各於一
T02n0099_p0152c05║面坐。 時,尼犍若提子語質多羅長者言:「汝
T02n0099_p0152c06║信沙門瞿曇得無覺無觀三昧耶?」 質多羅
T02n0099_p0152c07║長者答言:「我不以信故來也。」 阿耆毘言:
T02n0099_p0152c08║「長者!汝不諂、不幻、質直、質直所生。長者!若能
T02n0099_p0152c09║息有覺有觀者,亦能以繩繫縛於風,若能
T02n0099_p0152c10║息有覺有觀者,亦可以一把土斷恒水
T02n0099_p0152c11║流,我於行、住、坐、臥智見常生。」 質多羅長者
T02n0099_p0152c12║問尼犍若提子:「為信在前耶?為智在前耶?
T02n0099_p0152c13║信之與智,何者為先?何者為勝?」 尼犍若提
T02n0099_p0152c14║子答言:「信應在前,然後有智,信智相比,智
T02n0099_p0152c15║則為勝。」 質多羅長者語尼犍若提子:「我已求
T02n0099_p0152c16║得息有覺有觀,內淨一心,無覺無觀,三昧生
T02n0099_p0152c17║喜樂,第二禪具足住。我晝亦住此三昧,夜亦
T02n0099_p0152c18║住此三昧,終夜常住此三昧,有如是智,何
T02n0099_p0152c19║用信世尊為?」 尼犍若提子言:「汝諂曲、幻偽、
T02n0099_p0152c20║不直、不直所生。」 質多羅長者言:「汝先言我
T02n0099_p0152c21║不諂曲、不幻、質直、質直所生,今云何言
T02n0099_p0152c22║諂曲、幻偽、不直、不直所生耶?若汝前實者,
T02n0099_p0152c23║後則虛,後實者,前則虛。汝先言:『我於行、住、
T02n0099_p0152c24║坐、臥知見常生。』汝於前後,小事不知。云何
T02n0099_p0152c25║知過人法?若知、若見、安樂住事?」長者復問
T02n0099_p0152c26║尼犍若提子:「有於一問、一說、一記論,乃至
T02n0099_p0152c27║十問、十說、十記論,汝有此不?若無一問、一說、
T02n0099_p0152c28║一記論,乃至十問、十說、十記論。云何能誘
T02n0099_p0152c29║於我,而來至此菴羅林中欲誘誑我?」 於是
T02n0099_p0153a01║尼犍若提子息閉掉頭,反拱而出,不復還
T02n0099_p0153a02║顧。
T02n0099_p0153a03║   (五七五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住菴羅聚落菴羅
T02n0099_p0153a04║林中,與眾多上座比丘俱。 爾時,質多羅長者
T02n0099_p0153a05║病苦,諸親圍遶,有眾多諸天來詣長者所,
T02n0099_p0153a06║語質多羅長者言:「長者!汝當發願得作
T02n0099_p0153a07║轉輪王。」 質多羅長者語諸天言:「若作轉
T02n0099_p0153a08║輪王,彼亦無常、苦、空、無我。」 時,長者親屬語
T02n0099_p0153a09║長者:「汝當繫念。汝當繫念。」 質多羅長者語
T02n0099_p0153a10║親屬:「何故汝等教我繫念,繫念?」 彼親屬言:
T02n0099_p0153a11║「汝作是言:『無常、苦、空、無我。』是故教汝繫
T02n0099_p0153a12║念、繫念也。」 長者語諸親屬:「有諸天人來
T02n0099_p0153a13║至我所,語我言:『汝當發願得作轉輪聖
T02n0099_p0153a14║王,隨願得果。』我即答言:『彼轉輪王亦復無
T02n0099_p0153a15║常、苦、空、非我。』」 彼諸親屬語質多羅長者:「轉
T02n0099_p0153a16║輪王有何,而彼諸天教汝願求?」 長者答言:
T02n0099_p0153a17║「轉輪王者以正法治化,是故諸天見如是
T02n0099_p0153a18║福利故,而來教我為發願求。」 諸親屬言:
T02n0099_p0153a19║「汝今用心,當如之何?」 長者答言:「諸親屬!我
T02n0099_p0153a20║今作心,唯不復見胞胎受生,不增丘塜,
T02n0099_p0153a21║不受血氣,如世尊說,五下分結我不見有,
T02n0099_p0153a22║我不自見一結不斷,若結不斷,則還生
T02n0099_p0153a23║此世。」 於是長者即從床起,結加趺坐,正念
T02n0099_p0153a24║在前,而說偈言:
T02n0099_p0153a25║「服食積所積,  廣度於眾難,
T02n0099_p0153a26║ 施上進福田,  殖斯五種力。
T02n0099_p0153a27║ 以斯義所欲,  俗人處於家,
T02n0099_p0153a28║ 我悉得此利,  已免於眾難。
T02n0099_p0153a29║ 世間所聞習,  遠離眾難事,
T02n0099_p0153b01║ 生樂知稍難,  隨順等正覺。
T02n0099_p0153b02║ 供養持戒者,  善修諸梵行,
T02n0099_p0153b03║ 漏盡阿羅漢,  及聲聞牟尼。
T02n0099_p0153b04║ 如是超越見,  於上諸勝處,
T02n0099_p0153b05║ 常行士夫施,  剋終獲大果。
T02n0099_p0153b06║ 習行眾多施,  施諸良福田,
T02n0099_p0153b07║ 於此世命終,  化生於天上。
T02n0099_p0153b08║ 五欲具足滿,  無量心悅樂,
T02n0099_p0153b09║ 獲斯妙果報,  以無慳悋故。
T02n0099_p0153b10║ 在所處受生,  未曾不歡喜。」

T02n0099_p0153b11║質多羅長者說此偈已,尋即命終,生於不
T02n0099_p0153b12║煩熱天。 爾時,質多羅天子作是念:「我不應
T02n0099_p0153b13║停此,當往閻浮提禮拜諸上座比丘。」如
T02n0099_p0153b14║力士屈伸臂頃,以天神力至菴羅林中,
T02n0099_p0153b15║放身天光,遍照菴羅林。 時,有異比丘夜起
T02n0099_p0153b16║出房,露地經行,見勝光明普照樹林。即
T02n0099_p0153b17║說偈言:
T02n0099_p0153b18║「是誰妙天色,  住於虛空中,
T02n0099_p0153b19║ 譬如純金山,  閻浮檀淨光。」

T02n0099_p0153b20║質多羅天子說偈答言:
T02n0099_p0153b21║「我是天人王,  瞿曇名稱子,
T02n0099_p0153b22║ 是菴羅林中,  質多羅長者,
T02n0099_p0153b23║ 以淨戒具足,  繫念自寂靜,
T02n0099_p0153b24║ 解脫身具足,  智慧身亦然,
T02n0099_p0153b25║ 我知法故來,  仁者應當知,
T02n0099_p0153b26║ 當於彼涅槃,  此法法如是。」

T02n0099_p0153b27║質多羅天子說此偈已,即沒不現。
T02n0099_p0153b28║雜阿含經卷第二十一
【經文資訊】大正藏第 02 冊 No. 0099 雜阿含經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
【編輯說明】本資料庫由中華電子佛典協會(CBETA)依大正藏所編輯
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