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T02n0099_015 雜阿含經 第15卷

CBETA 電子佛典集成 » 大正藏 (T) » 第 2 冊 » No.0099 » 第 15 卷 ▲上一卷 ▼下一卷 前往第

 
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T02n0099_p0101a03║雜阿含經卷第十五
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T02n0099_p0101a06║   (三六五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給孤
T02n0099_p0101a07║獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「謂見法般涅槃。
T02n0099_p0101a08║云何如來說見法般涅槃?」 諸比丘白佛:「世尊
T02n0099_p0101a09║是法根、法眼、法依。善哉!世尊!唯願為說見
T02n0099_p0101a10║法般涅槃,諸比丘聞已,當受奉行。云何比
T02n0099_p0101a11║丘得見法般涅槃?」 佛告比丘:「諦聽,善思,當
T02n0099_p0101a12║為汝說。若有比丘於老、病、死,厭、離欲、滅
T02n0099_p0101a13║盡,不起諸漏,心善解脫,是名比丘得見法
T02n0099_p0101a14║般涅槃。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0101a15║喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0101a16║   (三六六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給孤
T02n0099_p0101a17║獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「毘婆尸佛未成
T02n0099_p0101a18║正覺時,獨一靜處,專精禪思,作如是念:『一
T02n0099_p0101a19║切世間皆入生死,自生自熟,自滅自沒,而
T02n0099_p0101a20║彼眾生於老死之上出世間道不如實知。』
T02n0099_p0101a21║即自觀察:『何緣有此老死?』如是正思惟觀
T02n0099_p0101a22║察,得如實無間等起知:『有生故有此老死,
T02n0099_p0101a23║緣生故有老死。』復正思惟:『何緣故有此生?』
T02n0099_p0101a24║尋復正思惟,無間等起知:『緣有故有生。』尋
T02n0099_p0101a25║復正思惟:『何緣故有有?』尋復正思惟,如實無
T02n0099_p0101a26║間等起知:『有取故有有。』尋復正思惟:『何
T02n0099_p0101a27║緣故有取?』尋復正思惟,如實無間等起觀察:
T02n0099_p0101a28║『取法味著顧念,緣觸愛所增長。』當知緣愛
T02n0099_p0101a29║取,緣取有,緣有生,緣生老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、苦,
T02n0099_p0101b01║如是純大苦聚集。譬如緣油炷而然燈,彼
T02n0099_p0101b02║時時增油治炷,彼燈常明,熾然不息……」如前
T02n0099_p0101b03║來歎譬、城譬廣說。 佛說是經已,諸比丘聞
T02n0099_p0101b04║佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0101b05║如毘婆尸佛,如是尸棄佛、毘濕波浮佛、迦
T02n0099_p0101b06║羅迦孫提佛、迦那迦牟尼佛、迦葉佛,皆如是
T02n0099_p0101b07║說。
T02n0099_p0101b08║   (三六七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0101b09║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「當勤方便修
T02n0099_p0101b10║習禪思,內寂其心。所以者何?比丘禪思,內
T02n0099_p0101b11║寂其心,精勤方便者。如是如實顯現。云何
T02n0099_p0101b12║如實顯現?老死如實顯現,老死集、老死滅、老
T02n0099_p0101b13║死滅道跡如實顯現;生、有、取、愛、受、觸、六入處、
T02n0099_p0101b14║名色、識、行如實顯現,行集、行滅、行滅道跡如
T02n0099_p0101b15║實顯現。此諸法無常、有為、有漏如實顯現。」 佛
T02n0099_p0101b16║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0101b17║   (三六八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0101b18║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「當修無量三摩
T02n0099_p0101b19║提,專精繫念,修無量三摩提,專精繫念已。如
T02n0099_p0101b20║是如實顯現。云何如實顯現?謂老死如實顯
T02n0099_p0101b21║現,乃至行如實顯現,此諸法無常、有為、有漏。
T02n0099_p0101b22║如是如實顯現。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛
T02n0099_p0101b23║所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0101b24║   (三六九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給孤
T02n0099_p0101b25║獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「昔者毘婆尸佛未
T02n0099_p0101b26║成正覺時,住菩提所,不久成佛,詣菩提樹
T02n0099_p0101b27║下,敷草為座,結跏趺坐,端坐正念,一坐七
T02n0099_p0101b28║日,於十二緣起逆順觀察,所謂此有故彼
T02n0099_p0101b29║有,此起故彼起,緣無明行,乃至緣生有老
T02n0099_p0101b30║死,及純大苦聚集,純大苦聚滅。 「彼毘婆尸佛
T02n0099_p0101c01║正坐七日已,從三昧覺,說此偈言:
T02n0099_p0101c02║「『如此諸法生,  梵志勤思禪,
T02n0099_p0101c03║  永離諸疑惑,  知因緣生法。
T02n0099_p0101c04║  若知因生苦,  知諸受滅盡,
T02n0099_p0101c05║  知因緣法盡,  則知有漏盡。
T02n0099_p0101c06║  如此諸法生,  梵志勤思禪,
T02n0099_p0101c07║  永離諸疑惑,  知有因生苦。
T02n0099_p0101c08║  如此諸法生,  梵志勤思禪,
T02n0099_p0101c09║  永離諸疑惑,  知諸受滅盡。
T02n0099_p0101c10║  如此諸法生,  梵志勤思禪,
T02n0099_p0101c11║  永離諸疑惑,  知因緣法盡。
T02n0099_p0101c12║  如此諸法生,  梵志勤思禪,
T02n0099_p0101c13║  永離諸疑惑,  知盡諸有漏。
T02n0099_p0101c14║  如此諸法生,  梵志勤思禪,
T02n0099_p0101c15║  普照諸世間,  如日住虛空。
T02n0099_p0101c16║  破壞諸魔軍,  覺諸結解脫。』」

T02n0099_p0101c17║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0101c18║如毘婆尸佛,如是尸棄佛、毘濕波浮佛、迦
T02n0099_p0101c19║羅迦孫提佛、迦那迦牟尼佛、迦葉佛,亦如
T02n0099_p0101c20║是說。
T02n0099_p0101c21║   (三七〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住欝毘羅尼連禪河
T02n0099_p0101c22║側大菩提所,不久當成正覺,往詣菩提樹
T02n0099_p0101c23║下,敷草為座,結跏趺坐,正身正念……如前廣
T02n0099_p0101c24║說。
T02n0099_p0101c25║   (三七一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0101c26║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四食資益
T02n0099_p0101c27║眾生,令得住世攝受長養。何等為四?謂一、
T02n0099_p0101c28║麤摶食,二、細觸食,三、意思食,四、識食。 「此四
T02n0099_p0101c29║食何因、何集、何生、何觸?謂此諸食愛因、愛集、
T02n0099_p0102a01║愛生、愛觸。此愛何因、何集、何生、何觸?謂愛受
T02n0099_p0102a02║因、受集、受生、受觸。此受何因、何集、何生、何觸?
T02n0099_p0102a03║謂受觸因、觸集、觸生、觸觸,此觸何因、何集、何
T02n0099_p0102a04║生、何觸?謂觸六入處因、六入處集、六入處生、
T02n0099_p0102a05║六入處觸。六入處集是觸集,觸集是受集,受
T02n0099_p0102a06║集是愛集,愛集是食集,食集故未來世生、
T02n0099_p0102a07║老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、苦集,如是純大苦聚集。 「如是
T02n0099_p0102a08║六入處滅則觸滅,觸滅則受滅,受滅則愛滅,
T02n0099_p0102a09║愛滅則食滅,食滅故於未來世生、老、病、死、憂、
T02n0099_p0102a10║悲、惱、苦滅,如是純大苦聚滅。」 佛說此經已,
T02n0099_p0102a11║諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0102a12║   (三七二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0102a13║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四食資益
T02n0099_p0102a14║眾生,令得住世攝受長養。何等為四?一、麤
T02n0099_p0102a15║摶食,二、細觸食,三、意思食,四、識食。」 時,有比
T02n0099_p0102a16║丘名曰頗求那,住佛後扇佛,白佛言:「世
T02n0099_p0102a17║尊!誰食此識?」 佛告頗求那:「我不言有食
T02n0099_p0102a18║識者,我若言有食識者,汝應作是問,我說
T02n0099_p0102a19║識是食。汝應問言:『何因緣故有識食?』我
T02n0099_p0102a20║則答言:『能招未來有,令相續生,有有故有
T02n0099_p0102a21║六入處,六入處緣觸。』」 頗求那復問:「為誰觸?」
T02n0099_p0102a22║佛告頗求那:「我不言有觸者,我若言有觸
T02n0099_p0102a23║者,汝應作是問:『為誰觸?』汝應如是問:『何
T02n0099_p0102a24║因緣故生觸?』我應如是答:『六入處緣觸,
T02n0099_p0102a25║觸緣受。』」 復問:「為誰受?」 佛告頗求那:「我不
T02n0099_p0102a26║說有受者,我若言有受者,汝應問:『為誰
T02n0099_p0102a27║受?』汝應問言:『何因緣故有受?』我應如是
T02n0099_p0102a28║答:『觸緣故有受,受緣愛。』」 復問:「世尊!為誰愛?」
T02n0099_p0102a29║佛告頗求那:「我不說有愛者,我若說言有
T02n0099_p0102b01║愛者,汝應作是問:『為誰愛?』汝應問言:『何
T02n0099_p0102b02║緣故有愛?』我應如是答:『緣受故有愛,愛
T02n0099_p0102b03║緣取。』」 復問:「世尊!為誰取?」 佛告頗求那:「我
T02n0099_p0102b04║不說言有取者,我若說言有取者,汝應
T02n0099_p0102b05║問言:『為誰取?』汝應問言:『何緣故有取?』
T02n0099_p0102b06║我應答言:『愛緣故有取,取緣有。』」 復問:「世
T02n0099_p0102b07║尊!為誰有?」 佛告頗求那:「我不說有有者,
T02n0099_p0102b08║我若說有有者,汝應問言:『為誰有?』汝今
T02n0099_p0102b09║應問:『何緣故有有?』我應答言:『緣取故有
T02n0099_p0102b10║有,能招當來有觸生是名有,有六入處,
T02n0099_p0102b11║六入處緣觸,觸緣受,受緣愛,愛緣取,取緣
T02n0099_p0102b12║有,有緣生,生緣老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、苦。如是純
T02n0099_p0102b13║大苦聚集,謂六入處滅則觸滅,觸滅則受滅,
T02n0099_p0102b14║受滅則愛滅,愛滅則取滅,取滅則有滅,有
T02n0099_p0102b15║滅則生滅,生滅則老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、苦滅,如是
T02n0099_p0102b16║純大苦聚集滅。』」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛
T02n0099_p0102b17║所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0102b18║   (三七三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0102b19║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四食資益
T02n0099_p0102b20║眾生,令得住世攝受長養。云何為四?謂一、
T02n0099_p0102b21║麤摶食,二、細觸食,三、意思食,四、識食。 「云何比
T02n0099_p0102b22║丘觀察摶食?譬如有夫婦二人,唯有一
T02n0099_p0102b23║子,愛念將養,欲度曠野嶮道難處,糧食乏
T02n0099_p0102b24║盡,飢餓困極,計無濟理,作是議言:『正有一
T02n0099_p0102b25║子,極所愛念,若食其肉,可得度難,莫令
T02n0099_p0102b26║在此三人俱死。』作是計已,即殺其子,含悲
T02n0099_p0102b27║垂淚,強食其肉,得度曠野。云何?比丘!彼人
T02n0099_p0102b28║夫婦共食子肉,寧取其味,貪嗜美樂與
T02n0099_p0102b29║不?」 答曰:「不也,世尊!」 復問:「比丘!彼強食其
T02n0099_p0102c01║肉,為度曠野嶮道與不?」 答言:「如是,世尊!」
T02n0099_p0102c02║佛告比丘:「凡食摶食,當如是觀。如是觀
T02n0099_p0102c03║者,摶食斷知,摶食斷知已,於五欲功德貪
T02n0099_p0102c04║愛則斷,五欲功德貪愛斷者,我不見彼多聞
T02n0099_p0102c05║聖弟子於五欲功德上有一結使而不斷
T02n0099_p0102c06║者,有一結繫故,則還生此世。 「云何比丘觀
T02n0099_p0102c07║察觸食?譬如有牛,生剝其皮,在在處處,諸
T02n0099_p0102c08║蟲唼食,沙土坌塵,草木針刺,若依於地,地蟲
T02n0099_p0102c09║所食,若依於水,水蟲所食,若依空中,飛
T02n0099_p0102c10║蟲所食,臥起常有苦毒此身。如是,比丘!於
T02n0099_p0102c11║彼觸食,當如是觀。如是觀者,觸食斷知,觸
T02n0099_p0102c12║食斷知者,三受則斷,三受斷者,多聞聖弟子
T02n0099_p0102c13║於上無所復作,所作已作故。 「云何比丘觀
T02n0099_p0102c14║察意思食?譬如聚落城邑邊有火起,無煙無
T02n0099_p0102c15║炎,時有士夫聰明黠慧,背苦向樂,厭死樂
T02n0099_p0102c16║生,作如是念:『彼有大火,無煙無炎,行來當
T02n0099_p0102c17║避,莫令墮中,必死無疑。』作是思惟,常生
T02n0099_p0102c18║思願,捨遠而去。觀意思食,亦復如是。如是
T02n0099_p0102c19║觀者,意思食斷;意思食斷者,三愛則斷;三愛
T02n0099_p0102c20║斷者,彼多聞聖弟子於上更無所作,所作
T02n0099_p0102c21║已作故。 「諸比丘!云何觀察識食?譬如國王,
T02n0099_p0102c22║有防邏者,捉捕劫盜,縛送王所……」如前須深
T02n0099_p0102c23║經廣說。「以彼因緣,受三百矛苦覺,晝夜苦
T02n0099_p0102c24║痛,觀察識食,亦復如是。如是觀者,識食斷
T02n0099_p0102c25║知,識食斷知者,名色斷知,名色斷知者,多
T02n0099_p0102c26║聞聖弟子於上更無所作,所作已作故。」 佛
T02n0099_p0102c27║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0102c28║   (三七四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0102c29║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四食資益
T02n0099_p0103a01║眾生,令得住世攝受長養。何等為四?一者
T02n0099_p0103a02║摶食,二者觸食,三意思食,四者識食。 「若比丘
T02n0099_p0103a03║於此四食有喜有貪,則識住增長,識住增
T02n0099_p0103a04║長故,入於名色,入名色故,諸行增長,行增
T02n0099_p0103a05║長故,當來有增長,當來有增長故,生、老、病、死、
T02n0099_p0103a06║憂、悲、惱、苦集,如是純大苦聚集。 「若於四食無
T02n0099_p0103a07║貪無喜,無貪無喜故,識不住、不增長,識不住、
T02n0099_p0103a08║不增長故,不入名色,不入名色故,行不
T02n0099_p0103a09║增長,行不增長故,當來有不生不長,當來
T02n0099_p0103a10║有不生長故,於未來世生、老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、苦
T02n0099_p0103a11║不起。如是純大苦聚滅。」 佛說此經已,諸比
T02n0099_p0103a12║丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0103a13║   (三七五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0103a14║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四食資益
T02n0099_p0103a15║眾生,令得住世攝受長養。何等為四?一者
T02n0099_p0103a16║摶食,二者觸食,三意思食,四者識食。諸比丘!
T02n0099_p0103a17║於此四食有貪有喜,則有憂悲、有塵垢,
T02n0099_p0103a18║若於四食無貪無喜,則無憂悲,亦無塵垢。」
T02n0099_p0103a19║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉
T02n0099_p0103a20║行。
T02n0099_p0103a21║   (三七六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0103a22║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四食資益
T02n0099_p0103a23║眾生,令得住世攝受長養。何等為四?一者
T02n0099_p0103a24║摶食,二者觸食,三意思食,四者識食。 「諸比
T02n0099_p0103a25║丘!於此四食有貪有喜,識住增長,乃至純
T02n0099_p0103a26║大苦聚集。譬如樓閣宮殿,北西長廣,東西牕
T02n0099_p0103a27║牖,日出東方,光照西壁。如是,比丘!於此四
T02n0099_p0103a28║食有貪有喜……」如前廣說,乃至「純大苦聚集。
T02n0099_p0103a29║「若於四食無貪無喜……」如前廣說,乃至「純大苦
T02n0099_p0103b01║聚滅。譬如,比丘!樓閣宮殿,北西長廣,東西
T02n0099_p0103b02║牕牖,日出東方,應照何所?」 比丘白佛言:「應
T02n0099_p0103b03║照西壁。」 佛告比丘:「若無西壁,應何所照?」
T02n0099_p0103b04║比丘白佛言:「應照虛空,無所攀緣。」 「如是,
T02n0099_p0103b05║比丘!於此四食無貪無喜,識無所住,乃至
T02n0099_p0103b06║如是純大苦聚滅。」佛說此經已,諸比丘聞
T02n0099_p0103b07║佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0103b08║   (三七七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0103b09║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四食資益
T02n0099_p0103b10║眾生,令得住世攝受長養。何等為四?一者
T02n0099_p0103b11║摶食,二者觸食,三意思食,四者識食。諸比
T02n0099_p0103b12║丘!於此四食有貪有喜,識住增長,乃至
T02n0099_p0103b13║純大苦聚集。譬如。比丘!樓閣宮殿,北西長
T02n0099_p0103b14║廣,東西牕牖,日出東方,應照何所?」 比丘白
T02n0099_p0103b15║佛言:「應照西壁。」 佛告比丘:「如是,四食有
T02n0099_p0103b16║貪有喜,識住增長,乃至如是大苦聚集。若
T02n0099_p0103b17║於四食無貪無喜,亦無識住增長,乃至如
T02n0099_p0103b18║是純大苦聚滅。譬如,比丘!畫師、畫師弟子集
T02n0099_p0103b19║種種彩色,欲粧畫虛空,寧能畫不?」 比丘白
T02n0099_p0103b20║佛:「不能。世尊!所以者何?彼虛空者,非色、無
T02n0099_p0103b21║對、不可見。」 「如是,比丘!於此四食無貪無喜,
T02n0099_p0103b22║亦無識住增長,乃至如是純大苦聚滅。」 佛說
T02n0099_p0103b23║此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0103b24║   (三七八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住舍衛國祇樹給
T02n0099_p0103b25║孤獨園。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四食資益
T02n0099_p0103b26║眾生,令得住世攝受長養。何等為四?一者
T02n0099_p0103b27║摶食,二者觸食,三意思食,四者識食。諸比
T02n0099_p0103b28║丘!於此四食有貪有喜,識住增長,乃至純
T02n0099_p0103b29║大苦聚集。譬如。比丘!畫師、若畫師弟子集種
T02n0099_p0103c01║種彩,欲粧畫於色,作種種像。諸比丘!於
T02n0099_p0103c02║意云何?彼畫師、畫師弟子寧能粧於色不?」
T02n0099_p0103c03║比丘白佛:「如是,世尊!能粧畫色。」 佛告比
T02n0099_p0103c04║丘:「於此四食有貪有喜,識住增長,乃至如
T02n0099_p0103c05║是純大苦聚集。諸比丘!若於四食無貪無
T02n0099_p0103c06║喜,無有識住增長,乃至如是純大苦聚滅。
T02n0099_p0103c07║比丘!譬如畫師、畫師弟子集種種彩,欲離
T02n0099_p0103c08║於色有所粧畫,作種種像,寧能畫不?」 比
T02n0099_p0103c09║丘白佛:「不能。世尊!」 「如是,比丘!若於四食
T02n0099_p0103c10║無貪無喜,無有識住增長,乃至如是純大
T02n0099_p0103c11║苦聚滅。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,
T02n0099_p0103c12║歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0103c13║   (三七九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]鹿野苑
T02n0099_p0103c14║中仙人住處。 爾時,世尊告五比丘:「此苦聖諦,
T02n0099_p0103c15║本所未曾聞法,當正思惟。時,生眼、智、明、覺,
T02n0099_p0103c16║此苦集、此苦滅、此苦滅道跡聖諦,本所未曾
T02n0099_p0103c17║聞法,當正思惟。時,生、眼、智、明、覺。 「復次,苦聖
T02n0099_p0103c18║諦智當復知,本所未聞法,當正思惟。時,生
T02n0099_p0103c19║眼、智、明、覺,苦集聖諦已知當斷,本所未曾聞
T02n0099_p0103c20║法,當正思惟。時,生眼、智、明、覺。 「復次,苦集滅,
T02n0099_p0103c21║此苦滅聖諦已知當知作證,本所未聞法,
T02n0099_p0103c22║當正思惟。時,生眼、智、明、覺,復以此苦滅道
T02n0099_p0103c23║跡聖諦已知當修,本所未曾聞法,當正思
T02n0099_p0103c24║惟。時,生眼、智、明、覺。 「復次,比丘!此苦聖諦已
T02n0099_p0103c25║知,知已出,所未聞法,當正思惟。時,生眼、智、
T02n0099_p0103c26║明、覺;復次,此苦集聖諦已知,已斷出,所未聞
T02n0099_p0103c27║法,當正思惟。時,生眼、智、明、覺。 「復次,苦滅
T02n0099_p0103c28║聖諦已知、已作證出,所未聞法,當正思惟。
T02n0099_p0103c29║時,生眼、智、明、覺;復次,苦滅道跡聖諦已知、已
T02n0099_p0104a01║修出,所未曾聞法,當正思惟。時,生眼、智、明、
T02n0099_p0104a02║覺。 「諸比丘!我於此四聖諦三轉十二行不
T02n0099_p0104a03║生眼、智、明、覺者,我終不得於諸天、魔、梵、沙
T02n0099_p0104a04║門、婆羅門聞法眾中,為解脫、為出、為離,亦
T02n0099_p0104a05║不自證得阿耨多羅三藐三菩提。我已於四
T02n0099_p0104a06║聖諦三轉十二行生眼、智、明、覺,故於諸天、
T02n0099_p0104a07║魔、梵、沙門、婆羅門聞法眾中,得出、得脫,自證
T02n0099_p0104a08║得成阿耨多羅三藐三菩提。」 爾時,世尊說是
T02n0099_p0104a09║法時,尊者憍陳如及八萬諸天遠塵離垢,
T02n0099_p0104a10║得法眼淨。 爾時,世尊告尊者憍陳如:「知法
T02n0099_p0104a11║未?」 憍陳如白佛:「已知。世尊!」 復告尊者憍陳
T02n0099_p0104a12║如:「知法未?」 拘隣白佛:「已知。善逝!」 尊者拘隣
T02n0099_p0104a13║已知法故,是故名阿若拘隣。 尊者阿若拘
T02n0099_p0104a14║隣知法已,地神舉聲唱言:「諸仁者!世尊於
T02n0099_p0104a15║波羅[木*奈]國仙人住處鹿野苑中三轉十二行
T02n0099_p0104a16║法輪,諸沙門、婆羅門、諸天、魔、梵所未曾轉,
T02n0099_p0104a17║多所饒益,多所安樂,哀愍世間,以義饒
T02n0099_p0104a18║益,利安天人,增益諸天眾,減損阿修羅眾。」
T02n0099_p0104a19║地神唱已,聞虛空神天、四天王天、三十三
T02n0099_p0104a20║天、炎魔天、兜率陀天、化樂天、他化自在天
T02n0099_p0104a21║展轉傳唱,須臾之間,聞于梵天身。梵天乘
T02n0099_p0104a22║聲唱言:「諸仁者,世尊於波羅[木*奈]國仙人住處
T02n0099_p0104a23║鹿野苑中三轉十二行法輪,諸沙門、婆羅門、
T02n0099_p0104a24║諸天、魔、梵,及世間聞法未所曾轉,多所饒
T02n0099_p0104a25║益,多所安樂,以義饒益諸天世人,增益諸
T02n0099_p0104a26║天眾,減損阿修羅眾。」世尊於波羅[木*奈]國仙
T02n0099_p0104a27║人住處鹿野苑中轉法輪,是故此經名轉
T02n0099_p0104a28║法輪經。 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0104a29║喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0104b01║   (三八〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]仙人住
T02n0099_p0104b02║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0104b03║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0104b04║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞
T02n0099_p0104b05║佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0104b06║   (三八一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]仙人住
T02n0099_p0104b07║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0104b08║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0104b09║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。若比丘於此四聖諦未
T02n0099_p0104b10║無間等者,當修無間等,起增上欲,方便堪
T02n0099_p0104b11║能,正念正知,應當覺。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘
T02n0099_p0104b12║聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0104b13║   (三八二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]仙人住
T02n0099_p0104b14║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0104b15║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0104b16║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。若比丘於苦聖諦當知、
T02n0099_p0104b17║當解,於集聖諦當知、當斷,於苦滅聖諦
T02n0099_p0104b18║當知、當證,於苦滅道跡聖諦當知、當修。」 佛
T02n0099_p0104b19║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0104b20║   (三八三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]仙人住
T02n0099_p0104b21║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0104b22║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0104b23║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。若比丘於苦聖諦已知、
T02n0099_p0104b24║已解,於苦集聖諦已知、已斷,於苦滅聖諦
T02n0099_p0104b25║已知、已證,於苦滅道跡聖諦已知、已修。如
T02n0099_p0104b26║是比丘則斷愛欲,轉去諸結,於慢、無明
T02n0099_p0104b27║等究竟苦邊。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所
T02n0099_p0104b28║說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0104b29║   (三八四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]仙人住
T02n0099_p0104c01║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0104c02║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0104c03║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。若比丘於苦聖諦已知、
T02n0099_p0104c04║已解,於苦集聖諦已知、已斷,於苦滅聖諦
T02n0099_p0104c05║已知、已證,於苦滅道跡聖諦已知、已修。如
T02n0099_p0104c06║是比丘名阿羅漢,諸漏已盡,所作已作,離
T02n0099_p0104c07║諸重擔,逮得己利,盡諸有結,正智善解脫。」
T02n0099_p0104c08║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0104c09║   (三八五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人住
T02n0099_p0104c10║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0104c11║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0104c12║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。若比丘於苦聖諦已知、
T02n0099_p0104c13║已解,於苦集聖諦已知、已斷,於苦滅聖諦
T02n0099_p0104c14║已知、已證,於苦滅道跡聖諦已知、已修。如
T02n0099_p0104c15║是比丘邊際、究竟邊際、離垢邊際,梵行已
T02n0099_p0104c16║終,純一清白,名為上士。」 佛說此經已,諸比
T02n0099_p0104c17║丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0104c18║   (三八六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人住
T02n0099_p0104c19║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0104c20║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0104c21║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。若比丘於苦聖諦已知、
T02n0099_p0104c22║已解,於苦集聖諦已知、已斷,於苦滅聖諦
T02n0099_p0104c23║已知、已證,於苦滅道跡聖諦已知、已修。如
T02n0099_p0104c24║是比丘無有關鍵,平治城壍,度諸嶮難,
T02n0099_p0104c25║解脫結縛,名為賢聖,建立聖幢。」 佛說此經
T02n0099_p0104c26║已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0104c27║   (三八七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]仙人住
T02n0099_p0104c28║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0104c29║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0105a01║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。若比丘於苦聖諦已知、
T02n0099_p0105a02║已解,於苦集聖諦已知、已斷,於苦滅聖諦
T02n0099_p0105a03║已知、已證,於苦滅道跡聖諦已知、已修。如
T02n0099_p0105a04║是比丘無有關鍵,平治城塹,度諸峻
T02n0099_p0105a05║難,名為賢聖,建立聖幢。諸比丘!云何無有
T02n0099_p0105a06║關鍵?謂五下分結已、已知,是名離關
T02n0099_p0105a07║鍵。云何平治城塹,無明謂之深塹,彼得斷
T02n0099_p0105a08║知,是名平治城塹。云何度諸嶮難?謂無際
T02n0099_p0105a09║生死,究竟苦邊,是名度諸嶮難。云何解脫
T02n0099_p0105a10║結縛?謂愛已斷、已知。云何建立聖幢?謂我慢
T02n0099_p0105a11║已斷、已知,是名建立聖幢。」 佛說此經已,諸
T02n0099_p0105a12║比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0105a13║   (三八八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0105a14║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四聖
T02n0099_p0105a15║諦。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0105a16║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。若比丘於苦聖諦已知、
T02n0099_p0105a17║已解,於苦集聖諦已知、已斷,於苦滅聖諦
T02n0099_p0105a18║已知、已證,於苦滅道跡聖諦已知、已修,是
T02n0099_p0105a19║名比丘斷五支,成六分,守護於一,依猗
T02n0099_p0105a20║於四,捨除諸諦,離四衢,證諸覺想,自身所
T02n0099_p0105a21║作,心善解脫,慧善解脫,純一清白,名為上
T02n0099_p0105a22║士。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜
T02n0099_p0105a23║奉行。
T02n0099_p0105a24║   (三八九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人住
T02n0099_p0105a25║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「有四法
T02n0099_p0105a26║成就,名曰大醫王者,所應王之具、王之分。何
T02n0099_p0105a27║等為四?一者善知病,二者善知病源,三者
T02n0099_p0105a28║善知病對治,四者善知治病已,當來更不
T02n0099_p0105a29║動發。云何名良醫善知病?謂良醫善知如
T02n0099_p0105b01║是如是種種病,是名良醫善知病。云何良醫
T02n0099_p0105b02║善知病源?謂良醫善知此病因風起、癖陰
T02n0099_p0105b03║起、涎唾起、眾冷起、因現事起、時節起,是名
T02n0099_p0105b04║良醫善知病源。云何良醫善知病對治?謂良
T02n0099_p0105b05║醫善知種種病,應塗藥、應吐、應下、應灌
T02n0099_p0105b06║鼻、應熏、應取汗。如是比種種對治,是名
T02n0099_p0105b07║良醫善知對治。云何良醫善知治病已,於未
T02n0099_p0105b08║來世永不動發?謂良醫善治種種病,令究
T02n0099_p0105b09║竟除,於未來世永不復起,是名良醫善知
T02n0099_p0105b10║治病,更不動發。 「如來、應、等正覺為大醫王,
T02n0099_p0105b11║成就四德,療眾生病,亦復如是。云何為四?
T02n0099_p0105b12║謂如來知此是苦聖諦如實知、此是苦集聖
T02n0099_p0105b13║諦如實知、此是苦滅聖諦如實知、此是苦滅
T02n0099_p0105b14║道跡聖諦如實知。諸比丘!彼世間良醫於生
T02n0099_p0105b15║根本對治不如實知,老、病、死、憂、悲、惱、苦根本
T02n0099_p0105b16║對治不如實知,如來、應、等正覺為大醫
T02n0099_p0105b17║王,於生根本知對治如實知,於老、病、死、憂、
T02n0099_p0105b18║悲、惱、苦根本對治如實知,是故如來、應、等正
T02n0099_p0105b19║覺名大醫王。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛
T02n0099_p0105b20║所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0105b21║   (三九〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0105b22║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「若諸沙
T02n0099_p0105b23║門、婆羅門於此苦聖諦不如實知,此苦集
T02n0099_p0105b24║聖諦不如實知,此苦滅聖諦不如實知,此
T02n0099_p0105b25║苦滅道跡聖諦不如實知,此非沙門之沙門,
T02n0099_p0105b26║非婆羅門之婆羅門,彼亦不於沙門義、婆羅
T02n0099_p0105b27║門義見法自知作證:『我生已盡,梵行已立,所
T02n0099_p0105b28║作已作,自知不受後有。』 「若沙門、婆羅門於
T02n0099_p0105b29║此苦聖諦如實知,此苦集聖諦如實知,此苦
T02n0099_p0105c01║滅聖諦如實知,此苦滅道跡聖諦如實知,當
T02n0099_p0105c02║知是沙門、婆羅門,沙門之沙門、婆羅門之婆
T02n0099_p0105c03║羅門,於沙門義、婆羅門義見法自知作證:『我
T02n0099_p0105c04║生已盡,梵行已立,所作已作,自知不受後
T02n0099_p0105c05║有。』是故,比丘!於四聖諦無間等當起增上
T02n0099_p0105c06║欲,精勤堪能,方便修學。何等為四?謂苦聖
T02n0099_p0105c07║諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。」 佛
T02n0099_p0105c08║說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0105c09║   (三九一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0105c10║住處鹿野苑中……廣說如上。差別者:「於四聖
T02n0099_p0105c11║諦不如實知,當知是沙門、婆羅門,非沙門
T02n0099_p0105c12║數、非婆羅門數;於四聖諦如實知者,是沙
T02n0099_p0105c13║門數、是婆羅門數。」乃至……。 佛說此經已,諸比
T02n0099_p0105c14║丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0105c15║   (三九二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0105c16║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「若沙門、
T02n0099_p0105c17║婆羅門於苦聖諦不如實知,苦集聖諦不
T02n0099_p0105c18║如實知,苦滅聖諦不如實知,苦滅道跡聖
T02n0099_p0105c19║諦不如實知,當知是沙門、婆羅門不得脫
T02n0099_p0105c20║苦。若沙門、婆羅門於苦聖諦如實知,於苦
T02n0099_p0105c21║集聖諦如實知,於苦滅聖諦如實知,於苦
T02n0099_p0105c22║滅道跡聖諦如實知,當知是沙門、婆羅門
T02n0099_p0105c23║解脫於苦。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,
T02n0099_p0105c24║歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0105c25║「如於苦不解脫、解脫。如是捨惡趣不解脫、
T02n0099_p0105c26║解脫,堪能捨戒退減,不捨戒退減,能自說
T02n0099_p0105c27║得過人法自證,不能自說得過人法作證,
T02n0099_p0105c28║能於此外求良福田,不能於此外求良
T02n0099_p0105c29║福田。
T02n0099_p0106a01║「能於此外求大師,不能於此外求大師,
T02n0099_p0106a02║不能越苦,堪能越苦,不堪能脫苦,堪能
T02n0099_p0106a03║脫苦。」
T02n0099_p0106a04║如是上諸經重說悉繼以偈:
T02n0099_p0106a05║「若不知苦者,  及彼眾苦因,
T02n0099_p0106a06║ 一切諸苦法,  寂滅永無餘。
T02n0099_p0106a07║ 若不知道跡,  能思一切苦,
T02n0099_p0106a08║ 心解脫於苦,  慧解脫亦然。
T02n0099_p0106a09║ 不能越眾苦,  令苦究竟脫,
T02n0099_p0106a10║ 若如實知苦,  亦知眾苦因。
T02n0099_p0106a11║ 及一切諸苦,  永滅盡無餘,
T02n0099_p0106a12║ 若復如實知,  息苦之道跡。
T02n0099_p0106a13║ 意解脫具足,  慧解脫亦然,
T02n0099_p0106a14║ 堪能越眾苦,  究竟得解脫。」

T02n0099_p0106a15║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0106a16║   (三九三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0106a17║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「若善男
T02n0099_p0106a18║子正信非家,出家學道,彼一切所應當
T02n0099_p0106a19║知四聖諦法。何等為四?謂知苦聖諦、知
T02n0099_p0106a20║苦集聖諦、知苦滅聖諦、知苦滅道跡聖諦。
T02n0099_p0106a21║是故,比丘!於四聖諦未無間等者,當勤方
T02n0099_p0106a22║便,修無間等,如此章句,一切四聖諦經,應
T02n0099_p0106a23║當具說。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0106a24║喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0106a25║「如是知、如是見、如是無間等,悉應當說。又
T02n0099_p0106a26║三結盡,得須陀洹,一切當知四聖諦。何等
T02n0099_p0106a27║為四?謂知苦聖諦、知苦集聖諦、知苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0106a28║諦、知苦滅道跡聖諦。如是當知、如是當見
T02n0099_p0106a29║無間等。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡
T02n0099_p0106b01║喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0106b02║「若三結盡,貪、恚、癡薄,得斯陀含,彼一切皆
T02n0099_p0106b03║於四聖諦如實知故。何等為四?謂知苦聖
T02n0099_p0106b04║諦、知苦集聖諦、知苦滅聖諦、知苦滅道跡
T02n0099_p0106b05║聖諦。如是當知、如是當見、如是無間等,
T02n0099_p0106b06║亦如是說。 「五下分結盡,生般涅槃阿那含,不
T02n0099_p0106b07║還此世,彼一切知四聖諦。何等為四?知苦
T02n0099_p0106b08║聖諦、知苦集聖諦、知苦滅聖諦、知苦滅道
T02n0099_p0106b09║跡聖諦。如是知、如是見、如是無間等,亦如
T02n0099_p0106b10║是說。 「若一切漏盡,無漏心解脫、慧解脫,見
T02n0099_p0106b11║法自知作證:『我生已盡,梵行已立,所作已作,
T02n0099_p0106b12║自知不受後有。』彼一切悉知四聖諦。何等
T02n0099_p0106b13║為四?謂知苦聖諦、知苦集聖諦、知苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0106b14║諦、知苦滅道跡聖諦。如是知、如是見、如是
T02n0099_p0106b15║無間等,亦如是說。 「若得辟支佛道證,彼一
T02n0099_p0106b16║切知四聖諦故。何等為四?謂知苦聖諦、知
T02n0099_p0106b17║苦集聖諦、知苦滅聖諦、知苦滅道跡聖諦。
T02n0099_p0106b18║如是知、如是見、如是無間等,亦如是說。 「若
T02n0099_p0106b19║得無上等正覺,彼一切知四聖諦故。何等
T02n0099_p0106b20║為四?謂知苦聖諦、知苦集聖諦、知苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0106b21║諦、知苦滅道跡聖諦。如是知、如是見、如是
T02n0099_p0106b22║無間等,亦如是說。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞
T02n0099_p0106b23║佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0106b24║   (三九四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0106b25║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如日
T02n0099_p0106b26║出,明相先起。如是正盡苦亦有前相起?謂
T02n0099_p0106b27║知四聖諦。何等為四?知苦聖諦、知苦集聖
T02n0099_p0106b28║諦、知苦滅聖諦、知苦滅道跡聖諦。」 佛說此
T02n0099_p0106b29║經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0106c01║如是知。如是見。如是無間等,亦如是說。
T02n0099_p0106c02║   (三九五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0106c03║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「若日月
T02n0099_p0106c04║不出世間者,一切眾星亦不出於世間,晝
T02n0099_p0106c05║夜、半月、一月、時節、歲數、尅數、須臾,皆悉不
T02n0099_p0106c06║現,世間常冥,無有明照,唯有長夜,純
T02n0099_p0106c07║大闇苦現於世間。若如來、應供、等正覺不
T02n0099_p0106c08║出世間時,不說苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅
T02n0099_p0106c09║聖諦、苦滅道跡聖諦現於世間,世間盲冥,無
T02n0099_p0106c10║有明照。如是長夜,純大闇冥現於世間。
T02n0099_p0106c11║「若日月出於世間,眾星亦現,晝夜、半月、一月、
T02n0099_p0106c12║時節、歲數、尅數、須臾,悉現世間,長夜明照,
T02n0099_p0106c13║出於世間。如是,如來、應、等正覺出於世
T02n0099_p0106c14║間,說苦聖諦現於世間,苦集聖諦、苦滅
T02n0099_p0106c15║聖諦、苦滅道跡聖諦現於世間,不復闇冥,
T02n0099_p0106c16║長夜照明,純一智慧現於世間。」 佛說此經
T02n0099_p0106c17║已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0106c18║   (三九六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人住
T02n0099_p0106c19║處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如日出,
T02n0099_p0106c20║周行空中,壞諸闇冥,光明顯照。如是,聖弟
T02n0099_p0106c21║子所有集法,一切滅已,離諸塵垢,得法眼
T02n0099_p0106c22║生,與無間等,俱三結斷。所謂身見、戒取、疑,
T02n0099_p0106c23║此三結盡,名須陀洹,不墮惡趣法,必定正
T02n0099_p0106c24║覺,趣七有天人往生,作苦邊。彼聖弟子中
T02n0099_p0106c25║間雖起憂苦,聽彼聖弟子離欲、惡不善
T02n0099_p0106c26║法,有覺有觀,離生喜樂,初禪具足住。不見
T02n0099_p0106c27║彼聖弟子有一法不斷,能令還生此世
T02n0099_p0106c28║者,此則聖弟子得法眼之大義。是故,比丘
T02n0099_p0106c29║於此四聖諦未無間等者,當勤方便,起增
T02n0099_p0107a01║上欲,精進修學。」 佛說是經已,諸比丘聞佛
T02n0099_p0107a02║所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0107a03║   (三九七) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0107a04║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「當作
T02n0099_p0107a05║是說,我於苦聖諦未無間等,苦集聖諦、苦滅
T02n0099_p0107a06║聖諦未無間等。而言我當得苦滅道跡聖諦
T02n0099_p0107a07║無間等者,此說不應。所以者何?無是處故。
T02n0099_p0107a08║「若苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦未無間等,而
T02n0099_p0107a09║欲苦滅道跡聖諦無間等者,無有是處。
T02n0099_p0107a10║譬如有人言我欲取佉提羅葉,合集作
T02n0099_p0107a11║器,盛水持行者,無有是處。所以者何?
T02n0099_p0107a12║無是處故。如是言我於苦聖諦、苦集聖
T02n0099_p0107a13║諦、苦滅聖諦未無間等,而欲得苦滅道跡
T02n0099_p0107a14║聖諦無間等者,無有是處。 「若復有言我
T02n0099_p0107a15║當於苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦無間等
T02n0099_p0107a16║已得,復得苦滅道跡聖諦者,斯則善說。所
T02n0099_p0107a17║以者何?有是處故。 「若苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦
T02n0099_p0107a18║滅聖諦無間等已,而欲苦滅道跡聖諦無間
T02n0099_p0107a19║等者,斯有是處。譬如有言我以純曇
T02n0099_p0107a20║摩葉、摩樓迦葉,合集盛水持行者,此則善
T02n0099_p0107a21║說。所以者何?有是處故。如是若言我於苦
T02n0099_p0107a22║聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦無間等已,而欲
T02n0099_p0107a23║苦滅道跡聖諦無間等者,斯則善說。所以者
T02n0099_p0107a24║何?有是處故,若於苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦
T02n0099_p0107a25║滅聖諦無間等已,而欲苦滅道跡聖諦無間
T02n0099_p0107a26║等者,斯有是處故。」 佛說是經已,諸比丘
T02n0099_p0107a27║聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0107a28║   (三九八) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0107a29║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「如小綿
T02n0099_p0107b01║丸、小劫貝華丸,置四衢道頭,四方風吹,則
T02n0099_p0107b02║隨風去向於一方。如是,若沙門、婆羅門於
T02n0099_p0107b03║苦聖諦不如實知,於苦集聖諦、於苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0107b04║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦不如實知,當知彼沙門、
T02n0099_p0107b05║婆羅門常觀他面,常隨他說,以不如實知
T02n0099_p0107b06║故,聞彼所說,趣說而受,當知此人不宿
T02n0099_p0107b07║修習智慧故。 「譬如因陀羅柱,銅鐵作之,
T02n0099_p0107b08║於深入地中,四方猛風不能令動。如
T02n0099_p0107b09║是,沙門、婆羅門於苦聖諦如實知,苦集聖
T02n0099_p0107b10║諦、苦滅聖諦、苦滅道跡聖諦如實知者,當
T02n0099_p0107b11║知是沙門、婆羅門不視他面,不隨他語。是
T02n0099_p0107b12║沙門、婆羅門智慧堅固,本隨習故,不隨他
T02n0099_p0107b13║語。是故,比丘!於四聖諦當勤方便,起增上
T02n0099_p0107b14║欲,精進修學。」 佛說是經已,諸比丘聞佛
T02n0099_p0107b15║所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0107b16║   (三九九) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0107b17║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如石
T02n0099_p0107b18║柱,長十六肘,八肘入地,四方風吹,不能令
T02n0099_p0107b19║動。如是,沙門、婆羅門於苦聖諦如實知,於
T02n0099_p0107b20║苦集聖諦,苦滅聖諦,苦滅道跡聖諦如實知,
T02n0099_p0107b21║斯等沙門、婆羅門至諸論處,無能屈。其心
T02n0099_p0107b22║解脫、慧解脫者,能使餘沙門、婆羅門反生憂
T02n0099_p0107b23║苦。如是如實知、如實見,皆是先世宿習故,
T02n0099_p0107b24║使智慧不可傾動。是故,比丘!於四聖諦
T02n0099_p0107b25║當勤方便,起增上欲,精進修學。」 佛說是經
T02n0099_p0107b26║已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0107b27║   (四〇〇) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0107b28║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如
T02n0099_p0107b29║有人火燒頭衣,當起增上欲,急救令滅。」
T02n0099_p0107c01║佛告比丘:「莫作是說!當置頭衣,於四聖
T02n0099_p0107c02║諦起增上欲,勤加方便,修無間等。何等
T02n0099_p0107c03║四?謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦、苦滅道跡
T02n0099_p0107c04║聖諦未無間等,當勤方便,修無間等。所以
T02n0099_p0107c05║者何?比丘!長夜熾然,地獄、畜生、餓鬼。諸比
T02n0099_p0107c06║丘!不見極苦,如苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖
T02n0099_p0107c07║諦、苦滅道跡聖諦,未無間等者,是比丘當
T02n0099_p0107c08║忍苦、樂、憂、悲,於四聖諦勤加精進,方便修
T02n0099_p0107c09║習無間等,應當學。」 佛說是經已,諸比丘
T02n0099_p0107c10║聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0107c11║   (四〇一) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0107c12║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如士
T02n0099_p0107c13║夫年壽百歲,有人語言:『士夫若欲聞法,當
T02n0099_p0107c14║日日三時受苦,晨朝時受百槍苦,日中、晡
T02n0099_p0107c15║時亦復如是。於一日中受三百槍苦。如是
T02n0099_p0107c16║日日,至於百歲,然後聞法,得無等,汝寧
T02n0099_p0107c17║能不?』 「時,彼士夫為聞法故,悉堪能受。所以
T02n0099_p0107c18║者何?人生於世,長夜受苦,有時地獄,有時
T02n0099_p0107c19║畜生,有時餓鬼,於三惡道空受眾苦,亦不
T02n0099_p0107c20║聞法,是故我今為無間等故,不以終身受
T02n0099_p0107c21║三百槍為大苦也。是故,比丘!於四聖諦
T02n0099_p0107c22║未得無間等者,當勤方便,起增上欲,學無
T02n0099_p0107c23║間等。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜
T02n0099_p0107c24║奉行。
T02n0099_p0107c25║   (四〇二) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住波羅[木*奈]國仙人
T02n0099_p0107c26║住處鹿野苑中。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「於四聖
T02n0099_p0107c27║諦平等正覺,名為如來、應、等正覺。何等為
T02n0099_p0107c28║四?所謂苦聖諦、苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦、苦滅道
T02n0099_p0107c29║跡聖諦。於此四聖諦平等正覺,名為如來、
T02n0099_p0108a01║應、等正覺。是故,諸比丘!於四聖諦未無間
T02n0099_p0108a02║者,當勤方便,起增上欲,學無間等。」 佛說此
T02n0099_p0108a03║經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0108a04║   (四〇三) 如是我聞: 一時,佛在摩竭國人間遊
T02n0099_p0108a05║行,於王舍城波羅利弗是中間竹林聚落,國
T02n0099_p0108a06║王於中造福德舍。爾時,世尊與諸大眾於
T02n0099_p0108a07║中宿止。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「我與汝等於
T02n0099_p0108a08║四聖諦無知、無見、無隨順覺、無隨順受者,
T02n0099_p0108a09║應當長夜驅馳生死。何等為四?謂苦聖諦、
T02n0099_p0108a10║苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦、苦滅道跡聖諦。我與汝
T02n0099_p0108a11║等於四聖諦無知、無見、無隨順覺、無隨順
T02n0099_p0108a12║受者,應當長夜驅馳生死。以我及汝於此
T02n0099_p0108a13║苦聖諦順知、順入,斷諸有流,盡諸生死,不
T02n0099_p0108a14║受後有。於苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦、苦滅道跡
T02n0099_p0108a15║聖諦順知、順入,斷諸有流,盡諸生死,不受
T02n0099_p0108a16║後有。是故,比丘!於四聖諦未無間等者,當
T02n0099_p0108a17║勤方便,起增上欲,修無間等。」 爾時,世尊即
T02n0099_p0108a18║說偈言:
T02n0099_p0108a19║「我常與汝等,  長夜涉生死,
T02n0099_p0108a20║ 不見聖諦故,  大苦日增長。
T02n0099_p0108a21║ 若見四聖諦,  斷有大流海,
T02n0099_p0108a22║ 生死永已除,  不復受後生。」

T02n0099_p0108a23║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0108a24║   (四〇四) 如是我聞: 一時,佛在摩竭國人間遊
T02n0099_p0108a25║行,王舍城波羅利弗是中間竹林聚落,大王
T02n0099_p0108a26║於中作福德舍。爾時,世尊與諸大眾於中
T02n0099_p0108a27║止宿。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「汝等當行,共至
T02n0099_p0108a28║申恕林。」 爾時,世尊與諸大眾到申恕林,坐
T02n0099_p0108a29║樹下。 爾時,世尊手把樹葉,告諸比丘:「此手
T02n0099_p0108b01║中葉為多耶?大林樹葉為多?」 比丘白佛:「世
T02n0099_p0108b02║尊!手中樹葉甚少,彼大林中樹葉無量,百千
T02n0099_p0108b03║億萬倍,乃至算數譬類不可為比。」 「如是,諸
T02n0099_p0108b04║比丘!我成等正覺,自所見法,為人定說者,
T02n0099_p0108b05║如手中樹葉。所以者何?彼法義饒益、法饒
T02n0099_p0108b06║益、梵行饒益、明、慧、正覺、向於涅槃。如大林
T02n0099_p0108b07║樹葉,如我成等正覺,自知正法,所不說
T02n0099_p0108b08║者,亦復如是。所以者何?彼法非義饒益,非
T02n0099_p0108b09║法饒益,非梵行饒益、明、慧、正覺、正向涅槃
T02n0099_p0108b10║故。是故,諸比丘!於四聖諦未無間等者,
T02n0099_p0108b11║當勤方便,起增上欲,學無間等。」 佛說此經
T02n0099_p0108b12║已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0108b13║   (四〇五) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住毘舍離獼猴池
T02n0099_p0108b14║側重閣講堂。 爾時,尊者阿難晨朝著衣持
T02n0099_p0108b15║鉢,入毘舍離城乞食。時,有眾多離車童子
T02n0099_p0108b16║晨朝從城內出,至精舍門,持弓箭,競射
T02n0099_p0108b17║精舍門孔,箭箭皆入門孔。 尊者阿難見已,
T02n0099_p0108b18║以為奇特,彼諸離車童子能作如是難事。
T02n0099_p0108b19║入城乞食,還舉衣鉢,洗足已,往詣佛所,
T02n0099_p0108b20║稽首佛足,退住一面,白佛言:「世尊!我
T02n0099_p0108b21║今晨朝著衣持鉢,入毘舍離城乞食,見
T02n0099_p0108b22║有眾多離車童子從城內出,至精舍門,
T02n0099_p0108b23║競射門孔,箭箭皆入。我作是念:『此甚奇
T02n0099_p0108b24║特!諸離車童子能為難事。』」 佛告阿難:「於意
T02n0099_p0108b25║云何?離車童子競射門孔,箭箭皆入,此為
T02n0099_p0108b26║難耶?破一毛為百分,而射一毛分,箭箭悉
T02n0099_p0108b27║中,此為難耶?」 阿難白佛:「破一毛百分,射
T02n0099_p0108b28║一分之毛,箭箭悉中,此則為難。」 佛告阿難:
T02n0099_p0108b29║「未若於苦聖諦生如實知,此則甚難。如是,
T02n0099_p0108c01║苦集聖諦、苦滅聖諦、苦滅道跡聖諦如實知
T02n0099_p0108c02║見,此則甚難。」 爾時,世尊而說偈言:
T02n0099_p0108c03║「一毛為百分,  射一分甚難,
T02n0099_p0108c04║ 觀一一苦陰,  非我難亦然。」

T02n0099_p0108c05║佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0108c06║   (四〇六) 如是我聞: 一時,佛住獼猴池側重閣講
T02n0099_p0108c07║堂。 爾時,世尊告諸比丘:「譬如大地悉成大
T02n0099_p0108c08║海,有一盲龜壽無量劫,百年一出其頭,海
T02n0099_p0108c09║中有浮木,止有一孔,漂流海浪,隨風東西。
T02n0099_p0108c10║盲龜百年一出其頭,當得遇此孔不?」 阿難
T02n0099_p0108c11║白佛:「不能。世尊!所以者何?此盲龜若至
T02n0099_p0108c12║海東,浮木隨風,或至海西,南、北四維圍
T02n0099_p0108c13║遶亦爾,不必相得。」 佛告阿難:「盲龜浮木,雖
T02n0099_p0108c14║復差違,或復相得。愚癡凡夫漂流五趣,暫
T02n0099_p0108c15║復人身,甚難於彼。所以者何?彼諸眾生不
T02n0099_p0108c16║行其義、不行法、不行善、不行真實,展轉
T02n0099_p0108c17║殺害,強者陵弱,造無量惡故。是故,比丘!
T02n0099_p0108c18║於四聖諦當未無間等者,當勤方便,起增
T02n0099_p0108c19║上欲,學無間等。」 佛說此經已,諸比丘聞佛
T02n0099_p0108c20║所說,歡喜奉行。
T02n0099_p0108c21║雜阿含經卷第十五
【經文資訊】大正藏第 02 冊 No. 0099 雜阿含經
【版本記錄】CBETA 電子佛典 2016.06,完成日期:2016/06/15
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